Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3121316 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 18, 1964
Filing dateJan 11, 1962
Priority dateJan 11, 1962
Publication numberUS 3121316 A, US 3121316A, US-A-3121316, US3121316 A, US3121316A
InventorsEngesser Donald G, Wilson Robert A
Original AssigneeExxon Research Engineering Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Non-combustible wick
US 3121316 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1964 R. A. WILSON ETAL 3,121,316

NON-COMBUSTIBLE WICK Filed Jan. 11, 1962 Inventors Robert A wllson Donald G. Engesser B, W W

Patent Attorney United States Patent 3,121,316 NGN-GGMBUSTIBLE WlCK Robert A. Wilson, Cranford, and Donald G. Engesser,

Ghatharn, N..I., assignors to Esso Research and Engineering Company, a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 11, 1962, Ser. No. 165,561 2 (Zlairns. (ill. 67-21) This invention relates to a non-combustible wick which can be used repeatedly with combustible material. I-articularly, the invention relates to a wick unit which can be placed on top of a body of wax, or like solid combustible material, to form a simulated candie thereby eliminating the need for a pre-inserted wick.

Conventional candle manufacture includes appropriate means of inserting a combustible wick into the wax candle. This may consist of mechanical insertion of the wick into the wax body, or controlled molding of the wax around the wick, both of which necessarily add to the complexity and expense of candle manufacture.

One object of the present invention is to eliminate the need for the pre-inserted wick in wax candles to thereby simplify candle manufacture. A further object is to provide a simple means of transforming a body of wax into a convenient source of light and heat. Still other objects will become apparent from the following detailed description which includes a preferred embodiment of the invention.

The invention will be better understood by reference to the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a front view of the device of the invention in burning position atop a wax block,

FIGURE 2 is a top view of the device, and

FIGURE 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the lines 3-3 of FIGURE 1.

In FIGURE 1, a container holds the solid wax block 11, said container being provided to hold the wax as it melts.

A wick 12 is formed of a non-combustible, preferably porous material, e.g. asbestos paper which has been wrapped around itself so as to form a roll which can support its own weight without bending or falling.

A wick holder 13 includes a wire coil having a helical portion 14, encircling and fitting snugly around the lower part of the wick 12, thereby forming a receptacle for holding the wick. The helical portion 14 flattens out laterally at the bottom of the wick 12, into concentrically increasing spirals, thereby forming a spiral base 15, to support the wick. The outer diameter of said spiral base is preferably equal to the smallest diameter of the container 10. A horizontal radial section 16 extends inwardly from the outermost end of said spiral base 15, as shown in FIGURE 2, and joins with a vertical portion 17, originating from the center of the coil base 15. This vertical portion 17 extends upwardly through the helical portion 14, and the wick 12, so as to be contained within said wick.

A flame control sleeve 18, closely fitting around the wick 12, is held in place by a suitable clamping means, e.g. a set screw 19, having the handle 20.

The wick 12 is preferably impregnated with a combustible material prior to its first use. Impregnation can be accomplished simply by dipping the wick into a suitable material, such as molten petroleum wax or any other petroleum product.

In the actual operation of this invention, the impregnated wick 12 is ignited. The flame 21 moves down the wick as it consumes the fuel held in the porous structure of the wick, The heat from the flame 21 is conducted ice down the vertical wire portion 17, contained within the wick, through the horizontal radial section 16, to the flattened spiral base 15, and finally to the body of wax 11, thereby causing the wax to melt, which in turn forms a pool of molten wax 22 equal to or greater than the size of the flattened spiral base. The liquid wax is then continuously drawn up through the porous structure and the vertical passages of the rolled wick 12, by capillary action, until it reaches the flame 21 and is consumed.

The flame 21 originates from the exposed portion of the wick at the top of the flame control sleeve. This sleeve may be positioned so as to regulate the size of the flame. For example, a small flame may be obtained by raising the control sleeve close to the top of the wick thereby leaving a small area exposed to the oxygen of the air.

As the pool of wax 22 on the surface is depleted, new material will melt according to the heat transfer between the wire, the molten wax, and the solid wax. The wire wick holder will gradually sink as the solid wax melts, until all the wax has been consumed by the flame. When the flame is extinguished the wick will be thoroughly permeated with the molten wax and can be subsequently used repeatedly without the impregnation originally required.

