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Publication numberUS3119241 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 28, 1964
Filing dateSep 17, 1962
Priority dateSep 17, 1962
Publication numberUS 3119241 A, US 3119241A, US-A-3119241, US3119241 A, US3119241A
InventorsWile Daniel D
Original AssigneeRecold Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerated display and storage fixture
US 3119241 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 28, 1964 D. D. WlLE REFRIGERATED DISPLAY AND STORAGE FIXTURE Filed Sept. 1'7, 1962 INVENTOR. fid/V/EL fi. W/LE aw M flrroe/vm f United States Patent Ofiice 3,119,241 Patented Jan. 28, 1964 3,119,241 REFRIGERATED DISPLAY AND STORAGE FIXTURE Daniel D. Wile, Whittier, Calif., assiguor to Recold Corporation, Los Angeles, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Sept. 17, 1962, Ser. No. 224,040 7 Claims. ((11. 62254) This invention relates to an improved form of refrigerated fixture having both a display case and a storage chamber and, in particular, is directed to such a fixture wherein the display case has an open front without doors to allow ready access to the display case.

It has become conventional in numerous installations such as supermarkets and the like to provide refrigerated display cases of the upright or shelf type with a refrigerated storage space immediately behind the display case and to refrigerate both the display case and the storage space as a single unit. The display cases of this type of installation usually have a plurality of shelves and the front of the display case may be open for unimpeded access by customers or closed with doors. The open front type of display case has been found to have many advantages from the standpoint of customer appeal and sales promotion. Open front display cases are generally provided with access doors from the refrigerated storage space to permit loading and unloading of the shelves of the display case from the attached storage space.

Various difficulties and disadvantages have been encountered with conventional refrigerated fixtures having an open front display case and a storage space. Certain of these refrigerated fixtures are arranged so that the refrigerating uni-t discharges cooled air into the storage space and blowers draw air from the storage space and discharge that air through the display case for cooling of the display case. With such an arrangement the air becomes warmed in the storage space before being passed through the display case and thus may result in inadequate cooling of the display case and the products contained therein. Conversely, if the refrigerating unit is arranged to discharge all of the cooled air through the display case, then an inadequate cooling of the storage space may result.

Conventional refrigeration systems employ a compressor, a condenser and an evaporator, and periodic defrosting of the evaporator coils is generally considered essential to the proper operation of the system.- During the defrosting of the evaporator coil, the temperature of the coil is increased and therefore it is conventional and advantageous not to circulate air past the evaporator coil and into the refrigerated space during the defrosting. However, with open front display cases if cooled air is not continually circulated through the case, the cold air within the case will spill out of the open front and temperature within the case will increase rapidly. Such a wide variation in the temperature of the air within the display case can have many adverse effects such as a wide temperature variance of the displayed products and the formation of an objectionable amount of frost on the displayed products and the case itself.

Accordingly, it is a principal object of this invention to provide a novel refrigerated fixture having an open front display case and a storage space wherein proper cooling of the display case is continually maintained.

Another object of this invention is to provide a refrigerated fixture having a display case and a storage chamber wherein novel means are provided for accomplishing the proper cooling of both the display case and the storage chamber through the use of a single refrigerating unit.

A further object of this invention is to provide novel and inexpensive means for accomplishing continual circulation of cold air through an open front display case even during the defrosting of the evaporator coil of the refrigerating unit used to cool the refrigerated fixture comprised of the display case and a storage space.

Other and more detailed objects and advantages of this invention will appear from the following description and the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevation view of the refrigerated fixture employing this invention.

FIGURE 2 is a sectional elevation view taken substantially on the line 2-Z as shown in FIGURE 1, and also includes a diagrammatic illustration of a refrigerating unit used in the fixture of this invention.

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary sectional elevation view taken substantially on the line 33 as shown in FIG- URE 1.

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional elevation view taken substantially on the line 44 as shown in FIG- URE 1.

Referring now to the drawings the refrigerated fixture of this invention, generally designated 1%, includes an open front display case, generally designated 11, and a refrigerated storage chamber 12. As is conventional, a door (not shown) is provided for allowing entrance into the refrigerated chamber 12 and a plurality of doors 13 may be provided on the back wall of the display case 11 for permitting employees to load or unload the display case 11 from the refrigerated chamber 12.

The open front display case 11 may he basically of any conventional design which employs the circulation of cold air to accomplish the cooling of the case and may have any desired number of shelves 14. The cooling of upright case 11 may be accomplished by employing a cold air curtain wherein cold air is forced under pressure to flow from openings 15 to duct 38. The case 11 may also be maintained at the proper temperature as follows: cold air is circulated downwardly through openings 15 provided in the upper Wall 16 of the display case, as shown by arrows 1'7, and cold air is circulated downwardly through a plurality of ducts 18 and outwardly through the shelves 14, as shown by arrows 19. The ducts 18 are laterally spaced along the display case 11 as shown in FIGURE 1. The cold air circulated downwardly through the display case to maintain the proper temperature is drawn through portions of the shelves 14 into a second plurality of vertical ducts 20, downwardly through ducts 20, and discharged into the storage chamber 12 through openings 21. In conventional refrigerated fixtures having an open front display case and a storage chamber, this circulation of cold air through the open front display case is generally accomplished by the blower associated with the refrigerating unit and one or more additional blowers. It should be noted that the access doors 13 between the display case 11 and the storage chamber 12 are generally positioned between the ducts 18 and 20.

