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Publication numberUS3128674 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 14, 1964
Filing dateJun 25, 1962
Priority dateJun 25, 1962
Publication numberUS 3128674 A, US 3128674A, US-A-3128674, US3128674 A, US3128674A
InventorsGanchar Leonard N, John Petro
Original AssigneeCommercial Shearing
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multiple stage telescopic cylinders
US 3128674 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 14, 1964 N. GANCHAR ETAL 3,128,674-

MULTIPLE STAGE TELESCOPIC` CYLINDERS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 25, 1962 April 14, 1964 f N, GANCHAR ETAL 3,128,674

MULTIPLE STAGE TELESCOPIC CYLINDERS Filed June 25, 1962 2vsneets-sheet 2 United States Patent O 3,128,674 MULTIPLE STAGE TELESCOPIC CYLINDERS Leonard N. Ganchar, Canlield, and John Petro, Hubbard, Ohio, assignors to Commercial Shearing & Stamping Company, Youngstown, Ohio Filed June 25, 1962, Ser. No. 204,844 6 Claims. (Cl. 91-167) This invention relates to multiple stage hydraulic cylinders and particularly to a multiple stage hydraulic cylinder which may be extended in controlled increments.

There has long been a need for a multiple stage telescopic cylinder which could be expanded in controlled positive increments and would be double acting. Such cylinders could be used in a variety of applications, such as for example, the packing cylinder in a refuse truck, in hydraulic press applications, in truck unloading devices or the like. Conventional telescopic cylinders operate slowly over short distances and are difficult to control. This creates very real problems where rapid expansion and contraction are required over a short distance so that only a small part of the cylinder is expanded, whereas full expansion is required cyclically or periodically. In the case of refuse trucks, for example, it is the practice to expand the cylinder over a very short distance periodically to move refuse into a storage portion of the truck remote from the charging door and to finally expand the cylinder over a measured portion of its length periodically to pack the refuse. In such applications, conventional telescopic hydraulic cylinders move too slowly and in the nal packing operation may expand too far and damage the truck assembly. No multiple stage cylinder suitable for the service herein described has, to our knowledge, heretofore been available.

The present invention provides a multiplicity of concentric double acting cylinders, one adapted to nest inside the other, to form a telescopic unit, a source of fluid under pressure, a piston member adapted to tit in the smaller of said cylinders, said smaller cylinders receiving fluid under pressure to extend the piston axially of the remaining concentric cylinders, inlet means into the remaining cylinders introducing uid under pressure into all of the cylinders except said smaller cylinder whereby to expand said cylinders axially one with the other, means supplying a continuous uid pressure on all cylinders constantly urging them toward the closed position and control means selectively delivering uid from the source of fluid to the said `smaller cylinder and the concentric cylinders to override the constant pressure urging the cylinders to the closed position.

In the foregoing general description we have set out certain objects, purposes and advantages of our invention. Other objects, purposes and advantages will be apparent from a consideration of the following description and the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a longitudinal section through a telescopic cylinder according to our invention;

FIGURE 2 is a section through the cylinder of FIG- URE 1 with all cylinders except one partially extended;

FIGURE 3 is a section through the cylinder of FIG- URE l with all cylinders extended;

FIGURE 4 is a section through the cylinder of FIG- URE l with only the base cylinder extended;

FIGURE 5 is a schematic showing of the cylinder of FIGURE 1 and hydraulic circuit for its operation; and

FIGURE 6 is a section on line Vl-VI of FIGURE 2.

Referring to the drawings we have illustrated a multiple stage telescopic cylinder made up of a plurality of nesting telescopic cylinders 12, 13 and 14 surrounding an inner smaller cylinder 11 carrying a piston 10. Fluid is continuously delivered from sump 15, through pump 16, and

3,128,674 Patented Apr. 14, 1964 ICC line 17 to inlet port 18 in the piston 10. An annular passage 19 carries the fluid through the body of the piston 1,0 to a passageway 20, communicating from the annular passage 19 to an annular space 21, surrounding the piston 10. Each of the cylinders 13, 14 and 11 are provided with similar annular spaces 13a, 14a and 11a, and with spaced passages through the walls 13b and 13C, 14b and 14e, and 11b and 11e. This fluid acts within the annular space to urge the cylinders into the closed position by acting, for example, upon the shoulder 13d of cylinder 13 and shoulder 12a of cylinder 12, and the corresponding shoulders of each other pair of cylinders. The uid passes around the stops 22 which are spaced annularly on each of the cylinders to prevent their being forced off one another.

