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Publication numberUS3120459 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1964
Filing dateNov 20, 1959
Priority dateNov 20, 1959
Publication numberUS 3120459 A, US 3120459A, US-A-3120459, US3120459 A, US3120459A
InventorsBaicy Edward O, Coates Arthur D
Original AssigneeBaicy Edward O, Coates Arthur D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composite incendiary powder containing metal coated oxidizing salts
US 3120459 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent ()iiicc 3,120,459 Fatented Feb. 4, 1964 3,120,459 COMPUSHTE ENCENDKARY PlDWBER CONTAINiNG METAL COATED (DXHDHZHNG SALTS Arthur D. Coates and Edward 0. Baicy, Aberdeen, Md, assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army No Drawing. Filed Nov. 28, 1959, tier. No. 854,520 5 Claims. (Cl. 149-5) (Granted under Title 35, US. (lode (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the government for governmental purposes without payment to me of any royalty thereon.

This invention relates. to a composite type of incendiary powder and the process of preparing same.

The object of this invention is the production of an incendiary powder by treating a powdered compound containing an excess of oxygen with an exothermic metal to coat the powder with the metallic vapor of the exothermic met-a1.

It is a further object to employ only solid oxygen bearing materials that contain an excess of oxygen or one that liberates free oxygen when heated.

It is a still further object to coat the solid oxygen hearing material with an exothermic metal, Without decomposition of the powdered material, or the loss of any of the excess oxygen.

From the supply of solid oxygen bearing materials, potassium perchlorate is chosen for treatment but any of the following also could be used such as sodium perchlomate, barium perchlorate, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate, barium nitnate, and sodium chlorate.

Aluminum is the metal chosen as the exothermic metal to coat the powdered oxygen bearing material but it should be noted that magnesium titanium, and alloys of aluminum 'and magnesium can also be used. Such alloys should contain from 3070% aluminum and the bflance magnesium in order to be efiective.

The deposition of aluminum on potassium perchlorate is accomplished by treating the powdered potassium perchlorate at an ambient pressure of 5x10 of mercury with aluminum vapor obtained by heating aluminum Wire or ribbon with tungsten wire filaments sufiicient to obtain evaporation of the metal. The aluminum vapor is deposited on the perchlorate powder in this treatment without decomposing the potassium perchlorate or the compound deprived of any of the excess oxygen which it contains.

The appearance of the aluminum coated potasium perchlorate is similar to that of aluminum powder. The thickness of the aluminum coating is dependent on the time of the exposure of the potassium perchlorate, to the evaporating metal. The desirable thickness of aluminum, on 4080 mesh potassium perchlorate, is equivalent to 2 that which results in a product containing from thirty to eighty percent of aluminum by weight. Storage of this coated powder in sealed containers has resulted in negligible variations in the physical properties of the composite incendiary.

Some of the specific uses for this coated powder may be as an incendiary component, as a solid rocket fuel additive, or as a metal heating powder. The liberation of the oxygen in the coated potassium perchlorate can be ac complished by thermal decomposition. If the coated product is introduced to an initiating agent, such as a flame or an electrical impulse, the initiating source causes decomposition of the potassium perchlorate and subsequent reaction or the evolved oxygen and the aluminum metal coating. This reaction becomes self-sustaining after the initiation has been accomplished.

Having more particularly described this invention, what is claimed is:

1. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of aluminum without loss ot the excess oxygen of the perchlorate.

2. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of a powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of magnesium without loss of the excess oxygen of the perchlorate.

3. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of a powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of titanium without loss of the excess oxygen or the perchlorate.

4. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of a powdered oxygen-containing compound selected from the group consisting of potassium, sodium and barium salts of chlorates, perchlorates and nitrates having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of an exothenmic metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum, magnesium, titanium and a magnesium aluminum alloy containing 30 to percent aluminum.

5. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of 40 to mesh powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of aluminum without loss of the excess oxygen content of the perchlorate and containing 30 to 80 percent by weight of aluminum.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,450,850 Colbert et a1 Oct. 5, 1948 2,477,549 Van Loenen July 26, 1949 2,970,900 Wood-ring et a1. Feb. 7, 1961 2,982,642 Rolle May 2, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 665,831 Great Britain Ian. 30, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2450850 *Dec 3, 1946Oct 5, 1948Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoMethod of coating by evaporating metals
US2477549 *Jan 22, 1947Jul 26, 1949Permanente Metals CorpExplosive composition
US2970900 *Jun 24, 1949Feb 7, 1961Olin MathiesonPriming composition
US2982642 *Sep 10, 1959May 2, 1961Rolle Sylvan DHigh auto-ignition temperature explosive
GB665831A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3195302 *Jan 22, 1962Jul 20, 1965Atlantic Res CorpSolid propellant grain of variable electron-emissive composition
US3309250 *Mar 24, 1965Mar 14, 1967Charles W FaltermanTemperature resistant explosive containing titanium and alkali metal perchlorate
US3390026 *Nov 25, 1960Jun 25, 1968Nat Res CorpProcess of forming a protective coating on particulate material, and coated article obtained thereby
US3706608 *Mar 24, 1970Dec 19, 1972Us Air ForceCombustion tailoring of solid propellants by oxidizer encasement
US3953256 *Aug 22, 1973Apr 27, 1976Thiokol CorporationPropellants and pyrotechnic compositions containing aluminum-coated ammonium perchlorate
USRE29142 *May 22, 1973Feb 22, 1977Consiglio Nazionale Delle RichercheCombustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process
U.S. Classification149/5, 149/43, 427/250, 149/42, 149/61, 149/77
International ClassificationC06C15/00, C06B45/30, C06B45/00
Cooperative ClassificationC06C15/00, C06B45/30
European ClassificationC06B45/30, C06C15/00