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Publication numberUS3119047 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 21, 1964
Filing dateJul 25, 1960
Priority dateJul 25, 1960
Publication numberUS 3119047 A, US 3119047A, US-A-3119047, US3119047 A, US3119047A
InventorsMaksymilian A Michalski
Original AssigneeAmerican Speedlight Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Carrier current control system for electronic flash units
US 3119047 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1964 M. A. MICHALSKI 3,119,047

CARRIER CURRENT CONTROL SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC FLASH UNITS Filed July 25, 1960 MgsYZ/L IAN/4. Mama/r1 ORNEY United States Patent 3,119,647 CARREIER CURE-RENT C(lNlRQL SYSTEM FUR I a ELECTRQNKC MASH UNITS Mausyrnihan A. Michalski, Woodside, NFL, assignor to American Speedlight Corporation, Middle Village,

Filed .luly 25', 19MB, Ser, No. 45,194 4- Claims. (Cl. 315-177) The present invention relates to electric systems and more particularly to a carrier current control system for triggerin g electronic flash units.

in the use of electronic flash units for photographic illumination, it is often desirable to place the flash units at positions remote from the camera. Such units have been heretofore triggered by phototubes responsive to a flash at the camera, or connected by the use of sync cords. it has been found that the wiring for the sync cords has been cumbersome and time consuming to position. The phototubes have not operated satisfactorily when remotely positioned from the main flash because of the low light level. [also persons or objects have blocked the transmission of light to the phototubes. Further, the operation of the phototubes has not been wholly satisfactory as they become aged.

in order to overcome these difficulties radio frequency control has been used. However, because of static and other interference, and because of the governmental rcstrictions on use of radio equipment such equipment has not been used to any great extent.

The present invention aims to overcome the foregoing drfliculties and disadvantages by providing a carrier current control system for the remote units and in which a carrier current signal is continuously transmitted, the transmitted signal being interrupted when the camera shutter is operated causing the receiver to generate a pulse which triggers the sla e flash unit. If desired a plurality of receivers may be operated from a single transmitter.

The system in accordance with the invention is advantageous in that the receivers may be selective as to transmitted frequency so that several transmitters may be operated at the same time without causing interference with their respective receivers.

Another object of the invention is to provide a carrier current control system for triggering electronic flash units which is simple and economical in manufacture efiicient in operation, rugged in use, and not subject to actuation by static or iike interference.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and from the accompanying drawing which shows, by way of example, an embodiment of the invention.

in the drawings:

FEGURE l is a diagrammatic view of a transmitter in accordance with the invention.

FIGURE 2 is a diagrammatic View of a receiver coupled to a flash unit in accordance with the invention.

Referring to the drawings there is shown in FIGURE 1 a carrier current transmitting system in accordance with the invention and adapted to be connected to a 120 volt alternating current supply line or the like. The transmitter includes a tube Frill, a transmitter coil 11 connected in an L-C circuit with tie tube ill. The transmitter coil 11 has a tank winding 1?. and a tickler coil 13, an output coil 14 and a shorting winding 15. The tube Ill) may be a power pentode or a triode connected as a triode oscillator. A power supply is provided by a silicon or selenium rectifier 16 connected to grid 17 and to anode 18 of the tube Cathode i9 is connected to tap 2i) of the coil 12. Grid 21 of the tube lb has a grid leak bias formed by a capacitor 22 in parallel with a resistor 23 connected to end 24 of the tank winding 12. A padder condenser Z hllihh l? ice is connected across the tank winding 12 and tickler coil 13 from terminal 24 to terminal 26. Heater filament 27 is connected across the source of supply through a capacitor 28 to drop the supply voltage, a filter capacitor 29 being connected from the filament 27 to the grid 17. The shorting winding 15 is connected through'a rectifier 30 to a switch 31 which may be actuated by the shutter of the camera. Output coil 14 is coupled to the supply line by connecting its terminal 32 through a capacitor 33 while its other terminal 34 is connected to end 26 of the ticlder coil. If desired a neon lamp 4i may be connected in series with a resistor 41 across the supply line after a switch 43 and fuse 44 to indicate energization of the circuit.

