Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3138805 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 30, 1964
Filing dateApr 11, 1961
Priority dateApr 11, 1961
Publication numberUS 3138805 A, US 3138805A, US-A-3138805, US3138805 A, US3138805A
InventorsSalvatore J Piazza
Original AssigneeSalvatore J Piazza
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bed-wheelchair
US 3138805 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 30, 1 s. J. PIAZZA BED-WHEELCHAIR Filed April 11, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVEN TOR.

SALVATORE J. PIAZ ZA A T TORNEYS June 30, 1964 S. J. PIAZZA BED-WHEELCHAIR Filed April 11, 1961 lllllu 2 sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR. SALVTORE J. PIAZZA BY m @420 M M# @4414 3 ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,138,805 BED-WHEELCHAIR Salvatore J. Piazza, N. Lake St, Ransornville, N.Y.

Filed Apr. 11, 1%1, Ser. No. 102,236

6 Claims. (Cl. -60) This invention relates to invalid furniture, and more particularly to an improved convertible bed-chair device such as may be readily adapted alternatively to either bed or wheelchair use while being occupied by the patient.

A primary object of the invention is to provide an improved device as aforesaid which is convertible with improved facility and without requiring the occupant to be lifted or to step out of the furniture piece.

Another object is to provide an improved device as aforesaid whereby the patient may with utmost ease shift his body between alternative use positions of the device.

Another object is to provide an improved device as aforesaid which is of simple and rugged design and relatively inexpensive to manufacture.

Another object is to provide an improved device as aforesaid which may be operated by the nurse or attendant with improved ease and facility.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the specification hereinafter and the accompanyingdrawing of an exemplary form of the inven tion wherein:

FIG. 1 is a top perspective view of a device of the invention, shown as being set up for bed use.

FIG. 2 is a corresponding view showing the device arranged for use in chair form.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view on enlarged scale, taken along line 3--3 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along line 55 of FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is a view corresponding to FIG. 4 but showing adjustment of the device to chair form.

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6; and

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary end view of the device as shown in FIG. 2.

As indicated hereinabove, the present invention contemplates provision of a hospital type bed which is readily convertible into wheelchair form; a particular feature being that the patient may either with or without assistance shift his body with maximum ease and natural movements between recumbent and upright sitting positions, thereby utilizing alternatively the bed and chair portions of the device. The mechanical features of the device are such as to facilitate and minimize the assistance required by the patient incidental to the conversion operations.

Thus, as illustrated at FIG. 1 herein the device of the invention comprises a three unit construction including head, center, and foot sections designated generally at It), 12, 14 respectively. Each section comprises essentially a horizontally disposed rectangular frame 16 carrying trmsversely disposed spring slats 18 for support of corresponding mattresses or cushions 20, 22, 24. The frames 16 are supported upon vertical legs 26, the leg devices at the front and foot ends of the bed conveniently comprising portions of the conventional head and foot bed frames. The head and foot frames may include if de sired, transverse bars 28, and all of the legs 26 are provided with wheel castors as indicated at 30.

For bed use the units 10, 12, 14 are maintained in end-to-end aligned interconnection as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3 by means of a tie-rod 32 which slide-fits through 3,138,895- Patented June 30, 1964 guide tubes 34-34 carried by the frames 1616 of at least two of the units; the rear end of the rod 32 being fitted with a hand crank 35 and the leading end of the rod being screw-threaded as indicated at 38 for threading engagement with a bored and tapped block 46 carried by the frame of the third unit. Thus, it will be appreciated that when the three units are disposed in side-byside alignment as shown in FIG. 1, and the tie-rod is slide-fitted through the directionally aligned guides and then rotated by the crank 36, the threaded end of the tie-rod will draw through the block 40 and thereby snug the three bed units together and maintain them in bed-forming arrangement as shown in FIGS. 1 and 3. However, upon withdrawal of the tie-rod, as indicated by broken lines in FIG. 3, the three units will be freed from one another and will be individually self-supporting upon their own leg and castor devices.

