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Publication numberUS3131445 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 5, 1964
Filing dateJul 2, 1962
Priority dateApr 17, 1957
Publication numberUS 3131445 A, US 3131445A, US-A-3131445, US3131445 A, US3131445A
InventorsKurt Lorber
Original AssigneeKurt Lorber
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paper clip
US 3131445 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 5, 1964 PAPER CLIP Filed July 2, 1962 H91 Fig. 4. H95 F/ 'g.0'

INVENTOR Marl lard.-

flaucuz ffn't ATTORNEY K. LORBER 3,131,445

United States Patent 3,131,445 PAPER CLE Kurt Lorher, Aicheiberg nher Esslingen (Neckar), Germany Filed July 2, 1952, Ser. No. 206,573 Claims priority, appiieation Germany Apr. 17, 1957 9 Claims. (Cl. 2466) The present invention relates to a paper clip, and especially to one made of plastic. Such paper clips are preferably cast in the form of an endless strand with an outer U-shaped clamping member and an inner clamping member which is disposed substantially within the same plane as the outer member and is likewise U-shaped. At their free ends, the two clamping members are connected to each other by arcuate or similar crosswebs.

The application is a continuation-in-part application of my co-pending application Serial No. 727,454 filed April 9, 1958, now Patent No. 3,057,028, and entitled Paper Clip.

As the result of the flexibility and the smooth surface of the material, clips which are made of plastic have the tendencyjust like metal clips but usually even to a slightly greater extentto slide off the clipped papers, especially if a thin stack of them with numerous pages is to be held together.

It is therefore a principal object of the present invention to provide a paper clip of a design which considerably reduces or entirely overcomes the tendency of the clip to slide oiT the papers to which it is attached. A further object of the invention is to arrange and construct the means for attaining the mentioned purpose in such a manner that the resistance of the clip against sliding off the papers increases with the number of them which is to be held together, that is, with the thickness of the paper stack to be gripped.

A further object of the invention is to provide a paper clip of the above-mentioned design which is especially adapted to be made of plastics and may be manufactured very easily and economically.

An important feature of the present invention for attaining the mentioned objects consists in providing one of the two U-shaped clamping members of a paper clip with one or more projections of a leaflike or similar shape which extend toward the other clamping member. These projections are preferably provided on both longitudinal arms of one clamping member so as to form one or more pairs at both sides of the line of symmetry of the paper clip, and they are adapted to exert a clamping pressure upon the papers which are slipped between the two clamping members so as to be attached to each other.

By providing the mentioned projections on the longitudinal arms, the further important feature is attained that, when a tlr'n stack of pages or several thicker papers or the like are inserted between the clamping members of the paper clip, the projectionswhile pressing upon the paperswill be bent resiliently about the axes of the longitudinal arms to which they are integrally connected so that these arms will then act as torsion bars. Consequently, the thicker the stack of papers is which is inserted between the clamping members of the clip, the greater will be the spring pressure and gripping action which is exerted by the projections upon the papers and which prevents the paper clip from sliding off the papers.

The thin projections are preferably provided on the longitudinal arms of the outer clamping member and are directed inwardly so that, under the lateral pressure of the projections the papers which are inserted between the two clamping members will be bent around the inner clamping member and be tightly clamped between the latter and the projections.

According to another feature of the invention, the thin "ice projections are provided within a central part of the length of the longitudinal arms carrying the same. This permits these armsand especially the parts thereof which are free of the projections-to yield resiliently under the torsion which is exerted upon them when the paper clip is slipped over the papers.

Another very advantageous feature of the invention consists in providing the thin leaflike projections so as to increase in width in a wedgelike shape from the free ends of the longitudinal arms, that is, from the ends thereof which are connected by the crosswebs of the particular clamping member and which are first slipped over the papers to be clamped together. By thus being spaced from this entering end of the clip, the projection will not at such a time hook into the edges of the papers, but these edges will slide along the wedge-shaped edges of the projections and will be guided by the latter into the free narrow slot between the most projecting part of the projections and the arms of the other clamping member until the papers are firmly gripped between the two clamping members of the clip.

If desired, the projections may also be tapered at both ends or be made of a similar shape. For increasing the grip upon the papers, the clamping edges of the projections may be roughened or serrated.