In the operation of the transmitter a high frequency CW signal of a frequency of about 195 kilocycles plus or minus 46 kilocycles is adjusted to the desired frequency by varying the padder condenser 25. immediately upon energization of the circuit a carrier current is transmitted over the 120 volt power supply system. When it is desired to actuate the slave flash tube units the switch 31 is closed, shorting the winding 15 and thereby interrupting or decreasing the oscillation of the LC circuit and discontinuing the transmission of the carrier signal or reducing it to an ineiiective value. The rectifier 30 demodulates the shorted signal and also acts to prevent radio-frequency radiation and attenuation in the line g0- ing to the switch 31.

The receiver circuit is shown in FIGURE 2 and includes a series resonant circuit including a transformer Eli which may be a standard LP. transformer tuned with powdered core slugs adapted to receive 1'95 kc. plus or minus 4-6 kc. provided with pad capacitors 5i and 52 to time the windings. A compensating capacitor 53 is used to adjust the circuit to receive the 195 kc. carrier signal. The carrier current signal is rectified by a hi; ily conducting germanium diode providing negative bias for base 55 of a PNF-transistor having emitter 57 and a collector 53. The negative bias received by the base of the transistor causes it to conduct and eifectivey to short out a resistor till connec ed between the emitter 57 and the collector A decoupling capacitor 61 is connected between the base 55 and the collector 5:3, the collector being grounded as indicated at-Z. A bias resistor as is connected from base 5d to connecting wire 64 from end 65 of the transformer 55;, the other end 66 of tr e transformer 5% being connected to the rectifier 54.

The receiver circuit is connected to a terminal board or connecting plug 7% having connectors 712-76 thereon. Connector 72 is a supply line terminal and is connected through an isolation capacitor 77 to terminal 78 of th transformer 5 d. Connector '73 is another supply line terminal and is connected directly to terminal '7 of the transformer 5d. Connector 74 is a high voltage supply and is connected through a high voltage isolating resistance $9 to connecting wire 64-. Connector is a control circuit and is connected through a zener diode S1 in series with a coupling capacitor 82 to the connecting wire Connector "id is a ground connection.

The electronic flash unit is connected to a terminal board or connecting plug 7% having connectors thereon engaging the connectors 72-76 and numbered the same for ease of understanding. The electronic flash unit is mainly conventional and includes a transformer 9b with a low voltage primary winding 91 and a high voltage secondary winding 92 to step up the 120 volt supply to 350 volts. End 93 of the high voltage Winding 92 is grounded while end 34 is connected through a current limiting resistance 95 to a full wave voltage doubling capacitor bank including rectifiers 96 and 97 and capacitors 98 and 99*. The output of the capacitor bank, 1% and Trill, is connected to electrodes 1G2 and 103 of a gas discharge lamp or flash tube 164.

A triggering circuit for the flash tube 164 includes a triggering electrode MS, a triggering transformer res and a triggering capacitor M7. The triggering circuit is c011- trolled by a thyratron 11d. Anode 111 of the thyratron lllii connected through a resistance 112 to a direct current supply and to the triggering capacitor 107. Cathode 12 of the thyratron 116 is connected to ground and to a grid 121. Control grid 122 of the thyratron 110 is connected to the connector 7 5 for operation from the receiver.

In the operation of the receiver the received carrier sigprovides a negative bias on the collector 55 of the transistor 56 and thus eflectively shorts out the resistor 66'. During the period while the carrier signal is present the capacitor 32 is charged with its positive polarity connected to connecting wire 64 thus there is a negative bias on the grid r22 which prevents the thyratron from conducting and the triggering transformer N7 is charged through the resistor $.12. Upon the closing of the switch 31 the carrier signal is interrupted or decreased at the receiver and the collector 55 of the transistor 55 loses its negative bias and thus the transistor ceases to short the resistance at Capacitor 82 then produces a positive pulse on the control grid 122 of the thyratron 110 which causes it to conduct thereby producing a pulse discharge of the capacitor 167 through the triggering electrode lflS initiating the discharge of the flash tube 104.

