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Publication numberUS3127722 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 7, 1964
Filing dateFeb 19, 1962
Priority dateMar 7, 1961
Publication numberUS 3127722 A, US 3127722A, US-A-3127722, US3127722 A, US3127722A
InventorsJosef Schoder Eduard
Original AssigneeFr Hesser Maschinenfabrik Ag F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wrapping machine
US 3127722 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 7, 1964 E. J. SCHODER WRAPPING MACHINE Filed Feb. 19, 1962 INVENTOR. EDUARD JOSEF SCHODER ATTORNEYS United States Patent Ofi 3,127,722 Patented Apr. 7, 1964 ice 3,127,722 WRAPPING MACHHWE Eduard losef choder, Eituttgart-Bad Qannstatt, Germany, assignor to Fr. Hess-er Maschinenfahrilr-Ahticm gesellschaft, Stuttgart-liar! Cannstatt, Germany, a corporation of Germany Filed Feb. 19, 1962, Ser. No. 173,897 Claims priority, application Germany Mar. 7, 1961 16 Claims. (Cl. 53230) This invention relates to wrapping machines. More particularly, this invention relates to an apparatus for Wrapping objects or articles, which apparatus may be operated continuously and at high operating speeds. The apparatus is designed particularly for the application of wrappers which surround the article or object like a hull or tube and is especially suited for the wrapping of block-shaped articles.

Prior to my invention, machines of this type which were known were of expensive construction and complicated performance. In one form of prior wrapping apparatus, the hull or tube-like shape of wrapper for a block-shaped object is achieved by overlapping the ends of the wrapper on the bottom surface thereof. The object to be wrapped is pushed against a length of wrapping material by a conveyor in such a way that the wrapping material is placed around the leading side of the object in a U- shaped form. The shank of the U-shaped wrapper which extends along the bottom side of the object covers only a portion thereof. The shank of the wrapper which covers the top side of the object is of substantially greater length and initially projects far beyond the back surface. Thereafter a second conveyor is provided which includes pusher bars to convey the objects through the machine, the pusher bars being adapted to initially cause a portion of the projecting longer shank to cover the trailing surface of the object before making contact therewith, still leaving a portion of material to be pulled along behind the pusher bar. A folding apparatus places this final portion of the longer shank around the bottom rear edge of the object and brings it into contact with the bottom surface thereof which has been partly covered by the shorter shank of the wrapper as described above. This shorter shank is turned away from the bottom surface and thereafter again brought into contact therewith in an overlapping relation to the folded final portion of the longer shank. As is readily apparent, the construction of the above described wrapping apparatus is expensive and the operation complicated. I

In another form of prior art wrapping machines, the wrapper is placed in a U-shaped form around three sides of the object while the object is being conveyed through the machine. In this instance, the two shanks of the U- shaped conformation are of substantially equal length and project beyond the trailing surface of the object. However, the folding and overlapping of the shanks on the back surface must be performed after the object has been brought to a halt. This is done by the means of folders which slide to and fro across the top and bottom rearward edges of the object. Again, the construction of the wrapping and folding apparatus is expensive and the wrapping operation may not be performed in a continuous manner.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a wrapping apparatus which may be operated continuously.

It is another object of this invention to provide such an apparatus of simple construction.

It is still another object of this invention to provide such an apparatus which permits higher operating speeds.

It is a further object of this invention to provide such an apparatus especially suited for wrapping block-shaped articles.

Still further objects and the entire scope of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter; it should be understood, however, that the detailed description, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, is given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.

It has now been found that the above objects may be attained by the use of my wrapping machine, the characteristic features of which are as follows:

(1) The articles to be wrapped are continuously conveyed along a straight line conveyor system.

(2) The conveyor system comprises a guide means and a combination of at least three endless conveyor means which are arranged one after another and coact with each other to move the article to be wrapped along said guide means.

(3) Each of the endless conveyor means comprises a pair of endless belts provided with a plurality of spaced pusher bars or flights in fixed engagement therewith.

(4) At least one reach of each of the endless conveyor means is adapted to push the article along the straightline path of the guide means.

(5) In at least one of the endless conveyor means the pusher bars may be modified to seal the wrapped article.

