Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3133546 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 19, 1964
Filing dateMay 24, 1961
Priority dateMay 24, 1961
Publication numberUS 3133546 A, US 3133546A, US-A-3133546, US3133546 A, US3133546A
InventorsDent Eric
Original AssigneeValden Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination comb and brush
US 3133546 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 19, 1964 E. DENT COMBINATION COMB AND BRUSH Filed May 24, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A; rron/[r United States Patent 3,133,546 COMBINATION COMB AND BRUSH Eric Dent, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, assignor to Valden Company, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Filed May 24, 1961, Ser. No. 112,463 3'Claims. (Cl. 132-120) The present invention relates to hair grooming imple ments, and more particularly to an improved combination comb and brush.

An object of the invention is to provide an improved hair grooming implement whose brush may be separated front) and thereupon cleaned or used independently of the corn Another object of the invention is to provide a combined comb and brush wherein the brush is constructed in such a way that its useful life may approach or even exceed the useful life of the comb.

A further object of the invention is to provide a hair grooming implement of the above outlined characteristics whose component parts may be readily replaced by prefabricated parts of identical dimensions, which requires no special skill or special tools for separation or assembling of its component parts, which is of eye-pleasing appearance, which may be rapidly and conveniently converted for use as a brush independently of the comb or vice versa, which may be produced of readily available materials, and which may be utilized by children and/or grownups of both sexes.

An additional object of the invention is to provide a combined comb and brush which may be manufactured at such a low cost that it may be offered as a gift to purchasers of more expensive toilet articles or other products.

With the above objects in view, the invention resides in the provision of a hair grooming implement which comprises two main components, namely, a comb and a brush. The back support of the comb carries two spaced elongated grooups of teeth which project from its front face, and its rear face is formed with elongated recess means having elongated slot means extending to the front face of the back support intermediate the spaced groups of teeth. The brush comprises a base plate which is inserted into the recess means of the back support and which is provided with bristles projecting through the slot means and into the space between the two groups of teeth. The length of the teeth exceeds the length of the bristles. The base plate of the brush may be removably received or more or less permanently embedded in the recess means of the back support.

The novel features which are considered as character istic of the invention are set forth in particular in the ap pended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following detailed description of certain specific embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a combined brush and comb embodying one form of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a rear elevational view of the structure shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged transverse section taken along the line IIIIII of FIG. 2, as seen in the direction of the arrows;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a cover for the base plate of the brush forming part of the structure shown in FIGS. 1 to 3;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary top plan view of the brush;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary transverse section through a modified brush; and

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a combined comb and brush which is without a pronounced handle.

Referring now in greater detail to the illustrated embodiments, and first to FIGS. 1 to 3, there is shown a hair grooming implement in the form of a combined comb and brush which comprises two main components, namely a comb A and a brush B. The comb A includes a recessed and slotted substantially oval main body portion or back support 10 rigid and preferably integral with a handle 11 which extends from the rear longitudinal end of the back support and is formed with a ridge 12 extending from the front face thereof. The opposite sides of this ridge 12 may serve as abutments for the thumb and for the index finger of a user to prevent a turning of the implement when the handle is grasped by hand and is put to actual use.

The front face of the back support 10 is integral with two spaced elongated groups of teeth 13, 14 each of which comprises a single row of teeth, and with an additional group of teeth 15 which is disposed at the front longitudinal end of the back support. As shown in FIG. 1, the width of the roots forming part of the teeth 15 increases gradually toward the foremost teeth in the groups 13, 14.

The rear face of the bact support 10 is formed with an elongated, substantially oval recess 16 which opens into a somewhat shorter and narrower substantially rectangular second recess 17, and the latter is formed with a somewhat narrower through slot 18 which extends to the front face of the back support, the slot 18 being enclosed along its entire boundary by material of the back support 10. The recess 17 accommodates the elongated base plate 19 of the brush B, and the bristles 20 of this brush extend through the slot 1% and into the space between the groups of teeth 13, 14. It will be noted that the length of the teeth 13, 14, 15 exceeds the length of the bristles 20. The base plate 19 and the bristles 20 preferably consist of a rubber-like synthetic plastic material, and the comb A preferably consists of a more rigid synthetic plastic substance. The dimensions of the base plate 19 may slightly exceed the dimensions of the recess 17 so that the plate must be forced into the position of FIG. 3 by exertion of slight pressure which is sufficient to hold the brush B in proper position. The forward movement of the plate 19 is limited by the circumferential shoulder defined by the back support between the slot 18 and the inner recess 17.

