|Publication number||US3135985 A|
|Publication date||Jun 9, 1964|
|Filing date||May 22, 1962|
|Priority date||May 22, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3135985 A, US 3135985A, US-A-3135985, US3135985 A, US3135985A|
|Inventors||Reynolds Hulst Cornelius|
|Original Assignee||Kay Jewelry Stores Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (3), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 9, 1964 c. R. HULST 3,135,985
' ATTACHMENT FOR VACUUM CLEANER Filed May 22, 1962 INVENTOR O. REYNOLDS HULST BY Q aiwg ATTORNEY United States Patent ATTACHMENT FOR VACUUM CLEANER Cornelius Reynolds Hulst, Newport Beach, Calif.,
assignor, by mesne assignments, to Kay Jewelry Stores, Inc, doing business as Fairfax Industries,
Washington, D.C., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 22, 1962, Ser. No. 196,751 2 Claims. (Cl. 15328) The present invention pertains generally to vacuum cleaners and more specifically relates to an attachment for cooperation with the motor and the housing component of a canister type vacuum cleaner providing a power driven buffing element for treating floors or the like.
A canister type vacuum cleaner possesses a number of advantages over other types of domestic suction cleaning device and such a vacuum cleaner is disclosed in the McAllister Patent 2,441,365. It includes a dust pan, a filter unit, a suction fan, a drive motor and a housing for the fan and motor. The fan unit draws dust laden air into the presence of the filter unit. The heavier than air materials are separated by the filter unit and deposited in the dust pan. Such canister type vacuum cleaners function well to remove dirt and other particles heavier than air from carpets, rugs, floors and the like.
It is an object of the present invention to provide an attachment for such a suction type cleaning mechanism which includes a buffing element which is driven by the motor of the vacuum cleaner by the expedient of removing the dust pan from the housing and arranging the housing over a disc-shaped element of the attachment which is equipped with means providing a driving connection from the output shaft of the motor to the bufling element.
Another object of the invention is to provide a bufiing mechanism which is supported for rotation by a discshaped element which serves to close the lower end of the motor housing component of the canister type vacuum cleaner including a novel mechanism providing a readily detachable driving connection between the buffing element and the vacuum cleaner motor.
Other objects and features of the invention will become apparent as the disclosure proceeds and other objects and features will be appreciated as the present disclosure proceeds and upon consideration of the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein an embodiment of the invention is disclosed.
In the drawing:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a canister type vacuum cleaner.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged inverted plan view of the housing enclosing the fan unit and the motor and taken approximately on the line 22 of FIG. 1 with the filter unit omitted.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the buffing attachment.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the bui'iing attachment from below.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary section taken on the line 55 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary section taken on the line 77 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 8 is a side elevational view with portions shown in section and illustrating the buffing attachment in operative association with the vacuum cleaner motor and the hous- FIG. 9 is an enlarged side elevation of one of the wheels for the attachment with a portion illustrated in section to show the resilient tread thereon.
The invention is directed to apparatus providing a household type vacuum cleaning device with a boiling attachment which is so designed to cooperate with the motor housing whereby the driving motor for the cleaner serves as a prime mover for the buffing attachment. Referring to the drawing there is shown in FIG. 1 a vacuum cleaner of the canister type which comprises a pan-shaped dust receptacle 10 and a dome-shaped housing 11 which encases the driving motor 12 and the fan unit 14. A filter unit (not shown) is accommodated in the lower portion of the housing 11 under a perforated plate 15. An extension cord may be detachably connected to the terminals 16 in the handle 17 of the vacuum cleaner so that when a switch actuated by a control element 18 is closed the motor is rotated to drive the fan unit 14 and develop a low pressure condition within the suction hose 13. The air borne dirt or particles are delivered into the pan 10 under the filter unit and the air cleansed of particles escapes through an outlet opening 21. Such a cleaning mechanism is of a conventional construction and is more fully disclosed in the McAllister Patent 2,441,365.
An annular gasket 22 provides for sealing the perimeter of the pan 10 with respect to the periphery of the skirt edge of the housing 11. This resilient gasket desirably remains attached to the housing and cooperates therewith in a manner as shown in FIG. 7. The annular gasket 22 is detachably held in place by means of the apertured disc-shaped plate 15. The periphery of the plate 15 includes a flange 24 which extends into an annular groove in the gasket 22. A plurality of screws 26 (FIG. 2) serve to hold the apertured disc-shaped plate 15 to a fixed portion of the motor housing 11 and thereby releasably maintains the gasket in cooperative relationship with the housing 11. The gasket 22 has a depending annular rim 27 (FIG. 7) and a substantially horizontal surface 28. The flange 27 and the surface 28 cooperate with the pan 10 and a disc member of the bufiing attachment as hereinafter described.
The buffing attachment is best shown in FIGS. 3 and 4 and includes a disc-shaped member 31 which has a diameter substantially equal to the pan 10 so that the perimeter of the member 31 may be accommodated within the flange 27 of the gasket 22. A short shaft 32 is mounted ina bearing 33 carried by the disc-shaped member 31. The lower end of the shaft 32 projects through the disc-shaped member 31 and the lower end portion provides a pinion 34 for driving the bufiing element as hereinafter described. A collar 36 is secured to the upper end of the shaft 32 in any suitable manner and accommodates a resilient ring 37.
