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Publication numberUS3134379 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 26, 1964
Filing dateSep 10, 1962
Priority dateSep 10, 1962
Publication numberUS 3134379 A, US 3134379A, US-A-3134379, US3134379 A, US3134379A
InventorsNightingale Frank J
Original AssigneeNightingale Frank J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Portable bed type traction applicator
US 3134379 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 26, 1964 PORTABLE BED TYPE TRACTION APPLICATOR Filed Sept. 10, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet l FRANK J. NIGHTINGALE May 26, 1964 F. J. NIGHTINGALE 3,134,379

PORTABLE BED TYPE TRACTION APPLICATOR Filed Sept. 10, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 AN k u I 32 34 INVENTOR.

FRANK J. NIGHTINGALE BY jCrw-xGmow United States Patent 3,134,379 PORTABLE BED TYPE TRACTION APPLICATOR Frank J. Nightingale, 3169 Lincoln, San Diego, Calif. Filed Sept. 10, 1962, Ser. No. 222,607 7 Claims. (Cl. 128-75) The present invention relates generally to medical apparatus and more particularly to a portable, bed type traction applicator.

The primary object of this invention is to provide a traction applicator which can be attached to a patient while in bed and can be operated by the patient to apply traction as needed, the unit being compact and light in weight with simple harness means for securement to the patient.

Another object of this invention is to provide a traction applicator especially suitable for treatment of a syndetic condition of the lumbar region of the spine, the traction being applied in such a manner as to stretch and separate the spinal discs in the lumbar region in the most eifective manner.

Another object of this invention is to provide a traction applicator having a steady pull, which is closely controllable at all times by the patient.

A further object of this invention is to provide a traction applicator having means for supporting the patients legs in the proper position for effective traction.

Finally, it is an object to provide a traction applicator of the aforementioned character which is simple and convenient to manufacture and use and which will give gen crally eflicient and durable service.

With these and other objects definitely in view, this invention consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of elements and portions, as will be hereinafter fully described in the specification, particularly pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in the drawings which form a material part of this disclosure, and in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation view of the traction applicator in use;

FIGURE 2 is a top plan view thereof;

FIGURE 3 is anenlarged sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken on line 44 of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary end elevation view as taken from the right end of FIGURE 3.

Similar characters of reference indicate similar or identical elements and portions throughout the specification and throughout the views of the drawing.

Structure The unit comprises a telescopic jack unit supported at one end on legs 12 fitted with small wheels 14, the other end resting on a yoke 16 which straddles the patients body. The yoke 16 has horizontal lower support bars 18 which rest on the bed or other surface, the upper end of the yoke being held in a split clamp block 20 fixed to the underside of the jack unit 10 and secured by a bolt 22 and wing nut 24.

Jack unit 10 comprises an outer cylindrical barrel 26 in which is an axially slidable sleeve 28 extending from the end of said barrel adjacent the wheels 14, as in FIG- URE 3. Sleeve 28 carries a key block 30 riding in an elongated slot 32 in barrel 26, to prevent rotation of the sleeve. At the inner end of sleeve 28 is a threaded nut portion 34 through which passes a threaded jack screw 36, said jack screw having a plain shaft 38 extending from the end of barrel 26 adjacent yoke 16, and being fitted with a crank handle 40. Shaft 38 is journalled in a ball bearing 42 in the end of barrel 26 and fitted over said shaft within the barrel is an axially slidable collar 44 in which is a further bearing 46 attached to the shaft. Between the bearing 42 and collar 44 is a compression spring 48 holding said collar firmly against the end of the threaded jack screw 36, which is then free to rotate independently of the collar.

Between wheels 14 is an axle 50 on which is pivotally mounted an upwardly extending traction arm 52, having a cross bar 54 fixed to the upper end thereof well above barrel 26. The extended end of sleeve 28 carries a thrust ball 56 which bears against a channelled thrust plate 58 fixed to traction arm 52, so that axial motion of said sleeve causes swing of the traction arm. Fixed to traction arm 52 adjacent the thrust plate 58 is a hook 60, from which a tension type retaining spring 62 extends to a hook 64 secured to barrel 26, thus holding said thrust plate firmly against thrust ball 56. At opposite ends of cross bar 54 are attachment rings 66 to which are secured traction straps 68, the straps being coupled to a traction belt 70. On the support bars 18 of yoke 16 are hooks 72 which engage retaining rings 74 on a chest belt 76.

If it is desired to know the actual pull being applied an indicator 78 is mounted on the top of barrel 26 adjacent the handle 40, various types of indicators reading in pounds being suitable. A push rod 80 is fixed into collar 44 and extended through a slot 82 in barrel 26 to engage the pressure element 84 of indicator 78. Thus displacement of collar 44 against spring 48 provides the indicator actuating pressure.

Connected between the traction straps 68 adjacent cross bar 54 is a leg supporting strap 86.

