US 3113570 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 10, 1963 w. -r. HOLLIDAY ETAL 3, 13,57
DIAPER WITH HYDROPHOBIC YARNS 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 18, 1963 INVENTORS T #041. I04 Y,
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ATTORNEYS w. T. HOLLIDAY ETAL 3,113,570
Dec. 10, 1963 DIAPER WITH HYDROPHOBIC YARNS 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 18, 1963 w n I IN VEN TORS 4/ 7. HObL/DA Y, 7: R. LYNCH 6 BY w. K. FOOSME, .76.
5.047"; TTORNEYJ Dec. 10, 1963 Filed Jan. 18, 1963 mm. H JEN-"mum WWW J MNHN H Mam 5 mm lll mm illlli United States Patent 3,113,570 DIAPER W 1TH HYDRGPHQEHI YARNS Vtalter T Kelli-day, Gainesville, 6a., and Thomas This invention relates to diapers and more particularly to a new diaper that has different moisture absorption characteristics on the two sides thereof. This diaper functions to draw moisture away from the babys skin toward the absorbent outside of the diaper and thereby tends to keep the babys skin dry.
An important feature of the diaper of this invention is the use of hydrophobic or non-water absorbing fibers predominately on one side of the diaper, that is, the side which will be placed in contact with the babys skin, and hydrophilic or water absorbing fibers predominately on the opposite side. This construction is obtained by utilizing a suitable weave pattern in which hydrophobic fibers, e.g. synthetic fibers, are utilized as warp yarns, and are caused to lie mainly on one face of the diaper fabric, and hydrophilic fibers, e.g. cotton or rayon, are used for the filling.
Examples of suitable weave patterns for bringing the hydrophobic fibers predominately to one surface are birdseye, sateen, sheen and twill weaves. In these weaves, the Warp yarns float over filling yarns without intersecting at each crossing and where these warp yarns are composed of hydrophobic fibers, one face of the diaper fabric will be relatively non-water absorbent and the other face, which will consist predominately of the hydrophilic filling, e.g. cotton yarns, will be highly water absorbent. When this type diaper is placed with the hydrophobic warp yarn surface in contact with a baby, it will tend to draw the moisture away from the babys skin and toward the outer water absorbent side of the diaper, thus minimizing the amount of moisture that will remain in contact with the babys skin.
Heretofore, when it was desired to accomplish the above described function of the diaper of the present invention, a separate diaper liner was produced from bydrophobic fibers, such as for example polyvinyl chloride fibers as disclosed in the Charles Devaud Patent No. 2,894,511, issued July 14, 1959, or nylon fibers disclosed in the Harold F. Davidson Patent No. 2,905,176, issued September 22, 1959. These prior art constructions require the production and handling of a separate fabric which is placed so as to form a liner for the regular cotton diaper. In accordance with the present invention, the expense and other disadvantages connected with manufacturing and handling a separate liner material are avoided and a single unitary diaper is produced which accomplishes the desired moisture drawing action above described.
The diaper fabric of the present invention utilizing hydrophobic fiber warp yarns and hydrophilic filling yarns, may be incorporated in a diaper in a number of different forms, illustrative but non-limiting examples of which are as follows:
(a) A diaper may be fabricated by sewing in a panel of the hydrophobic face fabric in a position so as to allow the hydrophobic surface to be in contact with the babys skin. This diaper may be adapted for folding by the user to accommodate different size babies or it may be prefolded and sewn by the fabricator.
(b) A single layer diaper with a center panel in a birdseye or similar weave consisting of hydrophobic warp yarns and hydrophilic filling yarns and with side panels 3,ll3,5?fi Patented Dec. 10, 1963 ice consisting of hydrophilic warp and filling yarns, may be woven with the panels integral. The woven diaper with the center panel having a face consisting predominantly of hydrophobic warp yarns may be prefolded and sewn to provide a multi-layer diaper with hydrophobic fibers predominantly on the face of the top layer, or the diaper may be folded by the mother to accommodate it to the size of the baby and to dispose the predominantly hydrophobic face next to the baby for maximum moisture transfer action.
