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Publication numberUS3124026 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 10, 1964
Filing dateMay 8, 1961
Publication numberUS 3124026 A, US 3124026A, US-A-3124026, US3124026 A, US3124026A
InventorsEmil Loejtel
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Loeffel
US 3124026 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 10, 1964 E. LOEFFEL 3, 24,026

MISFEED DETECTORS Filed May 8. 1961 United States Patent 3,124,026 MISFEED DETECTORS Emil Loelfel, New York, N.Y., assignor to BK. Metalcraft Manufacturing Corp, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed May 3, 1961, Ser. No. 125,602 Claims. ((31.83-62) This invention relates generally to the field of machine tools, and more particularly to an improved form of misfeed detector suitable for use in conjunction with feed mechanisms operating in conjunction with progressive dieforming devices and similar applications.

In the formation of articles of manufacture by means of progressive dies, normally a series of stations are arranged in a straight line at substantially equal intervals, whereby a furtherance of the forming operation is performed at each station. All of the stations are usually located on a common press, and after the completion of a stamping operation, a strip of material from which the articles are formed is advanced a single station for a subsequent operation. In order that proper forming occur, it is vital that the strip of material from which the progressive dies form the finished article be advanced in a uniform incremental manner, so that a previous forming operation will not be improperly distorted. In Order to assure proper feeding, it is common to provide the strip of material or stock with a series of pilot holes, and the press is fitted with a corresponding projecting finger or other alignment means which will successively enter each of the holes on the strip to assure proper alignment. Normally, the projecting finger is provided with a camming surface on the outer end thereof, so that a small degree of misalignment may be corrected as the pilot descends through the hole. However, should a breakdown of the feed mechanism occur, it is possible that the pilot will miss the pilot hole completely, in which case it will normally break or be moved within a supporting bore in which it is disposed toavoid such breakage, but in the event that the feed is not interrupted, a substantial amount of damage may occur to the dies before the misfeed can be detected and the feed mechanism stopped.

It is among the principal objects of the present invention to provide detector means incorporated into the pilot in such manner that the pilot will perform its original function, and in addition will be capable of interrupting the feeding means with which it is associated upon the instant a misfeed occurs to a degree which cannot be corrected by the normal operation of the pilot.

Another object of the invention lies in the provision of an improved misfeed device which may be separately manufactured as a component to be installed into a progressive die press by merely machining a space in the die block to accommodate it, which space may be of standard dimensions.

A further object of the invention lies in the provision of a misfeed detector in which the cost of fabrication may be so low as to permit a permanent installation of an individual misfeed detector within a die block, to be removed with removal of the die block at the completion of a run.

A further object of the invention lies in the provision of an improved misfeed detector which will function upon the occurrence of axial movement of the pilot of as little as a few hundredths of an inch, so that the interruption of the feed means with which the press is associated may be practically instantaneous, and before any substantial volume of stock material is wasted.

A feature of the invention lies in the fact that the inventive structure may be formed as either a single-wire or a double-wire electrical connection depending upon the requirements of an individual installation.

Another feature of the invention lies in the fact that the operation of the pilot is in no way interfered with by the function of the misfeed detector.

These objects and features, as well as other incidental ends and advantages, will more fully appear in the progress of the following disclosure, and be pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawing, to which reference will be made in the specification, similar reference characters have been employed to designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary vertical offset sectional view of the first embodiment of the invention as seen from the plane 1-1 in FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary sectional view corresponding to that seen in FIGURE 1 but showing certain of the corresponding parts in altered relative position.

FIGURE 3 is a horizontal fragmentary sectional view as seen from the plane 33 in FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 4 is a vertical fragmentary sectional view corresponding to that seen in FIGURE 3, but showing an alternate form thereof.

In accordance with the first embodiment of the invention, the device, generally indicated by reference character 10, is illustrated in installed condition upon a progressive die press 11, which may be of conventional type including a lower fixed member 12, and an upper reciprocating member 13, as well as a plurality of progressive dies (not shown), the details of the press 11 forming no part of the present invention or disclosure. The device 10 comprises: a first or upper casing element 15, a second or lower casing element 16, a pilot member 17, and a contact element 13.

The first or upper casing element 15 may be in the form of a machined metallic cylinder, bounded by an upper surface 20, a lower surface 21, and an outer cylindrical surface 22. Extending from the lower surface is an axially arranged bore 23, including a first portion 24, and counterbored portions 25 and 26, all of which are axially aligned. A threaded eccentrically disposed bore 27 provides for the interconnection of the first casing element 15 with the second casing element 16 upon assembly of the device 10.

The second or lower casing element 16 is of generally similar configuration, and is bounded by an upper surface 30, a lower surface 31, as well as a cylindrical outer surface 32 preferably of the same diameter as that of the surface 22. A centrally disposed bore 33 includes a first portion 34 and a counterbored portion 35. The casing element 16 is preferably formed of electrically conductive material, or portions of the same, namely the upper surface 30 must be treated to make the same so conductive.

