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Publication numberUS3127929 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 7, 1964
Filing dateMay 29, 1961
Priority dateMay 29, 1961
Publication numberUS 3127929 A, US 3127929A, US-A-3127929, US3127929 A, US3127929A
InventorsRingquist Clarence L
Original AssigneeTrane Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air conditioning system with one pipe heating and cooling
US 3127929 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. L. RINGQUIST April 7, 1964 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WITH ONE PIPE HEATING AND COOLING Filed May? 29, 1961 mwwzmqzoo MN O 2 mm on 562328 EEG:

INVENTOR.

CLARENCE L. RINGQUIST Aww ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,127,929 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WITH ONE PIPE HEATTNG AND CODLING Clarence L. Ringquist, La Crosse, Wis., assignor to The Trane Company, La Crosse, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Filed May 29, 1961, Ser. No. 121,287 7 Claims. (Cl. 165-22) This invention relates generally to a combination heating and cooling air conditioning system and more specifically to an air conditioning system in which heated and chilled water is available to the heat exchange members at all times, if desired.

In recent years the air conditioning industry has tended to provide air conditioning systems in which a supply of hot and cold water is provided simultaneously to the heat exchange members in the system. Prior to this invention a separate heat exchange coil for each source of water was provided in each heat exchange unit. In other words, each heat exchange unit normally would have two heat exchange coils, one for the hot fluid and one for the cold fluid.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an air conditioning system in which both hot and cold heat exchange fluid may be supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit and the heat exchange unit requires only a single heat exchange coil.

Another object of the invention is to provide an air conditioning system in which both hot and cold heat exchange fluid may be supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit through a one-pipe heating and a one-pipe cooling conduit system.

A third object of the invention is to provide an air conditioning system in which hot and cold heat exchange fluid may be supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit and in which the cold fluid is conditioned by a refrigeration system and the hot fluid may partially or wholly be heated by the condenser of the refrigeration system.

A fourth object of the invention is to provide an air conditioning system in which hot and cold heat exchange fluid may by supplied simultaneously to a heat exchange unit and in which the hot and cold fluid is supplied to 'the units in a one-pipe type of circulation system. To elucidate, a single cold supply pipe and a single hot pipe are supplied to each zone and the desired heat exchange fluid is taken from one of these pipes and fed through the heat exchange coil. The fluid passing through the heat exchange coil is then returned back to the supply from whence it came and is mixed with the heat exchange fluid being supplied to the other units on this pipe.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be clearly apparent as the specification proceeds to describe the invention with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

The figure is.a schematic view of the preferred form of an air conditioning system incorporating the principles of my invention.

Looking now to the figure, there is shown the preferred form of my invention. For the basis of a disclosure, a plurality of heat exchange units 10 and 12 with a single heat exchange coil 14 are located in a plurality of zones 15 (shown in dotted lines), the number of units and the number of zones depending upon the particular requirements of the enclosure to be conditioned. Heat exchange units 10 are shown in the position to receive cold heat exchange fluid and heat exchange unit 12 are shown receiving hot heat exchange fluid.

Chilled water is supplied to each heat exchange unit from chiller 16 by chilled water pump 18. Hot water 3,127,329 Patented Apr. 7, 1964 "ice is supplied to each heat exchange unit from heater 20 by hot water pump 22.

A refrigeration system consisting of compressor 23, condensers 24 and 26, expansion means 28, and chiller 16 is employed to cool the returning chilled water and to heat the returning hot water. As is usual in refrigeration systems, hot gas is supplied from compressor 23 to either or both of condensers 24 and 26. The liquified condensed refrigerant from condensers 24 and 26 is then expanded through expansion means 28 into chiller 16 to cool the returning chilled water. Vaporized refrigerant is returned from chiller 16 to compressor 23 for compression and is re-cycled through the system. Valves 31) are provided so that all or part of the hot gas may be condensed in condenser 24 to heat the warm return water in order to utilize the heat normally rejected. Heater 20 is necessary under conditions when the amount of heat rejected by condenser 24 is not suflicient to heat the warm water to a high enough temperature to handle the heating requirements of the area to be conditioned.

Operation The operation of only two units 10 and 12 in only one zone will be discussed keeping in mind that the other units in the zone and in other zones operate in the same manner. As pointed out previously, unit 10 is shown in the cold water receiving position and unit 12 is shown in the hot water receiving position. It being understood that in extreme weather conditions when either all heating or all cooling is required in the conditioned areas that either the refrigeration system or the heating system may be shut down in order to save operating expense.

