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Publication numberUS3131935 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 5, 1964
Filing dateJun 22, 1960
Priority dateJun 27, 1959
Publication numberUS 3131935 A, US 3131935A, US-A-3131935, US3131935 A, US3131935A
InventorsRoar Gronneberg
Original AssigneeRoar Gronneberg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Card dealing apparatus including reciprocating pusher and cooperating rollers
US 3131935 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States PatentO The present invention relates to a card dealing apparatus having a magazine which receives a pack of cards and is rotated, whereby one card at a time is pushed out through a narrow slot in the magazine by means of a pushing member, a predetermined number of times for each revolution, and outside of the slot is provided a roller driven by the rotation of the magazine, which coacts with a counter-roller to draw the pushed card ontirely out from the magazine.

Such apparatus are known, in which the pushing member consists of a rotatable cam or eccentric roller provided with a friction coating. Due to frictional engagement with the card, such a pushing member is liable to extract also the underlying card, whereby the cards become wedged in said slot and thus prevent the function of the apparatus. Moreover, the known apparatus are very complicated and thus expensive in manuiacture.

The object of the invention is to provide a card dealing apparatus which does not have the above mentioned drawback and which is of very simple construction and thus cheap in manufacture.

According to the invention this is achieved thereby that the pushing member is a metal plate of somewhat less thickness than a card, and which is reciprocable in guides at the level of the topmost card, when the magazine rotates. In this arrangement it is not necessary to press the pack of cards against the pushing member, as is the case in the known apparatus which use friction engagement. The pushing member, the of which preferably amounts to of the thickness of a card, therefore pushes the topmost card through the slot without this card being accompanied by the nent-to-the top card.

An embodiment of the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to the drawing.

FIG. 1 shows I3 horizontal section through the apparatus according to the invention.

'FIG. 2 shows a central cross section through the apparatus in FIG. 1.

The apparatus consists of two main portions, the stationary portion, the stator 1, and a rotatable portion, the rotor 2. Externally the stator may be of circular shape, as shown on the drawing, or edged. The rotor is rotatable about a central pivot 3 at the bottom of the stator. In the central portion of the rotor is provided a magazine 5 for the pack of cards. In the bottom of the magazine is provided a resiliently-mounted platform 6 upon which the pack of cards rests. A pack of cards is represented in the magazine by heavy dot and dash lines, and when it is pressed down to the position shown in FIG. 2, the compiression spring under the platform 6 is compressed in a known manner. When the cover 7 above the magazine and pack of cards is closed, the top car of the pack abuts against a member Son the underside of the cover and rests ready for pushing out when the rotor is rotated, which in the embodiment shown is effected manually by inserting a finger in a cut-out 9. The stator consists mainly of a bottom plate 10 having four rubber lugs, so that it rests stationary upon a base. The central pivot 3, about which the rotor rotates, and a gear rim 11 and a guide groove 12 is provided on the bottom plate. The side walls 13 of the stator serve to conceal the inside 3,131,935 Patented May 5, 1964 ice outfit, all other mechanical parts being attached to the rotor. At one end of the magazine 5 there is provided a pushing member 14, which upon movement of the rotor pushes the topmost card a distance out of the magazine. The pushing member consists of .a steel plate a little thinner than the thickness of a card, and the movement takes place in guides 22 at the level of the topmost card, so that a reciprocating movement is obtained firom the guide groove 12 by means of 21 transmission 15 in the form of a driver, the upper end of which is attached .to the pushing member 14. As shown in FIG. 2, the pushing member 14 rests on the horizontal portion 20 of a right-angle bracket 21 attached to the end of the magazine 5. The horizontal portion 20 of the bracket extends out slightly above the wall 13 and includes upwardly-projecting guides 22 at the respective sides of the pushing member 14. A longitudinal slot 23 provided in the horizontal portion 20 through which the driver 15 extends. The pushing member, which exerts a slight pressure against the memher 8 on the underside of the cover, pushes the topmost card to slide it along the member 8 and out of the magazine through a slot 19 on to -a rubber roller 16 and be neat-h 1a cooperating roller 17, the roller 16 being driven through (a gear transmission 18 from the gear rim 11 at the bottom of the stator.

The apparatus may also be operated electrically by means of la battery-driven electro-motor, which is built into the rotor together with the battery, the motor over a gear being in engagement with the gear rim 11 at the bottom of the stator.

