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Publication numberUS3120774 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 11, 1964
Filing dateJan 25, 1962
Priority dateJan 25, 1962
Publication numberUS 3120774 A, US 3120774A, US-A-3120774, US3120774 A, US3120774A
InventorsWilliam E Johnson, Jerry R Lairson
Original AssigneeHydra Might Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Power hammer
US 3120774 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1954 w. E. JOHNSON ETAL 3,120,774

POWER HAMMER 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 25, 1962 INVENTORS h xy/l am v/afinsan Jerry laid/ $017 ATTORNEY 1964 w. E. JOHNSON ETAL 3,120,774

POWER HAMMER Filed Jan. 25, 1962 4 Sheets-Sheet 6 42 INVENTOR-S MY/z'am Job/25011 3 rry l 41/115011 BY V ATTORNEY 1964 w. E. JOHNSON ETAL 3,

POWER HAMMER Filed Jan. 25, 1962 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS 94 I William 1/05 1501? Jar/'7 aflzsafl BY f; f

ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,120,774 POWER HAMMER William E. Johnson, Orlando, Fla., and Jerry R. Lairson, Wake Forest, N.C., assignors to The Hydra-Might Company, St. Petersburg, Fla.

Filed Jan. 25, 1962, Ser. No. 168,663 9 Claims. (Cl. 8115) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in power hammers, and the principal object of the invention is to provide a portable, hand supported hammer which may be conveniently and effectively employed for hammering in close quarters or poorly accessible locations wherein sufiicient space does not exist to swing a hand hammer of a conventional type.

As such, the invention is particularly well suited for making automobile body repairs, although it is to be understood that the use of the invention is by no means restricted to this particular environment and that the invention is fully capable of general utility wherever the advantages of a power hammer are desired.

The power hammer in accordance with the invention utilizes an oscillatory hammer member which is swingable between a poised and an impacting position, an important feature of the invention residing in the provision of fluid actuated means, such as hydraulic or pneumatic means, for poising the hammer member, and resilient means for swinging the hammer member to its impacting position after it has been poised.

Another important feature of the invention resides in the provision of novel means for operatively disengaging the fluid actuating means from the poised hammer member to permit swinging of the latter by the resilient means to its impacting position, while yet another feature resides in the provision of novel means for controlling the operation of the fluid actuating means.

The power hammer in accordance with the invention may be conveniently held by hand during its operation, but an additional feature of the invention involves the provision of a supporting frame for the hammer, with means carried by the frame for indicating a point of impact of the hammer head on the work, whereby the device may be efilciently utilized in instances where the hammer head is hidden by the work, so that hammering at undesired or improper points is eliminated.

Some of the advantages of the invention reside in its simplicity of construction, eflicient and convenient operation, and in its adaptability to economical manufacture.

With the foregoing more important objects and features in view and such other objects and features as may become apparent as this specification proceeds, the invention will be understood from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like characters of reference are used to designate like parts, and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view of the power hammer, its supporting frame and indicating means in accordance with the invention;

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary plan view, taken sub stantially in the plane of the line 22 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary elevational detail, taken substantially in the plane of the line 3-3 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 4-4 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 5 is a sectional detail, taken substantially in the plane of the line 5-5 in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 6 is an enlarged, vertical sectional view of the hammer per se;

FIGURE 7 is a view, partly in elevation and partly in vertical section, taken substantially in the plane of the line 7-7 in FIGURE 6;

3,120,774 Patented Feb. 11, 1964 FIGURE 8 is a cross-sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 38 in FIGURE 6;

FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary sectional View, similar to the upper portion of FIGURE 6 but showing the hammer member in its poised position;

FIGURE 10 is an end view of the hammer member supporting shaft;

FIGURE 11 is a top plan view of the shaft shown in FIGURE 10;

FIGURE 12 is an elevational view showing two modifications of the hammer member shank;

