|Publication number||US3119644 A|
|Publication date||Jan 28, 1964|
|Filing date||Feb 6, 1962|
|Priority date||Feb 6, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3119644 A, US 3119644A, US-A-3119644, US3119644 A, US3119644A|
|Original Assignee||Ted Workman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 28, 1964 wo 3,119,644
DRAWER GUIDE Filed Feb. 6, 1962 INVENTOR. TED WORKMAN ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,119,644 DRAWER GUIDE Ted Workman, 701 SW. 8th Ave., I-lallandale, Fla. Filed Feb. 6, 1962, er. No. 171,438 1 Claim. (Cl. 312-346) This invention relates to an improved drawer guide for use in connection with slidable drawers of the type that are employed in cabinets of various types where a drawer is slidable for recessed engagement into a cabinet structure or other form of housing.
The invention comprises an adjustable drawer guide of telescopic nature that is quickly and easily assembled into a drawer opening with a minimum of effort and to effectively guide and control the drawer in a sliding movement to and from a recessed engagement into a cabinet or other construction.
The invention comprises a pair of telescopic members that are adjustable to fit the depth of opening for the drawer and with a slide device being disposed into the guide and attached to a rear wall of the drawer whereby the drawer may be shifted inwardly and outwardly, being guided at all times throughout its movement and to prop only maintain the drawer in proper alignment with the opening.
Novel features of construction and openation of the device will be more clearly apparent during the course of the following description, referlence being had to the accompanying drawings wherein has been illustrated a preferred form of the device and wherein like characters of reference are employed to denote like parts throughout the several figures.
in the drawings:
FTGURE 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet device adapted to receive a drawer and drawer guide in accordance with the invention,
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the drawer guide in assembled relation prior to its installation into the cabinet,
FIGURE 3 is a longitudinal section taken substantially on line 3-3 of FIGURE 1,
FIGURE 4 is a transverse section taken substantially on line 44 of FKGURE 2, and
FIGURE 5 is a view partly in section and partly in elevation showing the assembly of the drawer guide with respect to a supported drawer mid with the drawer being in the extended position.
Referring specifically to the drawings, there has been illustrated a cabinet 5, here illustrated as a single cabinet section although it will be apparent that the device will be assembled with respect to multiple drawer sections in structures, such as kitchen cabinets or the like. The cabinet 5 has been illustrated as being formed of metal al? though the device is clearly applicable to cabinets of wood construction. The cabinet 5 embodies an upper wall 6, a lower wall '7 and a rear wall 8. The cabinet is provided at its forward end with a generally rectangular access opening 9, for the reception of the drawer. The wall 7 at its forward end is bent upon itself to form a flange 10, serving to space the drawer with respect to the lower wall 7 Mounted in the cabinet in a longitudinal manner and substantially along the central line thereof, is a guide device, illustrated as a whole by the numeral 11. The guide device embodies a pair of preferably extruded metallic sect-ions 12 and 13. The sections 12. and 13 as clearly shown, are telescopic with respect to each other to permit the spanning of the cabinet opening where the opening is of various lengths. The sections 12 and "13 are semicircular in cross section as illustrated in FIGURE 4 and each having a flat bottom 14 and 15. The sections 12 and 13 are open upon their tops, forming a relatively wide groove that is defined by curved marginal portions 16 3,119,644 Patented Jan. 28, 1964 ice and 17. The sections 1.2 and 13, as clearly illustrated may be formed of any desirable length. The section 12 at its forward terminal end is provided with an integral and horizontally arranged flange 18 that is apertured to receive screws or like fastening devices 19, whereby the section 12 may be securely mounted to the flange 10 of the drawer. The section 13 at its rear terminal end is provided with a depending integral flange 20, that is apentured at 21 to receive threaded fastening devices 22 whereby the section 13 may be securely mounted upon the rear wall 8 of the cabinet and with the sections in their mounted relation being disposed in alignment and horizontal with respect to the cabinet. The sections 12 and 13 are preferably formed of sheet metal or extruded aluminum.
Mounted for sliding movement within the guide 11 is an elongated bar 22, having its marginal edges rounded to conform to the rounded sides of the sections 12 and 13. The bar 22 is preferably formed or" nylon or similar material and at one end is provided with an upstanding plate 23, that is apertured at 24, to receive threaded devices 25 whereby the plate 23 may be fixedly connected to the rear wall 26 of the drawer 2-7. The bar 22. may be of such length that it will in its maximum inner position overlap the joint between the sections 12 and 13, providing a slide. The drawer 27 is provided with the usual front closure wall 28, having a hand pull 29. While the cabinet 6 and the drawer 27 have been illustrated as being formed of sheet metal, it is clearly apparent that the drawer and the cabinet may be fonrned of wood construction such as the usual kitchen cabinet structures. While the guide 11 extends centrally with respect to the cabinet and the drawer will provide a very definite guide for the drawer in its sliding movement, it may be of any desirable form and that anti-friction nylon rollers be provided adjacent the ends of the opening 9 to additionally support the drawer against any tendency to rock, where the weight in the drawer may tend to over-balance the structure.