I claim:

1. In a card dealing apparatus including a rotatable magazine for receiving a pack of cards to be dealt, means for rotating the magazine, means for pushing the topmost card of the pack partly off the top of the pack a predetermined number of times for each revolution of the magazine, and cooperating rollers carried by the magazine for receiving each pushed card, drawing it out of the magazine and dealing it, the improvement in which the means for pushing the top card comprises a reciprocable pusher plate of somewhat less thickness than a card of the pack and mounted on the magazine for reciprocation at the level of the topmost card of the pack, and means for reciprocating said plate a predetermined number of times for each revolution of the magazine during its rotation, said reciprocatingmeans during each reciprocation moving an edge of said plate against an edge of the topmost card to push the topmost card partly off the top of the neck.

2. An apparatus as claimed in claim 1, including a closable cover for the magazine against the underside of which the topmost card of the pack rests when the cover is closed, the upper part of the pusher plate also engaging the underside of the cover so that its leading edge engages the edge of the topmost card to be pushed.

3. In a card dealing apparatus including a rotatable magazine for receiving a pack of cards to be dealt, means for rotating the magazine, a resilientlyamounted platform in the magazine on which the pack of cards rests for urging the pack upwardly, means for pushing the topmost card of the pack relative to the pack a predetermined number of times for each revolution of the magazine, and cooperating rollers carried by the magazine opposite the position of the pushing means for receiving the pushed card, drawing it out of the magazine and dealing it, the improvement in which the means for pushing the top card comprises a reciprocable pusher plate mounted on and at one side of the magazine for reciprocation at the level of the topmost card of the pack and having an edge for engaging the adjacent edge of the topmost card of the pack, and means for reciprocating said plate in a direc- 3 tion to engage said edge of the plate with the adjacent edge of the [topmost card and push the topmost card of the pack a predetermined number of times for each revolution of the magazineduning its. rotation. i

4. An apparatus as claimed in claim 3, including a closable rcover'for the magazine against the underside of which the topmost card rests When the cover is closed, the pusher plate also engaging the underside of the cover so that its leading edge engages the edge of the topmost card to be pushed, and a guide mounted on the magazine in which the pusher plate reciprocates.

5. In a card dealing apparatus including a rotatable magazine for receiving a pack of cards to be dealt, means for rotating the magazine, a resiliently-mounted platform in vthe magazine on which the pack of cards rests for urging the pack upwardly, means for pushing the topmost card of the pack relative to the pack a predetermined number of times for each revolution of the magazine, and cooperating rollers for receiving the pushed cards, dnawing it out of the magazine and dealing it, the improvement including a closable cover for the magazine against the underside of which the topmost card of the pack rests and 7 against which the pack of cards is urged, said means for pushing the top card of the pack toward said rollers comprising va reciprooable pusher plate of somewhat less thickness than a card of the pack, said pusher plate being located at the level of the top card of the pack at the side of the magazine opposite the position of the cooperating rollers and including a petition operable along the underside of the cover so that its leading edge engages the adjacent edge of the topmost card of the pack, and means for reciprocating said pusher plate a predetermined number of times for each revolution of the magazine during the rotation of the latter;

References Citedin the file of this patent McConnell July 28, 1936

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US841966 *Mar 31, 1906Jan 22, 1907Albert G HigginsCard-dealing device.
US1075132 *Aug 23, 1912Oct 7, 1913Adolph WestenseeCar-ticket holder.
US1891085 *Oct 26, 1932Dec 13, 1932Irving FlormanCard dealing device
US1909122 *May 10, 1930May 16, 1933Glenway MaxonCard dealing device
US2048942 *Jul 17, 1934Jul 28, 1936Mcconnell Henry ICard dealing device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4807884 *Dec 28, 1987Feb 28, 1989Shuffle Master, Inc.Card shuffling device
US5114153 *Feb 8, 1991May 19, 1992Breslow, Morrison, Terzian & Associates, Inc.Mechanical card dispenser and method of playing a card game
US6568678Nov 16, 2001May 27, 2003Shuffle Master, Inc.Method and apparatus for automatically cutting and shuffling playing cards
US7584962Oct 7, 2004Sep 8, 2009Shuffle Master, Inc.Card shuffler with jam recovery and display
US7946586Nov 4, 2008May 24, 2011Shuffle Master Gmbh & Co KgSwivel mounted card handling device
US7976023Mar 23, 2005Jul 12, 2011Shuffle Master, Inc.Image capturing card shuffler
US8590896Aug 8, 2011Nov 26, 2013Shuffle Master Gmbh & Co KgCard-handling devices and systems
US8628086Mar 5, 2012Jan 14, 2014Shfl Entertainment, Inc.Shuffling devices including one or more sensors for detecting operational parameters and related methods
US8720891Jul 7, 2005May 13, 2014Shfl Entertainment, Inc.Image capturing card shuffler
Classifications
U.S. Classification273/149.00R, 271/128
International ClassificationA63F1/16, A63F1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63F1/16
European ClassificationA63F1/16