|Publication number||US3137941 A|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 1964|
|Filing date||May 31, 1961|
|Priority date||May 31, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3137941 A, US 3137941A, US-A-3137941, US3137941 A, US3137941A|
|Inventors||Andrews Lawrence F|
|Original Assignee||Andrews Lawrence F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (15), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 23, 1964 v 1.. F. ANDREWS 3,137,941
EXTRA-ORAL DENTAL RETRACTOR Filed May 31, 1961 Fig.
m Fig. 4
INVENTOR. LAWRENCE F ANDREWS United States Patent 3,137,941 EXTRA-ORAL DENTAL RETRACTOR Lawrence F. Andrews, 1808 Cable, San Diego 7, Calif. Filed May 31, 1961, Ser. No. 113,755 5 Claims. (Cl. 32-14) This invention relates to an orthodontic appliance and more particularly to extra-oral dental retractor utilizing at least one spring loop for tension application.
The prior art extra-oral dental retractors, of the type having an inner U-shaped member for positioning around a patients teeth and engaging a patients posterior molars, and an outer U-shaped member attached thereto extending around each side of the patients face and attached to an elastic band which completes a loop around the patients head, have serious disadvantages both to the patient wearing them and to the orthodontist when fitting a retractor to an individual patient. One of the more serious disadvantages lies in the necessity for constant adjustment of the elastic head band that connects the two posterior ends of the extra-oral dental retractor around the back of the neck for achieving the desired pressure upon the patients teeth from the retractor. Thus, as the teeth move back in the desired position, the pressure lessens considerably and the strap requires frequent readjustments, in addition to readjustments required due to deterioration of the elastic. This obviously extends the period of treatment or if extra tension is maintained to limit the extended treatment period, results in extreme discomfort to the patient. Another serious disadvantage lies in the necessity of length adjustment of the inner wire for the individual patient which in turn makes commercially presoldered solder stops impossible since their placement is not known until the length adjustment has been made on the patient, after which the stops are soldered. This, of course, requires additional time and work on the part of the orthodontist making the fitting.
According to the invention, an extra-oral dental retractor is provided with a loop coil spring feature which tends to exert uniform pressure against the patients mouth and requires fewer adjustments of the elastic head band. Further features of the present invention are adjustable bends in the inner U-shaped member which facilitate length adjustment and allow presoldered solder stops to be incorporated. A further time saving feature of the present invention lies in the use of a presoldered pinch tube in the center thereof for the quick insertion of spurs in situ. The above mentioned difficulties and disadvantages inherent in the prior art extra-oral dental retractors are thereby obviated.
It is thus an object of the present invention to provide an extra-oral dental retractor in which tension is applied substantially equally over extended periods of time Without adjustment.
A further object of the invention is to provide an extraoral dental retractor which is extremely comfortable to the wearer.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an extra-oral dental retractor in which length adjustments can be made quite simply and expediently.
Still another object of the present invention is the provision of an extra-oral dental retractor utilizing presoldered pinch tube for spurs, which aide in elevating the upper jaw and front teeth.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide an improved extra-oral dental retractor which is simple and inexpensive to construct and easily adaptable to a wearers mouth at a minimum of time and eifort to the orthodontist.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which like reference numerals designate like parts throughout the figures thereof and wherein:
FIG. 1 shows a plan view of one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 shows a plan view of another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 shows a side view of one embodiment of FIG. 1 and FIG. 2; and
FIG. 4 shows a side view of another embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2.
Referring to FIG. 1 there is shown an extra-oral dental retractor having outer member 11 with springs loops or coils 12, center portion 14 and end hooks 18. Connected to outer member 11 is inner member 16 having center portions 17 soldered to center portion 14 of member 11. Inner member 16 has prewelded spur tube 23 and solder stops 25.
Referring to FIG. 2 there is shown an extra-oral dental retractor having outer member 11 with spring coil 15 and inhooks 18. Inner member 16 has center portion 17, solder stops 25 and ends 19. Center portion 17 is soldered to spring coil 15 of outer member 11.
FIG. 3 is a side view of both FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. Inner member 16 is shown having an adjustable U-shaped bend 21.
FIG. 4 is also a side view of another embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 having length adjusting loop 22 in inner member 16.
