US 3134891 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Maiy 26, 1964 M. HYER 7 3,134,891
NECK AND FACE DRY HEAT APPLICATOR Filed June '11, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR MAE/N4 I/XER A "om/EX May 26,1964 M. HYER 3,134,891
NECK AND FACE DRY HEAT APPLICATOR Filed June 11, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VENTOR M4 E/IVA #75? United States Patent 3,134,891 NECK AND FACE DRY HEAT APPLICATOR Marina Hyer, 509 73rd St., New York, N.Y. Filed June 11, 1932, Ser. No. 201,349 Claims. (Cl. 219211) This invention relates to neck and face dry heat applicator.
An object of this invention is to provide an applicator of the character described comprising a hood which may be placed over the face of the user, a nose opening being provided to facilitate breathing, and said applicator being further provided with a wrap-around portion to loosely encircle and adjust to the neck, with heating means in said applicator to heat the neck all around, as well as the face of the user.
Another object of this invention is to provide an applicator of the character described having no fasteners, and being so constructed that if the user, because of the relaxed feeling the applicator produces, slurnbers otf, movement of the head will be sufiicient to cause the applicator to fall off, thereby avoiding any unpleasant feelmg.
Another object of this invention is to provide an applicator of the character described having means to apply low, medium or high temperatures so that people with high blood pressure may use the applicator at low heat, normal persons may use it at medium heat, and people with low blood pressure may use it on high heat.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide an applicator of the character described, a pair of heater wires of different heat producing characteristics, and manual control switch means to energize one or the other or both of said wires, to thereby obtain low, medium or high heat, thermostatic safety switch means being pro vided to cut off the electricity should the hood get hot ter than a predetermined temperature.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a highly improved applicator of the character described, comprising a pair of fiat hood portions stitched together to form a face and neck covering hood with a nose hole to facilitate breathing, and one portion having a flap extending rearwardly from the neck end of said portion and upwardly, whereby said flap may either be folded flat onto the other portion, for compact storing, packing or shipping, or said flap may be Wrapped around'the back of the neck of the wearer and onto the neck part of the other portion, when said applicator is in use.
Yet a further object of this invention is to provide a durable and compact applicator of the character described, which shall be relatively inexpensiveto manufacture, safe and comfortable to use with the heat evenly distributed, and which shall yet be practical and efiicient to a high degree in use.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope of invenillustrative embodiment of this invention,
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a neck and face dry heat applicator embodying the invention showing the same in position for use;
FIG. 2 is a perspective View of said applicator with the neck flap opened up and showing the same folded flat in storing (no-use) position, in dot-dash lines;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
-12 seamed together along seams 13 and 14 leaving a nose hole 15 therebetween for comfortable breathing.
Portion 1.1 overlies a part of portion 12. Portion 12 12 has a flap extension 16 extending beyond the overlapped part of said portion. The seams 13, 14 will be disposed below and above the nose of the wearer when the applicator is in use. Thus when the applicator is in use, the portion 11, and the part of portion 12 it overlaps may cover the face, the front and sides of the head and the front and sides of the neck.
Portion 11 has a rear edge 11a and a bottom edge 11b. The seam 13 extends around and under the chin and neck of the user, whereas seam 14 extends over the forehead of the wearer.
The flap 16 comprises a neck part 20 extending from the neck part of portion 12. Extending upwardly and rearwardly from neck part 20 is a part 21 of somewhat crescent shape, having an inner edge 22 and an outer more curved edge 23. Edge 22 merges with edge 24 at the top of neck part 20, which merges with edge 25 at the rear of the face and head covering part of the portion 12. Edge 23 meets edge 22 at a point 26 and extends down to an edge 27 at the lower side of neck part 20. Edge 27 merges with edge 28 at the lower end of the part of portion 12 which is overlapped by part 11, which edge extends to the lower end of seam 13. The edges 1141,1112 of part 11 and edges 25, 22, 23, 27, 28 may be bound by piping 29.