A buffing element indicated generally at 41 is journalled for rotation about a stub shaft 42 carried by the discshaped member 31. The shaft 42 may be anchored to the disc-shaped member 31 in any suitable manner and desirably near the perimeter thereof as shown in FIG. 3. The bufling element may be in the form of a brush which includes bristles 43 anchored in a disc-shaped element 44. A resilient ring 46 is carried by the periphery of the disc-shaped element 44 which is of such diameter that the resilient ring 46 engages the pinion portion 34 of the shaft 32 so as to drive the bufiing element and turn it about its shaft 42.
A pair of wheels 48 are attached to the undersurface of the disc-shaped element 31 by means of a bracket 49. The wheels 48 are desirably located in a position diammetrically opposite the buffing element shaft 42. The wheels 48 are each provided with a resilient tire or tread 51 for supporting the attachment and the housing 11 for rolling movement over a surface or floor such as in dicated at 52 in FIG. 8. An arm 53 extends from the bracket 49 and is provided with a socket 54 for receiving a handle 56 which may be formed of the metal tubes which are attached to the end of the hose 19 and serve 3 to support and manipulate the nozzle of the vacuum cleaner.
The filter unit (not shown) for a suction cleaning operation is arranged under the apertured plate 15. An opening 61 is provided in the center of the apertured discshaped plate 15. An annular member 62 is secured to the lower end of the motor shaft 63 so as to be driven thereby when the motor is energized. The annular member 62 may be secured to the motor shaft in any suitable manner and its lower end portion is positioned above the apertured plate 15 as shown in FIG. 5.
In carrying out a bufling operation the housing 11 is removed from the pan or receptacle 10. The housing 11 is then positioned over the disc-shaped member 31 with the perimeter thereof fitting within the resilient gasket 22.. When the upper surface of the perimeter portion of the disc-shaped member 31 engages the surface 28 of the gasket the resilient ring 37 engages the annular member 62. These parts are so dimensioned that the weight of the housing 11 and the motor and the fan unit distort the ring 37 sufliciently to provide an elfective driving connection between the motor shaft 63 and the shaft 32. The annular member 62 has an annular groove 64 in the lower portion so that the center projection 66 serves to distort the resilient ring 37 into the groove 64. This provides for an increase in the frictional engagement of the member 62 with the ring 37. The collar 36 prevents outward distortion of the ring 37. When the motor 12 is energized the fan unit serves to create a low pressure condition in the lower part of the housing 11 which causes the disc-shaped member 31 to engage the gasket 22. A limited number of slots 67 in the perimeter of the disc-shaped member 31 permit small quantities of cooling air to move over the motor for discharge through the opening 21. The shaft 32 is thereby rotated and the lower end portion 34 serves as a pinion which engages the resilient ring 46 to rotate the butting element 41 about its shaft 42 so that the bristles 43 may butf the surface 52. The wheels 48 are of such diameter that the attachment is supported with the bufiing element substantially parallel to the surface 52. The wheels 48 provide means for manipulating the device and the bufdng element over the floor to be treated.
While the invention has been described with reference to particular structural arrangement and with regard to the details of various elements it will be appreciated that changes may be made in the overall assembly along with alterations in the various components. Such modifications and others may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A canister type vacuum cleaner component and a buffing attachment therefor adapted to be driven by the motor of the vacuum cleaner component comprising, a housing having a depending annular skirt opening throughout the area within said skirt, a motor and a suction fan mounted Within said housing, a motor shaft driving said fan and extending therebelow at the approximate center of the housing, an annular resilient gasket carried by said skirt, a disc-shaped member with its periphery engaging said gasket and substantially closing said housing whereby operation of the fan develops a pressure therein less than atmospheric to maintain the disc-shaped member in operative association with said housing, a stub shaft journalled for rotation on said disc-shaped member and extending thereabove substantially in alignment with said motor shaft, means providing a detachable driving connection between said stub shaft and said motor shaft, a buffing element supported by the disc member for rotation in a plane parallel to the disc-shaped member, and means providing a driving connection between said stub shaft and said butting element.
2. A canister type vacuum cleaner component and a buffing attachment therefor adapted to be driven by the motor of the vacuum cleaner component according to claim 1, wherein the disc-shaped member has openings therethrough for admitting limited quantities of air into the housing for movement over said motor.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,677,533 Staehle July 17, 1928 1,891,175 Petersen Dec. 13, 1932 2,782,452 Kitto et a1. Feb. 26, 1957 2,857,613 Meyerhoefer Oct. 28, 1957 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,064,022 France Dec. 23, 1953
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|US1677533 *||May 4, 1926||Jul 17, 1928||Cyklop Akt Ges||Electrically-actuated surfacing machine|
|US1891175 *||Nov 14, 1930||Dec 13, 1932||Petersen Christian||Combination vacuum cleaner and floor waxing machine|
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|FR1064022A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4145802 *||Aug 26, 1976||Mar 27, 1979||Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A.||Autoadaptive tactile device for working machines|
|US5667019 *||Aug 10, 1995||Sep 16, 1997||Redexim Handel- En Exploitatiemaatschappij B.V.||Soil treating device|
|US5974626 *||Mar 26, 1997||Nov 2, 1999||Nilfisk-Advance, Inc.||Collection system for a floor polishing machine|
|U.S. Classification||15/328, 15/413, 15/49.1, 15/385, 15/390|
|International Classification||A47L11/206, A47L11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L11/4094, A47L11/2065, A47L11/4038, A47L11/4069|
|European Classification||A47L11/40F2, A47L11/40R, A47L11/40J4, A47L11/206B|