|Publication number||US3126122 A|
|Publication date||Mar 24, 1964|
|Filing date||Jul 10, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3126122 A, US 3126122A, US-A-3126122, US3126122 A, US3126122A|
|Inventors||Leo D. Sacre|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (17), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 24, 1964 L. D. SACRE 3,126,122
PAPER DISPENSER FOR USE WITH PHOTOCOPY MACHINE OR THE LIKE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 10 1961 .|l Q @s l:
Wl 'I 5:1* z w, Q 3% I, o* INVENTOR.
-l Leo D. SAcnze March 24, 1964 L. D. SACRE 3,126,122
PAPER DISPENSER FOR UsE WITH PHoTocoPY MACHINE 0R THE LIKE Filed July 1o, 1961 2 sheets-sheet 2 INVENTOR '16 LEO D. SACIRE/l United States Patent O 3,126,122 PAPER DISPENSER FR USE WITH PHQTOCGPY MACHINE R THE LIKE Leo D. Sacre, Prospect Heights, Ill., assignor to American Photocopy Equipment Company, Evanston, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Filed July 10, 1961, Ser. No. 122,329 6 Claims. (Cl. 221-41) The present invention relates to paper dispensers and more particularly to a device for storing light sensitive paper and for dispensing it sheet by sheet,
It is an object of the invention to Iprovide a dispenser which is capable of feeding sheets from a ylight-tight enclosure, one by one, at the touch of a button. It is another object to provide a dispenser which has a novel electric driving arrangement but which is nevertheless light and portable with no line cord to plug in and no necessity for using the dispenser near a wall outlet.
It `is anothe-r object of the invention to provide a dispenser for feeding sheets of coated paper from a mill-cut stack and which insures that only the top sheet of the stack will be fed, thereby preventing the fwastage of paper and inconvenience of feeding two or more sheets at a time. In this connection it is an object to provide a device which is positive and reliable `in operation but which is nevertheless simple, avoiding the relatively complex feeding devices which have been used in the past to avoid double document condition.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a feeding mechanism for operation by flashlight batteries or the like which is highly efficient in operation, having minimum battery drain, so that thousands of sheets may be discharged before replacement of the batteries becomes necessary. IIt is one of the features of the present device that the electrical feeding mechanism is required to move the top sheet through a displacement of only an inch or so, i.e., until the front edge can be grasped by the fingers of the operator, so that only a short pulse of energy is required from the battery at each actuation.
llt is another object of the device to provide a paper dispenser which is easy to load, notwithstanding the automatic electrical 'discharge feature, With the paper driving mechanism being recessed and largely hidden in the cover of the device and brought automatically into engagement with the top sheet when the cover is replaced following replenishment of the paper. Consequently the dispenser may be reloaded by office help who are untrained and unfamiliar with the construction and operation of the dispenser.
It is still another object of the present invention to prov-ide an electric pushbutton operated paper dispenser which may be converted from electrical to manual operation simply by removing the motor and pushbutton and by substituting, in the same mechanism, a fingertip operated gear which projects through the button opening in the cover of the device. Thus it is an object to provide a novel paper dispenser having an electric-manual option and in which the housing and driving arrangement are completely interchangeable, making for a high degree of economy of manufacture.
Other objects and advantages of the invention become apparent upon reference to the attached detailed description and upon reference to the drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective at reduced scale showing the external appearance of the paper dispenser constructed in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a vertical section taken through the machine along the line 2 2 in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the electrical `driving mechanism looking along the line 3 3 in FIG. 2;
3,126,122 Patented Mar. 24, 1964 FIG. 4 is a fragmentary section taken along the line 4-4 in FIG. `i;
IFIG. 5 is a view at reduced scale showing the underside of the dispenser cover;
FIGS. 6a, 6b, 6c and 6d are fragmentary stop motion views showing the manner in which the device strips off the upper sheet of the stack;
IFIG. 7 is a fragmentary side view showing the manual version of the present device; and
FIG. y8 Iis a top View, shown fragmentarily of the device ydisclosed in FIG. 7.