An advantage of this invention is that the wick unit, being non-combustible, can be used repeatedly without being destroyed. Another advantage is that the wick unit can be placed on any flat surface body of wax to provide a source of illumination and heat, without regard to size or shape of the body of wax. The invention can be used, for example, in wax filled smudge pots thereby eliminating the handling problems connected with the use of liquid fuels in such applications. The smudge pots may be conveniently filled with solid wax, and the wick unit simply placed on the top of the wax and ignited.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination with a wax block, a candle wick unit supported by said block, said wick unit comprising a rolled wick of non-combustible fiber and a metallic holder for said wick, said holder consisting essentially of a unitary wire member wound into a spiral to form a substantially horizontal base which rests atop said wax block and continuing from the central portion of said spiral as a helix rising from said base and embracing said wick, and a flame control sleeve detachably attached to said wick and capable of being positioned at any point along said wick.

2. In combination with a wax block, a candle wick unit supported by said block, said wick unit comprising a rolled wick of non-combustible fiber and a metallic holder for said wick, said holder consisting essentially of a unitary wire member wound into a spiral to form a substantially horizontal base which rests atop said wax block and continuing from the central portion of said spiral as a helix rising from said base and embracing said wick.

References Gited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 550,961 Galtier Dec. 10, 1895 556,259 Dodson Mar. 10, 1896 2,758,460 Ciano Aug. 14, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 332,901 Germany Feb. 11, 1921 909,032 France Nov. 19, 1945 2,396 Great Britain of 1884 2,111 Great Britain of 1896 356,212 Italy Jan. 26, 1938

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US550961 *Feb 1, 1895Dec 10, 1895 Emile galtier
US556259 *Jul 23, 1895Mar 10, 1896 Signal-lantern
US2758460 *Mar 27, 1953Aug 14, 1956Anthony J CianoWick holder for candles
DE332901C *Feb 4, 1920Feb 11, 1921Emil MaaresKerze ohne eingezogenen Docht
FR909032A * Title not available
GB188402396A * Title not available
GB189602111A * Title not available
IT356212B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3873263 *Oct 4, 1973Mar 25, 1975Decroix Paul Marcel EdmondDevice for adjusting the burning time and luminosity of the flame of a wick-type lighting device such as a candle
US3910753 *Apr 15, 1974Oct 7, 1975Lee George YWax burner
US4755135 *Nov 18, 1986Jul 5, 1988Kwok Wai ShiCandle device
US6695611 *Sep 19, 2001Feb 24, 2004Wooil W. LeeSafety candle
US7229280Nov 1, 2004Jun 12, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7247017Feb 17, 2004Jul 24, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Melting plate candles
US7287978May 6, 2005Oct 30, 2007S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724May 6, 2005Jan 15, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7413435Sep 10, 2004Aug 19, 2008S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036May 6, 2005Oct 28, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467944Aug 9, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7467945May 6, 2005Dec 23, 2008S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7497685Jul 20, 2005Mar 3, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick-holder assembly
US7524187Sep 10, 2004Apr 28, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Wick holder locking mechanism
US7591646Jul 17, 2007Sep 22, 2009S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7607915Dec 15, 2004Oct 27, 2009S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7654822Jul 15, 2005Feb 2, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US7731492Aug 5, 2005Jun 8, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US7850444Aug 21, 2008Dec 14, 2010S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Fuel element for melting plate candle assembly
US7922482Sep 28, 2006Apr 12, 2011S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle and wick holder therefor
US8573967Oct 1, 2010Nov 5, 2013S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US8668492 *Mar 10, 2010Mar 11, 2014Jacqueline Elaine CarrollRemovable wick
US20040229180 *Feb 17, 2004Nov 18, 2004Furner Paul E.Melting plate candles
US20100291499 *Nov 18, 2010Jacqueline Elaine CarrollRemovable wick
WO2006012562A2 *Jul 21, 2005Feb 2, 2006Cascade Designs IncCapillary stove and priming system with control
U.S. Classification431/206, 431/290
International ClassificationF23D3/00, F23D3/16
Cooperative ClassificationF23D3/16
European ClassificationF23D3/16