Operation The apparatus can be used with the patient on a bed or any other supporting surface. The jack unit 10 is placed with yoke 16 straddling the patients chest, as in FIGURE 1, with barrel 26 extending between the legs and supported on wheels 14. Traction belt is fastened around the body just below the lumbar region and secured by any suitable buckle 88. Chest belt 76 is fastened firmly around the chest and secured by a buckle 90, the retaining rings 74 being engaged on books 72. The legs are raised and placed on supporting strap 86 which is preferably located under the ankles. Unless the patient is incapacitated he can perform the entire program unaided-which is a great convenience.

In this position the handle 40 is above the patients chest and easily reached for turning. Rotation of handle 40 in the appropriate direction extends sleeve 28 and pushes traction arm 52 away from the patient, so tightening traction straps 68 and applying traction to the body. The traction is readily controllable by the patient at all times and can be adjusted as desired or released quickly if necessary.

Since the traction arm 52 applies the pull well above the patient and the legs are in raised position, it will be evident that the traction is in an upwardly direction as well as stretching the spine. This causes the spinal discs to be separated'or opened up more at the rear than the front and is an effective treatment for a syndetic condition, wherein the joints tend to be bound together. Traction is continuous and any variations are applied gradually, as opposed to the intermittent applications with some devices which have been known to be harmful. By use of the indicator 78, which is inclined for optimum visibility by the patient, the proper traction force can be repeated during successive treatments.

When the apparatus is used on a bed it may be desirable to keep the patient somewhat covered. For this purpose a socket 92 is provided on top of barrel 26, adjacent the wheeled end, to hold an'upright post 94 on top of which is a horizontal support arm 96, constituting a T-shaped support to hold the sheet or other bed clothes clear of the patients feet, the attachment being indicated in broken line in FIGURES 1 and 4.

The apparatus is compact, portable, with wheels for convenient transportation; and can be used virtually anywhere, so that the patient need not be taken to a special therapy installation. The entire treatment, including setting up the apparatus, which is very simple, and the actual traction application, can be carried out by the patient if necessary. 7

It is understood that minor variation from 'the form of the invention disclosed herein may be made without departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, and that the specification and drawing are to be considered as merely illustrative rather than limiting.

I claim: I l. A portable traction applicator, comprising: a screw jack unit having a longitudinally extensible member; support means at one end of said jack unit to straddle a supine patient and rest on .a supporting surface to hold the unit'substantially longitudinally above the upper body of the patient; supporting surface engaging means on the other end of said jack unit;

a traction arm connected to'said extensible member at the other end of said jack unit; -n'1eans at said one end to couple said jack unit to the upper portion of a patients body; and traction means for connection between said traction arm and the lower portion of a'patients body. 2.' A portable traction applicator, comprising: a screw jack having a longitudinal extensible'member; support means at one end of said jack unit to straddle a supine patient and rest on a supporting surface to hold the unit substantially longitudinally above the upper body of the patient; supporting surface engaging means on the other end of said jack unit; a a traction arm connected to said extensible member at the other end of said jack unit; means at said one end to couple said jack unit. to the upper portion of a patients body; traction means for connection between said traction arm and the lower portion of a patients body; said traction arm extending upwardly above said jack unit, whereby the traction is applied longitudinally and upwardly. 3. A portable traction applicator, comprising? a screw jack unit having a longitudinally extensible member; support means at one end of said jack unit to straddle a supine patient and'rest on a supporting surface to hold the unit substantially longitudinally above the 'upper body of the patient; a I supporting surface engaging means on the other end of said jack unit; 2. traction arm connected to said at the other end of said jack unit; a belt attached to said support means for securement to the upper body of a patient;

extensible member a traction belt for securement to the lower'body of a patient;

said traction arm extending upwardly above said jack unit;

and means connecting said traction belt to the upper end of said traction arm, whereby traction is applied longitudinally and upwardly.

4. A portable traction applicator, comprising:

a screw jack unit having a longitudinally extensible member;

support means at one end-of said jack unit to straddle a supine patient and rest on a supporting surface to hold the unit substantially longitudinally above the upper body of the patient;

supporting surface engaging means on the other end of said jack unit;

a screw jack operating handle on said one end accessible to a patient;

a traction arm connected to said extensible member at the'other end of said jack unit;

a belt attached to said supportrneans for securement to the upper body of a patient;

a traction belt for securement to the lower body of a patient;