While the invent-ion has -been described in connection with certain preferred embodiments, it will be understood that the invention is not necessarily limited thereto but it is intended to cover the various alternative and equivalent constructions included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
Turning now to the drawings, there is shown in FIG. 1 a paper dispenser 1i) having a light-tight housing made up of a base 11 and cover 12. At the front of the cover is an ejection slot 13. 'Conveniently available in the top surface of the cover is an ejection control 15 fitted into an opening 16. The device is so arranged that operation of the control 15 causes the discharge of a single sheet of paper from the ejection slot. The device -is particularly adapted for storing the negative paper used in the transfer diffusion photocopy process which must be kept 4in substantial darkness until time of use. In practice, a tray 17 may be secured to the underside of the base 11 to bold the positive paper which is used in the same process.
Referring next to FIG. 2 which shows a cross section of the machine and to FIG. 3 which is a top view of the ejecting mechanism, a stack of sheets 20 hav-ing a top sheet 21 rests upon the base 11 being held in the position shown by paper guides 22 which are adjustably secured to the base and the adjustment of which depends upon the size of the sheets. Resting upon the top sheet 21 is an ejection roller 25 which is preferably formed of gum rubber or other resilient material. In the present instance the ejection roller 25 is formed lin two sections which are secured to the opposite ends of a shaft 26. Por the purpose of mounting the roller 25 for vertical movement and with the roller biased against the top sheet, a roller arm 30 is provided which consists of two parallel arm members 31, 32 spaced from one another and which are pivoted at the upper end on a transverse -pivot 33. The arm is of such length that it normally occupies a downwardly angled position. To support the pivot a bracket 34 is used which -is preferably mounted upon a platform 35 nested within the upper portion of the cover on posts 36. A clearance opening 37 is formed in the platform through which the ejection -roller and the lower portion of the arm 30 may project.
For the purpose of driving the ejection roller 25', an electric motor is mounted upon the arm 30 for bodily movement therewith and coupled to the roller through a step-down driving connection. In the present instance the motor, indicated at 40 and having a -driving pinion 41, -is secured to an outboard bracket *42 which -is secured `to the arm 31 on posts 43, `44. To provide speed step down the pinion 41 meshes with a -gear 45 having an integral pinion 46. F or transferring the rotative power from the pinion 46 to the rolle-r 25, a series of nylon gears 47, 4S, `49 are used mounted between the arm members 31, 32, the gear 49 being pinned or otherwise secured to the shaft 26 which mounts the roller. In order to control the pressure of the rubber rolle-r 25 upon the sheet 21 so that it vis limited to an ounce or so, the motor 40 is preferably mounted adjacent the horizontal pivot axis 33 so that it provides a limited counterbalancing effect.
yIn order to power the motor 40, which is preferably of the midget D.C. type having a permanent magnet field, a battery 50 is used which may consist of a series of `flashlight batteries suitably secured to the platform 35 and with conventional means for making electrical connection from cel-l to cell.
.In carrying out the present invention andl for a purpose which will become more significant as the discussion proceeds, the control member opening 16, in the top of the housing, is preferably centered over the arm pivot shaft 33. Thecontroller is, as shown in the preferred embodiments of FIGS. l-4, in the form of a pushbutton which substantially fills `the opening 16' and which has a lip 15a to limit the outward movement. 'For the purpose of biasing the pus-hbutton 15 outwardly and for providing electrical contact, a leaf spring 55 is used, overlying the shaft 33 and mounted cantilever fashion to an insulating block 56. To complete the electrical circuit, the leaf spring 55 is connected by a lead 57 to one side of the battery. The other side of the battery :is connected to one of the motor leads 5S, the remaining motor lead 59 Abeing -grounded to the arm. Thus pressing upon the pushbutton 1S brings the tip of lthe leaf spring 55 into contact with the shaft 33 completing `the motor circuit and causing the motor to rotate. This drives the gear train 47-49, rotating the rol-ler 2S at a peripheral speed which may be on the order of several inches per second and with rotation taking place in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 2 to cause movement of the top sheet toward the ejection slot 13.