In the use of the device, the sections 12 and 13 are assembled in telescopic relation and extended through the drawer opening for the full depth of the cabinet. The flange 20 is then fixed to the rear wall 8 of the cabinet and the section 12 then extended forwardly so that its flange 18 may be secured to the flange 1d of the cabinet, all being horizontally arranged. The section 1 2 is obviously open at its forward end as illustrated and after the assembly of the guide, the bar 22, being secured to the rear wall 26 of the drawer, the drawer and the bar are then inserted through the opening, the bar 22 being guided through the member 12, thus permitting the drawer to be connected to the bar 22' for subsequent engagement with the guide. The bar 22, being formed of nylon, provides an anti-friction guide for the drawer that will prevent lateral twisting of the drawer during its movement. The drawer is then slidably engaged with respect to the cabinet opening and provides a very definite easily shiftable guide throughout the movement of the drawer with respect to the cabinet. The forming of the sections 12 and 13 for tele scopic engagement with each other provides the guide 11 that is extensible to such length that it will span. the major number of drawer openings.
It will be apparent that a very novel drawer guide has been provided that is relatively cheap to manufacture, is strong, durable, will not sag in its length and is easily installed with respect to any article of furniture having sliding dnawers.
It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise construction shown, but that changes are contemplated as readily fall within the spirit of the invention as shall be determined by the scope of the subjoined claim.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
A guide device for sliding drawers of the type that are adapted to be recessed into a cabinet structure and wherein the cabinet is provided upon its forward end with a drawer opening, a guide device that is adapted to be fixed t0 the drawer opening and a rear Wall of the cabinet to be parallel with the bottom of the drawer and intermediate the width of the drawer, the guide device embodying a pair of semi-cylindrical guide members that are telescopic with respect to each other, one guide member having an extended flange that is fixed to a bottom edge of the drawer opening, the other of said telescopic members being provided with a flange that is fixedly connected to a rear wall of the drawer housing, an elongated guide bar that is slidable through the telescopic members and having a length calculated to overlie the joint between the telescopic members when the drawer is in a fully recessed position, the said bar at one end being provided with an upstanding plate that is fixed to a rear end wall of the drawer, the said guide being extensible to span the varying depths of drawer recesses, the said guide comprising a pair of extruded side walls and a connecting fiat bottom wall, the flanges of the first and second named members being apentured for the reception of threaded fastening devices whereby the flange of the first named members may be fastened into the bottom of the drawer opening of the cabinet while the flange of the second named member may be fixedly connected to a rear wall of the cabinet, the said bar being formed of nylon and having upper and lower fiat faces and with the edges of the bar being arcnately shaped to conform to the arcuate side walls of the first named member, the said plate being also formed integral with the bar.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 377,269 Peterson Jan. 31, 1888 480,861 Spaunhorst Aug. 16, 1892 1,061,465 Fryer May 13, 1913 2,857,233 Reiss et a1 Oct. 21, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 185,896 Switzerland Mar. 1, 1 937,
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US377269 *||Jan 31, 1888||Teeeitoey|
|US480861 *||Dec 21, 1891||Aug 16, 1892||Drawer stop and guide|
|US1061465 *||Feb 15, 1912||May 13, 1913||Jesse D Fryer||Drawer-guide.|
|US2857233 *||Apr 19, 1955||Oct 21, 1958||Reiss Mfg Corp||Drawer suspension and guide structure|
|CH185896A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3363960 *||Aug 31, 1966||Jan 16, 1968||Ronthor Reiss Corp||Center drawer slide construction|
|US3909078 *||Apr 2, 1973||Sep 30, 1975||Riley Martin O||Drawer assembly|
|US4412703 *||Dec 10, 1981||Nov 1, 1983||Simonson Jorgen R||Drawer slide system|
|US5779333 *||Oct 28, 1996||Jul 14, 1998||MEPLA-Werke Lautenschlager GmbH & Co., KG||Fastening arrangement for guide rails of pull-out guides|
|US5890811 *||Apr 2, 1997||Apr 6, 1999||Jonathan Manufacturing Corp.||Friction slide rail assembly with overmold bearing shell|
|US5974667 *||Nov 21, 1997||Nov 2, 1999||Jonathan Manufacturing Corp.||Friction slide rail assembly with overmold bearing shell|
|US6158123 *||Jun 7, 1999||Dec 12, 2000||Jonathan Manufacturing Corp.||Friction slide rail assembly with overmold bearing shell|
|US6749277 *||Oct 23, 2002||Jun 15, 2004||Amos Industries, Inc.||Drawer slide assembly|
|US7653966||Apr 18, 2006||Feb 2, 2010||Quanex Corporation||Sliding rail assembly for a sliding panel movable along a track|
|US7866771||Nov 30, 2007||Jan 11, 2011||Master Lock Company Llc||Drawer slide|
|US8066128||Aug 28, 2007||Nov 29, 2011||Smart Systems, Inc.||Integrated shelf allocation management system|
|US8235226 *||Dec 22, 2009||Aug 7, 2012||Smart Systems, Inc.||Integrated shelf allocation management system|
|US20040080246 *||Oct 23, 2002||Apr 29, 2004||Michaels Philip R.||Drawer slide assembly|
|DE202008013002U1 *||Sep 30, 2008||Feb 25, 2010||Paul Hettich Gmbh & Co. Kg||Möbelauszugsführung|
|U.S. Classification||384/20, 312/334.36|
|International Classification||A47B88/08, A47B88/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A47B2210/0056, A47B88/08|