(6) At least one of the endless conveyor means may be modified to operate at varying speeds.

The aforementioned and other objects of this invention and the characteristic features thereof will be fully understood from the following detailed description of a preferred form and application of the invention, throughout which description reference is made to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal vertical sectional View, partly schematic of an apparatus for carrying out the wrapping procedure in accordance with my invention;

FIGURE 2 is a view taken substantially along line II-II of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURES 35 illustrate individual views of certain portions of the wrapping procedure as carried out by the apparatus of FIGURES 1 and 2.

Reference is now made to the drawing and specifically to FIGURES 1 and 2 wherein there is shown one embodiment of the apparatus of this invention. Objects or articles a to be wrapped are delivered from stacking means 1 and conveyed between upper guide means 2 and lower guide means 3. Guide means 2 and 3 each comprise a plurality of plates in a substantially horizontally straight line relation. The plates of each guide means are spaced from one another to provide openings therebetween at certain intervals more fully described hereinafter. The articles a are moved away from stacking means 1 and between guide means 2 and 3 by a system comprising a plurality of conveyor means'whioh coact with one another to both move articles a and provide them with :a tube-like wrap. The first of said conveyor means is preferably positioned generally below lower guide means 3 and comprises a pair of endless belts 4 and 5 provided with a plurality of pusher bars 6 suspended therebetween and in spaced relation to one another. The upper reach of the first conveyor means runs substantially horizontally at an elevation just above guide means 3 and subsequently passes through opening 3b therein.

Positioned above the first conveyor means is a wrapping material feed apparatus comprising rollers 7 and 8 which feed wrapping material e through upturned spaced flanges 2a of upper guide plate 2. The wrapping material passes through the throat of the upturned flanges 2a and through opening 3a in lower guide plate 3, thereby being suspended across the path of travel of articles a and transverse to the direction thereof, The wrapping material is cut to the proper length by a cutting means, positioned between rollers 7 and 8 and flanges 2a, and comprising a rotating cutting knife 9 and fixed knife it).

As the articles a approach the end of the first conveyor means, movement thereof is taken over by a second conveyor means which is preferably positioned generally above upper guide means 2. The second conveyor means comprises endless conveyor belts 11 and 12 having a plurality of pusher bars 13 suspended therebetween and in spaced relation to one another. The lower reach of the second conveyor means passes through openings 2b and 2c and runs substantially horizontally at an elevation just below upper guide means 2. Similarly, adjacent the end of the second conveyor means, movement of articles a is provided by a third conveyor means preferably positioned generally below lower guide means 3 and comprising a pair of endless conveyor belts 14 and 15 having a plurality of spaced pusher bars 16 extending therebetween. The upper reach of the third conveyor means passes through openings 30 and 3d and runs substantially horizontally at an elevation just above lower guide means 3. The third conveyor means is provided with an eliptical gear mechanism which comprises eccentric drive gear 17 and eccentric driven gear 18. Drive gear 17 is rotated by a suitable source of power (not shown) and in turn causes driven gear 18 to rotate and thereby rotate the third endless conveyor means. Gears 17 and 18 are arranged such that as one of the pusher bars 16 passes through opening 3c the speed of the third conveyor means is increased to a speed greater than the speed of the pusher bar 13 of the second conveyor means. As the pusher bar :16 continues its run along the upper reach, its speed decreases as will hereinafter be discussed.

When wrapping material e is heat scalable, pusher bars 16 may be modified to act as heating elements to seal the wrapping material about articles a. However, in the embodiment shown in the drawing a fourth conveyor means is provided for this purpose and is preferably posi tioned generally above upper guide means 2. The conveyor means comprises a pair of endless belts 2t) and 21 having a plurality of spaced pusher bars 22 extending therebetween. The lower reach of the conveyor means passes through openings and 2e and travels substantially horizontally at an elevation just below guide means 2. The leading surfaces of pusher bars 22 have attached thereto heating bands 23 which are provided with electrical current or current impulses while moving through a predetermined length of the conveyor course. For this purpose, as best seen in FIGURE 2, the ends of heating bands 23 are connected to carbon brushes 24 and 25 which during a portion of their circuit contact current feed rails 26 and 27.