The objects, features, and advantages of the invention will become more clearly apparent from the following detailed description thereof which is to be read with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 shows a longitudinal view of the paper clip according to a first embodiment of the invention;

FIGURE 2 shows a cross section taken along line 22 of FIGURE 1 but with the clip being slipped upon a thin flexible sheet of paper or the like;

FIGURE 3 shows a cross section similar to that according to FIGURE 2, but in which the clip is applied upon a thick cardboard or a small stack of paper sheets;

FIGURES 4 to 7 show longitudinal views of one half of each of four modifications of the invention; while FIGURE 8 shows a cross section taken along line 88 of FIGURE 7.

In the drawings, and first referring particularly to FIG- URE 1, the clip according to the invention is cast of a suitable plastic and consists of an outer clamping member 10 with two arms 10a and liib extending in the longitudinal direction of the clip which are connected at the lower ends by a curved crossweb of a greater width to form a U-shaped structure, and of an inner clamping member 11 with longitudinal arms 11a and 1111 which are likewise connected at their lower ends by a curved crossweb which is also preferably of a greater width. At their upper ends opposite to the crosswebs 10c and 11c the longitudinal arms of the two clamping members 10 and 11 are connected to each other by further curved crosswebs 12a and 12]: which preferably are likewise of a greater width. The entire clip is thus formed by one closed endless strand,

The rod-shaped arms 10a, 10b, 11a, and 11b preferably have in general a circular cross section, while the crosswebs 100, 110, 12a, and 12b have an elongated cross section of a thickness equal to the diameter of the arms. If desired, the arms of the clamping members may, however also have an oval or angular cross section, for example, one which is substantially square or rectangular.

According to the invention, the longitudinal arms of one of the two clamping members, preferably of the outer member 10, are provided with leaflike projections 13a and 1312 which we preferably cast integral therewith and are diposed substantially within the plane of the clip, facing toward the opposite arm of the other clamping member, for example, the inner one. These projections preferably have a thickness smaller than the diameter of the arms and extend, for example, along a distance 2 which is shorter than the length of the arms 18a and lltlb and may amount, for example, to /2 to of their length, thereby leaving the portions 1, and f of the longitudinal arms free of projections so that, when a torque is exerted upon these projections 13a and 13b, it will twist the arms about their longitudinal axes. The projections 13:; and 1311 are wedge-shaped increasing in width from the side of the lower crossweb ltlc, and they extend within the plane of the clamping member so that between each projection and the opposite arm 11a or lib of the other clamping member 11 which is bare of projections, the wedge-shaped edge 14 defines a gap 15 which decreases in width toward the upper end of the clamping members and terminates in a narrow slot 15a of a width which is preferably smaller than the diameter of the arms of the clamping members.

If desired, the wedge-shaped edge 14 may also be serrated, for example, as indicated at 16 at the right side of FIGURE 1.

In FIGURE 2 it is assumed that the paper clip is slipped only over a relatively thin flexible sheet of paper or the like. The projections 13a and 13b then remain substantially in their normal inactive position within the plane of the clip.

If, however, as illustnated in FIGURE 3, the paper clip is to be applied upon a relatively thick flexible piece 18 consisting, for example, of a small stack of pages which are to be fastened together, the resistance produced by this stack when the clip is slipped thereon causes the projections 13a and 13b to be turned in the opposite directions as shown by the arrows x and x so that the longitudinal anms Ida and 1% will be subjected to torsion. This torsion is exerted primarily upon the sections f and f of arms a and 10b which are free of the projections. Owing to the resilient pivoting of the pr0jections, they will then exent upon the paper stack 18 a pressure in the direction opposite to the arrows x and x which increases in accordance with the size of the angle to which they are pivoted. In accordance with this angle, the size of the gap between the projections and the arms of lake inner clamping member 11 is also enlarged. The stack of papers '18 is thus clamped tightly in enlarged gap between the projections and the arms of the inner clamping member, whereby any tendency of the clip to slide longitudinally relative to the stack 18 will also be strongly resisted. This resistance may be further increased if the wedge-shaped edges #16 are provided with the serrations 16. The wedgelike shape of these edges facilitates the insertion of papers into the clip in the direction of the arrow y.

In the embodiment of the invention as illustrated in FIGURE 4, in which only one half of each clamping member 114 and 111 is shown, each of the two arms of the outer clamping member 110 is provided with two thin wedge-shaped or similar projections 1 13a and 113b which are disposed behind each other in the longitudinal direction of the clip and the farthest inwjardly projecting points of which are spaced from the associated arm. of the inner clamping member 111 to define two narrow slots 115a and 11512. If desired, the projection 1135 may also be made of a uniform or substantially uniform width along its entire length.