When it is desired to extend cylinders 12, 13 and 14, fluid under pressure is delivered from pump 16 through valve 24 and line 23, into the port 25 from which it passes through axial duct 26 within the cylinder 11 into the enlarged area 27 with the cylinders 12, 13 and 14. As a result, all cylinders 12, 13 and 14 are elongated, overcoming the pressure of the fluid acting on the smaller shoulder areas 13a', for example, of the several cylinders. n

If it is desired to operate the small piston 10 alone, uid is introduced from the pump 16 through valve 28, line 29, into port 30. It passes along the annular axially extending passage 31, through port 32 into the area 313 between the piston 10 and the cylinder 11, thus forcing the piston 10 out of the cylinder 11.

When it is desired to operate all of the cylinders and the piston 10, both valves 24 and 28 are opened and fluid is introduced through both ports 18 and 30. When the valves 2S and 24 are closed, the uid is returned from the enlarged area 27, back through the line 23, the valve 24 and into return line 34, delivering the fluid back to sump 15 and simultaneously from the area 33 through line 29, valve 28 and line 34 to the sump 15. This is all accomplished by the continuous pressure which is applied on the shoulders of the cylinders by the fluid from the line 17 and port 18.

Trunnions 40 are provided on the outer housing of the cylinder 12 to mount the piston and cylinder assembly. A clevis 41 is provided on the end of piston 10 for attachment to a driving member to be operated by the piston.

While we have illustrated and described a presently preferred embodiment of our invention in the foregoing specification it will be understood that this invention may be otherwise embodied within the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. A multistage telescoping cylinder unit comprising a plurality of concentric cylinders, one adapted to nest inside the next adjacent one to form a telescopic unit, a source of fluid under pressure, a piston member adapted to fit the smallest of said cylinders, said smallest cylinder receiving fluid under pressure to extend the piston axially thereof, inlet means in the piston communicating with the interior of all of the cylinders introducing uid under pressureinto the interior of all of said cylinders except the smallest cylinder whereby the cylinders may be expanded, means supplying a continuous fluid pressure between the walls of the several cylinders constantly urging them towards the closed position and control means selectively delivering fluid from the source of fluid to the smallest cylinder and the concentric cylinders whereby to override the constant pressure urging the cylinders to the closed position.

2. A multistage telescoping cylinder unit comprising a plurality of concentric cylinders, one adapted to nest inside the next adjacent one to form a telescopic unit, a source of fluid under pressure, a piston member adapted to fit in the smallest of said cylinders, said smallest cylinder receiving uid under pressure to extend the piston axially thereof, inlet means in the piston communicating through the piston and smallest cylinder between the source of fluid and the interior of all of the cylinders introducing iuid under pressure into the interior of all of sa-id cylinders except the smallest cylinder whereby the cylinders may be expanded, means supplying a continuous iluid pressure between the Walls of the several cylinders constantly urging them towards the closed position and control means selectively delivering luid from the source of iluid to the smallest cylinder and 4the concentric cylinders whereby to override the constant pressure urging the cylinders to the closed position.

3. A multistage telescoping cylinder unit comprising a plurality of concentric cylinders, one adapted to nest inside the next adjacent one to form a telescopic unit, a source of uid under pressure, a piston member adapted to tit in the smallest of said cylinders, a chamber in the smallest cylinder at the end of the piston member, inlet means on the piston communicating between said chamber and the source of iluid, said smallest cylinder receiving uid under pressure through said inlet to extend the piston axially thereof, second inlet means in the piston communicating through the piston and smallest cylinder from the source of tluid to the interior of all of the cylinders introducing uid under pressure into the interior of all of said cylinders except the smallest cylinder whereby the cylinders may be expanded, third inlet means in the piston communicating With the source of fluid supplying a continuous lluid pressure between the walls of the several cylinders constantly urging them towards the closed position and control means selectively delivering fluid from the source of uid to the smallest cylinder and the concentric cylinders whereby to override the constant pressure urging the cylinders to the closed position.