A final conveyor means, not a part of this invention, is provided at the end of the fourth conveyor means, and comprises a conveyor belt 29* provided with pusher ele ments 28 which feed the articles a into apparatus not shown for further handling as may be necessary. It is to be understood that each of the endless conveyor means hereinbefore described is rotated in the direction of the arrows in FIGURE 1 by suitable sources of power not shown.

In operation, an individual article to be wrapped is lowered onto lower guide means 3 from stacking means 1. One of the pusher bars 6 engages the trailing surface of article a and conveys the same between lower guide means 3 and upper guide means 2. In the course of this conveyance, the leading surface of article a engages wrapping material e which is suspended transversely across the path thereof. As movement of article a continues, wrapping material 2 covers the leading top and bottom surfaces thereof in a U-shaped form, the ends of the two U shanks trailing behind the trailing surface of article a. As the article approaches the end of the first conveyor means, pusher bar 12; of the second conveyor means passes through opening 2b, folds down the upper U shank of wrapper material a and tightly engages it with the trailing surface of the article as best seen in FIGURE 3. Pusher bar 13 then continues the forward movement of the article toward the end of the second conveyor means. At this point, pusher bar 16 passes through opening 30, folds up the lower U shank of wrapper e to tightly overlap the upper U shank already in place, as shown in FIG- URE 4. Pusher bar 16 now takes over conveyance of article a, and since the speed of pusher bar 16 is greater than that of pusher bar 13, the wrapped article is pushed out of contact with bar 13 before the same swings through opening 2c in its path of rotation, as seen in FIGURE 4. This prevents pusher bar 13 from accidentally displacing the upper U shank of wrapper e. As article a approaches the end of the third conveyor means, forward movement is provided by pusher bar 22. When the pusher bar 16 reaches the position where the article is about to be engaged by the pusher bar 22 of the fourth conveyor means the speed of pusher bar 16 has been decreased so that it is traveling at a linear speed less than the speed of the pusher bar 22. Therefore, article a is pushed out of contact of pusher bar 16 by pusher bar 22 and prevents accidental displacement of the lower U shank, as best seen in FIGURE 5. As carbon brushes 24 and 25 contact current feed rails 26 and 27, electric current or current impulses are fed to heating band 23 and the overlapped U shanks are heat sealed.

After the overlapped seam has been sealed, a further conveyor comprising conveyor belt 29 and pusher element 28 feeds the article which is now covered with the tubelike wrap into apparatus not shown which completes folding and sealing of the wrapper about the sides of article a.

It will, therefore, be seen that there has been provided by this invention an apparatus by which the various objects hereinbefore set forth, together with many practical advantages, are successfully achieved.

As various possible embodiments may be made of the features of this invention, all without departing from the scope thereof, it is to be understood that all matters herein set forth or shown in the acompanying drawing are to be interpreted in an illustrative and not in a limiting sense. The terminology used in this specification is for the purpose of description and not limitation, the scope of the invention being defined in the claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In an apparatus for wrapping an article: means for guiding said article in a substantially straight-line path; a first endless conveyor means adjacent said guide means having one reach to engage and move said article along a first portion of said path; means associated with said first conveyor means for feeding wrapping material across the path of said article in a transverse direction thereto whereby the wrapping material covers the article in a substantially U-shaped conformation having a pair of shank portions trailing therebehind; a second endless conveyor means having one reach cooperating with said first conveyor means to engage and move said article along a second portion of said path, said second conveyor means engaging and wrapping the first of said shank portions about the trailing surface of said article as it moves the article along said straight-line path; a third endless conveyor means adjacent said guide means having one reach cooperating with said second conveyor means to engage and move said article along a third portion of said path, said third conveyor means engaging and wrapping the second of said shank portions about the trailing surface of said article as it moves the article along said straightline path; and means to drive each of said conveyor means.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the third conveyor means includes means to engage and wrap the second shank portion in an overlapping relation to the first shank portion of said wrapping material.

3. Apparatus according to claim 2 wherein the third conveyor means includes means to seal the overlapped shank portions of said Wrapping material.

4. Apparatus according to claim 1 including means to drive the third conveyor means at a speed varying from that of the second conveyor means.

