Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3128618 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 14, 1964
Filing dateMay 25, 1959
Priority dateMay 25, 1959
Publication numberUS 3128618 A, US 3128618A, US-A-3128618, US3128618 A, US3128618A
InventorsDe Vines Hollis L
Original AssigneeSchlage Lock Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Key shut out for locks
US 3128618 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 14, 1964 H. L. DE VINES 3 12 1 KEY SHUT OUT FOR LOCKS Filed May 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

HOLLIS L. DEVINES April 14, 1964 H. L. DE VINES 3,128,618

KEY SHUT OUT FOR LOCKS I Filed May 25, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

HOLLIS L. DEVINES United States Patent 3,128,618 KEY SHUT OUT FOR LQCKS Hollis L. De Vines, San Mateo, Calif., assignor to Schiage Lock Company, a corporation Fiied May 25, 1959, Ser. No. 815,722 Claims. (Cl. 70364) This invention relates to locks and more particularly to a means for shutting out a key from the lock cylinder in which it is adapted to operate.

In some locks it is desirable to be able to lock the door so that it cannot be opened by means of the usual master key. For example, in hotels it is customary for the maid to be provided with a master key which will operate any lock on a particular floor. In such cases each guest is, of course, provided with a change key which operates his particular lock and no other. Although most locksets may be locked fro-m inside a room to prevent entrance without a key, such locking means does not prevent operation by means of a change key or master key. It is therefore desirable for the guest to be able to lock out a master key while the guest is in the room.

Heretofore key shut out mechanisms have been provided which engage the end of the key as the latter is inserted in the keyway. However, such mechanisms have not been entirely satisfactory because the lockset structure has not permitted suflicient resistance to be developed against entrance of the key. In other words, in those mechanisms wherein the leading end of the key is engaged by an obstruction to prevent complete entrance of the key into the keyway, such obstruction has not been sufiiciently strong to prevent forcible insertion of the key and it has been possible to effect an unauthorized operation of the look by kicking or otherwise forcing the key into the keyway against the resistance of the obstruction.

It should be noted in this connection that the type of key shut out contemplated by the present invention not only provides for privacy of the guest but may also be used to shut out one who is in possession of a change key against forcible entrance 'with the aid of such change key. It is therefore necessary that the shut out structure be sufiiciently strong to withstand heavy loads tending to insert the key in the keyway.

The main object of the present invention is therefore the provision of an improved key shut out device which is more rugged than those heretofore developed for the same purpose.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a key shut out which incorporates a wedging action between the key and the key obstruction to prevent entrance of the key in the keyway; such wedging action developing considerably more resistance than has been developed heretofore.

Still another object of the invention is the provision of a key shut out incorporating a lock indicator which indicates to one on the outside of a door that the lockset is in locked position.

Yet another object of the invention is the provision of a key shut out mechanism which lends itself to operation in a look so that a special key may be readily formed to operate the lock even when the key shut out means is in locked position. In this connection it should be noted that prior art devices of like nature which have provided an obstruction to engage the leading end of the key have contemplated the use of a short key shank for operating the lockset even when the shut out is actuated. However, in such a case it is a simple matter for one to shorten a pass key either by cutting off the leading end or by abrading it on, and thus operate the lock. By the present invention the special key must be provided with a longitudinally extending groove which is not readily formed except by special equipment.

Other objects and advantages will be seen from the following specification and from the attached drawings:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section through a lock cylinder showing the invention provided in the cylinder plug and in an unlocked position.

FIG. 2 is a cross section through the cylinder of FIG. 1 as taken along lines 22 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1 but with the cylinder in locked position.

FIG. 4 is a cross section through the cylinder of FIG. 3 as taken along lines 44 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is a side elevation of a conventional change key for operation of the cylinder of FIGS. 1-4.

FIG. 6 is a cross section of the shank of the change key of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 is a side elevation of a special key adapted to operate the cylinder in the locked position of FIGS. 3, 4.

FIG. 8 is a cross section of the shank of the special key of FIG. 7.

FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the elements of the cylinder of FIGS. 1-4.

FIGS. 10-13 are views similar to FIGS. 1-4 respectively showing a modified form of the invention.

FIG. 14 is a cross section of a cylinder showing another modified form of the invention in unlocked position.

FIG. 15 is a cross section similar to FIG. 14 showing the cylinder in locked position.