Means are provided for cooling the refrigerated fixture 1%, and, as shown in FIGURE 2, these means may include a compressor 22, a condenser 23, a receiver 24, and an evaporator coil 25. As is conventional, the compressor 22 comprises a gaseous refrigerant and delivers same through conduit .26 to the condenser 23 Where the refrig erant is condensed to a liquid and delivered through conduit 27 to receiver 24. The liquid refrigerant passes from receiver 24 through conduit 28 to evaporator coil 25 where the refrigerant evaporates to cool coil 25 and is' returned through conduit 29' to the suction side of compressor 22 to complete the refrigeration cycle. A blower 30 is provided for drawing air from the storage chamber 12 through a filter 42 and over the coils of the evaporator 25 to cool the air. The cooled air is discharged by blower 30 through duct 3-1 into a plenum 32 associated with display case 11 or through individual ducts (not shown) to desired portions of the display case. The plenum 32 preferably extends laterally the full width of the fixture although it will readily be seen from the following description that plenum 32 may be somewhat shorter than the width of the fixture. Plenum 32 may be an integral part of the display case 11 or the plenum may be an individual component, as shown.

Means are provided for allowing and controlling the discharge of some of the cooled air from the blower 30 into the storage chamber 12 and, as shown in FIGURES 1 and 3, these means may include adjustable dampers 33 provided in plenum 32. This discharge of cooled air may also be accomplished by providing dampers, similar to dampers 33, in the duct 31 (not shown) or by providing separate ducts from the blower to the storage chamber 12 (not shown). One or more openings 34 are provided in the lower wall of plenum 32 for discharging cold air into the display case 11 for circulation therethrough. One or more blowers 35 are provided in a duct 36 in the upper portion of the display case 11 for drawing cold air through openings 34 and discharging the air downwardly through apertures 15 and ducts 1 8 as heretofore described. One or more blowers 37 are provided in a duct 38 in the lower portion of display case 11 for drawing the air through vertical ducts and discharging such air into the storage space 12 through openings 21 as heretofore described. The relative capacities of blowers 30, 25 and 37 are such that a positive pressure is maintained in plenum 32 by blower that it is to say, the air pressure within plenum 32 exceeds the air pressure within storage space 12. Thus, a certain quantity of cooled air is continually passed from plenum 32 through dampers 33 into storage chamber 12 for maintaining the proper temperature Within the storage chamber. Moreover, the air circulated through the display case 11 is the coldest air available since it passes from the [refrigerating unit through display case 1 1 before being discharged into storage chamber 12.

As heretofore mentioned, it is conventional to periodically defrost the evaporator coils of a refrigerating unit and not to circulate air over the evaporator coils and into the refrigerated space during such defrosting. The evaporator coil 25 may be defrosted by any conventional means such as hot gas defrosting where hot compressed refrigerant is passed through the evaporator coil to melt the accumulated frost. During the periodic defrosting of evaporator coil 25, the operation of blower 30 is discontinued so that air is not delivered through duct 31 to plenum 32. Blowers 35 and 37 continue to run during the defrosting of coil 25 for maintaining circulation of cold air through display case 11. During defrosting, cold air is drawn from storage chamber 12 in a reverse direction through dampers 33 by blowers 35 and then passed through display case 11. If it is desirable to permit additional cold air to be drawn from storage chamber 12 during defrosting, then means may be provided for allowing this additional cold air to be drawn into and through display case 11 and these means may include relief dampers 39' mounted in plenum 32 as shown in FIGURES 1 and 4 or mounted in duct 31 (not shown). Relief dampers 39 are closed, as shown in FIGURE 4, during the normal refrigerating operation of evaporator coil 25 and the dampers 39 open automatically upon the reduction of the air pressure within plenum 32 by blower 35 to allow air to pass into plenum 32 in the direction of arrows 40. A damper assembly 41 may be provided in duct 31 to further insure against air being circulated over the evaporator coil 25 during the defrosting of the coil. The damper assembly 41 is operative by any convenient means, such as appropriately weighting the dampers, so that the dampers present little or no obstruction to air discharged from blower 30, but close when blower 30 is not running.

Thus, it may be seen that this invention provides a refrigerated fixture having an open front display case and a storage chamber wherein both the display case and the storage chamber are adequately cooled with the coldest air discharged by the refrigerating unit, and the circulation of cold air through the display case is not interrupted during the defrosting of the refrigerating unit although the refrigerating unit blower is not operated.

Having fully described my invention, it is to be under stood that I do not wish to be limited to the details herein set forth or to the details illustrated in the drawings, but my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigerated storage chamber, a refrigerated open front display case and a plenum; refrigeration means for cooling air and discharging that cooled air into said plenum; air circulating means for drawing air from said plenum, through said display case and discharging that air into said storage chamber; and damper means provided in said plenum for drawing air into said plenum from said storage chamber by said air circulating means for circulating that air through said display case when the supply of air discharged to said plenum by said refrigeration means is shut off.

2. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigerated storage chamber, a refrigerated open front display case and a plenum; refrigeration means for drawing air from said storage chamber, cooling that air and discharging that air into said plenum; air circulating means for drawing air from said plenum, through said display case and discharging that air into said storage chamber; and damper means provided in said plenum for passing some of the air discharged into said plenum directly into said storage chamber from said plenum.

3. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigerated storage chamber, a refrigerated open front display case and a plenum; refrigeration means for drawing air from said storage chamber, cooling that air and discharging that air into said plenum; air circulating means for drawing air from said plenum, through said display case and discharging that air into said storage chamber; and damper means provided in said plenum for passing some of the air discharged into said plenum directly into said storage chamber, second damper means provided in said plenum for drawing air into said plenum from said storage chamber by said air circulating means for circulating that air through said display case only when the supply of air discharged to said plenum by said refrigeration means is shut off.

4. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigerated storage chamber, a refrigerated open front display case and a plenum; refrigeration means for drawing air from said storage chamber, cooling that air and discharging that air into said plenum; air circulating means for drawing air from said plenum, through said display case and discharging that air into said storage chamber; and damper means provided in said plenum for passing some of the air discharged into said plenum directly into said storage chamber, second damper means provided in said plenum for drawing air into said plenum from said storage chamber by said air circulating means for circulating that air through said display case when the supply of air discharged to said plenum by said refrigeration means is shut off, and third damper means provided for stopping the flow of air through said refrigeration means when the supply of air discharged to said plenum by said refrigeration means is shut off.

5. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigerated storage chamber, a refrigerated open front display case and a plenum; refrigeration means for drawing air from said storage chamber, cooling that air and discharging that air into said plenum; air circulating means for drawing air from said plenum, through said display case and discharging that air into said storage chamber; said refrigeration means discharging a quantity of cooled air into said plenum in excess of the quantity of air being drawn from said plenum by said air circulating means and damper means provided in said plenum for passing such excess air directly into said storage chamber; and second damper means provided in said plenum for drawing air into said plenum from said storage chamber by said air circulating means for circulating that air through said display case when the supply of air discharged to said plenum by said refrigeration means is shut off.

6. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigenated storage chamber and a refrigerated open front display case, refrigeration means for cooling air and discharging that cooled air, enclosed means for conducting the discharged cooled air to said display case, means for passing some of the discharged cooled air into said storage chamber, air circulating means for passing the cooled air discharged to said display case through said display case and into said storage chamber, said air circulating means drawing air from said storage chamber and passing that air through said display case and back into said storage chamber when the supply of cooled air discharged to said display by said refrigeration means is shut 01f.

7. A refrigerated fixture having a refrigerated storage 2 chamber and a refrigerated open front display case, refrigeration means for cooling air and discharging that cooled air, enclosed means for conducting the discharged cooled air to said display case, air circulating means for passing the cooled air discharged to said display case through said display case and into said storage chamber, adjustable damper means for passing some of the cooled air discharged by said refrigeration means into said storage chamber and for drawing air from said storage space and passing that air through the display case by said air circulating means when the supply of cooled air discharged to said display by said refrigeration means is shut ofi.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,923,137 Swanson Feb. 2 1960 2,984,085 Rainwater May 16, 1961 3,063,255 Fanick Nov. 13, 1962

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2923137 *Feb 12, 1958Feb 2, 1960Tyler Refrigeration CorpRefrigerated goods case
US2984085 *Apr 15, 1960May 16, 1961Warren Company IncWalk-in cooler apparatus
US3063255 *Mar 31, 1961Nov 13, 1962Ed Friedrich IncRefrigerated display cabinets
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3501925 *Dec 26, 1967Mar 24, 1970Emhart CorpRefrigerated equipment
US4117697 *Jan 31, 1977Oct 3, 1978Tyler Refrigeration CorporationRoll-in open-front frozen food refrigeration case
US5317881 *Jan 18, 1991Jun 7, 1994Colbrook Equipment LimitedApparatus for displaying material under refrigerated conditions
US6128911 *Apr 14, 1998Oct 10, 2000Delaware Captial Formation, Inc.Modular refrigerated structures for displaying, storing and preparing refrigerated products
US6182459 *Oct 9, 1998Feb 6, 2001HERTEL GŁNTHERRefrigerated case for food products
US7010924 *Sep 25, 2002Mar 14, 2006Carrier Commercial RefrigerationRear load refrigerated display case
US8863541Jul 21, 2009Oct 21, 2014Hill Phoenix, Inc.Air distribution system for temperature-controlled case
WO1991010388A1 *Jan 18, 1991Jul 25, 1991Colbrook Equipment LtdApparatus for displaying material under refrigerated conditions
WO2007067173A1 *Dec 7, 2005Jun 14, 2007Carrier Comm Refrigeration IncAirflow stabilizer for lower front of a rear loaded refrigerated display case
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/254, 62/256, 62/408
International ClassificationA47F3/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47F3/0452
European ClassificationA47F3/04B1B