FIGURE 13 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view, similar to FIGURE 6 but illustrating a modified embodiment of the hammer;

FIGURE 14 is a fragmentary sectional View, taken substantially in the plane of the line 14-14 in FIGURE 13;

FIGURE 15 is a cross-sectional view, taken substantially in the plane of the line 15-15 in FIGURE 13; and

FIGURES 16 and 17 are fragmentary vertical sectional details of the valve means used in the embodiment of FIGURES 13-15.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings in detail, more particularly to FIGURES 1-5 inclusive, the power hammer in accordance with the invention is designated generally by the numeral 20 and includes an oscillatory hammer member 21 which is swingable between a poised position shown by the dotted lines 21a to the impacting position shown by the full lines. The hammer 20 is shown as being attached by a clamp assembly 22 to the relatively short arm of a substantially J-shaped or U-shaped supporting frame 23, the swinging movement of the hammer member 21 from its poised position to its impacting position being in the direction of the relatively long arm of the frame 23, which long arm is equipped with adjustable indicating means 24 for indieating a point on the work where the hammer member 21 will impact. The construction and operation of the components 22, 23, 24 will be hereinafter detailed, and in the meantime it is to be noted that the power hammer 20 is capable of being used per se by being held in the hand, in which event the use of the components 22, 23, 24 is not required.

Referring now to the hammer structure 20 as illustrated in FIGURES 6-12, the same embodies a suitable housing 25 which may be rectangular in cross-section and provided with open upper and lower ends, the upper end portion of the housing preferably being enlarged as at 25a to accommodate certain parts of the mechanism therein, namely, a supporting shaft 26 for the hammer member 21. The shaft 26 extends transversely in the housing portion 25a and consists of a shaft member 27 disposed in and projecting at its ends from a tubular sleeve 27a. The projecting end portions of the shaft member 27 are rotatably journalled in bearings 28 at the opposite sides of the housing, and the intermediate portion of the sleeve 27a is provided with a diametrically enlarged portion 30 equipped with a cam like detent 29. The enlarged portion 30 is cut away as at 30' to register with a transverse bore or socket 31 of a rectangular cross-section which extends through the sleeve 27a and through the shaft member 27 for removable reception of a rectangular shank 32 of the hammer member 21, it being noted that the shank 32 projects upwardly from the housing and is equipped at its outer end with the hammer head or poll 33. The latter may be of any suitable configuration and is removably held on the shank by a conventional snap-on ball retaining means 34, whereby hammer heads of various types may be interchangeably used on the same shank. The shank itself is removably held in the socket 31 by similar ball retaining means 35, so that various shanks of different configurations may be used interchangeably with the same hammer, examples of such shanks being shown at 32 and at 32a, 32b in FIGURE 12. The sides of the housing portion 25a prevent axial movement of the sleeve 27a and when the shank 32 is inserted in the socket 31, axial movement of the shaft member 27 in the bearings 28 is also prevented.

A coil spring 36 has coaxial, spiral or helical end portions loosely positioned on the sleeve 27a at opposite sides of the portion 30, while the intermediate portion of this spring forms a U-shaped bail 37 which engages the shank 32 so as to swingably urge the hammer member 21 from its poised to its impacting position. The extremities 38 of the spring 36 are hook-shaped and anchored on a transverse rod 39 in the housing 25. Resiliently yieldable abutment means are provided to prevent swinging of the hammer member 21 beyond its impact position, these means comprising a leaf spring 40 which has one end portion thereof secured to the housing portion 25a by suitable fasteners 41, while its outer end portion is free and engageable by the shank 32 of the hammer member when the latter is at or slightly beyond its impact position.