An electrical system manufactured commercially and found to operate satisfactorily employs constants for the various circuit components as follows:

Tube 10-32 ETS Sylvania. Transmitter oscillator coil l1modified standard manufacture:

Winding i2800 turns. Winding l3100 turns. Winding l410 turns. Winding 200 turns. Rectifier i6lN 1763 RCA. Capacitor 22-15O mmfd. Resistance 2312K. Padder condenser 25-300 mmfd. Capacitor 2S2.0 mfd. Filter capacitor 29-40 mfd. Rectifier 3t?lN 1763 RCA. Capacitor 33-01 mfd. Transformer Sil -standard 45 5 ltc. intermediate frequency. Capacitor 53-.0()1 mfd. Diode Si t-IN 46A Sylvania. Transistor 562N 1193 Motorola. Resistance nth-100K Capacitor GEL-.001 mfd. Resistor 63-100K. Capacitor '77-5G0 mrnfd. Resistance 80-4 meg. Rectifier 8lRS6 Hoffman. Capacitor $2-.1 mfd. Tube lllil2D2l GE. Resistance 112-100K.

While the invention has been described and illustrated with reference to a specific embodiment thereof, it will be understood that other embodiments may be resorted to without departing from the invention. Therefore, the form of the invention set out above should be considered as illustrative and not as limiting the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. An electrical system for photographic flash units comprising a power supply, a transmitter oscillator including a tank winding, an output winding, and a shorting winding coupled with the tank winding, a coupling capacitor connected in series with the output winding across the power supply a rectifier, a normally open shorting switch connected in series with the rectifier across the shorting winding operative to decrease the oscillations of the output winding, a receiver including a tuned transformer connected to the power supply, "a receiver rectifier in the sec ondary output of the transformer to produce a negative bias, a transistor having a base, a collector and an emitter, a resistance, the base connected to the receiver rectiiier to normally receive a negative bias, the resistance connected across the collector and emitter so that the resistance is effectively shorted while the base is negatively biased, a flash tube, a capacitive power supply for the flash tube, a triggering control for the flash tube including a triggering capacitor adapted to initiate discharge of the flash tube, means to charge the triggering capacitor, normally non-conducting means connected to the triggering capacitor, means to render said non-conductive means conductive operative upon the shorting of said resistor by the transistor, whereby the triggering capacitor is discharged to initiate discharge of the flash tube.

2. An el ctrical system for photographic flash units comprising a power supply, a transmitter oscillator including a tank winding, an output winding, and a shorting winding coupled with the tank winding, a coupling capacitor connected in series with the output winding across the power supply, a rectifier, a normally open shorting switch connected in series with the rectifier across the shorting winding operative to decrease the oscillations or the output winding, a receiver including a tuned transform r connected to the power supply, a receiver rectifier in the secondary output of the transformer to produce a negative bias, a transistor having a base, a collector and an emitter, a resistance, the base connected to the receiver rectifier to normally receive a negative bias, the resistance connected across the collector and emitter so that the resistance is eiiectively shorted while the base is negatively biased, a flash tube, a capacitive power supply for the flash tube, a triggering control for the flash tube including a triggering capacitor adapted to initiate discharge of the flash tube, means to charge the triggering capacitor, 21 thyratron including a cathode, an anode and a grid, the anode connected to the triggering transformer, and the grid connected to said resistor so that upon the shorting of the resistor the grid causes the thyratron to become conductive, whereby the triggering capacitor is discharged to initiate discharge of the flash tube.

3. An electrical system for photographic flash units comprising a power supply, a transmitter oscillator including a tank winding, an output winding, and a shorting winding coupled with the tank winding, coupling means connected in series with the output winding across the power supply, a normally open shorting switch connected across the shorting winding operative to decrease the oscillations of the output winding, a receiver including a tuned transformer connected to the power supply, a receiver rectifier in the secondary output of the transformer to produce a negative bias, a transistor having a base, a collector and an emitter, a resistance, the base connected to the receiver rectifier to normally receive a negativebias, the resistance connected across the col lector and emitter so that the resistance is effectively shorted while the base is negatively biased, a flash tube, a capacitive power supply for the flash tube, a triggering control for the flash tube including a triggering capacitor adapted to intiate discharge of the flash tube, means to charge the triggering capacitor, normally non-conducting maens connected to the triggering capacitor, means to render said non-conductive means conductive operative upon the shorting of said resistor by the transistor, whereby the triggering capacitor is discharged to initiate discharge of the flash tube.

