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Publication numberUS3115158 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 24, 1963
Filing dateMar 1, 1962
Priority dateMar 1, 1962
Publication numberUS 3115158 A, US 3115158A, US-A-3115158, US3115158 A, US3115158A
InventorsAllan G Sheppard
Original AssigneeSterling Prec Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Airfoam liquid proportioning system
US 3115158 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 24, 1963 SHEPPARD AIRFOAM LIQUID PROPORTIONING SYSTEM Filed March 1, 1962 INVENTOR. AHA/V 6'. 5l/[PP4RD BY QM/mw film/45 ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,115,158 AHQFQAM LKQUHD PRGPGRTIUNlNG Allan G. Sheppard, Boynton Beach, Fla, assignor to Sterling Precision Corporation, Elmira, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Mar. 1, 1962, Ser. No. 176,7d2 2 Claims. ({Il. 137S67) This invention has to do with the making of airfoam for fire extinguishing purposes and is concerned specifically with the problem of establishing and ma ntaining correct proportioning of the water and foam liquid 1ngredients in situations such as are experienced, for example, in the case of fire trucks, where a number of dlscharge nozzles may be available, all supplied from the same liquid sources but each individually controlled. Such trucks are commonly provided with a turret nozzle, controlled by an operator on the truck itself, and with a number of hand lines or hoses, each controlled by an operator at the nozzle or discharge end of the line at a station more or less remote from the truck.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a system wherein each operator will be assured of discharging, at his particular station, the requisite proportions of ingredients for satisfactory foam production, without conscious attention on his part and without regard to the activity or otherwise of the other operators, at their particular stations.

The invention will be readily understood from the following description and accompanying drawing, the latter illustrating schematically a system incorporating a preferred form of the invention.

Assuming this preferred form to be applied to a fire truck, the water and foam liquid supplies are carried in suitable tanks and two pumps are provided, one for supplying the water under pressure and the other for supplying the foam liquid under pressure, both pumps being driven by the truck engine. Centrifugal pumps, governor or othrewise controlled are preferred because they lend themselves to design such that their discharge pressures will vary proportionally, or approximately so, as the engine speed varies. According to the invention, the water pressure and foam liquid pressure are so correlated as to establish, in cooperation with a venturi, predetermined pressure difierentials which are applied to control the discharge of the foam liquid. Such control is effected by means of any appropriate type of check valve located in the foam supply line and adapted to open in a downstream direction in response to pressure drop in the venturi throat occasioned by liquid flow therethrough.

Referring now to the drawing, the illustrated system includes water and foam liquid tanks l. and 2 and water and foam liquid pumps 3 and 4, the latter driven by a comman means such as the truck engine 5. The reference numerals 6 and 7 indicate relief valves, as one convenient means of controlling the pump discharge pressures. However controlled, these pressures are so predetermined that the water pressure exceeds the foam liquid pressure. For example, the former might be of the order of 200 psi. and the latter 175 p.s.i.

The water supply line 10 is connected to the inlet of a venturi ill, to the outlet of which is coupled a discharge line 12 incorporating a manual shut-off valve 13. As will be understood, the latter may be a nozzle valve located at the discharge end of a hand line as much as 150 or more in length. The foam liquid supply line 14 from pump 4 is connected to the throat of the venturi and in this line is a valve 15. It is diagrammatically shown as a swing check valve, opening in a downstream direction. In other words, this valve is closed when the pressure on its downstream side exceeds that on its upstream side and 3,115,158 Patented Dec. 24, 1963 open when these pressures are reversed. At 16 is indicated a metering orifice.

It will be recognized from the foregoing that with the pumps in operation and the manual shut-off valve closed, the static water pressure in the system, exceeding that of the foam liquid supply, will maintain the check valve closed. However, when the manual shut-elf valve is opened and there is a flow through the venturi, its throat pressure immediately drops; and it is a simple matter of design to cause it to drop to a point where the pressure tending to hold the check valve 15 closed is less than that of the foam liquid supplysay, to p.s.i. Thereupon, of course, the swing check valve immediately opens and the requisite amount of foam liquid for the water supplying the line in question is metered to the venturi throat and thence with the water, to the point of discharge. When the manual shut-off valve is again closed to terminate the discharge through the particular line, the static pressure in the venturi throat is restored, with the result that the excess of water pressure over foam liquid pressure causes the swing check valve to close and terminate the flow of foam liquid.

It will be apparent that the system can be applied to any number of discharge lines, all supplied by the same engine-driven pumps. The broken lines in the drawing (with corresponding components identified by primed reference characters) indicate a second such line, subject to control in precisely the same manner as the first and entirely unaffected by it so far as the proper proportioning of the water and foam liquid supplies is concernedand so With as many additional lines as may be necessary. With each it is the venturi throat pressure in the particular line which controls the foam liquid supply to that line, without regard to whether the other lines are active or inactive. It is to be noted that the discharge lines, which may be long and hence of considerable capacity, are filled either with water or with water plus foam liquid and never with foam liquid alone and, accordingly, there is no waste of foam liquid. This is an especially important consideration for truck and analagous uses, Where the supply of foam liquid is necessarily limited.

