Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3113673 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 10, 1963
Filing dateJan 8, 1962
Priority dateJan 8, 1962
Publication numberUS 3113673 A, US 3113673A, US-A-3113673, US3113673 A, US3113673A
InventorsRichard J Stein
Original AssigneeRichard J Stein
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multi-unit package
US 3113673 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 10, 1963 R. J. STEIN 3,113,673

MULTI-UNIT PACKAGE Filed Jan. 8, 1962 RICHARD J. STE N L d way 133 United States Patent 3,113,673 MULTI-UNIT PACKAGE Richard J. Stein, 147 Brite Ave., Scarsdale, NY. Filed Jan. 8, 1962, Ser. No. 164,806 4 Claims. (Cl. 206-65) This invention relates to an improved multi-unit package and to the method of forming of such a package.

Many commodities are sold in groups or packages of individual, unit containers. Each container is usually designed to protect the contents. Despite the fact that the unit containers (e.g. cigarette packs, cereal containers, and the like) adequately protect the contents, the normal package for multi-unit sales consists of an overwrap. For example, cigarette packages are conventionally sold in groups of ten, and the ten packs are enclosed within a relatively expensive carton. Similarly, cereal packages are often sold in a plurality of mixed or similar containers by wrapping the desired group in a container formed of cardboard and cellophane.

The primary function performed by the cartons is to hold the unit containers together. The protection of the overwrapping is unnecessary and, thus, unnecessarily expensive.

It is, therefore, a primary object of this invention to provide an improved package in which a plurality of containers may be assembled into the desired multi-unit package without an overwrapping or container.

A further object of this invention is to provide an improved method for assembling multi-unit packages.

In accordance with these objects, there is provided, in a preferred embodiment of this invention a plurality of unit containers arranged in the desired configuration. Between the assembled rows of unit containers, there is positioned a packaging strip or strips of material, such as paper, thin cardboard, plastic fabric or the like, which is coated with an adhesive and to which the individual containers adhere. The adhesives are of such nature to bond the container to the packaging strip and to hold the assembled packages together during shipment and sale. However, each container is easily removed from the strip by the consumer.

To fabricate such assemblies, the individual containers need merely be aligned and the adhesive-coated packaging strip applied thereon. The remaining containers may then be assembled directly upon the packaging strip.

Alternatively, the containers could be aligned in rows, the packaging strip or strips inserted between rows, and the rows closed on the strip. The individual rows may be compressed before assembly to make a tighter, more rigid multi-unit package. The compression applied will determine the package rigidity. Thus, surprisingly rigid multi-unit packages can be assembled on relatively flexible packaging strips.

In this manner, a neat attractive package can be assembled. The advertising on the individual package is exposed to provide desired eye appeal and shopper attraction. The usual carton is eliminated, thus avoiding the added expense of material, manufacturing processes, and shipping costs attributable to the carton.

This invention, along with objects and advantages will be set forth more fully in the following detailed description of the invention which may be more easily understood by reference to the accompanying drawing of which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a package constructed in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line 22 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the adhesive strip utilized in the package in FIG. 1.

In the figures there is shown a package of individually 3,113,673 Patented Dec. 10, 1963 Wrapped containers 10 which are assembled in parallel rows and held in this position by the intervening adhesive coated packaging strip 12. A plurality of thinner strips may be used in place of one wide strip. Two or more thin strips conserve material, but make assembly more difiicult and the requirements of the application intended will control.

The strip 12 may be fabricated of paper, thin cardboard plastic, fabric, or the like, having the requisite strength to hold the assembled package together. For example, papers such as 27 lb. vegetable parchment, 25 lb. glassine, and 30 lb. kraft are satisfactory. The adhesive 14 on the surface thereof must be compatible with the Wrapping 16 of the individual containers, should provide adequate strength, and should allow removal Without having a sticky deposit on the individual containers. Pressure sensitive, heat sealing, and emulsion type adhesives are among the type satisfactory for such purposes.