(c) A multiple layer diaper having one layer woven in a suitable weave pattern to dispose the hydrophobic fiber warp yarns thereof predominately on one side in the center or near center portion of that layer of fabric which is to be placed next to the baby, and a separate layer or layers woven 'with water absorbing hydrophilic yarns in any desired pattern, including a plain weave or birdseye weave, and these two or more layers being joined together at the coextensive edges thereof to produce a substantially unitary product possessing a drawing property in the first mentioned layer and a highly absorbent property in the other layer or layers. This multiple layer diaper may be fabricated into diapers of the prefolded and sewn type.
The diaper of the present invention will be further understood by reference to the following more detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a single ply unfolded diaper using a birdseye weave throughout with hydrophobic fibers in the warp of the center panel and hydrophilic fibers in both the warp and the filling of the two outer panels, and with one end turned up to show the reverse side.
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary plan view showing one of the end panels of the diaper of FIG. 1 and with the cut edges of the diaper hemmed instead of pinked as shown in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the single ply diaper shown in FIG. 1 with the cut edges hemmed as shown in H6. 2, but folded and sewn to produce a prefolded diaper ready for use.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of an unfolded two ply diaper having in the top ply a hydrophobic fiber face center panel in a birdseye weave, with two outer plain weave all-hydrophi'lic fiber panels, with one end turned up to show the reverse side of the second ply and a portion broken away in one panel to indicate the other side of the second ply on the reverse side.
HG. 5 is an elevational view of a two ply diaper similar to that shown in FIG. 4, but folded and sewn to form a prefolded diaper ready for use with the birdseye Weave hydrophobic fibers on the top side, with one end sectioned to show the two plies and the multiple layers.
FIG. 6 is an elevational view of the reverse side of the diaper of FIG. 5, showing this reverse side covered by a plain weave ply except along the outer edges which are formed by extensions of the birdseye weave used on the front face.
FIG. 7 is a diagrammatic illustration, greatly enlarged, of the face of a birdseye Weave fabric consisting predominately of warp yarns.
FIG. 8 is a. diagrammatic illustration, greatly enlarged, of the back of a birdseye weave fabric and consisting predominately of filling yarns.
FIG. 9 is a diagrammatic illustration of the arrangement of the warp and filling yarns of the birdseye weave.
*FIG. 10 is a diagrammatic illustration of the arrangement of the warp and filling yarns in a sateen weave.
FIG. -11 is a diagrammatic illustration of the arrangement of the warp and filling in a sheen weave.
FIG. 12 is an enlarged schematic plan view of a portion of the hydrophobic fiber and hydrophilic fiber warp and filling yarns, respectively, in a birdseye weave.
FIG. 13 is a fragmentary enlarged schematic plan view of the warp and filling yarns in a plain gauze weave.
FIG. 14 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the lines '1414 of FIG. 12.
FIG. 15 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the lines 15It5' of FIG. 12.
In FIG. 1, a diaper 19 using birdseye weave throug out is shown with center panel 12 woven with hydrophobic fibers in the warp, with one side 14 consisting predominately of said warp yarns, and the other side 16 consisting predominately of hydrophilic filling yarn, and two outer panels 18 and 20 woven with hydrophilic fibers as both warp and filling yarn. This single ply diaper 19 is folded in such a manner as to cause the side 14 of center panel 12 to be placed in contact with the skin when worn by a baby, thereby causing the moisture to be drawn away from the skin toward water absorbent side 16 of center panel 12, and into absorbent outer panels 13 and 20. The cut edges of the diaper It) may be pinked as are edges 22 in FIG. 1, or hemmed as are the edges 24 or" end panel 18 shown in FIG. 2.
The single ply diaper 10 may be prefolded and sewn to produce a prefolded diaper 25 as shown in FIG. 3, with hydrophobic warp yarn surface 14 of center panel 12 being placed in contact with the skin when the diaper is placed upon a baby.
A second embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 4, wherein a diaper 28 comprised of two plies is illustrated. Fly 39, as shown in the turned up corner and cutaway portion of FIG. 4 is a single plain weave woven with hydrophilic yarns throughout. Ply 32 comprises plain weave hydrophilic outer panels 34 and 35, and birdseye weave center panel 38, which utilizes hydrophobic fibers as warp yarns and hydrophilic fibers as filling yarns, with the hydrophobic warp yarns predominating on the face 4d. When worn, the diaper is folded and placed upon a baby with the face in contact with the skin.
