|Publication number||US3116925 A|
|Publication date||Jan 7, 1964|
|Filing date||Jul 3, 1961|
|Priority date||Jul 3, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3116925 A, US 3116925A, US-A-3116925, US3116925 A, US3116925A|
|Inventors||Welch William E|
|Original Assignee||Welch William E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (69), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 7, 1964 w. E. WELCH 3,116,925
ANCHORED BIRLING FLOAT Filed July 3, 1961 INVENTOR Wzzzz'dwzvxza/g BY/ZZZ ATT/ORNEYS United States Patent 3,116,925 ANCHORED BHRIJNG FLOAT Wiliiarn E. Welch, 23 Royal Oaks Drive, Roseburg, Greg. Filed July 3, 1961, Ser. No. 121,706 4 Claims. (Cl. 272-1) This invention relates generally to amusement and exercising devices in the field of aquatic sports, and in particular to a cylindrical float adapted to freely rotate about its axis while held against any substantial movement of translation, laterally or axially.
Birling, as a contest of skill and agility, has long been practiced among the workers in timbering operations. This involves a pair of contestants treading a freely floating log, with each striving to dismount the other by rotating the log about its axis, by treading with the feet, in a manner calculated to upset his equilibrium. In this sport, the logs are of considerable size and mass, and therefore possessed of high inertia, so that, whereas axial rotation is easily effected, there is little tendency for the log to move about on the surface of the water. The hardness and inertia of the log also increase the chances of serious personal injury.
By the device of the present invention I have contrived to bring the attractive features of this sport within the spheres of action of all areas of aquatic sports, while eliminating the hazardous features.
It is therefore a general object of the invention to provide a birling device which shall have universal application in areas of aquatic sports. More particularly, it is an object to provide a floating, cylindrical object which, while of substantial size, is nevertheless relatively low in weight and inertia. A related object is to provide a low inertia, cylindrical float having end attachments with swivel features for mooring or anchoring lines, whereby to constrain the float against movement of translation, while permitting axial rotation. Yet another object is to provide an anchorable float in which protruding parts are avoided.
These and other objects which will be apparent to those skilled in the art, are attained by the present invention, a preferred form of which is described in the following specification, as illustrated in the drawing, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a swimming pool, showing the cylindrical float secured by lines attached to opposite sides of the pool;
FIGURE 2 is an axial sectional View through the float;
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary view, to enlarged scale, of the rightward end of the float of FIGURE 2; and
FIGURE 4 is an end elevational view of the float, as seen from the right in FIGURE 3.
Referring to the drawings by characters of reference, there is shown, in FIGURE 1, two side walls it 12, and an end wall 14, of an outdoor swimming pool, holding a body of water 16. Embedded in Wall is an eyebolt 18, anchoring a rope or cable 29, the outer end of which is attached to one end of the float 22. A similar eyebolt (not visible) in wall 12 anchors a rope or cable 24, the outer end of which is attached to the other end of float 22. Lines 20 and 24 carry conventional floats 26 at suitable intervals along their lengths, and these may be of cork, wood, plastic, or other low density material.
As seen in FIGURES 2 to 4, the float 22 has the general form of a right circular cylinder, and in the case illustrated the buoyancy is attained by employing a hollow, metallic shell, of aluminum or the like, with a thin wall, waterproof throughout. In order to render it freely rotative about its axis the float 22 has swivel connections with anchoring lines 20, 24, and in order to 3,116,925 Patented Jan. 7, 1964- locate the coupling hardware so as to avoid contact by users of the float, the ends of the float are recessed inwardly, as shown by the conical end faces 28. Each end face 28, at its apex carries, externally, an eye 30 to which the anchoring line is connected through the swivel. The latter, which is of conventional form, is shown as having a central, journal housing 32 in which is mounted, for rotation on a common axis, a headed member 34 having an eye 36 interengaged with eye 30, and an opposite, headed member 38 having an eye 40, to which the end of line 24, (or 20) is secured.
With the arrangement shown, the float is held against both endwise and sidewise movement, but is freely rotatable about its axis. Thus, the rotational feature may be brought into full play, without the troublesome disadvantage which would arise if the low inertia float had freedom to move in a horizontal plane. In other words the float diflers from a common log in its low inertia and safety features, and the inertia compensating device of an anchorage. This anchoring feature also presents novel features over known floats in having axially directed anchor lines which hold the float in a fixed position, while permitting rotation of the float, and with no external mounting structure between the ends of the float which would interfere with a full 360 turn of a person rotating with the float.
In lieu of the hollow float shown, the cylinder may be made in solid form, from low density material, such as a porous plastic, a fiberglass reinforced polyester, or any of a variety of known materials which have come into use by virtue of their high floatability and permanence. Like the hollow cylinder, these will be of sufiicient rigidity to resist deformation of the cylinder in normal uses during aquatic play, have high strength to weight ratio, have a smooth surface, and be non-corrosive. The enjoyment of the device depends upon its ability to float lightly, rotate freely, and be harmless. Recessing the couplings places them where they will not bruise or scratch the users. All welds or joints are smoothed to eliminate projections which would scratch skin or tear clothing. The low inertia of the float is also a safeguard against injury.