Said parts 11, 12 each comprises an outer layer 30 of cloth, quilt stitched to a layer 31 of cotton padding. These quilt stitched layers constitute the outside of the hood. At the inside of the hood is an exposed layer 32 of plastic sheeting. At the inside of the plastic sheet layer 32 is a layer 33 of soft cloth or flannel. Between layers 30, 31 and 32, 33 is a pocket 34 in which the heating means to be described is located. The heating means comprises insulated wiring stitched to the outer side of a layer 35 of cloth. The wiring hence is located between layer 35 and layers 30, 31. Said layers 30, 31, 32, 33, 35 are stitched together by the piping 29 all around, and by the seams 13, 14 aforementioned. At the seams 13, 14, layers 30, 31 of parts 11, 12 are stitched together, layers 32, 33 of said parts are stitched together,
and layers 33 of said parts are stitched together.
At the nose hole 15, however, layers 30, 31, 35, 32, 33 of portion 11 are stitched together as at and layers 3 30, 31, 3'5, 32, 33 of portion 12 are stitched together as at 51. Thus the pocket 34 between layers 30, 31 and layer 35 of portions 11, 12 extends around the nose hole 15.
Referring now to the wiring, as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 6 and 7, said wiring comprises a plug 60* from which extends an insulated cable 61 in which are two wires 62, 63 extending to a switch fitting 64. The fitting 64 may comprise a pair of insulating covers 65 bolted together and housing an insulating plate 66 on which is mounted a conductor strip 67 provided with binding posts 68, 69. Wire 63 is attached to binding post 68. Also attached to insulating plate 66 is a conductor plate 70 having four upstanding spaced bumps 71 and carrying a binding post 72 to which Wire 62 is attached. On said plate 66 is a short conductor strip 73 carrying a binding post 74 and a second conductor strip 75 spaced from strip 73 and can'ying a binding post 76.
Attached to binding post 69 is a wire 80. Attached to post 74 is a low resistance heater wire 82, and attached to post 76 is a high heater resistance wire 83. Wires 80, 82, 83 are enclosed in an insulating tube 84 extending from fitting 64 to a hole at the neck of portion 11. These wires extendto the pocket 34 and inside of said pocket,
7 the wires 80, 82, 83 separate and are separately stitched to the outer side of cloth layers 35 of portions 1 1, 12. The wires are laid out on layers 35 so as to more or less evenly cover all parts of said layers as shown in FIG. 6. Wires 82, 83 at their outer ends, are connected to the outer end of wire 80, as at 87. Also wire 80 has a thermostatic switch '88 interposed in it, as shown in FIG. 6, to cut olf the heat entirely if the temperature in the hood rises above a predetermined temperature. The heating wires are in the flap 16 as well as in the face, head and neck covering portions of the hood.
Rotatably mounted on insulating plate 66, as at 90, is a switch element 91 to which is fixed an actuating handle 92 which projects through a slot in the fitting 64. Element 91 has an arm 93 which always contacts conductor strip 70 and moves, step by step, between different pairs of bumps 71. Said switch element 91 also has forked arms 94, 95 adapted to contact conductors 73, 75 in one position of the switch element. This is the high heat position. Upon turning the handle 92 in a clockwise direction, looking at FIG. 7, to the next position, arm 95 still contacts conductor 75, but arm 94 moves off conductor 73. This is the intermediate or medium heat position. Movement of the handle to the next position brings arm 95 off conductor 75 and onto conductor 73 for low heat condition. Movement of the handle clockwise to the next position brings arm 95 off conductor 73 and both heater wires are disconnected, for off condition.
Fitting 64 per se is well known as a four position switch fitting.
It will now be understood that the user may use the switch fitting for low, medium or high heat or to turn it off altogether.
When the hood is not in use, flap 16 can be placed flat on top of portion 11, as illustrated in dot-dash lines in 'FIG. 2, by folding said flap on one line of the neck part 26. When in use, the flap 16 folds around the back of the neck of the wearer and overlaps the neck part of portion 11, as shown in FIG. 1. Thus the neck will be heated all around. Yet the flap 16 is not fastened. If the wearer should fall asleep while the heat is on due to a relaxed feeling, slight movement of the head will enable the hood to fall ofi the face of the user, for comfort.
