|Publication number||US312726 A|
|Publication date||Feb 24, 1885|
|Publication number||US 312726 A, US 312726A, US-A-312726, US312726 A, US312726A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
ALLEN JOHNSTON, OF OTTUM\VA, IO\VA.
PUMP AND ENGINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 312,726, dated February 24, 1885.
App'icnlion filed June 19, 1984. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern/.-
Be it known that I, ALLEN Jonus'ron, a citizen of the United States, residing in Ottumwa, in the county of Wapello and State of Iowa, have invented a new and useful Improvementin Pumps and Engines, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention consists in a cylinderfor pumps -or engines having a, piston which both reciprocates and rotates. The reciproca tion of the piston effects the function of receiving and discharging the liquid pumped or the steam or other expansive iiuid used,while the rotation of the piston effects the function of opening and closing the ports of the cylinder. The principle of the invention is,however,nnchanged if,in reducing it to practice or working form, the former of these functions is effected by the rotation of the piston, while the latter is effected by its reciprocation. As the piston both reciprocates and rotates, it operates in itself also to convert a rotary into a reciproeating motion, or a reciprocating into a rotary motion, as may be desired. \Vhen used as a pump,thc piston may be reciprocated by simply giving it a rotary motion from the source of power, and when used as an engine the piston itself converts its reciprocating motion into a rotary motion, so that the power generated may be utilized in that form, if desired, without the necessity of employing any intermediate mechanism to convert the reciprocating motion of the piston into a rotary motion.
The means for reciprocating the piston from its rotary motion, or of revolving it from its reciprocating motion, according as the power may be applied to it in the one or the other of these Ways, may consist, for example, of a cam on the piston which engages with a pin projecting through the cylinder; but any other suitable means may be employed for this purpose, and if a cam is used it may be located on the shaft of the piston outside of the cylinder instead of on the inside, and the cam may be on the cylinder while the pin is on the piston; but one feature of my present improvement, however, consists in providing the piston with a grooved cam for this purpose, as this I deem a better way of effecting this result.
In the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a central longitudinal section of a device embodyl ing my invention, the same bei ng taken through the ports ofthe cylinder; and Fig. 2 is a similar view taken taken at right angles to that of Fig. 1.
In the drawings, Arepresents the cylinder, andB its rotating and reciprocating piston. The cylinder Ais provided with ports a a a a, two of said ports being located near each end of the cylinder and diametrically opposite each other.
C is the piston stem or shaft. The head A is secured to the cylinder by screw-threads, and the other end of said head is also threaded so as to form,with the nut D, the stufling-box D. The piston B is provided at each end with openings or cut-away portions 1) b,which register with the ports of the cylinder as the piston revolves. These openings 1) b are on opposite sides of the piston, so that while the receiving-port a" is open the discharging-port a. will also be open at the opposite end of the cylinder. The opening b I) should occupy a little less than one-half the circumference of the piston. Each end of the piston should preferably be made hollow.
E represents a grooved cam cut spirally around the periphery of the piston, and F is a screw-pin secured in a threaded hole in the cylinder, the end of which is provided with a friction -roller, f, and fits into this grooved cam.
G represents a driving-shaft, and G a gear thereon,which meshes with the gear H on the shaft or stem 0 of the piston, by means of which the piston and cylinder maybe operated as a pump. The revolution of the piston will cause it at the same time to reciprocate by action of the cam E and pin F. The revolution of the piston will alternately open and close the diagonally-opposite ports of the cylinder, so that the liquid while it is being received into the cylinder at one end will be discharging at the other.
K represents, for example, the ingress-opening, and K the discharge-opening.
15y admitting steam to the cylinder alternately at each end the piston will be reciprocated thereby and the grooved cam E and pin 1 will serve to rotate the piston, and thus open and close the ports alternately at each end of the cylinder.
When used as a steam-engine, rotary motion may be derived directly from the piston itself by providing its stem or shaft with a gearwheel or driving-pulley, or, if preferred, a reciprocating motion may be derived therefrom in the usual manner; but in such case the pitman-rod should have a swivel-connection with the piston or with its stem or shaft 0, so as to permit of the revolution of the piston. Vhen used as a steam or other engine,the piston or its stem 0 should be furnished with a ily-wh eel to render the action steady and uniform and to insure the continual revolution of the pisgines, however, I think it will be better to place the cam outside the cylinder generally.
I claim- 1. The combination of a cylinder having ports in its cylindrical surface with a rotary and reciprocating piston having openings or cutaway portions, whereby said ports are opened and closed by the rotation of said piston,while the fluid is received and discharged by the reciprocation of said piston, substantially as specified.
2. The combination of a cylinder provided with ports in its cylindrical surface with a rotary and reciprocating piston having openings registering with said ports, whereby they are opened and closed, and a cam for communi eating to said piston one of its motions substantially as specified.
3. The combination of a cylinder having diametrically-opposite ports near each end with a rotating and reciprocating piston having openings near each end diagonally opposite each other, substantially as specified.
at. The combination of cylinder A, provided with ports a a a? a", and having an interiorlyprojecting pin, F, furnished with friction-rollerf with a rotating and reciprocating piston, B,having diagonally-opposite openings 1) Z), and provided with grooved cam E, substantially as specified.
E. L. KILBY, J. G. I-IUTcmsoN.
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