Besides the matter of safety, the low weight of the float makes it easily handled, and carried about, even by children.
While a preferred embodiment has been shown and described, modifications will be apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, while I have illustrated substantially a true cylinder in the drawings and have employed this term in the specification and claims, it is intended to include by this terminology other geometrical shapes such as floats having an octagonal cross section or other bodies of essentially cylindrical shape. Accordingly, the invention should not be deemed as limited except insofar as shall appear from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. A rotatable float for aquatic play, comprising an elongate, hollow, water-proof cylinder having inwardly dished end faces of conical form, with vertices on the axis of the cylinder, an external eye carried by each end face at its vertex, and a swivel housing at each of said faces having a first rotatable loop interengaging with said eye, and a second rotatable loop axially aligned with said first loop, and adapted for attachment to an anchor line.
2. A rotatable float for aquatic play comprising an elongate, floating cylinder, having inwardly dished end faces of conical form, with vertices on the axis of the cylinder, an external eye carried by each end face at its vertex, and a swivel housing at each of said faces having a first rotatable loop interengaged with one of said eyes, and a second loop rotatable on a common axis With said first loop, and adapted for attachment to an anchor line.
3. A rotatable float for aquatic play comprising an elongate, floating cylinder, having inwardly dished end faces, an external eye carried by each end face, and a swivel housing at each of said faces having a first rotatable loop interengaged with one of said eyes, and a second loop rotatable on a common axis with said first loop, and adapted for attachment to an anchor line.
4. A rotatable float for aquatic play comprising an 4 elongate, floatable cylinder, having inwardly dished end faces, an external eye carried by each end face, and a swivel link interconnected with each of said eyes and adapted for connection with an anchoring line.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 621,726 Wiemer et al. Mar. 21, 1899 2,088,251 Walters July 27, 1937 10 2,175,197 Kent Oct. 10, 1939 2,945,468 Payne July 19, 1960
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US621726 *||Sep 8, 1898||Mar 21, 1899||Floating carousel|
|US2088251 *||Sep 12, 1935||Jul 27, 1937||Henry W Walters||Lifesaving device|
|US2175197 *||Mar 23, 1935||Oct 10, 1939||Kent Jr Samuel Leonard||Apparatus for water sports|
|US2945468 *||Sep 22, 1958||Jul 19, 1960||Eugene L Payne||Boat mooring|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3260523 *||Mar 13, 1964||Jul 12, 1966||Peterson Brown James Hardin||Rock and roll cylinder|
|US3304560 *||Aug 5, 1964||Feb 21, 1967||Adolph Kiefer & Company||Turbulence-reducing device for swimming pools|
|US3540063 *||Feb 4, 1969||Nov 17, 1970||Swimquip Inc||Turbulence dispelling float device and string|
|US3747923 *||Oct 18, 1971||Jul 24, 1973||H Ung||Exercise and amusement device for use in the water|
|US3755829 *||Mar 28, 1972||Sep 4, 1973||A Mc Neil Corps||Turbulence suppression apparatus for a body of water|
|US3786521 *||Jul 13, 1972||Jan 22, 1974||Kiefer A Mcneil Corp||Swinging baffle element for water turbulence suppression systems|
|US3806118 *||Feb 2, 1972||Apr 23, 1974||D Way||Log rolling adversary game device|
|US3845510 *||Dec 21, 1973||Nov 5, 1974||Baker Hydro Inc||Swimming pool racing line take-up float assembly|
|US3874661 *||Sep 17, 1973||Apr 1, 1975||Amark Inc||Log loading contest|
|US4616369 *||May 28, 1985||Oct 14, 1986||Mcneil Corporation||Aquatic turbulence suppression device|
|US5503597 *||Mar 9, 1994||Apr 2, 1996||Lochtefeld; Thomas J.||Method and apparatus for injected water corridor attractions|
|US7179173||Mar 25, 2002||Feb 20, 2007||Nbgs International Inc.||Control system for water amusement devices|
|US7727077||Oct 6, 2005||Jun 1, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement park water channel flow system|
|US7740542||Nov 12, 2004||Jun 22, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement method|
|US7758435||Aug 30, 2006||Jul 20, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Amusement water rides involving interactive user environments|
|US7762899||Jul 27, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement park conveyor support elements|
|US7762900||Mar 14, 2006||Jul 27, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Method and system of positionable covers for water amusement parks|
|US7766753||Aug 3, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for modular self-contained floating marine parks|
|US7775894||Aug 17, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Method and system of participant identifiers for water amusement parks|
|US7775895||Oct 6, 2005||Aug 17, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement park water channel and adjustable flow controller|
|US7775896||Aug 30, 2006||Aug 17, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for self-contained floating marine parks|
|US7780536||Aug 24, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for positionable screen for self-contained floating marine parks|
|US7785207||Aug 31, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement system with elevated structure|
|US7811177||Oct 12, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement system and method including a self-contained floating marine park|
|US7815514||Aug 30, 2005||Oct 19, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement park conveyor barriers|
