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Publication numberUS3132861 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1964
Filing dateNov 24, 1961
Priority dateNov 24, 1961
Publication numberUS 3132861 A, US 3132861A, US-A-3132861, US3132861 A, US3132861A
InventorsJames D Horney
Original AssigneeJames D Horney
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Compression and twisting exercise device having an internal compression spring with interlocking limiting means
US 3132861 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 12, 1964 J D HORNEY 3,132,861

coMPREssIoN AND TwIsTIN EEERCISE DEVICE HAVING AN INTERNAL coMPREssIoN SPRING WITH INTERLOCKING LIMITING MEANS Filed Nov. 24, 1961 (El Il( l l IIII IIIIIIIIIIy FIG. 3

FIG.4

INVENTOR James D Horney United States Patent OflceV 3,132,861 Patented May 12, 1964 COMPRESSION AND TWISTING EXERCISE DEVICE HAVING AN INTERNAL COMPRES- SION SPRING WITH INTERLOCKING LIM- ITIG MEANS James D. Homey, 4123 McClatchey Circle, Atlanta, Ga. Filed Nov. 24, 1961, Ser. No. 154,687 3 Claims. (Cl. 272-68) This invention relates to exercising devices and more particularly to that form of exercising device that is held and operated by ones two hands.

Many `exercising devices have been developed in past years that develop one particular muscle of the body, but none have ever been developed that will help as many muscles as this novel and simply constructed device that I have invented.

It is an object of this invention to provide an exercising device that will exercise and develop the musclesin arms, wrists and shoulders.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exercising device that is compact enough to be carried by anyone traveling even with the most limited baggage space.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exercising device that costs but little to manufacture and can, therefore, be sold at a price within the reach of everyone desiring to exercise their muscles.

Anotherobject of this invention is to provide an exercising device that has but few moving parts andfis therefore unlikely to break or get out of order.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exercising device that can be readily used by anyone regardless of age, even the iniirmed so long as they can use their hands.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exercising device that is practically indestructible by reason of the high strength materials from which it is constructed.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exercising devicethat can have any number of different types of grips adapted to it for various uses as will be hereinafter described.

Another object of this invention is to provide an eX- ercising device that contains mechanism to prevent it from being overloaded and thus broken by the application of more pressure, tension or twisting than the device can stand.

Another object of this invention is to provide an exercising device that is adjustable and thus can be used by people of varying strength.

With the above objects in View, a more complete understanding of this invention of the exercising device will be had by reference to the appended drawing in which:

FIGURE l is a pictorial view of one form of my invention ready for use.

FIGURE 2 is a side view of a modified form of my invention.

FIGURE 3 is a side View of an optional form of my invention with it partly broken open to show its internal construction.

FIGURE 4 is a side view of still another form of my invention.

FIGURE 5 is a side view of still another form of my invention.

FIGURE 6 is a side view of one end of still another form of my invention.

FIGURE 7 is a sectional view taken substantially along line 7 7 of FIGURE 1 as viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.

Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several Views of the drawing.

Having reference now to the drawing in detail, there is generally indicated by the character 10 a cylinder having a closed end 11 in which is secured a plug 12. A second cylinder. 13 also Vhaving, a closed end 14 is slidably adapted to slide in the iirst mentioned cylinder as clearly shown in FIGURES 3 and 7 of the appended drawing. The lirst mentioned cylinder has its plug 12 pushed down and rmly secured in the closed end 11 while the second stated cylinder 13 also has a plug, herein noted by the reference character 15, firmly secured in the said cylinders open end 16. This said construction of the cylinders 10 and 13 is typical for all forms of this invention .with the exception of the closed ends 11 and 14 which may be flanged if desired as is clearly shown in FIGURES l, 4, 5 and 7 of the appended drawings.

Looking now at FIGURE 7, it will be seen that a coil spring 17 is located within the cylinders and has one end embedded in the plug 12 while the other end of the same spring is irmly secured in the second mentioned plug 15. This vcoil spring is that part of the invention that makes exercising possible.

A rigid member 18 that may be made of steel rod that is U-shaped in plan form is located within thevconiines of the said coil spring 17 and has its free ends 19 and 20 embedded in the said plug 12 while a like member 21 is also located within the confines yof the same spring 17 and has its ends embedded in plug 15, the two members 18 and 21 being interlocked in the manner so well illustrated by FIGURE 7 of the appended drawings that they come into contact with one another before the said coil spring has reached its maximum expansion or twisting and thus the spring and its connecting parts are prevented from being damaged by the devices user. In

. the optional formof my invention shown in FIGURE 3,

the members which I call limit loops are replaced by a chain'22.