The pilot member 17 may be of conventional configuration, including an elongated shank 40 having a tapered lower end 41 forming a cam surface, and an upper enlarged portion 42 having planar parallel lower and upper surfaces 43 and 44, respectively.

The contact element 18 includes a cup-shaped contact member 47, preferably of copper or brass so as to be readily formed, an insulating washer 48, a coil spring 49, and an insulated conductor 50.

The contact member 47 is bounded by an outer surface 52, an annular edge surface 53, and an inner surface 54 defining a recess. An insulating member 55 of diameter substantially corresponding to that of the recess formed by the surface 54 is frictionally positioned within the recess. The insulating washer 48 is of a diameter slightly greater than that of the contact member 47, in order to prevent the same from contacting the sides of the bore 23, and is secured to the outer surface 52 by means of a rivet or grommet 56. The insulated conductor 59 is soldered to the grommet to provide for electrical continuity to the edge 53. The spring 59 is maintained within the bore 23, and normally urges the contact member 47 in a direction toward the second casing element 16 to complete an electrical circuit therebetween. I It will be observed-that the upper surface 44 of the pilot member 17 is of a diameter less than the recess formed by the surface 44, and is positioned so as to contact only the insulating member 55.

During operation, the pilot member 17 will be maintained in extended condition under the action of the coil spring 49 which is of relatively heavy modulus. Upon the occurrence of a misfeed, the downward force of the reciprocating member 13 of the press 11 will overcome the force of the spring 49, causing the contact member 47 to be unseated with respect to the upper surface of the casing element 16.

Where using a single-wire system as illustrated in the first embodiment of the invention, the motor operating the feed means, generally indicated by reference character 14, may be wired through the framework of the press 11, so that the current operating the motor must pass through the contact member 47. Thus, the unseating of the contact member 47 immediately interrupts operation of the motor 14.

In the alternative, the device may be connected to a switch (not shown) which will cause opening of a clutch which interconnects a motor with a. feed means, or a clutch transmitting motion for the raising and lowering of the press, the last-mentioned alternative permitting instantaneous cessation of operation of the press, thereby keeping die damage to a In the alternate form of the invention, as illustrated in FIGURE 4, parts corresponding to those of the principal embodiment have been designated by similar referencecharacters with the additional prefix l.

The alternate form of the invention diflers from the principal embodiment in the provision of an additional conductor 61 positioned in electrical continuity with respect to the upper surface 130 of the casing element 116, for installation where a two-wire system is desired, as, for example, where the motor (not shown) is operating on alternating current.

I wish it to be understood that ;I do not consider the invention limited to the precise :details of structure shown and set forth in this specification, for obvious modifications will occur to those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains.

I claim:

1. A misfee-d detector device for use in conjunction with a multistage progressive die press construction in which stock is fed in uniform increments beneath a die block, said device comprising: an upper casing element of generally cylindrical configuration and having a first bore axially extending therethrough, a second cylindrical casing element formed of electrically conductive material and having a second bore axially extending therethrough, said second bore being coaxially aligned with respect to said first bore in said first casing element; a pilot member arranged for limited. sliding movement within said second bore and having 'a portion thereof extending outwardly of said second casing element; a generally cupshaped contact member disposed within said first bore, resilient means within said first bore normally urging said contact member in a direction to contact a portion of said second casing element, insulated electrical conductor means extending in an opposite direction outwardly from said contact member; said cup-shaped contact member defining a recess, an insulating member disposed in said recess, said pilot member having an upper terminal of diameter smaller than said recess and positioned to selectively contact said insulating member; whereby upon the transmission of a force along the axis of said pilot member, contact or said upper terminal with said insulating member serves to interrupt contact of said contact member with said second casing element against the action of said resilient means.

2. A misfeed detector device for use in conjunction with amultistage progressive die press construction in which stock is fed in uniform increments beneath a die block, said device comprising: an upper casing element having a first bore axially extending theret-hrough, a second casing element cformed of electrically conductive mate-rial and having a second bore axially extending therethrough, said second bore being coaxially aligned with respect to said first bore in said first casing element; a pilot member arranged for limited sliding movement within said second bore and having a portion thereof extending outwardly of said second casing element; a. generally eupshaped contact member disposed within said first bore, resilient means within said first bore normally urging said contact member in a direction to contact a portion of said second casing element, insulated electrical conductor means extending in an opposite direction outwardly from said contact member; saidv cup shaped contact member defining a recess, an insulating member disposed in said recess, said pilot member having an upper terminal of diameter smaller than said recess and positioned to selectively contact said insulating member; whereby upon the transmisison of a force along the axis of said pilot memher, contact of said upper terminal with said insulating member serves to interrupt contact of said contact member with said second casing element against the action of said resilient means.