By subdividing the projections into several projections on each arm of the outer clamping member, it is possible to increase the resilience of these arms in the direction in which the torsion is exerted thereon. By doubling the number of projections which act like barbs upon the stack of papers which are held together by the clip, the clamping or gripping effect of the clip upon this stack will also be improved and the resistance of the clip against sliding off the papers will also be considerably increased.

According to the further modification of the invention, as illustrated in FIGURE 5, the projections 213 on the arms of the outer clamping member 216 are wedge-shaped toward both ends so as to form the inclined edges 214 and 21%, while according to FIGURE 6, the projections 313 form at first a wedge-shaped edge 314 tapering outtardly from the arms of the clamping member 3-10 in the direction in which a stack of papers is slipped into the clip, and then a second section 314a, the edge of which extends substantially parallel to the arms of both clamping members 31% and 311 so that narrow slots 315a of a considerable length are formed between the adjacent arms of both members. The clamping edges of these projections, and especially those of the section 314a may again be serrated or roughened.

FIGURES 7 and 8 finally show a simplified modification of the invention, in which the projections 413 are formed by enlargements in width of the arms of the outer clamping member 410 which are bent inwardly toward the arms of the inner clamping member 411 so that a relatively long narrow slot .15 with tapered portions 414 at each end is formed between the clamping edge of each arm of the outer member 411 and the adjacent arm of the inner clamping member 412.

The projections on the clamping arms may also be made of any other desired shape as long as they produce the desired eifect of an additional resilient clamping action between them and the clamping arms. Although as previously described these projections are preferably provided on the arms of the outer clamping member, they may, instead, also be provided on the outer side of the arms of the inner clamping member, in which case the arms of the outer member are preferably made smooth to facilitate the insertion of a stack of papers between the outer and inner arms. The present invention is also not limited to paper clips which are made of plastic but it may also be applied to clips of other materials, for example, of metal.

Although my invention has been illustrated and described with reference to the preferred embodiments thereof, I wish to have it understood that it is in no way limited to the details of such embodiments, but is capable of numerous modifications within the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus fully disclosed my invention, what I claim is:

1. A paper clip of resilient material comprising, in combination, three leg portions arranged transversely spaced from each other; transverse connecting portions integrally connecting said leg portions at ends thereof to each other, said portions extending in unstressed condition of said clip substantially in one plane and said connecting portions connecting said leg portions to each other so that at least one of said leg portions can be twisted about the connecting portion connecting said one leg portion to an adjacent leg portion out of said plane; and at least one leaf-like wedge-shaped projection formed on one of said leg portions, having a thickness smaller than the leg portion on which it is formed and projecting from the leg portion on which it is formed toward a leg portion adjacent thereto to define therewith a gap tapering toward the connecting portion which connects the leg portion on which the projection is formed to the leg portion adjacent thereto, whereby, when papers are clamped together by said paper clip, said leaf-like projection will be turned out of said plane and apply a torsional moment to the leg portion to which it is connected creating thereby torsional forces increasing the clamping pressure of said clip.

2. A paper clip of resilient plastic material comprising, in combination, an outer substantially U-shaped clamping member having a pair of outer longitudinal leg portions and an outer transverse base portion connecting said pair of outer longitudinal leg portions at one of the ends thereof to each other, and an inner substantially U-shaped clamping member having a pair of inner longitudinal leg portions and an inner transverse base portion connecting said pair of inner longitudinal leg portions at one of the ends thereof to each other, said portions being located in unstressed condition of said clip substantially in one plane with said inner U-shaped clamping member located within said outer U-shaped clamping member and said inner and outer leg portions spaced from and substantially parallel to each other; a pair of connecting portions respectively connecting the free ends of said outer leg portions to the free ends of the inner leg portions adjacent thereto so that said portions form an endless member; and a pair of thin leaf-like, wedge-shaped projections respectively integrally formed with two of said longitudinal leg portions and projecting therefrom toward the leg portion adjacent thereto to form between a free longitudinal edge thereof and the leg portion adjacent thereto a gap tapering toward the respective connecting portion, whereby, when papers are clamped together by said paper clip, said projections will be turned out of said plane and apply torsional moments to the leg portions to which they are connected creating thereby torsional forces increasing the clamping pressure of said clip.

3. A paper clip as set forth in claim 2 in which the leg portions on which said projections are formed have a substantially circular cross section and in which said projections have a thickness substantially smaller than the leg portions on which they are formed.

4. A paper clip as set forth in claim 2 in which said free edge portion of said leaf-like, wedge-shaped projection includes with the axis of the leg portion on which it is formed a small acute angle.