It is preferred to conceal and to retain the base plate 19 in the recess 17 by an elongated, comparatively rigid cover member C which is snugly received and may be more or less permanently embedded in the outer or rear recess 16 and which may consist of the same material as the comb A. It is often preferred to combine the brush with a differently colored cover C to enhance the appear ance of the implement. The cover is provided with a pair of centering and retaining pins 21 which are receivable in blind bores 22 formed in the shoulder between the recesses 16 and 17 of the back support. If desired, the front face of the cover C may be provided with one or more notches 23 enabling a user to remove the cover with his fingernails if it is desired to use the brush B or the comb A alone, if one of these components requires cleaning, or if one or the other component must be replaced by a new one. Of course, it is equally possible to provide the front face of the cover C with a layer of suitable adhesive so that the cover is more or less permanently secured to and may be inserted and/ or withdrawn together with the brush B. Alternately, the comb A may be combined with a modified brush B of the type shown in FIG. 6, i.e. wherein the base plate 19' and the cover C form an integral unit consisting of a synthetic plastic or other suitable material.

The plate 19 or 19 and/or the cover C or C may be secured to the back support 10 by a layer of adhesive, if desired.

In the illustrated embodiments, the brush B or B is formed with four longitudinally extending rows of bristles 20. FIG. 5 shows that the bristles 20 are of pyramidal shape and of substantially triangular cross-sectional contour. Furthermore, in order to accommodate a large number of such bristles on a comparatively small base plate, one facet or side of each outermost bristle faces a side of a bristle in the adjacent intermediate row, and the bristles in the intermediate rows are preferably staggered with respect to each other in such a way that a portion of each bristle in one intermediate row extends into the triangular space defined by a pair of adjacent bristles in the other intermediate row. In such manner, an exceptionally large number of bristles may be accommodated in the space between the groups of teeth 13 and 14 to insure a very satisfactory brushing action and the removal of all impurities, such as loose hair, dandruff, dust and the like.

An important advantage of the improved implement is that the brush B or B may be inserted or withdrawn from the rear face of the back support 10. This insures that a clumsy person will not break the teeth 13, 14 or 15 during insertion or removal of the brush, and the likelihood that the user would hurt his hand by the tips of the teeth during insertion or removal of the brush is completely eliminated.

The teeth 15 are utilized as a means for combing the eyebrows, the sideburns and/ or the mustache. As shown in FIG. 1, the spacing between the teeth in each of the groups 13 and 14 is such that the string of hairs passing between a pair of adjacent teeth may be brushed by a plurality of bristles 2-0 to insure a satisfactory hair combing and brushing action. Since the bristles are preferably integral with the base plate of the brush B or B, the useful life of such a brush is much longer than the life of brushes whose bristles are merely anchored in the base plate. In fact, the bristles of the type shown in FIG. 5 actually constitute several rows of elastic teeth so that the implement of this invention may be called a comb within a comb. The cleaning of a rubber brush is much more convenient than the cleaning of hairlike bristles of the type customarily utilized in a brush.

FIG. 7 shows a hair grooming implement whose comb A is without a handle and wherein a group of teeth 15. 15a is provided at each longitudinal end of the back support 10. Otherwise, the construction of this implement is identical with that of the combined comb and brush shown in FIGS. 1 to 3. The purpose of the teeth 15, a at both longitudinal ends of the back support 10' is to insure that the user need not check whether or not one group of such teeth is in proper position when he grasps the back support with his hand in order to comb his eyebrows or his mustache.

It will be readily understood that each of the groups 13 and 14 may consist of two or more elongated rows of teeth which may but need not be transversely aligned with each other, as well as that the number of rows of bristles 20 may be more or less than four, depending on the desired dimensions and on the intended use of the implement.

Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully reveal the gist of the present invention that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic and specific aspects of this invention and, therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalence of the following claims.