lIn accordance with one of :the impor-tant features of the present invention a separator ramp is provided adjacent the front edge of the stack 20 and having a roughened surface consisting of closely spaced horizontal Striations for the purpose of engaging the leading edges of the sheets and for holding back al-l of .the sheets except Ithe -topmost one which is positively expelled under the action of the roller 25. Referring particularly to FIG. 2, in the present instance the separator ramp is formed of a plate of metal 60 bent into a dogleg cross section having a base portion 61 which is secured to the base 11 and an upwardly inclined ramp portion `6.2 which terminates in a 'lip l63 at the lower edge of the ejection slot. The horizontal striations, indicated at 65, may -be formed in a number of different ways without departing from the present invention. I prefer to form the striations by slowly and withappreciable pressure drawing a piece of garnet paper horizontally across the sur-face, the paper being! 120 `grit or coarser.
It is found that with a proper choice of ramp angle it is possible to vary the depth and' spacing of the striations while stillv producing a reliable inhibiting effect. In the case of coated photocopy paper an angle between 50 and 60 with respectv to the horizontal is preferred. In practice and for use with a particular gauge of paper, the angle may be increased in increments starting with a shallow angle and until reliable blocking is achieved. I have observed that the top sheet 21, being positively driven by the rubber roller 25, readily overcomes the friction at the ramp whereas the sheets immediately adjacent the top sheet, not' being positively driven, are positively held back. The operation of the striated ramp is set forth in stop motion views FIGS. :Sa-6a. In FIG. 6a it will be noted that the topmost sheet indicate at 21 is moved endwise with at least the second sheet in the stack indicated at 21a, clinging to it. This tends to happen since the stack is mill cut which causes the bers at the edges of the sheets to be compressed together and to some extent interlocked. However, upon continued rotation of the roller 25, the topmost sheet continues to be driven forwardly, buckling slightly as indicated in FIG. 6b. The adjacent sheet 21a, however, tends to remain stationary with its front edge blocked' against movement. Copy paper intended for photocopy work is coated and hence suiciently stiff so that there is no tendency for the second sheet 21a to buckle with the rst. The buckling constitutes an unstable condition so that, as the sheet 21 is driven still further, the front edge tends to snap clear and to occupy the position shown in FIG. 6c. Since the leading edge of the sheet now bears a shallow angle with respect to the striated surface 65, the sheet is progressively and rapidly advanced until the leading edge emerges through the ejection slot as shown in FIG. 6d. This entire ejecting procedure takes approximately a second so it is clear that the pushbutton l5 need only be momentarily touched in order to advance the leading edge of the sheet out into a position where it may be grasped with the lingers. The operator then release the buttonk and takes hold of the sheet drawing it out the remaining distance. Since the arm which supports the roller 25 is supported rearwardly of the roller, and since the roller 25 exerts relatively light pressure, there is very little drag upon the sheet even though the roller 25 remains stationary. As soon as the sheet 21 is withdrawn, the next sheet 21a becomes the top sheet so that it is directly acted upon by the ejection roller and discharged in the same Way.
It is one of the features of the present construction that the ejection mechanism may be converted from motor driving to manual driving simply by removing the pushbutton switch and by mounting a iingertip-operated gear on the horizontal shaft 33 so that it projects upwardly through the opening 16 formed in the top surface of the cover 12. To understand this simple substitution reference is made to FIGS. 7 and 8. In these figures it will be noted that the motor dil, its outboard bracket 42 andl its gear 45 are simply omitted, which frees the gear 47 in the gear train. The fingertip gear, indicated at 79, and which is formed of plastic or the like, occupies substantially all of the width between the parallel upstanding members which form the supporting bracket 34. In operation (see FIG. 7) a slight wiping movement of the fingertip is sufficient to rotate the roller 25 to eject the leading edge of the sheet, with the remaining sheets being held back just as in the case of the motor driven version. Since the majority of the ejecting mechanism, the platform and the housing all remain unchanged, both the electrically operated and manually operated versions may bc produced in the same assembly line with a high degree of economy. operation while others prefer fingertip operation, individual preferences can be met in the device to provide a wide market among users of photocopy machines.