The construction of this novel exercising device has now been basically described with the exception of variations in its closed ends 11 and 14 and other minor details' that will be mentioned in the description of the .use of this invention.

It is obvious from the above described construction of this new invention that the cylinders 10 and 13 can not only be twisted but compressed and pulled outward by reason of the fact that cylinder 13 slidably ts into cylinder 10 and that any motion of the cylinders is arrested by the aforesaid coiled spring 17.

To actually exercise with this device one grips the cylinder 13 in the right hand and cylinder 10 in the left hand. Twist cylinder 13 clockwise and cylinder 10 counterclockwise to limit Without releasing. Relax pressure and allow the cylinders to return. By repetition of this motion the muscles in the arms and wrist are exercised. By reversing the Vdirection of rotation of cylinders 13 and 10 additional muscles are exercised. Still gripping the tubes as before, apply pressure to compress the cylinder 13 further into cylinder 10 causing compression of the coiled spring 17. This exercises the shoulder, chest and arm muscles. Relax and repeat. Still gripping the cylinders as before, pull cylinder 13 from cylinder 10. Relax and repeat. This exercises still additional shoulder, chest and arm muscles. A rubber ball 23 is now secured on the outer ends of cylinders 10 and 13 (FIGURE 2 of the appended drawing) and by squeezing and releasing the balls the hand muscles are exercised.

Experimentation has shown that when this novel exercising device is equipped with a coil spring having approximately a twenty-tive pound working pressure that somewhere between fifty and seventy-tive twisting operations fatigue an adults muscles and a lesser number do the same thing when the cylinders are compressed and pulled out again.

The cylinders and 13 may be made of any clear material such as a plastic or of non-transparent and stronger material such as steel. The closed ends 11 and 14 may be modified to have a ange such as shown in FIGURES 1, 4, 5v and 7 of the appended drawing. The outer end of cylinder 13 may be provided with a covering of ridges such as shown in FIGURE 5 of the cylinders may have end members similar to the one indicated at the left of FIGURE 6 of the appended drawing. In fact there is no limit to the modifications and changes in both form and materials of this invention nor the ways in which it can be used.

From the foregoing it will now be seen that there is herein provided an improved exercising device which accomplishes all of the objects of this novel invention, and others, including many advantages of great practical utility and commercial importance.

As many embodiments may be made of this inventive concept, and as many modifications may be made in the embodiment hereinbefore shown and described, it will be understood that all matter herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Havin gnow described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. An exercising device of the character described, comprising a pair of transparent cylinders, one of which is slidably mounted into the other, each one of the cylinders having a closed outer end that is integral with the cylinder and a plug secured in the open end of one cylinder and in the closed end of the second cylinder, and a coiled spring Within the said device, one end of the said coiled spring being secured in one plug and the other end of the same coiled spring being secured Within the other plug and U-shaped members'limiting the movement of the said coiled spring, the said members being attached to the plugs and within the contines of the said coiled spring, the said coiled spring providing resistance to any movement of either one of the said cylinders thereby resulting in an exercising device when the said device has one of its cylinders held in each hand which applies movement to the said cylinders.

2. An exercising device of the character described, comprising a pair of transparent cylinders, one of which is slidably mounted into the other, each one of the cylinders having a anged closed outer end that is integral with the cylinder and a plug secured in the open end of one cylinder and in the closed end of the second cylinder, and a coiled spring within the said device, one end of the said coiled spring being secured in one plug and the other end of the same coiled spring being secured within the other plug and U-shaped members limiting the movement of the said coiled spring, the said members being attached to the plugs and Within the contines of the said coiled spring, the said coiled spring providing resistance to any movement of either one of the said cylinders thereby resulting in an exercising device When the said device has one of its cylinders held in each hand which applies movement to the said cylinders.

3. An exercising device of the character described, comprising a pair of transparent cylinders, one of which is slidably mounted into the other, each one of the cylinders having a closed outer end that is integral with the cylinder and a plug secured in the open end of one cylinder and in the closed end ofthe second cylinder, and a coiled spring Within the said device, one end of the said coiled spring being secured in one plug and the other end of the same coiled spring being secured within the other plug and U-shaped members limiting the movement of the said coiled spring, the said members being attached to the plugs and Within the contines of the said coiled spring, the said coiled spring providing resistance to any movement of either one of the said cylinders thereby resulting in an exercising device when the said device has one of its cylinders held in each hand which applies movement to the said cylinders and a rubber ball secured to each closed end of the said exercising device.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 202,522 Clark Apr. 16, 1878 444,006 Mason Jan. 6, 1891 592,588 Hollister Oct. 26, 1897 1,385,642 Restein July 26, 1921 1,517,138 Wike Nov. 25, 1924 2,106,994 Chapman Feb. 1, 1938 2,132,862 Pilates Oct. 11, 1938 2,818,253 Zito Dec. 31, 1957 3,003,764 Yovanovitch Oct. l0, 1961