What is claimed as new and desired to be protected by Letters Patent is:

l. A hair grooming implement, comprising a comb including an elongated back support member having a front face, a rear face, and comprising two spaced elongated groups of teeth projecting from said front face, said back support member having an elongated first recess in said rear face thereof, an elongated second recess formed Within said first recess, and an elongated through slot formed in said second recess and extending to said front face between said spaced groups of teeth, said slot being enclosed along its entire, boundary by the material of said back support member; a brush having a base plate received in said second recess and bristles integral therewith and projecting from said base plate, through said slot and between said groups of teeth, the length of said bristles being less than the length of said teeth; and a cover member received in said first recess for retaining the base plate in said second recess, one of said members having bore means and the other of said members comprising pin means extending into said bore means for retaining said cover member in said first recess.

2. A hair grooming implement, comprising a comb including an elongated back support member having a front face, a rear face, and comprising two spaced elongated groups of teeth projecting from said front face, said back support member having an elongated first recess in said rear face thereof, an elongated second recess formed 'within said first recess, and an elongated through slot formed in said second recess and extending to said front face between said spaced groups of teeth, said slot being enclosed along its entire boundary by the material of said back support member; a brush having a base plate received in said second recess and bristles integral therewith and projecting from said base plate, through said slot and between said groups of teeth, the length of said bristles being less than the length of said teeth; a cover member received in said first recess for retaining the base plate in said second recess; corresponding projection and depression means on said cover member and support member for retaining said cover member in said first recess of said support member.