It has been assumed in the above discussion that the device is intended for holding light sensitive paper, for example, the negative paper in the transfer dilusion process. To insure light tightness, the opening 16 at the top surface of the cover is dimensioned so that it snugly contains either the pushbutton 1S or the fingertipgear 70. If desired a piece of black felt having an opening which is just slightly smaller than the opening 16 may be cemented in register with the opening on the underside of the cover. Any light which might happen to get by the light seal at this point is eifectively stopped by the platform 35 which is preferably painted black and which tends to shield the paper. Light is prevented from getting into' the ejection slot 13 by using a closure vane 75 which is formed of a thin strip of resilient material riveted or otherwise secured to the platform 35 and with its outer lip biased downwardly into engagement with the lip 63 formed on the ramp member 60. Preferably the closure vane overlaps the lip slightly as shown. Consequently the dispenser may not only be employed for photocopyv paper, which is relatively insensitive, but it may, if desired, be used with the more sensitive projection paper employed in a photographic laboratory. Or, if desired, the dispenser may be used for non-photosensitive sheets wherever it is desired to feed sheets from a stack one by one.
It is one of the features of the present construction that the dispenser may be easily reloaded when it becomes necessary by even the most inexperienced office person- Since some users prefer electrical pushbutton nel. At the front edge of the device the lip 63 on the ramp 62 preferably is registered with and extends through the ejection slot 13. The degree of extension is, however, limited by forming a boss 76 integrally on the base 11 for engaging the front skirt portion of the enclosure. At the rear edge a similar boss 77 registers with the skirt of the cover and the cover is secured to the base by means of a spring clip 78. Consequently, to take off the cover, the spring clip 78 is pressed whereupon the cover 12 is rocked upwardly so that the lip 63 is disengaged from the slot 13 enabling the cover to be drawn forwardly and completely removed. A fresh stack of sheets is substituted and the procedure is reversed, the lip 63 being inserted into the slot 13 and the cover being rocked downwardly until the catch 78 snaps in place. During the loading of the machine there is no need for the operator to be concerned with the ejection mechanism since this remains within the underside of the cover and with Contact being reestablished with the sheets automatically when the cover is snapped into place.
While the device has all of the modern pushbutton benefits of electrically driven operation, it will be apparent that this has been brought about without necessity for a line cord and without requiring that the device be positioned near a wall outlet. Thus the device is light and easily portable, iilling every conceivable requirement for a single sheet feeding device.
While the ejecting roller has been described as made of rubber, it will be apparent that other friction-type materials may be used and hence the term rubber is intended in a generic sense.
I claim as my invention:
l. In a paper dispenser for use with a photocopy machine or the like, the combination comprising a light-tight housing having a base and a cover with a discharge slot along the front edge thereof, means in said-base for supporting a stack of sheets, a vertically swingable arm xedly mounted in said cover for swinging about a stationary transverse pivot axis and having a rubber roller at the end remote from said pivot axis for engaging the stack of sheets, driving means mounted for rotation about the stationary transverse pivot axis together with a drive connection on the arm for connecting the drive means to the roller so that the roller is driven independently of the angular position of the arm, and means for inhibiting the forward movement of the sheets, the pivot axis being substantially offset from the center of gravity of the arm so that the arm is gravity biased downwardly for engagement of said roller with the topmost one of the sheets for driving the same through said discharge slot when the driving means is actuated, said driving means being mounted on said arm adjacent said axis for providing a limited counterbalancing effect.
2. In a paper dispenser for use with a photocopy machine or the like, the combination comprising a light-tight housing having a base and a cover with a discharge slot along the front edge thereof, means in said base for supporting a stack of sheets, a platform recessed in said cover, a vertically swingable arm tixedly mounted on said platform for pivoting about a stationary transverse pivot axis and having a rubber roller at the end remote from said pivot axis for engaging the stack of sheets, driving means mounted for rotation about the stationary transverse pivot axis together with a drive connection on the arm for connecting the drive means to the roller so that the roller is driven independently of the angular position of the arm, the platform being relieved to permit passage of the roller and arm, the pivot axis of said arm being offset from the center gravity of the arm so that the latter is gravity biased downwardly with the rubber roller free to move into contact with the topmost one of the sheets for driving the same through said discharge slot when the driving means is actuated, said driving means being mounted on said arm adjacent said axis for providing a limited counterbalancing eiTect.