In detail, and with reference to FIGS. 1-4 and 9 the invention is shown incorporated in a conventional pin tumbler locking mechanism, having an outer cylinder 1 which includes an integral tongue 2 (FIG. 2) for containing the pin tumblers (not shown).

Rotatable within cylinder 1 is a plug 3 which is provided with a central longitudinally extending keyway 4 broached or otherwise formed to a section complementary to that of the key 5 (FIG. 5) adapted to operate therein.

The outer end of plug 3 is provided with a circumferentially extending flange 6 rotatable on the outer end 7 of the cylinder 1. Plug 3 is also provided at its inner end with screw threads 10 which are adapted to threadedly receive an internally threaded cap 11. Interposed between cap 11 and the inner end of plug 3 is a disk 12 which is formed with a central boss 13 received within a central aperture 14 in cap 1i1.

Disk 12 is in engagement with the end plate 15 of the shut out mechanism generally designated 16. Said mechanism includes a relatively long pin 17 rigidly secured at one end to plate 15 and a short pin 18 similarly secured to plate 15.

Pin 17 is slidably received in a bore 20 extending longitudinally through plug 3 and offset from the central axis of said plug. Pin 18 is similarly received in a bore 21 on the opposite side of said axis and extending inwardly from the inner end of plug 3 and terminating in a bottom 22 within said plug. Interposed between said bottom 22 and the free end of pin 18 is a compression spring 25 which urges the shut out mechanism outwardly of the inner end of plug 3 at all times.

End plate 15 of the shut out mechanism is formed with a pair of opposite ears 26, 27 (FIG. 9) to which are secured the inner ends of pins 17, 18 and said ears are slidably received in a pair of slots 28, 29 respectively in the inner end of plug 3. Plug 3 is also formed with a central recess 30 at its inner end for receiving therein the end plate 15 of the shut out mechanism 16 so that said end plate may be moved from the outer position of FIG. 1 to the inner position of FIG. 3.

Disk 12 (FIG. 9) is provided with a central slot 33 through which is received an actuator bar 34 for actuating the latchbolt locking mechanism (not shown). At assembly, retracting bar 34 is inserted through slot 33 in disk 12 and said bar and disk are placed between cap 11 and end plate 15. When plug 3 is received within cylinder 1 pins 17, 18 are then inserted into bores 20, 21 with the spring 25 in the latter. Screw cap 11 is then tightened on plug 3 and a small securing pin 36 (FIG. 9) is passed through one of a plurality of notches 37 formed in cap 11 around its central aperture 14, through a corresponding notch 39 in disk 12 and press fitted into a small bore in the end of plug 3.

Bar 34 is upset at its inner end as indicated at 40 and said upset portion fits within a complementarily formed notch (not shown) in disk 12 to prevent withdrawal of said bar through slot 33.

The plug 3 of FIG. 1 is provided with a transversely extending bore 44 which extends from the sidewall of said plug 3 (FIG. 9) and into the keyway 4 (FIG. 1). The outer end of said bore is of course closed by the cylinder 1 at assembly. Received within bore 44 is a ball 45 which is free for movement in said bore but the diameter of said ball is large enough so that it cannot be completely received within keyway 4.

Pin 17 is provided with a notch 46 having slanted sides 48 so that when said pin is in its inner or normal position of FIG. 1 the ball 45 may be partially received within said notch so that the ball does not offer any interference to shank 47 of the key being inserted in keyway 4. However, when the pin 17 is moved to its projected position of FIG. 3 so that notch 46 does not register with ball 45 the latter is forced into keyway 4 and held there providing an obstruction to insertion of key shank 47 therein (FIG. 4).

Upon return of the pin 17 to its normal position of FIG. 1 the key 5 may then operate the lock because insertion of the same into the keyway 4 moves the ball along bore 44 into notch 46 in the pin 17.

It will be apparent that considerably more resistance to insertion of the keyway is present with the structure of FIG. 4 than would exist if the end plate of the shut out mechanism were relied on to prevent complete insertion of the key. By the structure of FIGS. 1-4 it would be necessary to deform the material of the key along almost its entire length in order to insert it completely in the keyway 4. For this reason it is preferable to position ball 45 relatively close to the outer end of plug 3.

The pin 17 in its projected position of FIG. 3 of course functions as an indicator for indicating that the mechanism is in locked condition.