It the light of the foregoing exemplification of the prin ciples of the invention, the following is claimed.

1. A system for proportioning water and airfoam liquid comprising the combination of a plurality of venturis; a water supply line for each venturi; a discharge line from each venturi incorporating a manual shut-off valve; a foam liquid supply line connected to the throat of each venturi; a check valve in ecah foam liquid supply line adapted to open in a downstream direction; means for supplying water under pressure to the water supply lines, said means adapted to establish a predetermined static pressure in the system when the shut-off valves are closed and a reduced pressure in a venturi throat when the shutoff valve in the discharge line of such venturi is open; and means for supplying foam liquid to the foam liquid supply lines at a pressure less than said static pressure but greater than said reduced pressure, whereby the check valve in any one of the liquid supply lines opens in response to the opening of the shut-off valve in the discharge line of the venturi to which such foam liquid line is connected and closes in response to the closing of such shut-off valve.

2. A system for proportioning water and airfoam liquid comprising the combination of a venturi; a water supply line therefor; a discharge line from the venturi incorporating a manual shut-off valve; a foam liquid supply line connected to the throat of the venturi; a check valve in the foam liquid supply line adapted to open in a downstream direction; means for supplying water under pressure to the Water supply line and establishing a predetermined :3 static pressure in the system when the shut-01f valve is closed; and means for supplying foam liquid to the foam liquid supply line at a pressure less than said static pressure but greater than the pressure in the venturi throat when the shut-off is open, whereby the check valve opens when the shut-off is opened and closes when the shut-off valve is closed, such closure preventing the flow of foam liquid to the venturi throat and the said discharge line.

4 References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,044,557 Alvord lune 16, 1936 2,062,097 Lingard Nov. 24, 1936 FOREIGN PATENTS 968,896 Germany Apr. 3, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2044557 *Feb 28, 1934Jun 16, 1936Tridex Machine CorpMethod and apparatus for treating surfaces
US2062097 *Apr 11, 1934Nov 24, 1936Gen ElectricWashing apparatus
DE968896C *Apr 9, 1952Apr 3, 1958Lewa O H G Ott & SchestagVorrichtung zum verhaeltnisgleichen Beigeben von Fluessigkeiten zu einem Fluessigkeitsstrom
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3417779 *Jan 9, 1967Dec 24, 1968Perkin Elmer CorpSelectable concentration gas mixing apparatus
US3823727 *Jun 26, 1972Jul 16, 1974Applied Chem Pty LtdFoaming system and improved foaming device
US3857409 *Mar 26, 1973Dec 31, 1974Aubrey WLiquid mixing apparatus
US3888641 *Jul 17, 1973Jun 10, 1975Nittan Co LtdMethod of erasing smoke
US4181469 *Jan 30, 1978Jan 1, 1980Dion Biro GuyApparatus for adding emulsifier to a fluid
US4217924 *Dec 8, 1977Aug 19, 1980Finger John FCleaning system having steam and water mixing ejector
US4234044 *Sep 27, 1978Nov 18, 1980The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyChemical agent injection system for fire fighting equipment
US4246969 *Feb 7, 1979Jan 27, 1981John McLoughlinChemical injection system for fire fighting
US4324294 *Apr 21, 1980Apr 13, 1982John McLoughlinChemical injection control system for fire fighting
US4899825 *May 24, 1988Feb 13, 1990Snamprogetti, S.P.A.Continuous mixing device, particulary suitable for preparing aqueous solutions of foam extinguisher for fire-fighting systems
US6074176 *May 16, 1997Jun 13, 2000Conkin; David W.Proportional product injection circuit with two diaphragm valves
DE3038334A1 *Oct 10, 1980Oct 21, 1982Ziegler Albert Gmbh Co KgEinrichtung fuer feuerloeschfahrzeuge zum zumischen eines schaum- oder filmbildenden zusatzmittels zum loeschwasserstroms
EP0098055A2 *Jun 1, 1983Jan 11, 1984Chubb National Foam Inc.Liquid supply system
EP0263290A2 *Aug 26, 1987Apr 13, 1988Total Walther Feuerschutz GmbHElectronically controlled automatic mixing apparatus for fire engines
EP0337306A1 *Apr 7, 1989Oct 18, 1989Iveco Magirus AktiengesellschaftFoam extinguishing unit for fire engines
EP1163931A2 *Jun 14, 2001Dec 19, 2001Williams Fire and Hazard Control, Inc.System for automatic self-proportioning of foam concentrate into fire fighting fluid variable flow conduit
EP1726333A1 *May 25, 2005Nov 29, 2006Unisantis Europe GmbHFluid delivery system for fire-fighting apparatus
WO1994026353A1 *May 6, 1994Nov 24, 1994Gary Trevor LoveA foam proportioner
U.S. Classification137/565.33, 169/14, 137/895
International ClassificationA62C27/00, A62C5/02, A62C99/00
Cooperative ClassificationA62C5/02, A62C99/0036, A62C27/00
European ClassificationA62C27/00, A62C5/02, A62C99/00B4