5. Apparatus according to claim 4 wherein the drive means moves the third conveyor means at a speed greater than that of the second conveyor means as said third conveyor means engages said article.

6. Apparatus according to claim 2 including also a fourth endless conveyor means adjacent said guide means having one reach cooperating with said third conveyor means to engage and move said article along a fourth portion of said path, said fourth conveyor means including means to seal the overlapped shank portions of said wrapping material.

7. Apparatus according to claim 6 including means to drive the third conveyor means at a speed varying from that of the fourth conveyor means.

8. Apparatus according to claim 7 wherein the drive means moves the third conveyor means at a speed lesser than that of the fourth conveyor means as said fourth conveyor means engages said article.

9. In an apparatus for wrapping an article: means for guiding said article in a substantially horizontal straightline path; a first endless conveyor means positioned generally below said guide means and having a substantially horizontal upper reach to engage and move said article along a first portion of said guide means; means associated with said first conveyor means for feeding wrapping material across the path of said article in a transverse direction thereto whereby the wrapping material covers the article in a substantially U-shaped conforma tion having top and bottom shank portions trailing therebehind; a second endless conveyor means positioned generally above said guide means and having a substantially horizontal lower reach cooperating with said first conveyor means to engage and move said article along a second portion of said guide means, said second conveyor means engaging and wrapping the top shank portion about the trailing surface of said article as it moves the article along said guide means; a third endless conveyor means positioned generally below said guide means and having a substantially horizontal upper reach cooperating with said second conveyor means to engage and move said article along a third portion of said guide means, said third conveyor means engaging and Wrapping the bottom shank portion about the trailing surface of said article as it moves the article along said guide means; and means to drive each of said conveyor means.

10. Apparatus according to claim 9 wherein the third conveyor means includes means to engage and wrap the bottom shank portion in an overlapping relation to the top shank portion of said wrapping material.

11. Apparatus according to claim 10 wherein the third conveyor means includes means to seal the overlapped shank portions of said wrapping material.

12. Apparatus according to claim 9 including means to drive the third conveyor means at a speed varying from that of the second conveyor means.

13. Apparatus according to claim 12 wherein the drive means moves the third conveyor means at a speed greater than that of the second conveyor means as said third conveyor means engages said article.

14. Apparatus according to claim 10 including also a fourth endless conveyor means adjacent said guide means having one reach cooperating with said third conveyor means to engage and move said article along a fourth portion of said guide means, said fourth conveyor means including means to seal the overlapped shank portions of said wrapping material.

15. Apparatus according to claim 14 including means to drive the third conveyor means at a speed varying from that of the fourth conveyor means.

16. Apparatus according to claim 15 wherein the drive means moves the third conveyor means at a speed lesser than that of the fourth conveyor means as said fourth conveyor means engages said article.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3306003 *Apr 3, 1963Feb 28, 1967W O Hickok Mfg CompanyPackage wrapping machine
US3507089 *May 11, 1967Apr 21, 1970Brown & Williamson TobaccoBundling machine
US3507091 *Nov 23, 1966Apr 21, 1970Brown & Williamson TobaccoOverwrapping machine
US3942298 *Sep 25, 1974Mar 9, 1976August MatzingerMethod of and apparatus for packaging an annular object
US4489533 *Dec 6, 1982Dec 25, 1984Hobart CorporationPackage handling in a film wrapping machine
US4624096 *Nov 4, 1983Nov 25, 1986Barbara NordstromHigh speed wrapping machine
US5046258 *Feb 2, 1989Sep 10, 1991Molins PlcWrapping machines
US5794413 *Mar 13, 1997Aug 18, 1998G.D Societa' Per AzioniProduct overwrapping method
EP0395809A1 *May 5, 1989Nov 7, 1990Molins PlcWrapping machine
EP0548047A1 *May 5, 1989Jun 23, 1993Molins PlcWrapping machines
EP0555852A1 *Feb 11, 1993Aug 18, 1993G.D Societa' Per AzioniOverwrapping machine for continuously packing products in tubular wrappings
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/230
International ClassificationB65B11/06, B65B11/10
Cooperative ClassificationB65B11/10
European ClassificationB65B11/10