As seen in FIGS. 7, 8 a special key 8 may be made to operate the cylinder despite the presence of ball 45 in keyway 4 by providing a longitudinally extending groove 50 in the key shank 48 which is adapted to receive ball 45 therein so that said shank may be inserted past said ball. Although the formation of groove 50 is a simple milling operation it cannot readily be done without a machine tool. Thus a relatively high degree of security is provided against duplication of the special key.

FIGS. 10-13 illustrate a modified form of the invention which includes the use of the shut out feature but without the indicator feature. In this case pin 53, which is similar in function to pin 17 in FIGS. 1-4, is received in a bore 54 which does not extend through the front end of plug 55. In lieu of a ball, a pin 56 may be provided which is formed with a hemispherical end to enter the keyway 57. The pin 53 is provided with a notch 58 cooperating with the squared end of pin 56 for the same purpose as above described. A pin such as pin 53 may also be provided in lieu of ball 45 in the structure of FIG. 1.

It may be desirable in some instances to position the blocking element so as to engage the key at a point at which the key has a relatively great thickness or where the groove formed in the special key does not interfere 4 with that portion of the key shank reserved for the notches which accommodate the pin tumblers. In such a case the plug 60 (FIGS. 14, 15) may be provided with a slanting bore 61 which is generally in alignment with the short slanting portion 62 of the keyway. The operation of the device in such a case is the same as described above.

It will be understood that the means for projecting the shut out mechanism 16 (FIG. 9) is conventional, and usually comprises a member which abuts the free end of bar 34 and forces the shut out mechanism to the position of FIG. 3. Such conventional means usually involves the use of a push button or turn button carried by the inner knob of the lockset, and which, when moved inwardly, locks the latch retracting mechanism against rotation. The actual means used to reciprocate bar 34 is therefore not described herein as the invention does not rely on any particular form of actuating means.

The very specific description herein set forth of the preferred form of the invention is not to be taken as restrictive thereof as it is obvious that minor variations in design may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

1. In a lock cylinder plug having a keyway extending longitudinally thereof, a bore formed in said plug and extending transversely thereof into said keyway, a key obstructing element movable from a position within said bore to a position partially within said keyway for blocking movement of a key along said keyway, an actuating pin slidably received in said plug and slidable from a first position permitting movement of said element in said bore out of said keyway to a second position blocking such movement, whereby a key is prevented by said element from being inserted along the length of said key way when said actuating pin is in said second position, said pin being formed with a notch intermediate its ends to receive said element therein when said pin is in said first position, and said notch being formed with a camming surface for urging said element toward said keyway when said pin is moved to said second position.

2. In a lock cylinder plug having a keyway extending longitudinally thereof and operatively connected with an actuator bar for actuating the retractor mechanism of an associated lockset, said actuator bar and plug being movable axially relative to each other, a bore formed in said plug and extending transversely thereof into said keyway, a key blocking element movable in said bore from a position within said keyway for blocking movement of a key along said keyway to a nonblocking position out of said keyway, an actuating pin supported in said plug for movement axially thereof from a holding position to an inoperative position and vice versa, said pin being provided with a portion adapted to move across the path of travel of said blocking element within said bore when said pin is moved to said holding position for holding said element in said blocking position and adapted to move out of the path of travel of said blocking element to an inoperative position permitting movement of said element out of said keyway to said nonblocking position when said pin is in said inoperative position, and means connecting said pin to said actuator bar for movement therewith.

3. In a lock cylinder plug having a keyway extending longitudinally thereof, a bore formed in said plug and extending transversely thereof into said keyway, a key blocking element movable in said bore from a position within said keyway for blocking movement of a key along said keyway to a nonblocking position out of said keyway, an actuating pin supported in said plug for movement axially thereof from a holding position to an inoperative position and vice versa, said pin being provided with a portion adapted to move across the path of travel of said blocking element within said bore when said pin is moved to said holding position for holding said element in said blocking position and adapted to move out of the path of travel of said blocking element to an inoperative position permitting movement of said element out of said keyway to said nonblocking position when said pin is in said inoperative position, said pin being formed with a notched portion adapted to move into registration with said bore when said pin is moved to said inoperative position for permitting movement of said element into said notched portion when said element is in said nonblocking position.