It will be seen that the center unit 12 is disposed substantially at the longitudinal center of the device when arranged in bed form, and thus the mattress portion 22 is disposed to support the pelvic portion of the patients body when recumbent upon the bed. Hence, whenever the patient swings his body so as to extend his legs laterally from the bed he naturally swivels his pelvic section upon the cushion 22 and then assumes a sitting position thereon with his legs hanging over the side. In accord with the present invention, the cushion 22 is of two-piece construction and comprises cushion sections 22a and 22b hingedly connected as indicated at 44 (FIGS. 1 and 6), the portion 22a being suitably dimensioned to function as a comfortable seat cushion, while the portion 22b is suitably dimensioned to function as a back rest when tilted to its raised position as shown in FIG. 6. To provide for this alternative positioning of the cushion part 221), a supplemental support frame 46 is provided to hinge upon pins 48 carried by the main frame 16; the frame piece 46 being slotted as indicated at 49 (FIGS. 4, 6) to enable the cushion part 2212 to rise to the position shown in FIG. 6. The pins 48, as well as companion pins 43a, may be arranged to mate with holes found in the next adjacent frames to act as guide devices to accurately position the unit parts in aligned relation.

U-shaped members 50-50 are pivotally mounted as indicated at 52 upon the main frame 16 of the center unit 12 and normally suspend thereunder as shown in solid lines at FIGS/1 and 2. However, when the center unit is separated from the two end units the members 50-59 may then be swung up to arm rest forming positions as shown in broken lines at FIG. 2, and in FIGS. 6, 8; the arm-rests 561-50 and the back-rest frame 46 being then interlocked by means of latch plates 54 which are pivotally carried upon the arm rests as indicated at 56. Thus, it will be appreciated that whenever a recumbent patient desires to sit upright in wheel chair fashion he may be simply swivelled upon the seat cushion portion 22a into upright sitting position, whereupon the tie-rod 32 will be cranked out of connecting relation and withdrawn whereby the center unit is fully separated from the end units which are then rolled aside. The back rest and arm rest devices are then folded upwardly and interlocked to provide complete sitting support for the patients torso. Handle bars as indicated at 58--53 may be provided for the convenience of the patients attendant when wheeling the latter from place to place. Foot-rest devices as indicated at 6G60 are conveniently suspended from the main frame 16 of the unit 12, and are preferably hinged thereto as indicated at 62 and arranged to be held in positional adjustments by means of corresponding ratchet bar devices 64 (FIG. 8).

Although only one form of the invention has been illustrated and described in detail herein, it will be understood that various changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

I claim: a

1. A convertible bed-chair structure comprising three bed frame-mattress units dimensioned to be disposed in end-to-end relation to provide a single bed with the center unit of said structure disposed under the pelvic portion of a recumbent patient, means for detachably interconnecting said units'in rigid bed form, said center unit having a two-piece mattress cooperating to provide a seat cushion and a back rest for the patient when seated upon said seat cushion With his legs hanging over the side thereof, hinged frame means movable to support said back rest in patient sitting position, arm-rest means normally hanging below said frame and swingable into upright standing positions at opposite sides of said unit to provide arm-rest means, latch devices carried by said arm-rests and detachably engageable with said back-rest support to maintain said arm-rest and back-rest in patient sitting attitudes, and positionally adjustable foot-rest devices suspending from said frame to support the patients feet when in seated position.

2. A convertible bed-chair comprising three framema'ttress units dimensioned to be disposed in end-to-end relation to provide a single bed with the center unit disposed under the pelvic portion of a recumbent patient, means for detachably interconnecting said units in rigid bed form, said center unit having a foldable mattress adapted to provide a seat cushion portion and a back-rest portion for the patient when seated upon said seat cushion portion with his legs hanging over the side thereof, said center unit including hinged frame means movable to support said back-rest portion in patient sitting position, means normally hanging below said frame and swingable into upright standing positions to provide arm-rests at opposite sides of said unit, latch devices carried by said armrests and detachably engageable with said back-rest support to maintain said arm-rest and back-rest in patient seating attitudes, and foot-rest devices suspending from said frame and positionally adjustable to support the patients feet when in seated position.

3. A convertible bed-chair comprising three framemattress units normally disposed in side by side relation to provide a single bed with the center unit disposed under the pelvic portion of a recumbent patient, a tie rod for detachably interconnecting said units in rigid bed form, said center unit being adapted to provide a seat cushion portion and a back-rest portion for the patient when seated upon said seat cushion portion with his legs hanging over the side thereof, said center unit including means movable to support said back-rest portion in patient sitting position, means normally hanging below said frame and swingable into upright standing positions to provide arm-rests at opposite sides of said unit, latch devices carried by said arm rests and detachably engageable with said back-rest support to maintain said armrest and back-rest in patient seating attitudes, and footrest devices suspending from said frame and positionally adjustable to support the patients feet when in seated position.

