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Publication numberUS3115129 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 24, 1963
Filing dateJun 16, 1961
Priority dateJun 16, 1961
Publication numberUS 3115129 A, US 3115129A, US-A-3115129, US3115129 A, US3115129A
InventorsMerriman Glenn A
Original AssigneeMerriman Glenn A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Game apparatus
US 3115129 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 24, 1963 G. A. MERRIMAN 3,115,129

GAME APPARATUS Filed June 16, 1961 PIC-F. 2.

I? FIG 3.

J l z FIG. 5

INV EN TOR. 64 EN :4. MEEE/Mfl/W United States Patent 3,115,129 GAME APPARATUS Glenn A. Merrimau, Ralston, Nebr. (407 S. Walnut Ave, Millard, Nehr.) Filed lune 16, 1961, Ser. No. 117,626 1 Claim. ill. 124-5) This invention relates to the general field of athletics, and, more specifically, game apparatus therefor.

One of the primary objects of this invention is to provide a throwing device or slinger for aerial projectiles, the apparatus being suitably adapted for use by both children and adults of both sexes.

Another object of this invention is to provide a ballthrowing device wherein the ball is released from the device by inertia developed under centrifugal force.

A further object of this invention is to provide a ballthrowing device wherein the ball is propelled from the device without the user of the device touching the ball.

This invention contemplates, as a still further object thereof, the provision of game apparatus of the type generally described supra, the apparatus being non-complex in construction and assembly, inexpensive to manufacture, and durable in use.

Other and further objects and advantages of the instant invention will become more evident from a consideration of the following specification when read in conjunction with the annexed drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a ball-throwing device constructed in accordance with this invention;

FIGURE 2 is a detail medial, longitudinal cross-sectional view, FIGURE 2 being taken substantially on the vertical plane of line 22 of FIGURE 1, looking in the direction of the arrows and showing the ball or aerial projectile in elevation as inserted therein:

FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of a throwing device or catapult constructed in accordance with this invention;

FIGURE 4 is a medial transverse cross-sectional view of the ball or aerial projectile used with the throwing device; and

FIGURE 5 illustrates the manner of use of the game apparatus.

Referring now more specifically to the drawing, reference numeral designates, in general, a ball or aerial projectile-throwing device. The device 10 may be constructed of a substantially tough resilient plastic material, a lightweight substantially rigid metal, impregnated fabric, or fiberboard. Preferably, the device 10 is formed of a tough resilient plastic material.

The device 10 is seen to comprise an elongated, substantially hollow cylindrical main body portion 12 having an open outer end and an opposed inner end closed by the end wall 14.

The inner end of the main body portion 12 and the end wall 14 are integral with an elongated, substantially hollow cylindrical axially-extending handle portion 16 which is necked-down as at 18, to provide an outside diameter smaller than the outside diameter of the main body portion 12. Fixedly secured within the hollow elongated cylindrical handle portion 16 is an elongated, substantially cylindrical core 20 formed of wood, or of any other suitable material. The handle portion 16 may, if desired, be provided with an outwardly-projecting, substantially annular flange 22 to serve a function to be described. The hollow handle portion 16 may be, optionally, made solid of the same material forming the main body portion 12 and the end wall 14.

Referring now more specifically to FIGURES 1, 2 and 3, it is seen that the main body portion is provided with a plurality of internally-disposed elongated, inwardlyprojecting and axially-extending ribs 24. The ribs 24 are provided to strengthen the main body portion 12 Hce and to also reduce suction when a ball or aerial projectile, generally designated at 26, is to be hurled or thrown therefrom.

The projectile 26 may be in the nature of what is conventionally known as a soft-ball or, optionally, the same may be formed of any desirable solid material. In the form illustrated in FIGURES 2 and 4, the ball or projectile 26 is shown as being substantially solid and provided with a plurality of concentric grooves 28, 30, respectively, which are disposed at right angles with respect to each other. The grooves 28, 30 cooperate with the ribs 24 of the main body portion 12 in order to reduce or break any inherent suction which may exist between the main body portion 12 and the projectile 26 when it is in the position shown in FIGURE 2, just prior to the hurling of the projectile from the main body portion 12.

The handle portion 16 is of sufiicient length as to permit the user to grasp the same in two hands (see FlGURE 5) much in the manner as one grasps the conventional baseball bat.

To use this game apparatus, the player places the ball, sphere or aerial projectile 26 into the main body portion 12 of the throwing device 10 and maintains the same in a substantially upright position until the ball descends, under the force of gravity, into en agement with the end wall 14. The player then swings the throwing device it) to bring the main body portion thereof up onto his shoulder in the same manner as would the batter in a baseball game. The handle is held in both hands and the ball or aerial projectile 26 is ejected, under centrifugal force, from the main body portion 12 as the player swings the device 10 in an arc. The ball or aerial projectile 26 is ejected under the inertia force when the player halts his swinging movement at a desired point. Through practice, the player will soon find that he will be able to place the ball 26 for flight directly to a selected fielder or toward some selected area.