For example, if cigarettes are packaged, the adhesive must be of such a type as to provide a bond between the strip 12 and the cellophane wrapping on the individual cigarette packages. For example, pressure sensitive adhesives may be employed, although heat sealing and emulsion type adhesives are also satisfactory.

Formulation of the pressure sensitive adhesives may be as variable as the properties of the packaging strips themselves will permit. The use of solvents which would soften, dissolve, or disfigure the packaging strips should be avoided. In general, pressure sensitive adhesive formula tions such as the following examples are suitable for use with paper or plastic packaging strips.

Where weight units are not specified, parts are given in terms of parts by weight.

Example I Parts Nitrocellulose 35 Flexalyn (diethylene glycol ester of rosin) 45 Plasticizer 2O Solvent To suit Admix nitrocellulose and Flexalyn (a trademark for a product of Hercules Powder Co. being essentially a diethylene glycol ester of rosin acid), then add a plasticizer and enough solvent to give the desired consistency.

Example II Parts Nitrocellulose 35 Flexalyn (diglycol abietate) 45 Dibutyl phthalate 25 It will be noted that the package maintains its shape and is quite rigid due to the interaction of the individual containers, one with the other. Thus, the package has the physical attributes of a carton without the expense of an enclosing carton. As mentioned above, an enclosing carton is seldom necessary for protection of the container, but is used almost entirely for the packaging aspect.

While FIG. 1 has been specifically illustrated to typify a package of cigarettes, it will be understood that it may be equally applicable to packages of cereal, or other boxed merchandise. Also, additional layers may be added, as illustrated by the box 18, in phantom lines, merely by application of another adhesive strip 20 to the already assembled package.

The assembly of such packages is easily accomplished with the packaging strip of the present invention. The packaging strip may be passed through adhesive applying rollers and the unit containers conveyed into physical contact with both sides of the strip. The strip may be then cut to the desired final dimension. Alternatively, precut strips may be used.

This invention may be variously modified and embodied within the scope of the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A package comprising a plurality of unit containers, a packaging strip, an adhesive applied to both sides of said strip, said containers being applied to each side of said strip in juxtaposed relation to each other and adhered thereto.

2. A package in accordance With claim 1 which includes a second packaging strip having adhesive on both sides thereof, one side of said strip being adhered to said containers, and a second plurality of containers being adhered to the other side of said strip.

3. A package in accordance with claim 1 in which the adhesive is a pressure sensitive adhesive.

4. A package conmprising a plurality of unit contain- References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,253,313 Warner Ian. 15, 1918 1,571,049 Gatchell Jan. 26, 1926 10 2,911,756 Geary Nov. 10, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 537,852 Great Britain July 9, 1941 552,812 Great Britain Apr. 27, 1943

