|Publication number||US3120459 A|
|Publication date||Feb 4, 1964|
|Filing date||Nov 20, 1959|
|Priority date||Nov 20, 1959|
|Publication number||US 3120459 A, US 3120459A, US-A-3120459, US3120459 A, US3120459A|
|Inventors||Baicy Edward O, Coates Arthur D|
|Original Assignee||Baicy Edward O, Coates Arthur D|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (6), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent ()iiicc 3,120,459 Fatented Feb. 4, 1964 3,120,459 COMPUSHTE ENCENDKARY PlDWBER CONTAINiNG METAL COATED (DXHDHZHNG SALTS Arthur D. Coates and Edward 0. Baicy, Aberdeen, Md, assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army No Drawing. Filed Nov. 28, 1959, tier. No. 854,520 5 Claims. (Cl. 149-5) (Granted under Title 35, US. (lode (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the government for governmental purposes without payment to me of any royalty thereon.
This invention relates. to a composite type of incendiary powder and the process of preparing same.
The object of this invention is the production of an incendiary powder by treating a powdered compound containing an excess of oxygen with an exothermic metal to coat the powder with the metallic vapor of the exothermic met-a1.
It is a further object to employ only solid oxygen bearing materials that contain an excess of oxygen or one that liberates free oxygen when heated.
It is a still further object to coat the solid oxygen hearing material with an exothermic metal, Without decomposition of the powdered material, or the loss of any of the excess oxygen.
From the supply of solid oxygen bearing materials, potassium perchlorate is chosen for treatment but any of the following also could be used such as sodium perchlomate, barium perchlorate, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate, barium nitnate, and sodium chlorate.
Aluminum is the metal chosen as the exothermic metal to coat the powdered oxygen bearing material but it should be noted that magnesium titanium, and alloys of aluminum 'and magnesium can also be used. Such alloys should contain from 3070% aluminum and the bflance magnesium in order to be efiective.
The deposition of aluminum on potassium perchlorate is accomplished by treating the powdered potassium perchlorate at an ambient pressure of 5x10 of mercury with aluminum vapor obtained by heating aluminum Wire or ribbon with tungsten wire filaments sufiicient to obtain evaporation of the metal. The aluminum vapor is deposited on the perchlorate powder in this treatment without decomposing the potassium perchlorate or the compound deprived of any of the excess oxygen which it contains.
The appearance of the aluminum coated potasium perchlorate is similar to that of aluminum powder. The thickness of the aluminum coating is dependent on the time of the exposure of the potassium perchlorate, to the evaporating metal. The desirable thickness of aluminum, on 4080 mesh potassium perchlorate, is equivalent to 2 that which results in a product containing from thirty to eighty percent of aluminum by weight. Storage of this coated powder in sealed containers has resulted in negligible variations in the physical properties of the composite incendiary.
Some of the specific uses for this coated powder may be as an incendiary component, as a solid rocket fuel additive, or as a metal heating powder. The liberation of the oxygen in the coated potassium perchlorate can be ac complished by thermal decomposition. If the coated product is introduced to an initiating agent, such as a flame or an electrical impulse, the initiating source causes decomposition of the potassium perchlorate and subsequent reaction or the evolved oxygen and the aluminum metal coating. This reaction becomes self-sustaining after the initiation has been accomplished.
Having more particularly described this invention, what is claimed is:
1. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of aluminum without loss ot the excess oxygen of the perchlorate.
2. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of a powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of magnesium without loss of the excess oxygen of the perchlorate.
3. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of a powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of titanium without loss of the excess oxygen or the perchlorate.
4. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of a powdered oxygen-containing compound selected from the group consisting of potassium, sodium and barium salts of chlorates, perchlorates and nitrates having a coating of 30 to 80% by weight of an exothenmic metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum, magnesium, titanium and a magnesium aluminum alloy containing 30 to percent aluminum.
5. An incendiary powder consisting essentially of 40 to mesh powdered potassium perchlorate having a coating of aluminum without loss of the excess oxygen content of the perchlorate and containing 30 to 80 percent by weight of aluminum.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,450,850 Colbert et a1 Oct. 5, 1948 2,477,549 Van Loenen July 26, 1949 2,970,900 Wood-ring et a1. Feb. 7, 1961 2,982,642 Rolle May 2, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 665,831 Great Britain Ian. 30, 1952
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|US2477549 *||Jan 22, 1947||Jul 26, 1949||Permanente Metals Corp||Explosive composition|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3309250 *||Mar 24, 1965||Mar 14, 1967||Charles W Falterman||Temperature resistant explosive containing titanium and alkali metal perchlorate|
|US3390026 *||Nov 25, 1960||Jun 25, 1968||Nat Res Corp||Process of forming a protective coating on particulate material, and coated article obtained thereby|
|US3706608 *||Mar 24, 1970||Dec 19, 1972||Us Air Force||Combustion tailoring of solid propellants by oxidizer encasement|
|US3953256 *||Aug 22, 1973||Apr 27, 1976||Thiokol Corporation||Propellants and pyrotechnic compositions containing aluminum-coated ammonium perchlorate|
|USRE29142 *||May 22, 1973||Feb 22, 1977||Consiglio Nazionale Delle Richerche||Combustible compositions for generating aerosols, particularly suitable for cloud modification and weather control and aerosolization process|
|U.S. Classification||149/5, 149/43, 427/250, 149/42, 149/61, 149/77|
|International Classification||C06C15/00, C06B45/30, C06B45/00|
|Cooperative Classification||C06C15/00, C06B45/30|
|European Classification||C06B45/30, C06C15/00|