The annular flange 22 is provided to guard against the accidental slippage of the handle 16 from the hands of the batter when the device 10 is being swung.

Through the use of a relatively soft ball, the game apparatus is ideal for safe indoor or outdoor play.

Having described and illustrated one embodiment of this invention, it will be understood that the same is offered merely by Way of example, and that the scope of this invention is to be limited only by the appended claim.

What is claimed is:

A game apparatus comprising, in combination, an elongated substantially hollow cylindrical member having a pair of opposed open and closed ends, said cylindrical member having a plurality of circumferentially-spacedinwardly-projecting, axially-extending ribs formed thereon, an elongated substantially cylindrical handle extending axially from said closed end, and a ball for ejection from said cylindrical member under the influence of centrifugal force, said ball having a plurality of grooves formed thereon disposed circumferentially and at right angles, respectively, relative to one another, said ball normally being circumscribed by said cylindrical mem ber and engaging against ribs and said closed end, and said ribs and grooves cooperating with each other to reduce suction.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 600,712 Brown Mar. 15, 1898 1,265,036 Bendelow -a May 7, 1918 2,126,628 Fiondella Aug. 9, 1938 2,135,210 Sauar Nov. 1, 1938 2,652,822 Gritfith Sept. 22, 1953

Patent Citations
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US2135210 *Mar 13, 1937Nov 1, 1938John R FarrarGolf ball
US2652822 *May 28, 1949Sep 22, 1953Pong Repeater Pistol CompanyToy pistol
Referenced by
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US3494061 *Jun 27, 1967Feb 10, 1970Pool Samuel TBait casting apparatus
US3495830 *Apr 10, 1967Feb 17, 1970Kai Ropche FarrelliTarget with projectile-retaining cup
US3496924 *Jul 31, 1967Feb 24, 1970Leylold Heraeus Verwaltung GmbArticle projecting simulated bat
US3591180 *Mar 25, 1969Jul 6, 1971Joseph I Lafon SrRing ball game
US3830496 *Sep 6, 1973Aug 20, 1974Amf CorpBat
US4045026 *Oct 14, 1975Aug 30, 1977Wham-O Mfg. Co.Jai alai apparatus
US4063730 *Jun 25, 1976Dec 20, 1977Tennis-Tee, Inc.Tennis racquet swing training device
US4302017 *Apr 28, 1980Nov 24, 1981Huqueriza Cesar SBall throwing and catching device
US4438924 *Apr 13, 1981Mar 27, 1984Ian CarrGame ball
US4930773 *Apr 5, 1988Jun 5, 1990Outlaw James FCurve ball training device
US5000153 *Nov 22, 1989Mar 19, 1991Sun Products International, Inc.Sporting device for making and accurately throwing snowballs
US5035427 *Sep 17, 1990Jul 30, 1991Chen Pan B SBall hitting and receiving device
US5118102 *Apr 19, 1989Jun 2, 1992Bahill Andrew TBat selector
US5290039 *Aug 21, 1992Mar 1, 1994Cornelio Julius BBall throwing and catching scoop
US5522372 *Apr 3, 1995Jun 4, 1996Gerstikov; Daniel G.Ball throwing bat
US5556319 *Jan 4, 1995Sep 17, 1996Watkins; James O.Confetti launching device
US5800244 *Nov 26, 1996Sep 1, 1998Rokenbok Toy CompanySlotted marble
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US6241629 *Nov 26, 1999Jun 5, 2001Sports Vision, Inc.Baseball and softball training apparatus and method
US6508683Sep 14, 2001Jan 21, 2003Teddy GarciaLine throwing device
US6923737 *Apr 29, 2003Aug 2, 2005Keith WalkerBaseball swing training apparatus
US7225584 *Sep 12, 2006Jun 5, 2007William SpeidellHand-held chum distributing device
US7481208 *Jun 26, 2006Jan 27, 2009Duane EricksonSnowball forming and throwing toy
US7648433 *Sep 29, 2008Jan 19, 2010Huqueriza Esar SBall throwing and catching device
US7935009Apr 16, 2010May 3, 2011Make Ideas, Inc.System for picking up, tossing, and striking a ball
US7963278 *Nov 25, 2008Jun 21, 2011Makowski Gary GApparatus for deploying a bola
US8015968Nov 21, 2007Sep 13, 2011Core Distribution, Inc.Throwing device
US20050288132 *Jun 25, 2004Dec 29, 2005Hayden Mark XSports shaft with end stop
US20120165135 *Dec 23, 2010Jun 28, 2012Sandy FischerHand Held Baseball or Softball Batting Tee
US20140144417 *Feb 27, 2013May 29, 2014Curtis Alan EVANSProjectile and throwing apparatus and game for projectile throwing
DE1301746B *Dec 5, 1967Aug 21, 1969Erickson Keith DSchleudergeraet zum Formen und Werfen von Schneebaellen
U.S. Classification124/5, 124/41.1, 473/513, 473/614
International ClassificationA63B59/02, A63B59/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B2208/12, A63B59/02
European ClassificationA63B59/02