Fluid actuated means are provided for swinging the hammer member to its poised position, such means in the embodiment of FIGURES 69 being of a hydraulic type while those in the embodiment of FIGURES 13-17 are pneumatic. In the hydraulic embodiment, the fluid actuated means comprise a block-shaped body 42 which is rockably mounted on a transverse pin or shaft 43 in the lower portion of the housing 25, the cross-sectional dimension of the body relative to the housing being such as to permit this rocking movement. The body 42 includes an upwardly elongated portion formed therein with a cylinder 44 which is open at its upper end and which accommodates a reciprocable piston 45, equipped with a rectangular piston rod 46. The latter projects upwardly from the cylinder 44 and is provided at its upper end with a notch 47 to operatively receive the detent 29 of the shaft 26, when the parts are in the position shown in FIGURE 6 wherein the hammer member 21 is in its impacting position. When fluid under pressure is admitted into the lower end portion of the cylinder 44 by valve means hereinafter described, the piston 45 and piston rod 46 are driven upwardly, the engagement of the detent 29 in the notch 47 of the piston rod causing the shaft 26 to turn in a counter-clockwise direction as viewed in FIGURE 6, thus swinging the hammer member 21 to its poised position, against the resiliency of the spring 36. The outer end of the piston rod 46 is also provided with a cam surface 48 and as the hammer member 21 approaches its poised position, the surface 48 comes into engagement with a deflecting rod 49 which extends transversely in the upper housing portion 25a. This engagement is illustrated in FIGURE 9, in which it will be observed that'it causes the piston rod 46 to shift radially away from the shaft 26, until the detent 29 is released from the notch 47. Thereupon, the hammer member 21 is forcibly swung by the spring 36 from its poised toits impacting position, during which action the shaft 26 turns back to its initial position shown in FIG- URE 6 while the notched end of the piston rod 46 is still out of engagement with the detent 29. A leaf spring 51) has one end thereof secured in the housing 25 as at 51, while its free upper end bears against the upper end portion of the body 42, thus biasing the piston rod 46 radially inwardly toward the shaft 26, it being understood that when the piston rod is shifted outwardly by the deflector rod 49, the entire block or body 42 is rocked in the housing 25 on the pin 43, so that the piston rod remains axially disposed in the cylinder 44. Conversely, when the hammer member 21 is swung to its impacting position and the shaft detent 29 returns to the initial position shown in FIGURE 6, the pressure of the spring on the upper portion of the body 42 causes the body to rock on the pin 43 to facilitate re-engagement of the detent 29 in the piston rod notch 47 in readiness for the next cycle of operation. The piston rod 46 is retained in coaxial alignment with the cylinder 44 by a washer-like guide 52 through which the piston rod slidably extends, the guide 52 being held in the upper end portion of the cylinder 44 by a suitable snap ring 53. A compression spring 54 is also provided in the cylinder 44 between the guide 52 and the head of the piston 45, the purpose of this spring being to slide the piston downwardly in the cylinder when fluid under pressure is discharged from the latter.

The valve means for admitting fluid into the cylinder and permitting discharge of fluid therefrom comprise a plunger-like valve member 55 which is slidably disposed in a bore 56 formed in the lower portion of the body 42, the member 55 being provided with annular grooves 57, 58. The grooves 57, in the valve position shown in FIGURE 6, registers with fluid outlet or discharge passages 59, 60 which extend in the body 42 from the lower end of the cylinder 44 to a fluid outlet port 61. A flexible hose (not shown) is connected to the outlet port 61 for delivering the discharged fluid back to a hydraulic pump (also not shown) by which the hammer is operated, while fluid under pressure from the pump is transmitted by a flexible hose to a fluid inlet port 62 in the body 42.

The inlet port 62 communicates with passages 63, 64, 65 leading to the cylinder 44, communication between the passages 64, 65 being closed when the outlet passages 59, 60 are communicated by the groove 57 of the valve member 55. However, when the member 55 is slid to the left as viewed in FIGURE 6, the groove 58 communicates with the inlet passages 64, 65 to admit fluid under pressure into the cylinder, while discharge of fluid from the cylinder through the outlet passages 59, 60 is prevented by shifting of the groove 57 out of alignment with the outlet passages.