4. In a lock cylinder plug having a keyway extending longitudinally thereof, a bore formed in said plug, and extending transversely thereof into said keyway, a key obstructing element movable from a position within said bore to a position partially within said keyway for blocking movement of a key along said keyway, an actuating pin slid-ably received in said plug and slidable from a first position permitting movement of said element in said bore out of said keyway to a second position blocking such movement, whereby a key is prevented by said element from being inserted along the length of said keyway when said actuating pin is in said second position, said pin being formed with a notch intermediate its ends to receive said element therein when said pin is in said first position, said pin urging said element towards said keyway when the pin is moved to said second position, the outer end of said actuating pin being flush with the outer face of said plug when said pin is in the first position, and projecting outwardly of said face when the pin is in the second position to indicate that the keyway is blocked.

5. In a lock cylinder plug having a keyway extending longitudinally thereof, a bore formed in said plug, and extending transversely thereof into said keyway, a key obstructing element movable from a position Within said bore to a position partially within said keyway for blocking movement of a key along said keyway, an actuating pin slidably received in said plug and slidable from a first position permitting movement of said element in said bore out of said keyway to a second position blocking such movement, whereby a key is prevented by said element from being inserted along the length of said keyway When said actuating pin is in said second position, said pin being formed with a notch intermediate its ends to receive said element therein when said pin is in said first position, said pin urging said element towards said keyway when the pin is moved to said second position, the outer end of said actuating pin being flush with the outer face of said plug when said pin is in the first position, and projecting outwardly of said face when the pin is in the second position to indicate that the keyway is blocked, and spring means urging siad pin toward said first position at all times.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 446,176 Shaw Feb. 10, 1891 782,080 Stephens Feb. 7, 1905 1,782,464 Falk Nov. 25, 1930 1,821,361 Shaw Sept. 1, 1931 1,961,586 Heyer June 5, 1934 2,007,143 Keil July 2, 1935 2,018,093 Schlage Oct. 22, 1935 2,022,070 Williams et al. Nov. 26, 1935 2,087,554 Schoorel July 20, 1937 2,294,308 Larson Aug. 25, 1942 2,587,739 Kunz Mar. 4, 1952 2,738,666 Tornoe Mar. 20, 1956 2,836,973 Schillizzi June 3, 1958

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US446176 *Dec 8, 1890Feb 10, 1891 John h
US782080 *Apr 16, 1904Feb 7, 1905P & F CorbinPin-tumbler lock.
US1782464 *May 18, 1928Nov 25, 1930Morris FalkMaster key for cylinder locks
US1821361 *May 17, 1928Sep 1, 1931Sargent & CoLock key
US1961586 *Aug 16, 1930Jun 5, 1934Yale & Towne Mfg CoLock
US2007143 *Jun 13, 1934Jul 2, 1935Keil Francis & Son IncLock construction
US2018093 *Feb 23, 1932Oct 22, 1935Schlage Lock CoDoorlock
US2022070 *Mar 13, 1933Nov 26, 1935Knox M BroomLock
US2087554 *Oct 2, 1934Jul 20, 1937Keil Francis & Son IncLock construction
US2294308 *Oct 16, 1940Aug 25, 1942Larson Otto CCylinder lock
US2587739 *Aug 13, 1946Mar 4, 1952Mefina SaTumbler lock plug
US2738666 *Dec 1, 1952Mar 20, 1956Schlage Lock CoLocking mechanism
US2836973 *Oct 25, 1954Jun 3, 1958Salvatore S SchillizziAnti-pick cylinder lock
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3210975 *Dec 16, 1963Oct 12, 1965Ellison Best FrankHotel indicator lock
US3782143 *May 1, 1972Jan 1, 1974Schlage Lock CoPickproof lock cylinder
US3824819 *Apr 16, 1973Jul 23, 1974Schlage Lock CoLock indicator
US4312198 *Aug 9, 1979Jan 26, 1982Sedley Bruce SMagnetic key operated hotel door lock
US4953374 *Oct 10, 1989Sep 4, 1990Wiebe Jacob RSecure locking mechanism
US5269162 *Apr 29, 1993Dec 14, 1993Emhart Inc.Cylinder lock
US5778712 *Jul 26, 1995Jul 14, 1998Assa AbCylinder lock/key combination, a key and a key blank therefor
US6047577 *Oct 9, 1998Apr 11, 2000Klimas; FrankAbnormal use indicator for door lock
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/493, 70/420, 70/432
International ClassificationE05B17/00, E05B17/14
Cooperative ClassificationE05B17/14
European ClassificationE05B17/14