3. A misfeed detector device for use in conjunction with a multistage progressive die press construction in which stock is fed in uniform increments beneath a die block, said device comprising: an upper casing element having a first bore axially extending therethrough, a second casing element formed of electrically conductive ma terial and having a second bore axially extending therethrough, said second bore being coaxially aligned with respect to said first bore in said first casing element; a pilot member arranged for limited sliding movement within said second bore and having a portion thereof extending outwardly of said second casing element; a generally cup-shaped contact member disposed within said first bore, resilient means within said first bore normally urging said contact member in a direction to contact a portion of said second casing element, insulated electrical conductor means extending in an opposite direction outwardly from said contact member; said cup-shaped contact member defining a recess, an insulating member disposed in said recess, said pilot member having an upper terminal of diameter smaller than said recess and positioned to selectively contact said insulating member, a second insulated electrical conductor connected to said second casing and extending outwardly of said first bore;

whereby upon the transmission of a force along the axis of said pilot member, contact of said upper terminal with said insulating member serves to interrupt contact of said contact member with said second casing element against the action of said resilient means.

4. A misfeed detector device for use in conjunction with a multistage progressive die press construction in which stock is fed in uniform increments beneath a die block, said device comprising: an upper casing element having a first bore axially extending therethrough, a second casing element formed of electrically conductive material and having (a second bore axially extending theretbrough, said second bore being coaxially aligned with respect to said first bore in said first casing element, threaded means interconnecting said first and second ca ing elements; a pilot member arranged for limited sliding movement within said second bore and having a portion thereof extending outwardly of said second casing element; a generally cup-shaped contact member disposed within said first bore, resilient means within said first bore normally urging said contact member a direction to contact a portion of said second casing element, insulated electrical conductor means extending in an opposite direction outwardly from said contact member; said cupsh-aped contact member defining a recess, an insulating member disposed in said recess, said pilot member having an upper terminal of diameter smaller than said recess and positioned to selectively contact said insulating member, a second insulated electrical conductor connected to said second casing and extending outwardly of said first bore; whereby uponthe transmisison of a force along the axis of said pilot member, contact of said upper terminal with said insulating member serves to interrupt contact of said contact member with said second casing element against the action of said resilient means.

5. A misfeed detector device for use in conjunction with a multistage progressive die press construction in which stock is fed in uniform increments beneath a die block, said device comprising: a first element of generally cylindrical configuration and having a first bore extending therethrough, a second element formed of electrically conductive material and having a second bore axially extending therethrough, said second bore being coaxially aligned with respect to said first bore in said first element; a pilot member arranged for limited sliding movement Within said second bore and having a portion thereof extending outwardly of said second bore, a generally cupshaped contact member disposed within said first bore, resilient means Within said first bore normal-1y urging said contact member in a direction to contact a portion of said second element, insulated electrical conductor means extending in an opposite direction outwardly from said contact member; said cupshaped cont act member defining a recess, an insulating member disposed in said recess, said pilot member having an upper terminal of diameter smaller than recess and positioned to selectively contact said insulating member; whereby upon the transmission of a force along the axis of said pilot member, contact of said upper terminal with said insulating member serves to interrupt contact of said contact member with said second element against the action of said resilient means.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,650,119 Furber Nov. 22, 1927 2,113,538 Merwin Apr. 5, 1938 2,221,598 McLaughlin Nov. 12, 1940 2,821,251 Borke Jan. 28, 1958 2,854,538 Bergman Sept. 30, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1650119 *Jul 26, 1920Nov 22, 1927United Shoe Machinery CorpCutting machine
US2113538 *Jun 19, 1936Apr 5, 1938Texas CoApparatus for automatically stopping a panel press
US2221598 *Dec 21, 1938Nov 12, 1940Buffalo Bolt CompanyMachine and method for making nut blanks
US2821251 *Nov 10, 1954Jan 28, 1958Western Electric CoSafety device for checking the correct position of stock in a punch and die
US2854538 *May 9, 1955Sep 30, 1958Arenco AbMeans for detecting defects in cigarette assemblies
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3410161 *Oct 11, 1965Nov 12, 1968Humston E L Co IncStock feeding apparatus for punch presses and the like
US4046040 *Jul 6, 1976Sep 6, 1977Bourdo Charles AProgressive die sensor
US4624162 *Oct 7, 1985Nov 25, 1986General Electric CompanyApparatus for automatic coil feed
US5584216 *Dec 29, 1994Dec 17, 1996Sinjen; Arthur H.Tool with breakage sensor and method
US6698323 *May 9, 2000Mar 2, 2004Georgia-Pacific CorporationApparatus and method for detecting when a web is not being perforated
US7249546May 13, 1991Jul 31, 2007Franklin Electric Co., Ltd.Die-shaping apparatus and process and product formed thereby
EP0338803A1 *Apr 19, 1989Oct 25, 1989Amp IncorporatedStamping and forming machine having improved pilot pins
WO1990006824A1 *Oct 31, 1989Jun 28, 1990Amp IncorporatedSprocket-type strip feed
Classifications
U.S. Classification83/62, 200/46, 192/127, 200/61.41, 83/206
International ClassificationB21D43/02, B30B15/28
Cooperative ClassificationB21D43/025, B30B15/285, B30B15/28
European ClassificationB21D43/02C, B30B15/28C, B30B15/28