4. A multistage telescoping cylinder unit comprising a plurality of concentric cylinders, one adapted to nest inside the next adjacent one to form a telescopic unit, and spaced from each other to form an annular space therebetween, a sealing shoulder adjacent each end of each such cylinder sealing engaging the next adjacent cylinder, a source of uid under pressure, a piston member adapted to t in the smallest of said cylinders, a chamber in the smallest cylinder at the end of the piston member, inlet means on the piston communicating between said chamber and the source of Huid, said smallest cylinder receiving iluid under pressure through said inlet to extend the piston axially thereof, second inlet means in the piston communicating with the interior of all of the cylinders introducing fluid under pressure into. the interior of all of said cylinders except the smallest cylinder whereby the cylinders may be expanded, third inlet means in the piston communicating with the source of uid supplying a continuous fluid pressure into the annular spaces between the walls of the several cylinders and bearing on the sealing shoulders constantly urging the cylinders towards the closed position and control means selectively delivering iluid from the source of fluid to the smallest cylinder and the concentric cylinders whereby to override the constant pressure urging the cylinders to the closed position;

5. A multistage telescoping cylinder comprising a plurality of concentric cylinders of successively larger diameters, one adapted to nest inside the next adjacent larger one to form a telescopic unit, a piston member adapted to t in the smallest of said cylinders, said smallest cylinder receiving fluid under pressure to extend the piston axially thereof, inlet means in the piston communicating with the interior of all of the cylinders admitting lluid under pressure into the interior of all of said cylinders except the smallest cylinder whereby the cylinders may be expanded, and inlet means admitting a continuous uid pressure between the walls of the several cylinders constantly urging them towards the closed position.

6. A multistage telescoping cylinder comprising a plurality of concentric cylinders of successively larger diameter, one adapted to nest inside the next adjacent larger one to form a telescopic unit, and spaced from each other to form an annular space therebetween, a sealing shoulder adjacent each end of each said cylinder sealing engaging the next adjacent cylinders to close said annular space, a piston member adapted to t in the smallest of said cylinders, a chamber in the smallest cylinder at the end of the piston member, inlet means on the piston communicating with said chamber, said smallest cylinder receiving uid under pressure through said inlet to extend the piston axially thereof, second inlet means in the piston communicating with the interior of all of the cylinders introducing fluid under pressure into the interior of all of said cylinders except the smallest cylinder whereby the cylinders may be expanded, third inlet means in said piston admitting a continuous fluid pressure and means communicating through the walls of said cylinders between the annular spaces whereby uid admitted by said third inlet means enters between the walls of the several cylinders constantly urging them towards the closed position.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3282357 *May 12, 1965Nov 1, 1966Bunn John RHydraulic derrick assembly
US3567098 *Dec 23, 1966Mar 2, 1971Bostitch Div Of TextronFastener driving apparatus operable under pressure conditions greater than line pressure
US3650142 *Jul 18, 1969Mar 21, 1972Western Electric CoMethod of and apparatus for decreasing the spacing between articles
US3957125 *Nov 21, 1973May 18, 1976Russell Jr Wayne BMulti-stage double-acting extendible and contractible shaft drive for drilling device
US4691617 *Feb 14, 1986Sep 8, 1987Arkansas Precision Hydraulics, Inc.Multi-section sweep cycle compaction cylinder
US4976187 *Aug 24, 1988Dec 11, 1990Crane Carrier CompanyFast sweep power cylinder for refuse trucks
US5322004 *Feb 25, 1993Jun 21, 1994Sims James OTelescoping fluid actuator
US5341724 *Jun 28, 1993Aug 30, 1994Bronislav VatelPneumatic telescoping cylinder and method
US6029559 *Apr 6, 1998Feb 29, 2000Grove U.S. L.L.C.Telescoping system with multiple single-stage telescopic cylinders
US6116140 *Apr 6, 1998Sep 12, 2000Grove U.S. L.L.C.Telescoping system with multi-stage telescopic cylinder
US8245805 *Feb 18, 2009Aug 21, 2012Actuant CorporationVehicle cab tilting device with telescopic tilting cylinder
US20110036084 *Feb 18, 2009Feb 17, 2011Roeland MallanVehicle cab tilting device with telescopic tilting cylinder
Classifications
U.S. Classification91/167.00R, 91/169, 91/417.00R
International ClassificationF15B15/00, F15B15/16
Cooperative ClassificationF15B15/16
European ClassificationF15B15/16