Each heat exchange unit 10 or 12 is provided with a single heat exchange coil 14 with temperature responsive three-way valves 32 and 33 connected thereto with valve 32 connected at the inlet end and valve 33 at the outlet end. Hot water from conduit 34 is supplied to conduit 36 and cold water from conduit 38 is supplied to conduit 40.

Looking at heat exchange unit 10, cold water flows from conduit 40 through conduit 42, three-way valve 32, conduit 44, heat exchange coil 14, conduit 46, three-way valve 33, conduit 48, and back into conduit 40 where it mixes with the water flowing to the units further down the line. This type of cooling system will herein be referred to as a one-pipe cooling system.

Heat exchange unit 12 conversely is being supplied hot water from conduit 36. Hot water flows from conduit 36 successively through conduit 50, three-way valve 32, conduit 44, heat exchange coil 14, conduit 46, threeway valve 33, and conduit 52 back into hot water conduit 36 where it mixes with the hot water being supplied to the other heat exchange units further down the line. This of heating system is conversely referred to as a onepipe system.

The hot and cold fluid in conduits 36 and 4-0 is returned to the heater 20 and the chiller 16 by way of conduit-s 54 and 56 respectively.

Thermostatic three-ways 32 and 33 on each heat exchange unit operate simultaneously in response to the temperature sensed by thermostat 58. When cooling is required by thermostat 5 8, both valves 32 and 33 place the heat exchange coil 14 in flow relation with the chilled water conduit 40. When heating is required in the area sensed by thermostat 58 valves 32 and 33 are reversed and the heat exchange coil 14 is placed in flow relationship with the hot heat exchange fluid conduit 36. The particular construction and control of the valves 32 and 33 is not described and any commercially available valve and control therefor will suflice for the purpose of this invention.

Pipe Ts 60 are shown at junction of the conduits supplying heat exchange fluid to the heat exchange units. Such Ts are only exemplary and it is Within the scope of the invention to use any other suitable connecting means such as commercially available flo-fittings.

As herein described I have provided a new and novel air conditioning system employing only a single heat exchange coil for each heat exchange unit in the system and at the same time supply said heat exchange coils with a conduit system which requires only two pipes but yet offers hot and cold fluid to each unit simultaneously.

Although I have described in detail the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is contemplated that many changes may be made Without departing from the scope or spirit of my invention and I desire to be limited only by the claims.

I claim:

1. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a compressor, an evaporator, and a condenser interconnected to provide a refrigeration system, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said condenser to said areas, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said evaporator to said areas, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said areas back to said condenser, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said areas back to said evaporator, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first conduit and said third conduit, a sixth conduit connected directly to said second and fourth conduits, first conduit means connected to said fifth conduit to conduct hot fluid from said fifth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said fifth conduit, second conduit means connected to said sixth conduit to conduct cold fluid from said sixth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said sixth conduit, and valve means operably connected to said first and second conduit means to selectively control the flow of hot and cold fluid via said first and second conduit means respectively to and from said coil in response to load conditions in said area.

=2. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of zones with each one zone having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a source of hot fluid, a source of cold fluid, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said source of hot fluid to said zones, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said source of cold fluid to said zones, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said zones back to said source of hot fluid, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said zones back to said source of cold fluid, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first conduit and said third conduit, a sixth conduit connected directlly to said second and fourth conduits, first conduit means connected to said fifth conduit to conduct hot fluid from said fifth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said fifth conduit, second conduit means connected to said sixth conduit to conduct cold fluid firo m said sixth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said sixth conduit, and valve means operably connected to said first and second conduit means to selectively control the flow of hot and cold fluid via said first and second conduit means respectively to and from said coil in response to load conditions in said area.

3. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a source of hot fluid, a source of cold fluid, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said source of hot fluid to said areas, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said source of cold fluid to said areas, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said areas back to said source of hot fluid, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said areas back to said source of cold fluid, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first conduit and said third conduit, a sixth conduit connected directly to said second and fourth conduits, first conduit means connected to said fifth conduit to conduct hot fluid from said fifth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said fifth conduit, second conduit means connected to said sixth conduit to conduct cold fluid from said sixth conduit through said heat exchange coil and back into said sixth conduit, and valve means operably connected to said first and second conduit means to selectively control the flow of hot and cold fluid via said first and second conduit means respectively to and from said coil in response to load conditions in said area.

4. The structure of claim 3 wherein said valve means are thermostaticallyoperated valves.

5. The structure of claim 4 wherein said thermostatically operated valves are three-Way valves, each with one port operably associated with said heat exchange coil, a second port connected to said first conduit means, and a third port connected to said second conduit means.

