Combined chock and cleat
US 3126858 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 31, 1964 R. J. ROSINSKI 3,126,858
COMBINED cuocx AND CLEAT Filed Sept. 20, 1961 ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,125,858 COMEENED CHUCK AND CLEAT Roland 3. Rosinslri, 1 29. Box 391, Balboa, Panama lanai Zone Filed Sept. 20, 1961, Ser. No. 139,431 Claims. (til. 114218) This invention relates to a combined chock and cleat for use aboard ships for guiding, controlling and securing lines, running rigging, towing cables and the like.
It is an object of the invention to construct a chock and cleat as a unitary structure for mounting on the deck of a ship which will positively secure the line or cable in its adjusted position without the use of auxiliary fasteners.
A further object of the invention resides in providing a chock having a central open recess with its opposite ends curved to form inwardly directed hooks around which the mooring cables extend, the chock at opposite ends of the recess having upwardly extending diverging horns around which the mooring cable is wrapped in the form of a figure eight, thus securely locking the cable in the recess of the chock.
Another object of the invention resides in providing a combined chock and cleat which is simple and durable in construction, reliable and efficient in operation and inexpensive to manufacture.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent during the course of the following description.
In the accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the combined chock and cleat,
FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the same,
FIG. 3 is an end view of the same, and
FIG. 4 is a top perspective view of the same.
In the drawing, wherein for the purpose of illustration, a preferred embodiment of the invention is shown the numeral 5 denotes an elongated bar of metal having oppositely extending lateral flanges 6 along its lower edges to form a base, the flanges being provided with apertures 7 to receive screws or bolts for securing the bar to the deck of a ship in the desired position. It is apparent the device may also be used on a dock or pier for securing the mooring lines extending from a ship. The bar 5 at each end is provided with an opening 8 for passing a mooring line or cable therethrough and the center of the bar is provided in its upper edge with an open recess 9, the ends of the recess being curved to form inwardly directed hooks 10 around which the mooring line or cable may be passed. The upper edge of the bar 5 between the openings 8 and hooks 10 is provided with upwardly extending diverging horns 11 having a projecting bead 12 surrounding their upper ends. As more clearly shown in FIG. 3, the bar 5 and horns 11 are disposed at an inclined angle to the base flanges 6 and when the bar is attached to the deck of the ship it is positioned so the bar and horns are inclined inwardly from the outboard side of the ship.
In use, the bar is fastened to the deck of the ship by means of screws or bolts in the apertures 7 of the base flanges 6. The bar is positioned parallel to the side of the boat, with the bar 5 and horns 11 inclined inwardly from the outboard side of the ship. After the mooring line or cable is inserted in the recess 9 it is drawn taut under either of the hooks 10 and is then held in place by wrapping the line or cable around both of the horns 11 in the form of a figure eight, thus locking the line or cable in the recess and preventing accidental displacement of the same. If desired the line may be passed through one of the openings 8 before engaging the line with one of the hooks 10 or the openings may be used 3,126,858 Patented Mar. 31, 1964 "ice for securing additional lines. The bead 12 keeps the loops of the line from jumping off the upper ends of the horns and the opposite angularity of the horns prevents the loops from riding up the horns so that the loops are held in close covering relation to the recess 9 and act as a stopper to prevent the line engaged with the hook from jumping out of the open recess. By providing the chock and cleat in a single unit it eliminates the extension of lines across the deck, so as not to interfere with the walking areas.
It is to be understood that the form of my invention herein shown and described is a preferred example of the same and changes in the shape, size and arrangement of the parts may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or scope of the claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A combined chock and cleat for mooring lines comprising an elongated bar having a recess midway its length opening through the top surface of said bar adapted to receive a mooring line, the ends of said recess being curved to form inwardly directed hooks with the free ends of the hooks in spaced apart relation for inserting the mooring line beneath said hooks, and horns extending vertically from the top surface of said bar at each end of said recess and in alinement with said recess, said horns extending in diverging relation away from one another to a height above said hooks so that when the mooring line is looped around both of said horns, the folds in the line will extend over and cover the opening to said recess and retain the mooring line in the recess.
2. A combined chock and cleat as described in claim 1 wherein the upper ends of said horns are partially surrounded by a head.
3. A combined chock and cleat as described in claim 1 wherein said bar is provided with a transverse opening adjacent each end.
4. A combined chock and cleat as described in clairn 1 wherein said bar is provided with lateral flanges along its lower longitudinal edges.
5. A combined chock and cleat for mooring lines comprising an elongated bar-having lateral flanges along the lower longitudinal edges of said bar for securing the bar to the deck of a boat, said bar being inclined upwardly in the direction of the outer edge of one of said flanges and having a recess midway its length opening through the top surface of said bar adapted to receive a mooring line, the ends of said recess being curved to form inwardly directed hooks with the free ends of the hooks in spaced apart relation for inserting the mooring line in the recess beneath the hooks, and horns formed integral with said bar at each end of said recess and in alinement with said recess, said horns extending vertically from the top surface of said bar in diverging relation away from one another to a height above said hooks so that when the mooring line is looped around both of said horns, the folds in the line will extend over and cover said recess and retain the mooring line therein.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 517,597 Twitty Apr. 3, 1894 1,291,341 Young Jan. 14, 1919 1,770,967 Bean July 22, 1930 2,136,014 McDonald Nov. 8, 1938 2,833,240 Semolic May 6, 1958 FOREIGN PATENTS 231,344 Great Britain Apr. 2, 1925 587,098 Great Britain Apr. 14, 1947 OTHER REFERENCES The Rudder, October 1959, pp. 16 and 17 relied on.