The valve mechanism is biased to its released or discharging position shown in FIGURE 6 by a compression spring 66 which is provided in the valve member 55 and abuts a keeper element 67 held in a counterbore 68 of the bore 56 by a snap ring 69. An enlarged head 70 provided on the valve member 55 in the counterbore 68 prevents the valve member from sliding beyond its released or discharging position under the action of the spring 66, while sliding of the valve member to the inlet or actuating position of the valve is effected manually against the spring 66. An opening 71 is provided in the housing 25 at the outer end of the valve member 55 to facilitate assembly of the manual actuating means which include a U-shaped bail 76 having a bight portion 76a seated in a transverse groove 77 formed in the outer end of the valve member 55. The opening 71 facilitates holding of the bail 76 against the inside of the housing 25 while the valve block 42 is being inserted into the housing, and permits visual inspection to assure proper seating of the bight portion 76a in the groove 77.

The manual actuating means for the valve mechanism also includes a finger operated trigger 72 which is secured to the bight portion of a U-shaped yoke 73, swingably mounted in the housing 25 on the rod or pin 39, the trigger 72 projecting outwardly from the housing through a suitable opening 74. The sides of the yoke 73 are provided with bell crank portions 75 which have pivota lly connected thereto the ends of the bail 76, the sides of the bail extending through spaces between the sides of the body 42 and the housing 25, as shown. It will be apparent from the foregoing that when the trigger 72 is depressed, the bail 76 will cause the valve member 55 to slide inwardly in the bore 56 so as to move the valve from its discharging to its actuating position.

The pneumatic embodiment of the invention shown in FIGURES 13-17 is for most part identical to the hydraulic embodiment already described, with the exception that in the pneumatic embodiment the actuating cylinder 80 is provided in a body or block 81 which is rigidly fixed to the hammer housing 20b, rather than being rockably mounted therein. As a result, the piston rod 82 of the piston *83 in the cylinder 80 is not capable of deflection radially of the shaft 26, but the piston rod is equipped with an extension 84, pivotally connected thereto by a knuckle 85 which permits radial shifting of the extension relative to the shaft 26. It is to be noted that the notch 47 for engaging the detent 29 and the cam surface 48 for engaging the deflector rod 39 are in this instance provided on the extension 84 rather than on the rigid piston rod itself, although within the context of the appended claims, the piston rod 82 and extension 84 of the pneumatic embodiment may be regarded as an articulated, unitary entity comparable to the rigid rod 46 of the hydraulic embodiment.

The piston rod extension 84 is urged in engagement with the detent 29 by a leaf spring 86, similar to the aforementioned spring 50, and the manual remote control for the valve means in this instance also comprises a depressible trigger 72a, disposed in an opening 74a in the housing 20b and carried by a U-shaped yoke 73a, rockably mounted on the shaft or pin 39. The sides of the yoke 73a have pivoted thereto the upper ends of a V- shaped connecting link 87, the lower end of which is secured to the upper end of a vertically slidable valve member 88, disposed in a bore 89 in the block or body 81, as shown. It will be apparent that by depressing the trigger 72, downward sliding of the valve member 88 in the bore 89 will be effected.

The valve body 81 which provides the cylinder 80 is equipped with a cylindrical extension 81a which projects upwardly into the hammer housing 20b and accommodates a compression spring 9%} for sliding the piston 83 downwardly in the cylinder in the absence of compressed air in the latter. Compressed air is admitted into the cylinder through a flexible hose (not shown) connected to an air inlet port 91 in a cap 92 at the lower end of the body 81, both the cap 92 and the body 81 being secured to the housing 2011 by suitable bolts or screws 93.