|US7828667||Nov 9, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for active filtration of portions of self-contained floating marine parks|
|US7857704||Sep 15, 2006||Dec 28, 2010||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Amusement water rides involving games of chance|
|US7921601||Apr 12, 2011||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement system with trees|
|US7942752||Oct 6, 2005||May 17, 2011||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement park multiple path conveyors|
|US8070615||Nov 18, 2005||Dec 6, 2011||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for water amusement conveyor|
|US8075413||Dec 13, 2011||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Continuous water ride method and system for water amusement parks|
|US8079916||Dec 20, 2011||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Themed amusement river ride system|
|US8096892||Feb 20, 2007||Jan 17, 2012||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Control system for water amusement devices|
|US8162769||Apr 24, 2012||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Water amusement park conveyor roller belts|
|US8197352||Jun 12, 2012||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for amusement park conveyor belt systems|
|US8210954||Jul 3, 2012||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Amusement water rides involving exercise circuits|
|US8251832||Jul 16, 2010||Aug 28, 2012||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Method and system of positionable covers for water amusement parks|
|US8282497||Oct 9, 2012||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Modular water amusement park conveyors|
|US8663023||Nov 8, 2010||Mar 4, 2014||Water Ride Concepts, Inc.||Methods and systems for viewing marine life from self-contained floating marine parks|
|US20030203760 *||Mar 25, 2002||Oct 30, 2003||Henry Jeffery W.||Control system for water amusement devices|
|US20050085306 *||Nov 12, 2004||Apr 21, 2005||Nbgs International, Inc||Conveyor system and method for water amusement parks|
|US20050090318 *||Oct 24, 2003||Apr 28, 2005||Henry Jeffery W.||Continuous water ride|
|US20050090319 *||Nov 10, 2004||Apr 28, 2005||Henry, Schooley & Associates, L.L.C.||Method and system of positionable screens for water amusement parks|
|US20050090320 *||Nov 12, 2004||Apr 28, 2005||Nbgs International, Inc||Water amusement method|
|US20050090321 *||Nov 12, 2004||Apr 28, 2005||Nbgs International, Inc.||Conveyor control system and method for water amusement parks|
|US20050114706 *||Jul 23, 2004||May 26, 2005||Destefano Jason Michael||System and method for the collection and transmission of log data over a wide area network|
|US20060111195 *||Nov 24, 2004||May 25, 2006||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement park conveyors|
|US20060111196 *||Nov 24, 2004||May 25, 2006||Henry Jeffery W||Rollable carrier ride|
|US20060135274 *||Oct 6, 2005||Jun 22, 2006||Henry, Schooley & Associates, L.L.C.||Water amusement park conveyor roller belts|
|US20060142090 *||Oct 6, 2005||Jun 29, 2006||Henry, Schooley & Associates, L.L.C.||Water amusement park multiple path conveyors|
|US20070033866 *||Apr 20, 2006||Feb 15, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Lift apparatus for base-mounted plant|
|US20070033867 *||Apr 20, 2006||Feb 15, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Composite tree|
|US20070049385 *||Aug 30, 2005||Mar 1, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement park conveyor barriers|
|US20070049386 *||Aug 30, 2005||Mar 1, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Adjusting participant flow rate in water amusement parks|
|US20070049387 *||Oct 6, 2005||Mar 1, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement park water channel flow system|
|US20070049388 *||Oct 6, 2005||Mar 1, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement park water channel and adjustable flow controller|
|US20070051037 *||Apr 20, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Thematic tree system|
|US20070051039 *||Apr 20, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement system with trees|
|US20070054745 *||Aug 30, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Methods and systems for thermal control systems for self-contained floating marine parks|
|US20070060402 *||Aug 30, 2005||Mar 15, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Modular water amusement park conveyors|
|US20070060403 *||Aug 30, 2005||Mar 15, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement park conveyors|
|US20070060404 *||Aug 30, 2006||Mar 15, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Methods and systems for modular self-contained floating marine parks|
|US20070078016 *||Sep 15, 2006||Apr 5, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Amusement water rides involving games of chance|
|US20070087849 *||Aug 30, 2006||Apr 19, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Amusement water rides involving exercise circuits|
|US20070087851 *||Aug 30, 2006||Apr 19, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Water amusement system and method including a self-contained floating marine park|
|US20070087852 *||Aug 30, 2006||Apr 19, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Methods and systems for self-contained floating marine parks|
|US20070087854 *||Aug 30, 2006||Apr 19, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Methods and systems for positionable screen for self-contained floating marine parks|
|US20070219004 *||Mar 14, 2006||Sep 20, 2007||Henry Jeffery W||Method and system of positionable covers for water amusement parks|
|US20100160054 *||Dec 18, 2008||Jun 24, 2010||Jeffery Wayne Henry||Themed amusement river ride system|
|U.S. Classification||472/127, 441/133|
|International Classification||E04H4/14, E04H4/00|