3. In a dispensing machine or the like, the combination comprising a light-tight housing including a base and a cover and having a discharge slot at the front edge thereof, means for supporting a stack of sheets in said base adjacent said discharge slot, means for guiding the sheets from the stack to the slot, ejecting means including an arm having a stationary horizontal pivoted connection in said cover and having a rubber roller at its free end for engaging the topmost one of the sheets, said pivoted connection being offset from the center of gravity of the arm so that the roller is gravity biased into contact with the topmost of the sheets, a driving motor bodily mounted on said arm adjacent said pivoted connection and having a driving connection with the rubber roller, said motor being positioned relative to said pivoted connection so as to provide a limited counterbalancing effect, a battery mounted in the cover, and a pushbutton switch accessible at the top of the cover for energizing the motor by the battery for ejection of a sheet through said slot when the switch is momentarily operated.
4. In a dispensing machine or the like, the combination comprising a light-tight housing including a base and a cover and having a discharge slot at the front edge thereof, means for supporting a stack of sheets in said base adjacent said discharge slot, means for guiding the sheets from the stack to the slot, ejecting means including an arm having a stationary horizontal pivoted connection in said cover and having a rubber roller at its free endy so that when the cover is installed on the base the roller engages the topmost one of the sheets, said pivoted connection being offset from the center of gravity of the arm so that the roller is gravity biased into contact with the topmost one of the sheets, a driving motor bodily mounted on said arm adjacent said pivoted connection and having a driving connection to the rubber roller, said motor being positioned relative to said pivoted connection so as to provide a limited counterbalancing effect, a source of voltage, and a switch accessible at the top of the cover for energizing the motor from said source for ejection of a sheet through said slot when the switch is momentarily operated.
5. In a paper dispenser for use with a photocopy machine or the like, the combination comprising a lighttight housing having a base and a cover with a discharge slot, means for supporting a stack of sheets, a vertically swingable arm in said cover having a pivot pin located immediately adjacent the top surface of the cover and ixedly secured thereto, a rubber roller rotationally mounted at the lower end of said arm for engaging the topmost sheet, motor driving means on said arm including a gear train coupled to said rubber roller, said pivot pin being offset from the center of gravity of the arm so that that roller is gravity biased into contact with the topmost one of the sheets, said motor driving means being positioned on said arm relative to said pin so as to provide a limited counterbalancing eifect, a source of voltage, and a pushbutton centered above said pivot pin and projecting through an opening in the top surface of said cover for connecting the motor to the voltage source for driving of the topmost sheet through said discharge slot.
6. In a paper dispenser for use with a photocopy machine or the like, the combination comprising a lighttight housing having a base and a cover with a discharge slot, means for supporting a stack of sheets, a vertically swingable arm in said cover having a pivot pin located immediately adjacent the top surface of the cover and xedly secured thereto, a rubber roller rotationally mounted at the lower end of said arm for engaging the topmost sheet, motor driving means on said arm including a gear train coupled to said rubber roller, said pivot pin being offset from the center of gravity of the arm so that the roller is gravity biased into contact with the topmost one of the sheets, and motor driving means being positioned on said arm relative to said pin so as to provide 7 Si a limited counterhalancing ecct, a source of voltage, and References Cited in the ile of this patent a pushbutton centered above said pivot pink and projecting t UNITED STATES PATENTS through an opening in the top surface of said cover for connecting the motor to the voltage source for driving glrlck Slejt Z1 of the topmost sheet through said discharge slot, the size 5 ,904214 Miner' "Sept `15 1959 of the opening in the cover being such as to accommodate A" projection of a gear on said pivot pin when manual opera- FOREIGN PATENTS iOnS dsird. 763,971 Great Britain Dec. 19, 1956
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|U.S. Classification||221/41, 221/259, 221/250, 271/21, 271/170, 221/258, 221/43|
|Cooperative Classification||G03B17/26, B65H2405/1136|