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1253313 *Apr 13, 1916Jan 15, 1918Jonathan PetersonPlug-tobacco.
US1571049 *Jun 12, 1924Jan 26, 1926Frederick D GatchellMulti-unit package
US2911756 *Dec 8, 1955Nov 10, 1959Robert J GearyInsect combatting device
GB537852A * Title not available
GB552812A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3232424 *Mar 18, 1963Feb 1, 1966Graham Thomas BPlural container package
US3322323 *Jun 24, 1965May 30, 1967Greene AbbotBox construction
US3389825 *Oct 20, 1965Jun 25, 1968Poly Pak Corp Of AmericaContainer assembly
US3447733 *Dec 5, 1966Jun 3, 1969Gerber ProdModular shipping case
US4132337 *Feb 15, 1977Jan 2, 1979Nippon Tensai Seito Kabushiki KaishaContinuous paper cylinder assembly and method of separating the same and transplanting apparatus for the same
US4441611 *Mar 10, 1982Apr 10, 1984Mps - Multi Packaging Services S.R.L.Multipack and method of making it
US4738359 *Aug 3, 1987Apr 19, 1988R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyCigarette carton assembly
US4793487 *Oct 3, 1986Dec 27, 1988Minigrip, Inc.Dispensing of bags initially joined head-to-head
US5141106 *Oct 8, 1991Aug 25, 1992Philip Morris Inc.Two separate cartons combined as a single unit by adhesive/carrier means
US5147037 *Jan 28, 1992Sep 15, 1992Philip Morris IncorporatedCarton providing easy access to packaged goods contained therein
US5149001 *Nov 14, 1990Sep 22, 1992Murata Kikai Kabushiki KaishaMethod and apparatus for separation of doubled yarn
US5160023 *Dec 19, 1991Nov 3, 1992Philip Morris IncorporatedTwo cartons joined as a single unit separable into two single cartons
US5174443 *Feb 3, 1992Dec 29, 1992Philip Morris IncorporatedCigarette carton with modified tuck-in flap
US5174444 *Feb 5, 1992Dec 29, 1992Philip Morris IncorporatedTwo cartons joined as a dual carton separable into two individual cartons
US5178268 *Mar 10, 1992Jan 12, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedTwo cartons releasably joined to form a dual carton
US5178270 *Jun 3, 1992Jan 12, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedEasily sealable, openable, and reclosable carton
US5178271 *Dec 19, 1991Jan 12, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedTwo cartons joined as a single unit separable into two single cartons
US5180055 *Jun 22, 1992Jan 19, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedMethod of attaching two half-cartons and the product
US5180056 *Feb 3, 1992Jan 19, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedDual carton
US5193674 *Sep 23, 1991Mar 16, 1993R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyCigarette carton assembly
US5201413 *Nov 15, 1991Apr 13, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedDual cigarette carton with separable or divisible label containing universal product code
US5205403 *Feb 19, 1992Apr 27, 1993Philip Morris IncorporatedMultiple unit carton
US5207010 *Jun 15, 1992May 4, 1993Grossman David DPortable automobile snow plow
US5311992 *Jul 16, 1993May 17, 1994Highland Supply CorporationRetaining flap for shipping cartons
US5407072 *Mar 23, 1994Apr 18, 1995Highland Supply CorporationShipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5419431 *Aug 19, 1994May 30, 1995Gerhardt Schubert GmbhSeparable container for storage of plural articles
US5522205 *Jul 6, 1994Jun 4, 1996The Family Trust U/T/AMethod for transporting items in a carton
US5564567 *May 13, 1994Oct 15, 1996Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for transporting floral groupings
US5687846 *Jan 19, 1995Nov 18, 1997Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5692612 *Jun 7, 1995Dec 2, 1997Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5701721 *Jun 5, 1995Dec 30, 1997Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5775502 *May 30, 1997Jul 7, 1998Southpac Trust International Inc.,Method of applying a decorative skirt to a flower pot
US5816402 *Nov 13, 1997Oct 6, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping carton and method for shipping floral groupings
US5836447 *Oct 15, 1996Nov 17, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packaging assembly for shipping a container and method for using same
US5836448 *Feb 5, 1997Nov 17, 1998Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping device with bondable foam layer
US5860524 *Sep 18, 1997Jan 19, 1999Southpac Trust International, Inc.Shipping device with bondable cushion layer