4. An electrical system for photographic flash units comprising a power supply, a transmitter oscillator in cluding a tank winding, an output winding, and a shorting winding coupled with the tank Winding, a coupling capacitor connected in series with the output winding across the power supply, a rectifier, a normally open shorting switch connected in series with the rectifer across the shorting winding operative to decrease the oscillations of the output winding, a receiver including a tuned transformer connected to the power supply, a receiver rectifier in the secondary output of the transformer to produce a bias, an electronic switch responsive to the bias of the rectifier, the resistance connected across the electronic switch so that the resistance is effectively shorted while the electronic switch is biased, a flash tube, a capacitive power supply for the fiash tube, a triggering con- 10 trol for the flash tube including a triggering capacitor adapted to initiate discharge of the flash tube, means to charge the triggering capacitor, normally non-conducting means connected to the triggering capacitor, means to 6 render said non-conductive means conductive operative upon the shorting of said resistor by the electronic switch, whereby the triggering capacitor is discharged to initiate discharge of the flash tube.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,177,843 Seeley Oct. 31, 1939 2,358,796 Edgerton Sept. 26, 1944 2,378,326 Rees et al June 12, 1945 2,431,902 Albin Dec. 2, 1947 2,549,923 OBrien Apr. 24, 1951 2,624,831 Farber Jan. 6, 1953 2,802,938 Herzog Aug. 13, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2177843 *Oct 9, 1937Oct 31, 1939Rca CorpRemote control system over power lines
US2358796 *Dec 17, 1941Sep 26, 1944Eugene Edgerton HaroldFlash photography
US2378326 *Jul 12, 1944Jun 12, 1945Gen Railway Signal CoCarrier frequency communication system
US2431902 *Dec 28, 1943Dec 2, 1947Rca CorpSelf-regulating high-frequency generator
US2549923 *Aug 27, 1945Apr 24, 1951Decca Record Co LtdVacuum tube oscillator
US2624831 *Jun 28, 1949Jan 6, 1953Edward R FarberUnitary portable photographic illumination source
US2802938 *Jan 28, 1954Aug 13, 1957Rca CorpDiode detector-transistor amplifier circuit for signal receivers
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3173065 *Aug 6, 1962Mar 9, 1965Automatic Elect LabTone detector
US3219844 *Nov 1, 1962Nov 23, 1965American Mach & FoundryPulse generating control system including transistor and regenerative feedback
US3260963 *Aug 18, 1964Jul 12, 1966Westinghouse Electric CorpInverter having circuitry for controlling the relative duration of the output alternations
US3298011 *Mar 31, 1964Jan 10, 1967Lehnhardt Stanley EDigital indicator system with storage
US3312875 *Feb 26, 1963Apr 4, 1967Ferdy MayerRelay control for systems distributing electric energy
US3467835 *Sep 8, 1965Sep 16, 1969Warwick Electronics IncRemote control switch responsive to superimposed power line frequency
US3529216 *Jun 29, 1967Sep 15, 1970Sonus CorpRemote control system utilizing a.c. transmission lines
US3558902 *Jan 22, 1968Jan 26, 1971Everett R CaseyRemote control wiring system
US4713573 *May 16, 1985Dec 15, 1987Robert Bosch GmbhTrigger mechanism construction for an automotive passenger restraint system
US4716301 *Apr 8, 1986Dec 29, 1987Chamberlain Manufacturing CorporationDigital light control
Classifications
U.S. Classification315/177, 331/182, 361/182, 331/170, 331/172, 315/241.00R, 315/183, 315/228, 340/12.5, 340/13.25
International ClassificationH05B41/32
Cooperative ClassificationH05B41/32
European ClassificationH05B41/32