3. A hair grooming implement according to claim 1, wherein both said support member and said brush consist of synthetic plastic material and the synthetic plastic material of which said support member consists is more rigid than the synthetic plastic material of which said brush consists.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 75,421 Hayward Mar. 10, 1868 2,238,603 Runnels Apr. 15, 1941 2,796,071 Takehana W June 18, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US75421 *Mar 10, 1868 Daniel e
US2238603 *Mar 18, 1940Apr 15, 1941Garland D RunnelsComb-brush
US2796071 *Aug 24, 1953Jun 18, 1957George TakehanaCombined hair brush and comb
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3691585 *Dec 28, 1970Sep 19, 1972Charles FlomSingle-use toothbrush
US3763870 *Aug 2, 1971Oct 9, 1973Max Factor & CoApparatus and method for applying cosmetics
US3797506 *Oct 27, 1972Mar 19, 1974Reinsch AHair cleaning implement
US3815923 *Dec 26, 1972Jun 11, 1974Goduto TGolf swing analysis mat
US3833008 *Nov 9, 1972Sep 3, 1974H BlackettApplicator for hair
US3952754 *Jun 6, 1974Apr 27, 1976Yoshiaki KondoDandruff removing device
US3960160 *Aug 15, 1974Jun 1, 1976Ladon CorporationHair treatment appliance
US4187866 *May 19, 1978Feb 12, 1980Helene Curtis Industries, Inc.Comb with rotatable teeth
US4480351 *Dec 1, 1982Nov 6, 1984Innovative Molding Technology Inc. (Imtech)Two-component scrub brush
US5007442 *Sep 6, 1990Apr 16, 1991Hirzel Suzy CDouble blocking members sealing a single opening means
US5052070 *Sep 20, 1988Oct 1, 1991Alkinco (Alfred Klugmann International Corporation)Hairbrush
US5301695 *Oct 19, 1992Apr 12, 1994Wong Hilda CBrush and method for hair treatment using bristle arrays of different densities and materials
US5337765 *Feb 4, 1993Aug 16, 1994Wong Hilda CModular brush for user-selected hair streaking
US5735011 *Nov 19, 1996Apr 7, 1998Asher; Randall S.Plaque removing toothbrush
US6041467 *Jul 3, 1997Mar 28, 2000Gillette Canada Inc.Toothbrush
US6098633 *Aug 16, 1999Aug 8, 2000Pabari; ShantilalHair comb
US6367422 *Nov 22, 1999Apr 9, 2002Frank WilhelmiPet tool
US6571417Jun 5, 2000Jun 3, 2003James Albert Gavney, Jr.Dentition cleaning device and system
US6585742 *May 8, 2001Jul 1, 2003Dowling B. StoughWart removal method and device
US6601257Oct 13, 1999Aug 5, 2003Connoisseur Products Corp.Jewelry brush with cleaning zones
US6658688Sep 17, 2002Dec 9, 2003James A. Gavney, Jr.Squeegee device and system
US6820299Mar 5, 2003Nov 23, 2004James A. Gavney, Jr.Dentition cleaning device and system
US6820300Aug 13, 2003Nov 23, 2004James A. Gavney, Jr.Squeegee device and system
US6859969Jun 3, 2003Mar 1, 2005James A. Gavney, Jr.Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US6865767Sep 19, 2001Mar 15, 2005James A. Gavney, Jr.Device with multi-structural contact elements
US6874446 *Apr 25, 2003Apr 5, 2005Rolf C. Hagen, Inc.Animal brushes
US6944903May 5, 2004Sep 20, 2005Gavney Jr James ADentition cleaning device and system
US7047589Oct 6, 2004May 23, 2006Gavney Jr James ADentition cleaning device and system
US7051394Jun 30, 2004May 30, 2006Gavney Jr James ADentition cleaning device and system
US7069615Jun 30, 2004Jul 4, 2006Gavney Jr James ASqueegee device and system
US7181799Oct 24, 2003Feb 27, 2007Eegee, LlcOral-care device and system
US7363675Sep 26, 2005Apr 29, 2008Gavney Jr James ASqueegee device and system
US7434288Aug 24, 2004Oct 14, 2008Gavney Jr James AOral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7562411Aug 19, 2004Jul 21, 2009Gavney Jr James AOral-care device and system
US7650893 *Oct 12, 2005Jan 26, 2010L'orealDevice for applying a hair product
US7743448Aug 19, 2005Jun 29, 2010Gavney Jr James ADevice and system with moving squeegee fields
US7814603Mar 29, 2005Oct 19, 2010Gavney Jr James APowered toothbrush with polishing elements
US7814604Mar 14, 2005Oct 19, 2010Gavney Jr James ADevice with multi-structural contact elements
US7877833Jul 6, 2005Feb 1, 2011Gavney Jr James AOral-care device and system
US7934284Feb 11, 2003May 3, 2011Braun GmbhToothbrushes
US7975339Jul 20, 2004Jul 12, 2011Gavney Jr James AAquatic scrubber
US8141194May 4, 2005Mar 27, 2012Gavney Jr James AAbsorbent structures with integrated contact elements
US8276231Dec 7, 2005Oct 2, 2012Gavney Jr James AOral-care device and system
US8276233Dec 3, 2004Oct 2, 2012Gavney Jr James AMulti-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US8342188Jul 5, 2007Jan 1, 2013Alpa Shantilal PabariComb
US8595885 *Jan 5, 2010Dec 3, 2013Ronald S. WeinsteinPet hair and human hair grooming brush with two sets of different bristles
US8621698Apr 6, 2011Jan 7, 2014Braun GmbhToothbrushes
US8695149Apr 1, 2011Apr 15, 2014Braun GmbhToothbrushes
US8701684Feb 4, 2009Apr 22, 2014Kao Germany GmbhBrush, in particular for the application of colours, dyes or any other compositions onto a surface
EP2087810A1 *Feb 7, 2008Aug 12, 2009KPSS-Kao Professional Salon Services GmbHBrush, in particular for the application of colours, dyes or any other compositions onto a surface
WO2005094627A1 *Mar 25, 2005Oct 13, 2005Khachatur Vaginakovi MargaryanComb provided with rigid and soft combing elements «comb-brush» (variants)
WO2009098217A1Feb 4, 2009Aug 13, 2009Kpss Kao GmbhBrush, in particular for the application of colours, dyes or any other compositions onto a surface
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/120, 132/142, 119/612, 15/202, 132/154, D04/117, 15/207.2, 15/187, 15/167.1
International ClassificationA45D24/16, A46B5/02, A46B9/02, A46B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA46B2200/104, A46B9/023, A46B5/02, A45D24/16, A46B1/00
European ClassificationA46B1/00, A45D24/16, A46B5/02, A46B9/02B