Patent Citations
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US202522 *Mar 1, 1878Apr 16, 1878 Improvement in safety-attachments for bridles
US444006 *May 28, 1890Jan 6, 1891 David mason
US592588 *Dec 5, 1896Oct 26, 1897 Spring-stirrup
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US2818253 *Jan 26, 1954Dec 31, 1957Zito Frederick AWrist and forearm muscle exerciser
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3330558 *Apr 27, 1964Jul 11, 1967Ray LuncefordTorsional twist manual exerciser device
US3516661 *Mar 15, 1968Jun 23, 1970Hansen BenCranking action exercising bar
US3649008 *Feb 9, 1970Mar 14, 1972Whittaker CorpHand and wrist exerciser device
US3752476 *Jul 29, 1970Aug 14, 1973Mahoney IncProjectile return apparatus
US3815903 *Jun 26, 1972Jun 11, 1974Blomqvist OWeight lifting exercising device
US4231218 *Oct 20, 1976Nov 4, 1980Vicon Espana S.A.Rake with pivotable arms
US4321047 *Jun 5, 1980Mar 23, 1982Bradley LandisSimulator and process for teaching surgical knot tying techniques
US4591151 *Mar 25, 1985May 27, 1986Virgil HensleyTorsional exercise device and method of use
US4613130 *Jul 15, 1985Sep 23, 1986Watson Harold KResilient therapeutic device with timer and indicator
US4695049 *Sep 11, 1986Sep 22, 1987Ciemiega Jan AExercise device
US4720100 *Dec 17, 1985Jan 19, 1988Mandhy Products B.V.Apparatus for exercising the arm muscles
US4883262 *Mar 30, 1987Nov 28, 1989Prime Actuator Control Systems LimitedDevice containing a force-imparting means and equipped with safety means
US4936573 *Mar 7, 1989Jun 26, 1990Samuel MillerExercise machine with handle assemblies which are linked to pivoting foot pads
US4973043 *Nov 30, 1988Nov 27, 1990Nolan Timothy JExercise device
US5046726 *Feb 14, 1990Sep 10, 1991Verimark Close CorporationExerciser
US5232425 *Oct 30, 1992Aug 3, 1993Miller Jack VPivotable abdominal exercise device
US5312309 *Mar 8, 1993May 17, 1994Fox Charles LWrist exerciser
US5617664 *Aug 21, 1995Apr 8, 1997Troncoso; Vincent F.Recoil absorbing stabilizer for a weapon
US6071214 *Sep 10, 1996Jun 6, 2000All Around Sports, Inc.Exercise device
US6309329Jul 1, 1999Oct 30, 2001G. Wayne ConnerAbdominal exercise device and method
US8192334Oct 29, 2008Jun 5, 2012Ilan SelaWeight machine selector device
US8747286 *Mar 16, 2011Jun 10, 2014Mark H. SimonExercise apparatus
US9387360 *Mar 15, 2013Jul 12, 2016Justin NiedermanWrist and forearm strengthening device
US20100029450 *Aug 1, 2008Feb 4, 2010Bobby Earl WardCrunch ball rotator tension bar exerciser
US20100105529 *Oct 29, 2008Apr 29, 2010Ilan SelaWeight machine selector device and method of using same
US20100285927 *May 5, 2009Nov 11, 2010Ilan SelaWrist exercise device and method of use thereof
US20120277072 *Apr 27, 2011Nov 1, 2012David Charles CoffeyForearm Exercise Device
US20130331234 *Mar 15, 2013Dec 12, 2013Justin NiedermanWrist and forearm strengthening device
US20160074689 *Sep 2, 2015Mar 17, 2016Daniel Craig AndersonRotational Forearm Exercise Apparatus
WO1987005986A1 *Mar 30, 1987Oct 8, 1987Prime Actuator Control Systems LimitedDevice containing a force-imparting means and equipped with safety means
WO1993023120A1 *May 15, 1993Nov 25, 1993Franz ThoenyDevice for training reactions as a game and support and use for the device
Classifications
U.S. Classification482/46, 482/128
International ClassificationA63B21/05, A63B23/14, A63B21/055, A63B21/02
Cooperative ClassificationA63B21/023, A63B21/055, A63B23/14, A63B21/1488, A63B21/0428, A63B71/0622, A63B21/05, A63B21/0004
European ClassificationA63B21/14M4, A63B21/00D, A63B21/02B, A63B23/14