Referring back to FIG. 1 the inner member 16 is placed Within the patients mouth and around the outside of the teeth making contact with the semi-permanent braces attached to the six year or twelve year molar teeth. The ends 19 fit in a tube provided on a molar tooth band (not shown) for terminating the movement of this member at solder stops 25. If the length of member 16 is adjusted correctly, pressure exerted in a downward direction on end hooks 18 of outer member 11 which fits around each side of the wearers head, will cause member 16 to exert pressure upon these braces which, of course, tends to pull the patients or wearers teeth upward and toward the rear of the patients head. Obviously, if coil loops 12 were not present in member 11, as the teeth moved back, less pressure being applied upon member 17 would result in less pressure being applied to the wearers braces or teeth. Thus, it would become necessary to make frequent adjustment on the pressure applied to end hooks 18, which, of course, is accomplished by an elastic head band (not shown) attached to these hooks which completes a loop around the patients head. The addition of coil loops 12 reduces greatly the number of adjustments necessary to the head band to maintain a constant pressure against the pa tients teeth. It further allows a greater overall pressure to be applied with no discomfort to the patient due to the evenness of the applied torque from the coil spring action. In practice, this has resulted in a greatly increased overall efiiciency since the applied pressure is not solely dependent upon the elastic head band.
FIG. 2 shows another embodiment of the present invention embracing the same principle but utilizing only one spring loop shown at 15. The theory here is exactly the same as the embodiment illustrated and described with respect to FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 shows a side view of either FIG. 1 or FIG. 2 with the additional feature of a U-shaped bend at 21 which allows for a simple and expedient length adjustment of member 16. This allows solder stops 25 to 3 be presoldered since the length adjustment is made without physically cutting oil? the ends of inner member 16.
In FIG. 4 there is shown a modification of the length adjustment of FIG. 3, in which, the adjustment is accomplished by a loop bend shown at 22.
An extra-oral dental retractor has thus been disclosed which applies even pressure to the patients teeth over long periods of time without adjustment, permits greater pressure to the teeth of the patient without an accompanying greater discomfort to the patient, and allows for presoldered stops by virtue of an inner member length adjusting feature, thus saving considerable time to the orthodontist.
It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only preferred embodiments of the invention and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the examples of the invention herein chosen for the purpose of the disclosure which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. An orthodontic appliance comprising a first U- shaped spring wire member adapted to be positioned in front of a wearers month, said first member having ends adapted to be attached to a head strap at the rear of a wearers head, said first member having at least one coil spring in the center portion thereof, a second U-shaped member fixedly attached to said first 'U-shaped member at the center portions of each, said second U-shaped member disposed within said first U-shaped member in a first plane of View, said first and second U-shaped members forming an acute angle in a second plane of view, said first and second planes of view being at right angles to each other, said second U-shaped member adapted to fit within a wearer's mouth around a Wearers teeth.
2. The orthodontic appliance of claim 1 wherein said first U-shaped member has two coils symmetrically disposed in the center portion of said first U-shaped member and said second U-shaped member is soldered to said first U-shaped member between said coils.
3. The orthodontic appliance of claim 1 wherein said second U-shaped member includes length adjusting means.
4. The orthodontic appliance of claim 3 wherein said length adjusting means comprises a U-shaped bend in each straight portion of said second U-shaped member.
5. In an orthodontic device which comprises two U- shaped members, one an inner member and the other an outer member, which outer member has at least one resilient looped portion, said two members being connected together adjacent their median points, said portion being symmetrical about said points, said inner member to be inserted into a mouth with portions of the inner member exerting pressure against teeth to correct the positions thereof, the outer member to be external to a mouth and to have a resilient element attached to its outer ends for maintaining a force thereon, which force is to be transmitted to said inner member, said device further comprising open loops formed in the two sides of the inner member, said loops being bendable but of relatively fixed size and shape once bent into position to provide said inner member with size adjusting means without unduly modifying the force transmitted therethrough, and preformed stops mounted on the sides of said inner member near the ends thereof for beating against teeth.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,137,298 Walker Apr. 27, 1915 2,259,160 Glaser Oct. 14, 1941 3,036,380 Martinek May 29, 1962 OTHER REFERENCES Jackson Art of Orthodontic Practice, American Journal of Orthodontics and Oral Surgery vol. 34, No. 5, page 395, May 1948.
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|International Classification||A61C7/06, A61C7/00|