US5878883 *May 19, 1998Mar 9, 1999Southpac Trust Interational, Inc.Thermoplastic shipping device and method
US6016912 *Jan 27, 1999Jan 25, 2000Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc.Shipping device
US6036014 *Aug 25, 1998Mar 14, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packaging assembly and method of assembling
US6039179 *Feb 17, 1998Mar 21, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Retaining flap for shipping cartons
US6136393 *Aug 28, 1997Oct 24, 2000Southpac Trust International, Inc.Method for packaging and displaying a floral grouping
US6267241Feb 16, 2000Jul 31, 2001Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packing assembly for shipping a container and method for using same
US6321486Dec 17, 1999Nov 27, 2001Southpac Trust International, Inc.Plant wrapper
US6357591Jun 21, 2001Mar 19, 2002Southpac Trust International, Inc.Packaging assembly
US6449900Jul 20, 2001Sep 17, 2002Southpac Trust International, Inc.Plant wrapper
US6564944Jan 15, 2002May 20, 2003Southpac Trust Inc'ln Inc.Shipping device with bondable cushion layer
US6604632May 30, 2001Aug 12, 2003Southpac Trust Int'l. Inc.Shipping package for a floral grouping
US6640492Sep 9, 2002Nov 4, 2003Southpac Trust International, Inc.Flower pot wrapper
US6823625Aug 13, 2003Nov 30, 2004The Family Trust U/T/AFlower pot wrapper
US7048817Sep 12, 2003May 23, 2006Hammond Ronald JMethod of making a composite carton
US7059494 *Jul 24, 2002Jun 13, 2006Harrelson Glenn RCarton with an improved dispensing feature
US7389908 *Apr 22, 2004Jun 24, 2008Patrice CohenThree-dimensional display form and blank
US7686165May 1, 2008Mar 30, 2010Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US7811614May 9, 2005Oct 12, 2010Cadbury Adams Usa LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US7901719May 9, 2005Mar 8, 2011Cadbury Adams Usa LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US7913846Feb 26, 2010Mar 29, 2011Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US7971718Dec 28, 2007Jul 5, 2011Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcPackage for dispensing and retaining gum slabs with adhesive securement
US8172086Jan 6, 2011May 8, 2012Cadbury Adams Usa LlcPackaging design with separate compartments
US8221812Feb 17, 2010Jul 17, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US8252352Mar 3, 2011Aug 28, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package with flap retention
US8393469May 4, 2009Mar 12, 2013Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcReclosable consumable product package assembly
US8404079Nov 1, 2007Mar 26, 2013H.N. Fuller CompanyComposition and method relating to a hot melt adhesive
US8454792 *Jun 20, 2005Jun 4, 2013H.B. Fuller CompanyComposition and method relating to a hot melt adhesive
US8549823Jan 28, 2011Oct 8, 2013R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CopmanyFive-sided cigarette carton packaging
US8607980Jan 29, 2010Dec 17, 2013Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcOpenable and reclosable sealed package for confectionery products
US8658229Jun 26, 2012Feb 25, 2014Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcGum slab package having insertable product retention member
US20020185499 *Jul 24, 2002Dec 12, 2002Harrelson Glenn R.Carton with an improved dispensing feature
US20030136089 *Mar 5, 2003Jul 24, 2003Weder Donald E.Shipping package for a floral grouping
US20040089573 *Jun 25, 2003May 13, 2004Weder Donald E.Method for displaying decorative objects
US20050236464 *Apr 22, 2004Oct 27, 2005Patrice CohenThree-dimensional display form and blank
US20060027320 *Jun 20, 2005Feb 9, 2006Kueppers Michelle CComposition and method relating to a hot melt adhesive
US20110190107 *Jan 28, 2011Aug 4, 2011R. J. Reynolds Tobacco CompanyFive-sided cigarette carton packaging
USH1748 *Jun 16, 1993Sep 1, 1998Marinelli; LuigiPackage for packs, for example, packs of sanitary products
EP0003094A1 *Dec 12, 1978Jul 25, 1979Sca Development AktiebolagA method of sealing and retaining boxes stacked upon each other in a predetermined position
EP0631946A1 *Aug 5, 1993Jan 4, 1995IMMERGUT-MILCH GmbHMulti-unit pack, method of producing it and apparatus for the realization of the procedure
WO2004000682A1 *Jun 16, 2003Dec 31, 2003Bonsall Richard SCondom and sanitary napkin packaging
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/120.11, 206/813, 229/120.1, 206/820
International ClassificationB65D5/42
Cooperative ClassificationB65D5/4275, Y10S206/813, Y10S206/82
European ClassificationB65D5/42H2