'said traction arm extending upwardly above said jack unit;

and means connecting said traction belt to the upper end of said traction arm, whereby traction is applied longitudinally and upwardly. 5. A portable traction applicator, comprising:

a screw jack unit having a longitudinally extensible member; 7 support means at one end of said jack unit to straddle a supine patient and rest on'a supporting surface to hold the unit substantially longitudinally above the upper body of the patient; i supporting surface engaging means on the other end of said jack unit; 7 a screw jack operating handle on said one endaccessible to a patient; a traction arm connected to said extensible member at the other end'of said jack unit; a a belt attached to said support means for securement to the upper body of a patient; a traction belt for securement tothe lower body of .a

patient; H a said traction arm extending upwardly above said jack unit; strap elements connecting said traction belt to the upper end of said traction arm, whereby traction is applied longitudinally and upwardly; and leg supporting means secured between said straps to hold a patients legs in raised position. 6. -A portable traction applicator, comprising: a screw jack unit having a longitudinally extensible member; support means at one end of said jack unit to straddle a supine patient and, rest on a supporting surface to hold the unit substantially longitudinally above the upper body of the patient; a screw jack operating handle on said one end accessible to a patient; wheels mounted below the other end of said jack unit; a traction arm pivotally mounted below said jack unit adjacent said wheels; said traction arm extending upwardly above said jack unit and being engagedby saidextensible member; a belt attached to said support means for securement to the upper body of a patient; a traction belt for securement to the lower bodyof a patient; and means connecting said traction belt'to the upper end of said traction arm, whereby. traction is applied longitudinally and upwardly. 7. A traction applicator according to claim 6, wherein said jack unit comprises a cylindricalbarrel;

3,134,379 5 said extensible member being an axially slidable sleeve in said barrel; an adjusting screw coupled between said sleeve and said handle; 743,663 a collar mounted on said screw and being retained 5 against axial movement; 2,893,334 a spring between said collar and a fixed portion of said barrel adjacent said handle; 11020, 154

a traction pressure indicator mounted on said barrel to be visible to a patient; 0 said indicator being connected to said collar.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Scheidl Nov. 10, 1903 Krurnm Dec. 3, 1957 Chick July 7, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS Germany Nov. 28, 1957

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US743663 *Jul 24, 1903Nov 10, 1903Johann ScheidlSurgical device for setting fractured legs.
US2815022 *Jul 20, 1954Dec 3, 1957Thomas F KrummBody traction device
US2893384 *Apr 30, 1956Jul 7, 1959Hyde Chick GilbertCasting attachment for orthopedic tables
DE1020154B *Jan 31, 1955Nov 28, 1957Dr Med Willi DoerrStrecktisch zur Extensionsbehandlung bei Bandscheibenschaedigungen
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3762403 *Jan 10, 1972Oct 2, 1973K RabanOrthopedic rack
US4102336 *Aug 26, 1976Jul 25, 1978Ingrid WienerApparatus for traction therapy
US4608969 *Dec 13, 1984Sep 2, 1986Hamlin Jerry FPortable traction apparatus
US4664099 *May 12, 1986May 12, 1987Pearl Jr William JTraction device
US4700696 *Mar 17, 1986Oct 20, 1987Schoffstall Charles DMethod and apparatus for applying traction
US4750479 *Mar 26, 1987Jun 14, 1988Schawl David LPortable self-applied traction device having plates strapped to thighs
US4877239 *Jan 3, 1989Oct 31, 1989Gregorio Dela RosaThigh muscle stretching device
US6302859 *Apr 4, 2000Oct 16, 2001Ralph B. CushmanTraction device
US6770013Apr 29, 2002Aug 3, 2004Acorn Products, LlcIsometric exercise device
US7462189 *Jul 6, 2005Dec 9, 2008North American Medical CorporationIntegrated lumbar combined variable angular distraction structure
US8535254Nov 11, 2010Sep 17, 2013M. Mounir GazayerliLumbar traction device
US8641652 *Jan 6, 2012Feb 4, 2014M. Mounir GazayerliGarment with lumbar traction device
US9498367Mar 11, 2015Nov 22, 2016John V HowardApparatus and method for applying spinal traction forces
US20060015145 *Jul 6, 2005Jan 19, 2006Smith Norman AIntegrated lumbar combined variable angular distraction structure
US20090062856 *Nov 11, 2008Mar 5, 2009North American Medical CorporationIntegrated Lumbar Combined Variable Angular Distraction Structure
US20110112456 *Nov 11, 2010May 12, 2011Gazayerli M MounirLumbar traction device
US20110137343 *Dec 8, 2010Jun 9, 2011Spinal Innovations, LlcPortable spinal disc decompression device
US20120123310 *Jan 6, 2012May 17, 2012Gazayerli M MounirGarment with lumbar traction device
DE2638077A1 *Aug 24, 1976Mar 10, 1977Wiener Geb GulltropGeraet zur strecktherapie
EP0066450A2 *May 26, 1982Dec 8, 1982George Alan CarruthersDevice for applying traction to patients
EP0066450A3 *May 26, 1982Feb 16, 1983George Alan CarruthersDevice for applying traction to patients
WO1984002075A1 *Nov 18, 1983Jun 7, 1984Leif LundbladApparatus for treating back ailments
WO1988003791A1 *Nov 16, 1987Jun 2, 1988Kari Juhani MustonenTraction table including two table sections
Classifications
U.S. Classification602/32
International ClassificationA61H1/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61H1/0218
European ClassificationA61H1/02D