The air inlet port 9'1 communicates with an inlet passage 94 in the cap 92 which in turn communicates with an air chamber 95 provided in the body 3-1 at the lower end of the bore 89. The lower end of the Valve member 88 is equipped with a piston head 96 which projects downwardly into the chamber 95, while a portion of the member 88 immediately above the head 96 is grooved or diametrically reduced, as at '97. The bore 89 is in communication with a passage 98 which extends through the body 81 and cap 92 to the bottom of the air cylinder 80 for admitting compressed air into the latter, while an air discharge opening 99 communicates the bore 89 with the atmosphere.

The arrangement of the various passages relative to the valve member 88 is such that when the valve member is in its raised position as shown in FIGURES l3 and 14, the piston head "96 prevents flow of compressed air from the chamber 95 into the bore 89 and consequently into the cylinder 80 through the passage 98, but the re duced portion 97 of the valve member permits exhaust of air from the cylinder through the passage 98, bore 89 and opening 99 to the atmosphere, thus facilitating downward sliding of the piston 83 by the spring 9%. However, when the trigger 72a is depressed, the valve member 88 is slid downwardly in the bore 89 by the bail 87 to the position shown in FIGURE 16, wherein the piston head 96 has fully entered the chamber '95 so that com pressed air may pass from the chamber '95, through the bore 89 and through the passage 98 into the cylinder 80 for sliding the piston 83 upwardly in the cylinder. In this position, the valve member 88 block oif the exhaust opening 99 to prevent escape of air. When the trigger 72a is released, pressure of air in the chamber 95 acting against the piston head 96 automatically causes the valve member 88 to slide upwardly in the bore 89, thus shutting off the flow of compressed air into the cylinder and opening the air exhaust opening 99, as will be clearly understood.

Referring again to the illustrations in FIGURES 1-5, the supporting frame 23 consists of a pair of spaced parallel bars or rods or tubes 100 which are substantially J-shaped or U-shaped as already noted, and have their bight portions rigidly secured together in spaced apart relationship by a connecting web 101, best shown in FIG- URE 5. The relatively short arms of the rods or tubes 16-0 are provided at their extremities with apertured blocks or ears 102 which are connected by a transverse pivot pin 103 to the clamp 22, the latter being split as at 104 and removably retained on the lower end portion of the hammer housing by a suitable clamp screw 105.

In the instance of the hydraulic hammer of FIGURES 6-9 which has a housing of a rectangular cross-section, the clamp 22 is rectangular to fit the housing. On the other hand, the pneumatic hammer of FIGURES 13-17 has the circular block and cap 81, 92 at the lower end of its housing, so a circular clamp is used to fi-t the block and cap. Such a clamp is formed with a lateral opening (not shown) to facilitate venting of air into the atmosphere through the exhaust opening '99 in the block or body 81.

The aforementioned impact point indicating means 24 are provided on the relatively long arms of the tubes 190 which form the frame 23, such means comprising a U- shaped supporting plate 106, the bight portion of which embraces the tubes 10% as shown in FIGURE 2. A clamping plate 107 is equipped with a clamp bolt 198 which extends through the bight portion of the supporting plate 186 so as to clamp the tubes 100 therebetween, whereby to frictionally lock the entire means 24 in a selected position on the tubes with the facility of raising or lowering the means 24- on the tubes upon loosening of the bolt 10-8. The sides of the U-shaped plate 106 have mounted therein a tranverse rod 109 and which is swingably mounted an indicator arm or finger 2110 having a free end portion 110a provided with a locating aperture 111. The arm or finger 119 is provided with lateral stiffening flanges 112 equipped with a pair of bolts 113 which extend outwardly through arcuate slots '114 formed in the sides of the plate 106 concentrically with the pivot pin or rod 109. By virtue thereof, the arm 1 10 may be swung upwardly or downwardly relative to the plate 106 and wing nuts 115 are provided on the bolts 113 for releasably locking the arm in a selected position.