4. A convertible bed-chair comprising multiple framemattress units dimensioned to be disposed in end-to-end relation to provide a single bed with the center unit disposed under the pelvic portion of a recumbent patient, means for detachably interconnecting said units in rigid bed form, said center unit having a foldable mattress adapted to provide a seat cushion portion and a back-rest portion for the patient when seated upon said seat cushion portion with his legs hanging over the side thereof, said center unit including hinged frame means movable to support said back-rest portion in patient sitting position, means normally hanging below said frame and swingable into upright standing positions to provide arm-rests at opposite sides of said unit, and latch devices carried by said arm-rests and detachably engageable with said backrest support to maintain said arm-rest and back-rest in patient seating attitudes.

5. A convertible bed-chair comprising three framemattress units dimensioned to be disposed in end-to-end relation to provide a single bed with the center unit disposed under the pelvic portion of a recumbent patient, a tie rod having a crank arm at one end and screw threaded at its other end and slip-fitted through aligned apertures in said frame units and engaging a screw thread portion of one of said frames for detachably interconnecting said units in rigid bed form, said center unit having a foldable mattress adapted to provide a seat cushion portion and a back-rest portion for the patient when seated upon said seat cushion portion with his legs hanging over the side thereof, said center unit including hinged frame means movable to support said back-rest portion in patient sitting position, means normally hanging below said frame and swingable into upright standing positions to provide arm-rests at opposite sides of said unit, latch devices carried by said arm-rests and detachably engageable with said back-rest support to maintain said arm-rest and back-rest in patient seating attitudes, and foot-rest devices suspending from said frame and positionally adjustable to support the patients feet when in seated position.

6. A convertible bed-chair structure comprising three bed frame-mattress units dimensioned to be disposed in end-to-end relation to provide a single bed with the center unit disposed under the pelvic portion of a recumbent patient.

means for detachably interconnecting said units in rigid bed form,

said center unit including a main frame and a subframe hingedly attached thereto,

said sub-frame being of a width substantially half the width of the center section and being hinged thereto substantially along the center of said bed,

means connecting said main frame and said sub-frame for holding the latter in substantially upright position,