7 The two ply diaper 28 may be folded and sewn to form a prefolded diaper 42 as shown in FIG. 5. The face 44 with warp yarns predominating, is placed in contact with the skin when the diaper is put upon a baby, with hydrophilic bottom ply 3b and hydrophilic panels 34 and 36 of top ply 32 comprising the outer layers of the diaper. Moisture is drawn through the non-absorbent fibers of face 40 and into the highly absorbent hydrophilic fibers of the outer layers, thus keeping the babys skin dry and comfortable. The reverse side of the prefolded and sewn diaper 42 is shown in FIG. 6. The folded edges 44 and 46 are composed of the birdseye weave panel 38 to assure full contact of the hydrophobic portions of the diaper with the babys skin.
In FIG. 7 a portion of face 49 of a birdseye Weave fabric consisting of hydrophobic warp yarns 48 and hydrophilic filling yarns St) is shown, with the hydrophobic yarns predominating. FIG. 8 illustrates the reverse side 52 of a birdseye weave such as that shown in FIG. 7, with hydrophilic yarns predominating over the hydrophobic yarns 48.
FIG. 9 illustrates a birdseye weave pattern, with warp yarns 54 running vertically and filling yarns 56 running horizontally. Examples of other weave patterns which may be used successfully in the diaper of the present invention are sateen, as illustrated by FIG. 10, and sheen, as illustrated by FIG. 11. In FIGS. 10 and 11, as in FIG. 9, warp yarns '54 run vertically and filling yarns 56 run horizontally.
FIG. 12 illustrates a birdseye weave with hydrophobic fiber warp yarns 58 and hydrophilic fiber filling yarns d 60, with the warp yarns 58 predominating, as opposed to a plain gauze weave, shown in FIG. 13, in which warp yarns 62 and filling yarns 64 are equal.
FIGS. 14 and 15 are sectional views of the birdseye weave fabric shown in FIG. 12 and composed of hydrophobic fibers as warp yarns 58 and hydrophilic fibers as filling yarns 6d.
The present invention has been described in detail above for purposes of illustration only and is not intended to be limited by this description or otherwise except as defined in the appended claims.
1. A woven diaper adapted to be folded to form a front portion, rear portion, crotch portion, and leg apertures when placed in position on the wearer, said diaper comprising a single layer having hydrophobic yarns and hydrophilic yarns woven together, the hydrophobic yarns being predominantly on one side and the hydrophilic yarns being predominantly on the other side and adapted when folded and worn to have the side containing predominantly hydrophobic yarns in contact with the skin of the wearer to draw moisture away from the skin and the other side of said layer containing predominantly hydrophilic yarns being adapted to hold the moisture away from the skin of the wearer.
'2. A woven diaper as set forth in claim 1, in which, the hydrophobic yarns comprise polypropylene.
3. A woven diaper as set forth in claim 1, in which, said single layer comprising hydrophobic yarns and bydrophilic yarns constitutes a central panel of the diaper, and at least one panel on each side of said center panel woven entirely of said hydrophilic yarns.
4. A woven diaper as set forth in claim 1, in which, said diaper comprises at least two layers of woven textile material, one of said layers having at least a center portion woven from said hydrophobic yarns and said hydrophilic yarns, and the other of said layers being woven entirely of hydrophilic yarns and adapted to hold moisture away from the skin of the wearer.
5. A woven diaper adapted to be folded to form a front portion, rear portion, crotch portion, and leg apertures when placed in position on the wearer, said diaper comprising two layers of woven textile material, one of said layers having at least a center portion comprising hydrophobic yarns and hydrophilic yarns woven together, the hydrophobic yarns being predominantly on one side and the hydrophilic yarns being predominantly on the other side and adapted when folded and worn to have the side containing predominantly hydrophobic yarns in contact with the skin of the wearer to draw moisture away from the skin and the other side containing predominantly hydrophilic yarns being adapted to hold the moisture away from the skin of the wearer, the other of said layers being woven entirely of hydrophilic yarns and adapted to hold moisture away from the skin of the wearer, and said two layers of woven textile material being interwoven at each of the selvage edges to provide a unitary diaper.
6. A woven diaper as set forth in claim 5, in which, the portion woven from hydrophobic yarns and hydrophilic yarns utilizes the hydrophobic yarns as the warp yarns and the hydrophilic yarns as the filling yarns.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,542,297 Sunbury et al Feb. 20, 1951 2,845,069 Jamison et al July 29, 1958' 2,894,511 Devaud July 14, 1959 2,905,176 Davidson Sept. 22, 1959