As will be observed, the arm 110 extends toward the hammer head or poll 33, with the locating aperture 111 in the arm being in alignment with the center of the hammer head when the same is in its impacting position. Thus, when the apparatus is used in places where the hammer head is hidden by the work and its point of impact on the work is not visible for example, at the inside surface of an automobile fender, the J-shaped frame 23 extends from the power hammer to the outside of the fender and the indicating means 24 at the outside of the fender permits the operator to determine the point of impact of the hammer head on the inside by simply observing the work area which appears at the outside through the locating aperture 111 of the indicating means. The adjustability of the plate 106 on the tubes 100 as facilitated by the bolts 113 permit the indicating means to be set as required by various different types of heads and shanks of the hammer member 21.

While in the foregoing there have been described and shown the preferred embodiments of the invention, various other modifications may become apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention relates. Accordingly, it is not desired to limit the invention to this disclosure and various modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed as new is:

1. In a fluid operated hammer, the combination of a housing, an oscillatory hammer member mounted in and projecting outwardly from said housing, said hammer member being swingable between poised and impacting positions, fluid actuated means in said housing for swing ing the hammer member to its poised position, means for operatively disengaging said fluid actuated means from the hammer member at the poised position of the latter, resilient means for swinging the hammer member from the poised to the impacting position upon disengagement of the fluid actuated means from the hammer member, means for controlling the operation of said fluid actuated means, said fluid actuated means include a cylinder provided in said housing, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder, a piston rod connected to said piston and projecting outwardly from the cylinder, and a detent oscillatory with said hammer member and operatively engageable by the outer end of said piston rod for swinging the hammer member to its poised position when said piston is slid outwardly in said cylinder, the outer end portion of said piston rod being movable in said housing into and out of engagement with said detent, and resilient means in the housing for urging the piston rod outer portion into engagement with the detent, said means for disengaging the fluid actuating means from said hammer member comprising a deflector provided in the housing and engageable by the outer end portion of the piston rod when the hammer member is in the poised position.

2. The device as defined in claim 1 together with resiliently yieldable abutment means provided on said housing for said hammer member at its impacting position.

3. The device as defined in claim 1 together with a substantially U-shaped supporting frame, said housing being mounted on one arm of said frame with said hammer member swingable toward the other arm during its movement from the poised to the impacting position, and means provided on said other arm of the frame for indicating the point of impact of said hammer member.

4. The device as defined in claim 1 wherein said means for controlling the operation of said fluid actuated means include manually operated valve means for delivering fluid under pressure into said cylinder for sliding said piston outwardly therein, and resilient means for sliding said piston inwardly in the cylinder.

5. The device as defined in claim 1 wherein said means for controlling the operation of said fluid actuated means comprise valve means having an actuating position for delivering fluid under pressure into said cylinder for sliding said piston outwardly therein and a released position for permitting fluid to be discharged from the cylinder to facilitate inward sliding of the piston, resilient means in the cylinder for sliding said piston inwardly, manually operated means for moving said valve means to its actuating position, and means for moving the valve means to the released position when said manually operated means are not actuated.

6. The device as defined in claim 5 wherein said valve means include a slidable valve member, said means for moving the valve means to its released position comprising a spring in engagement with said valve member.

7. The device as defined in claim 5 wherein said valve means include a slidable valve member, said valve member having a piston head disposed in a chamber for fluid under pressure whereby to provide said means for moving the valve means to its released position.