6. An air conditioning system for a space having a plurality of areas with similar heating and cooling requirements, a source of hot fluid, a source of cold fluid, a first conduit for conducting hot fluid from said source of hot fluid to said areas, a second conduit for conducting cold fluid from said source of cold fluid to said areas, a third conduit for conducting hot fluid from said areas back to said source of hot fluid, a fourth conduit for conducting cold fluid from said areas back to said source of cold fluid, at least one heat exchange unit in each of said areas, said heat exchange unit having a heat exchange coil therein, a fifth conduit connected to said first and third conduits, a sixth conduit connected directly to said second and fourth conduits, a first thermostatically operated valve means connected to said fifth and sixth conduits and to the inlet side of said coil, a second thermostatically operated valve means connected to said fifth and sixth conduits and to the outlet side of said coil, and control means to place said heat exchange coil in fluid communication with said fifth conduit when the temperature of the conditioned space is below a certain predetermined temperature and to place said heat exchange coil in fluid communication with said sixth conduit When the temperature of the conditioned space is above a certain predetermined temperature.

7. The structure of claim 6 wherein said first and second thermostatically operated valve means are three-way valves with one port operably associated with said heat exchange coil and the other ports are connected to said fifth and sixth conduits.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent N0e 3,127,929 pril 7' 1964 Clarence LB Ringquist he above. numbered pet- It is hereby certified that error appears in t Patentshould read as ent requiring correction and that the said Letters corrected below.

Column 2, line 54, after- "This" insert type column 3, line 42, strike out "one".

and sealed this 18th day of August l94.

Signed (S AL) Attest:

ERNES R) SWIDER EDWARD J. BRENNER Aitesting Officef Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2787128 *Nov 28, 1952Apr 2, 1957Carrier CorpMethod and apparatus for heating and cooling a compartmented enclosure
US2935857 *Feb 19, 1957May 10, 1960Alden I McfarlanAir conditioning
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3256929 *May 8, 1964Jun 21, 1966IttPiping system providing instantaneous changeover from heating to cooling and vice versa
US3276516 *Apr 26, 1965Oct 4, 1966Worthington CorpAir conditioning system
US3378062 *Oct 27, 1966Apr 16, 1968Trane CoFour pipe heat pump apparatus
US3425485 *Jun 28, 1967Feb 4, 1969Borg WarnerAir conditioning unit and pump for single pipe system
US3593780 *May 7, 1969Jul 20, 1971Donnelly James PatrickHeating and cooling system
US3603379 *Apr 8, 1969Sep 7, 1971Carrier CorpHeating and cooling system
US3823572 *Aug 15, 1973Jul 16, 1974American Air Filter CoFreeze protection device in heat pump system
US4269036 *Aug 15, 1979May 26, 1981Gomi Patent OfficeFood defrosting apparatus
US4510762 *Mar 26, 1984Apr 16, 1985H. Krantz Gmbh & Co.Heat recovery method
US4559788 *Sep 26, 1983Dec 24, 1985Mcfarlan Alden IAir conditioning system and method
US4719763 *Mar 13, 1986Jan 19, 1988Hellmut TietzeDevice for changing the temperature of a room
US4796439 *Oct 28, 1987Jan 10, 1989Takenaka Komuten Co., Ltd.Air conditioning system
US5183102 *Nov 15, 1991Feb 2, 1993The Montana Power CompanyHeating and cooling system
US5784893 *Apr 10, 1997Jul 28, 1998Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaAir conditioning system with built-in intermediate heat exchanger with two different types of refrigerants circulated
US8397799 *Mar 27, 2012Mar 19, 2013Joseph G. BleckerAutomatic switching two pipe hydronic system
US20120181009 *Mar 27, 2012Jul 19, 2012Blecker Joseph GAutomatic Switching Two Pipe Hydronic System
EP0266680A2 *Oct 29, 1987May 11, 1988Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd.Air conditioning system
EP0281762A2 *Feb 4, 1988Sep 14, 1988Takenaka Komuten Co. Ltd.Air conditioning system for buildings
EP0730124A2 *Mar 1, 1996Sep 4, 1996Sanden CorporationHeating/cooling unit used in room air conditioning system
WO1993010408A1 *Nov 10, 1992May 27, 1993Montana Power CompanyHeating and cooling system
WO2004068037A1 *May 5, 2003Aug 12, 2004Frigor System Di Calzoni IConditioning device
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/221, 165/50, 62/435, 62/159
International ClassificationF24F3/06, F24F3/08, F25B29/00
Cooperative ClassificationF24F3/08, F25B29/003
European ClassificationF24F3/08