It will thus be seen that there is provided an apparatus in which the several objects of this invention are achieved and which is well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.
As possible embodiments might be made of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings, is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
1. A face and neck dry heat applicator comprising a hood, said hood comprising a pair of portions seamed together along spaced seams leaving an opening therebetween, said portions having parts to cover the face, front and sides of the head and front of the neck of the user, and one of said portions having a neck flap extension extending from a neck covering part of said one portion upwardly, in the non-neck wrapping, non-use position of said flap extension, toward said head covering parts of said portions, and adapted to be wrapped around the back of the neck of the wearer with the end of said flap extension in overlying unattached covering relation with the other hood portion, and heating means in said portions of the hood and said flap extension.
2. The combination of claim '1, each portion comprising an outer layer stitched to a layer of padding, an inner plastic sheet, a first layer of cloth at the inner side of said plastic sheet, and a second layer of cloth between the padding layer and the first layer of cloth, and said heating means comprising wires stitched to the second layerof cloth and disposed between said second layer of cloth and said padding layer.
3. The combination of claim 2, said two portions being stitched to each other at said seams, and the outer layer and padding of each portion being stitched to the plastic layer, and to said first and second layers of cloth, of said portion at said nose opening.
'4. The combination of claim 3, said heating means comprising a low heat resistance wire, a medium heat resistance wire, and switch means to energize one wire or the other or both for low, medium and high heat, respectively.
5. The combination of claim 2, said portions being movable into flat mutually contacting condition of nonuse, and said flap extension being foldable to lie in said non-neck wrapping position of non-use and to contactingly overlie the other portion of said hood and to still extend upwardly toward said head covering parts of said portions in said mutually contacting condition.
6. A neck and face heat applicator comprising, a hood part having a pair of hood portions stitched to each other along a pair of spaced longitudinally extending seams and thereby forming an opening between said seams for the wearers nose, said hood part having an upper portion to cover the top of the wearers head, a face portion to cover the wearers face, opposite spaced side portions to cover the sides of the wearers head, and a neck portion to cover the front of the wearers neck, one of said hood portions only having a neck flap part continuous with said neck portion of said hood and extending therefrom and in a direction toward said upper portion of said hood, in the non-neck covering position of said flap, for covering the back of the wearers neck, said hood and said neck parts each comprising a pair of superimposed sheets of flexible material secured to each other, and a plurality of electric resistance wires secured in position between said sheets and arranged in uniform spaced relation throughout the extent of said sheets to provide uniformly distributed heat throughout said hood and said neck parts.
7. A neck and face dry heat applicator as defined in claim 6, wherein some of said Wires comprise high-heat resistance wires and the remaining wires comprise low heat-resistance wires, and switch means operable to connect said wires for providing low, medium and high quantities of heat from said wires, a layer of padding material stitched to one of said superimposed sheets along the inner surface thereof, said other superimposedsheet being plastic, a first layer of soft cloth stitched to said plastic sheet along the inner surface thereof, and another layer of material positioned between said first layer of cloth and said layer of padding material and secured to said first layer of cloth and said layer of padding material, and means securing said resistance wires to said other layer of material between the latter and said layer of padding material.
8. A hood having portions to cover the face, the front, top and sides of the head, and the front and sides of the neck of the wearer, and a neck flap extending from one side only of said neck side covering portion of said hood and adapted to extend around and cover the back of the wearers neck, said neck flap having an end part adapted to overlie the other of said neck side covering portion of said hood, in unattached relation therewith, when said neck flap is in said covering position, and electric heating means in said hood including said neck flap.
9. A hood as defined in claim 8, wherein said neck flap extends upwardly from said one neck side covering portion toward said top portion of said hood when said hood is laid flat.
10. A hood as defined in claim 9, wherein said neck flap is crescent-shaped and comprises a narrow neck part continuous with said one side, a wider intermediate part continuous with said neck part, and a narrow end part continuous with said intermediate part and terminating in a tip, said heating means including heating wires extending to said tip.
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