5. A paper clip as set forth in claim 2 in which at least one of said projections is formed along at least part of the free edge thereof with serrations.

6. A paper clip as set forth in claim 2 in which said projections are formed only on said outer leg portions.

7. A paper clip as set forth in claim 2 in which said free edge portion of said leaf-like, wedge-shaped projection includes with the axis of the leg portion on which it is formed a small acute angle up to the smallest width of said gap while the edge portion of the projection facing said connecting portion includes with said axis an angle of substantially 90 so as to form a sharp corner on said projection at the smallest width of said gap.

8. A paper clip as set forth in claim 7 in which two projections forming said sharp corner are arranged 1ongitudinally spaced from each other on each of said outer leg portions.

9. A paper clip of resilient plastic material comprising, in combination, an outer substantially U-shaped clamping member having a pair of outer longitudinal leg portions and an outer transverse base portion connecting said pair of outer longitudinal leg portions at one of the ends thereof to each other, and an inner substantially U-shaped clamping member having a pair of inner longitudinal leg portions and an inner transverse base portion connecting said pair of inner longitudinal leg portions at one of the ends thereof to each other, said portions being located in unstressed condition of said clip substantially in one plane with said inner U-shaped clamping member located within said outer U-shaped clamping member and said inner and outer leg portions spaced from and substantially parallel to each other; a pair of connecting portions respectively connecting the free ends of said outer leg portions to the free ends of the inner leg portions adjacent thereto so that said portions form an endless member; and a pair of thin leaf-like, wedgeshaped projections respectively integrally formed with said outer longitudinal leg portions and projecting therefrom toward the inner leg portion adjacent thereto to form between a free longitudinal edge thereof and the inner leg portion adjacent thereto a gap tapering toward the respective connecting portion, whereby, when papers are clamped together by said paper clip, said projections will be turned out of said plane and apply torsional moments to the leg portions to Which they are connected creating thereby torsional forces increasing the clamping pressure of said clip.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 513,772 Farmer Jan. 30, 1894 623,987 Conover May 2, 1899 764,719 Gorton July 12, 1904 2,460,089 Johnson Jan. 25, 1949 2,927,359 Thomas Mar. 8, 1960 FOREIGN PATENTS 134,017 Germany Sept. 4, 1902 1,175,385 France Nov. 10, 1958 834,472 Great Britain May 11, 1960

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US513772 *Apr 27, 1893Jan 30, 1894 Clip for papers
US623987 *Apr 18, 1898May 2, 1899 Garment-fastener
US764719 *Jul 1, 1903Jul 12, 1904Robert GortonPaper-clip.
US2460089 *Jan 15, 1947Jan 25, 1949Hadley Company IncNecktie holder
US2927359 *Nov 26, 1957Mar 8, 1960Jr Fred G ThomasDiaper clip
DE134017C * Title not available
FR1175385A * Title not available
GB834472A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4389755 *Feb 12, 1981Jun 28, 1983Villa Real Antony Euclid CMulti-purpose paper-work organizer clip integrated with attachable detachable informative indicia
US4540034 *May 9, 1984Sep 10, 1985Amity Leather Products Co.Money clip and wallet
US5231735 *Apr 3, 1992Aug 3, 1993Paxton Jerre HaleClip for closing the folded end of a flexible bag
US5839167 *Apr 24, 1995Nov 24, 1998Wagner; Scott J.Article carrying clip
US8266770 *Jan 14, 2011Sep 18, 2012Tecco, Inc.Clip for fabrics
US8523029 *Dec 12, 2008Sep 3, 2013Safariland, LlcAttachment mount system for removably securing articles to molle/pals-compliant garments
US8622432Jan 17, 2013Jan 7, 2014Martin H. BloombergBinding element and associated method for binding
US8714596Dec 3, 2013May 6, 2014Martin H. BloombergBinding element and associated method for binding
US20120042479 *Jan 14, 2011Feb 23, 2012Haas David JClip for fabrics
US20120175390 *Dec 12, 2008Jul 12, 2012Prezine, LlcAttachment mount system for removably securing articles to molle/pals-compliant garments
EP0523642A1 *Jul 14, 1992Jan 20, 1993Jerre Hale PaxtonClip for closing the folded end of a flexible bag
WO2013112439A1 *Jan 22, 2013Aug 1, 2013Bloomberg Martin HA binding element and associated method for binding
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/67.9, 24/562
International ClassificationB42F1/00, B42F1/10
Cooperative ClassificationB42F1/10
European ClassificationB42F1/10