|Publication number||US3134075 A|
|Publication date||May 19, 1964|
|Filing date||May 16, 1961|
|Priority date||May 16, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3134075 A, US 3134075A, US-A-3134075, US3134075 A, US3134075A|
|Inventors||Langevin Robert Z|
|Original Assignee||Vega Electronics Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
M y 1964 R. z. LANGEVIN 3,134,075
HAND-HELD SELFCONTAINED MICROPHONE TRANSMITTER Filed May 16. 1961 'INVENTOR: P055271. [AA/65W United States Patent r 3,134,075 HAND-HELD SELF-CONTAINED MICROPHONE TRANSMITTER Robert Z. Langevin, Saratoga, Calif., assignor to Vega Electronics Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Filed May 16, 1961, Ser. No. 110,364 1 Claim. (Cl. 325-118) This invention relates to an antenna system for a portable radio transmitter wherein the body of the user forms a part of the antenna system.
It is well known that a halfwave dipole antenna is a more efiicient radiator of radio frequency energy than an antenna which is less than one-half wave length long. Further, it is known that the efliciency of a quarter-wave .antenna is greatly enhanced by the use of a ground plane or counterpoise. In many situations, it is inconvenient to employ a dipole antenna such as with a small hand-held microphone transmitter. Such a microphone transmitter may be of the transistorized, frequency modulated type wherein the microphone, complete transmitter and power supply are incorporated in a small, easily portable housmg.
In accordance with the present invention an antenna system is provided for such a microphone transmitter wherein the body of the user forms a part of the antenna system. Thus, the body of the user serves as a ground plane for the antenna system. The antenna itself can be made one-fourth wave length long either by providing an antenna which is physically a quarter wave long or, if the frequency is so low that this is inconvenient, the antenna may be made to look like a quarter wave from an electrical standpoint by the employment of a loading coil.
In the drawings forming part of this application:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the device of the present invention with certain parts cut away.
FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of the device of the present invention showing the manner of using it.
Referring to the drawings by reference characters the device includes a metal case 5 to which an antenna 7 is attached. The case 5 has an insulated lug 9 extending from the bottom and the antenna 7 is hinged thereto by means of the hinge element 11. Preferably the antenna 7 is composed of a plurality of telescoping segments so that the antenna can be telescoped and placed close to the case 5 to occupy minimum space in storage but can be extended outward from the case 5 and extended for use.
The case 5 includes a microphone element, a battery and a radio transmitter, not illustrated. The radio transmitter includes an output stage transistor 13 coupled to a tank coil 15 and tank tuning capacitor 17. The cold side of the tank circuit is grounded for RF. to the metal 19 of case 5 by capacitor 21 while the hot side is connected through an isolating capacitor 23 and wire 25 to the antenna 7. If desired, a loading coil 27 may be incorporated in the circuit to effectively lengthen the electrical length of the antenna.
In use, the user 29 grasps the metal case 5 whereupon his body forms an efiective ground plane for the antenna system so that when the system is hand-held it forms a mgch more effective radiator than if it were placed on a ta le.
It is believed apparentfrom the foregoing that I have provided a simple yet effective antenna system for a small radio transmitter wherein the body of the user forms a part of the antenna system.
A hand-held self-contained microphone transmitter including a metal housing for the transmitter, said transmitter including an output tank circuit, said housing being of slender cylindrical form adapted to be held by hand in a vertical position, a telescoping stub antenna, the bottom of said antenna being hingedly connected near the bottom of the housing by an insulated member, one side of said output tank circuit being connected to the antenna and the other side of said tank circuit being connected to the housing whereby the body of a user of the microphone serves as the ground plane for a ground plane antenna system.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,180,107 Hathaway. Nov. 14, 1939" 2,535,053 Ercolino Dec. 26, 1950 2,987,616 Steglic'h June 6, 1961 OTHER REFERENCES Phinney: Tele-Tech & Electronics Industries, pages 86- 88, 152, 154, 156 and 157.
Fleming: Radio & TV News, page 58, June 1957.
Thomas et 81.: Electronics World, page 42, March 1960.
Foy: New Short-Range Communicator, Radio-Electronics, January 1961, pp. -84.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2180107 *||Feb 25, 1937||Nov 14, 1939||Rca Corp||Short wave transmitter|
|US2535053 *||Jun 5, 1945||Dec 26, 1950||Ercolino Michael D||Portable radio compass|
|US2987616 *||Dec 19, 1957||Jun 6, 1961||Zenith Radio Corp||Portable radio|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3534530 *||Mar 26, 1969||Oct 20, 1970||Alfred Hornig||Device for producing electric fields|
|US3718862 *||Jun 30, 1969||Feb 27, 1973||Sound Syst Int Inc||Wireless microphone and adapter kit|
|US4327444 *||Jun 4, 1979||Apr 27, 1982||Tmx Systems Limited||Miniature transmitter and method for making same|
|US4725827 *||Jun 23, 1986||Feb 16, 1988||Pulsar Manufacturing, Inc.||Hand held remote control device|
|US4910795 *||Jun 11, 1987||Mar 20, 1990||Mccowen Clinton R||Wireless hand held microphone|
|US5331325 *||Aug 14, 1989||Jul 19, 1994||Crimestopper Security Products Inc.||Remote control transmitter configured as an article of utility|
|US5375256 *||Sep 3, 1992||Dec 20, 1994||Nec Corporation||Broadband radio transceiver|
|US5926748 *||Jul 15, 1994||Jul 20, 1999||Nec Corporation||Portable radio apparatus capable of keeping antenna away from user when calling|
|U.S. Classification||455/97, 343/901, 455/128|
|International Classification||H04B5/00, H04B5/06|