8. In a fluid operated hammer, the combination of a vertically elongated housing having an open upper end, a transverse shaft rotatably journalled in the upper end portion of said housing, an oscillatory hammer member carried by said shaft and projecting outwardly through the open end of the housing, said hammer member being swingable between poised and impacting positions, a

transverse pin provided in the lower portion of the housing in parallel with said shaft, a body rockably mounted on said shaft and provided with an upwardly extending cylinder, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder, a piston rod connected to said piston and projecting upwardly from the cylinder, the upper end of said piston rod having a cam surface and a notch adjacent said cam surface, a projecting detent provided on said shaft, resilient means reacting between said housing and said body for biasing said body to a position wherein said detent of said shaft engages said notch of said piston rod, valve means provided in said body, manually operable means for actuating said valve means whereby to admit fluid under presare into said cylinder for sliding said piston upwardly and swinging said hammer member to its poised position by engagement of said piston rod with said detent, a transverse deflecting rod provided in the upper portion of said housing and engageable by said cam surface of the piston rod when the hammer member is in its poised position whereby to disengage the piston rod from the detent, resilient means provided on said shaft and operatively engaging said hammer member for swinging the same to its impacting position upon disengagement of said piston rod from said detent, means for actuating said valve means to release fluid under pressure from said cylinder, and resilient means in the cylinder for returning said piston to its initial position.

9. In a fluid operated hammer, the combination of a vertically elongated housing having an open upper end, a transverse shaft rotatably journalled in the upper end portion of said housing, an oscillatory hammer member carried by said shaft and projecting outwardly through the open end of the housing, said hammer member being swingable between poised and impacting positions, an upright cylinder provided in the lower end portion of the housing, a piston reciprocable in said cylinder, a piston rod secured to said piston and projecting upwardly from the cylinder, a rod extension pivoted to the upper end of said piston rod for swinging movement toward and away from said shaft, the upper end of said rod extension having a cam surface and a notch adjacent said cam surface, a projecting detent provided on said shaft, resilient means in the housing for biasing said rod extension toward said shaft whereby said detent may engage said notch of the rod extension, valve means provided in the lower portion of the housing, manually operable means for actuating said valve means whereby to admit fluid under pressure into said cylinder for sliding said piston upwardly and swinging said hammer member to its poised position by engagement of said rod extension with said detent, a transverse deflecting rod provided in the upper portion of the housing and engageable by said cam surface of the rod extension when the hammer member is in its poised position whereby to disengage said rod extension from said detent, resilient means provided on said shaft and operatively engaging said hammer member for swinging the same to its impacting position upon disengagement of the rod extension from the detent, means for actuating said valve means to release fluid under pressure from said cylinder, and resilient means in the cylinder for returning said piston to its initial position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,341,373 Komat ar May 25, 1920 1,934,979 Hopkins Nov. 14, 1933 2,387,771 Rosenbrook Oct. 30, 1945 2,467,020 Fischer Apr. 12, 1949 2,490,254 Casazza Dec. 6, 1949 2,835,155 Clark et al May 20, 1958 3,037,208 Haberstump June 5, 1962 3,049,951 Rensink Aug. 21, 1962

Patent Citations
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US1341373 *Mar 10, 1920May 25, 1920Friderik Komatar FrankCenter-punch
US1934979 *Jul 26, 1930Nov 14, 1933Hopkins CharlesPower operated bumping tool for sheet metal
US2387771 *Jan 22, 1943Oct 30, 1945Rosenbrook Freddie VElectric hammer
US2467020 *Dec 29, 1942Apr 12, 1949Chicago Pneumatic Tool CoCompression riveter
US2490254 *Nov 17, 1947Dec 6, 1949Roy E CasazzaPecking hammer
US2835155 *Jul 20, 1956May 20, 1958Irvin L ClarkDent-removing body and fender tool
US3037208 *Jul 8, 1959Jun 5, 1962Haberstump Harris IncForce applying tool
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5479804 *Sep 28, 1994Jan 2, 1996Clay L. CookTools for paintless dent repair
US5634361 *May 24, 1994Jun 3, 1997Advanced Machine SystemsApparatus and method for straightening damaged or bent wheels
Classifications
U.S. Classification173/20, 173/204, 72/480, 72/705, 173/100
International ClassificationB21D1/06
Cooperative ClassificationB21D1/06, B21D1/065, Y10S72/705
European ClassificationB21D1/06B, B21D1/06