said center unit having a two-piece mattress, one carried by said sub-frame and the other by said main frame, to provide a seat cushion and a back rest When said sub-frame is substantially upright.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US189964 *Jan 2, 1877Apr 24, 1877 Improvement in folding chairs
US396607 *Apr 6, 1888Jan 22, 1889 Invalid-bed
US1787380 *Oct 19, 1928Dec 30, 1930Aram IplicjianInvalid bed
US2565065 *Sep 4, 1947Aug 21, 1951Chakeres John BClamp
US2607929 *Nov 23, 1948Aug 26, 1952Ruth E BalluffCombination wheel chair and bed
US2609862 *Aug 21, 1946Sep 9, 1952Marion Chair Company IncHospital chair
US2817854 *Oct 4, 1954Dec 31, 1957Edmond O PrattGuard attachment for beds
AT153781B * Title not available
DE479379C *Feb 28, 1931Aram IplicjianKrankenbett
GB701077A * Title not available
GB190920137A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3284126 *May 14, 1964Nov 8, 1966Salvatore J PiazzaBed-wheelchair
US4139917 *Oct 17, 1977Feb 20, 1979Loel FenwickLabor, delivery and patient care bed
US4183109 *Apr 21, 1978Jan 15, 1980Howell William HSectional bed
US4240169 *Jan 26, 1979Dec 23, 1980Roos Kjell EPatient transferring apparatus
US4288124 *Oct 1, 1979Sep 8, 1981Rex HamiltonWheelchair-carried transfer stool
US4453732 *Dec 24, 1981Jun 12, 1984Assanah Albert APatient transport and care vehicle
US4613997 *Jun 14, 1984Sep 30, 1986Langdale Oscar EVertical access convalescent bed
US4987620 *Oct 3, 1989Jan 29, 1991Benjamin SharonCombined bed and wheelchair
US5134737 *May 7, 1990Aug 4, 1992Freedom CorporationPatient bed system
US5257428 *Jun 24, 1992Nov 2, 1993Timothy CarrollHospital bed collapsible for storage and transport
US5438723 *Mar 26, 1993Aug 8, 1995Carroll Equipment Sales CorporationCollapsible bed and panel hinge
US5555582 *Mar 6, 1995Sep 17, 1996Jerideau; Thomas H.Convertible bed
US6212714Jul 22, 1998Apr 10, 2001Hill-Rom, Inc.Hospital bed and mattress having a retracting foot section
US6272702 *Oct 29, 1999Aug 14, 2001Murata Kikai Kabushiki KaishaMultifunction bed
US6289536 *Dec 6, 1996Sep 18, 2001Simon BetsonApparatus for handling incapacitated patients
US6427264Mar 17, 2000Aug 6, 2002Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Gap filler for bed
US6496993Jan 5, 2001Dec 24, 2002Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed and mattress having a retracting foot section
US6584629 *Apr 16, 2001Jul 1, 2003Murata Kikai Kabushiki KaishaMultifunctional bed
US6611979Dec 29, 2000Sep 2, 2003Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress having a retractable foot section
US6684427Dec 20, 2002Feb 3, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed and matress having a retractable foot section
US6704954Jul 3, 2002Mar 16, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Gap filler for bed
US6820293Sep 26, 2002Nov 23, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Bed siderail pad apparatus
US6880189Aug 26, 2003Apr 19, 2005Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Patient support
US6928673Jul 25, 2003Aug 16, 2005Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Siderail pad for hospital bed
US7000272Feb 3, 2004Feb 21, 2006Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed and mattress having a retractable foot section
US7028352Aug 22, 2002Apr 18, 2006Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps
US7073220Mar 26, 2004Jul 11, 2006Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Bed siderail having a latch
US7100222Jul 2, 2004Sep 5, 2006Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for mounting hospital bed accessories
US7107636Mar 16, 2004Sep 19, 2006Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Gap filler for bed
US7134712 *Jul 14, 2004Nov 14, 2006Pro-Cord SpaChaise-longue
US7216384Dec 22, 2005May 15, 2007Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed and mattress having a retractable foot section
US7222377Mar 31, 2005May 29, 2007Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps
US7293305Aug 28, 2006Nov 13, 2007Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for mounting hospital bed accessories
US7296312Sep 8, 2003Nov 20, 2007Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed
US7406731Mar 30, 2006Aug 5, 2008Holl-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed
US7506390Sep 28, 2007Mar 24, 2009Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Patient support apparatus having controller area network
US7520006Mar 30, 2006Apr 21, 2009Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed including moveable foot portion
US7523515Apr 13, 2007Apr 28, 2009Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed and mattress having a retractable foot section
US7591034Apr 12, 2007Sep 22, 2009Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps
US7669263Mar 30, 2006Mar 2, 2010Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Mattress assembly including adjustable length foot
US7703158Sep 28, 2007Apr 27, 2010Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Patient support apparatus having a diagnostic system
US7788747Sep 21, 2009Sep 7, 2010Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus and method for closing hospital bed gaps
US7917978Mar 2, 2005Apr 5, 2011Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Variable height siderail for a bed
US7930778Dec 7, 2007Apr 26, 2011Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Pinch-preventing unit for bed guardrail
US7934276Feb 7, 2007May 3, 2011Hill-Rom Services, Inc.End panel for a patient-support apparatus
US8104122Dec 18, 2006Jan 31, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Patient support having an extendable foot section
US8157287 *Oct 4, 2011Apr 17, 2012Cleveland Valerie NConvertible wheelchair
US8239986Mar 13, 2009Aug 14, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Siderail assembly for a patient-support apparatus
US8286282Nov 11, 2011Oct 16, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Bed frame and mattress synchronous control
US8341778Jan 23, 2012Jan 1, 2013Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Bed gap filler and footboard pad
US8516637Aug 3, 2010Aug 27, 2013B & R Holdings Company, LlcPatient care and transport assembly
US8646124May 5, 2010Feb 11, 2014Stryker CorporationTransport apparatus
US8677524 *Sep 7, 2010Mar 25, 2014Panasonic CorporationBed and combining method
US20120169093 *Sep 7, 2010Jul 5, 2012Yohei KumeBed and combining method
US20120181779 *Jun 20, 2011Jul 19, 2012Shohei TsukadaWheelchair and bed
USRE30648 *Jun 2, 1978Jun 16, 1981Siemens AktiengesellschaftChair for dental patients
USRE43155 *Aug 6, 2009Feb 7, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed and mattress having a retractable foot section
USRE43532Jun 3, 2009Jul 24, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Hospital bed
DE19632681A1 *Aug 14, 1996Mar 13, 1997Stefan MuellerHospital bed or treatment couch
DE19632681C2 *Aug 14, 1996May 14, 1998Stefan MuellerKranken- oder Pflegebett
EP1101478A1 *Apr 7, 2000May 23, 2001Helmut BundesmannNursing chair
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/618, 297/411.34, 297/DIG.400
International ClassificationA61G5/00, A61G7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G2007/165, A61G7/00, Y10S297/04, A61G5/006, A61G5/00
European ClassificationA61G7/00, A61G5/00C, A61G5/00