US 3140136 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 7, 1964 LE ROY CLARK CABINET BINy 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June l. 1962 Fig./
INVENTQv-R'. mii@ July 7, 1964 LE ROY CLARK CABINET BIN INVENTOR.
United States VPatent C)` 3,140,136 CABINET BIN LeRoy Clark, R.F.D. 1, Chappell, Nebr. Filed June 1, 1962, Ser. No. 199,350 4 Claims. (Cl. S12-323) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in cabinet-type bins particularly although by no means necessarily, for our, sugar, bolts, etc., and has for its primary object to provide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a device of this character wherein the receptacle or drawer may be pulled forwardly with a compound sliding and swinging movement out of the housing or cabinet to provide maximum accessibility to the contents of said receptacle.
Another important object of the present invention is to provide a bin of the aforementioned character which embodies unique means for mounting the receptacle or drawer in the cabinet for sliding and swinging movement between open and closed positions.
` Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved bin of the character described comprising novel means for limiting the opening movement of the receptacle and releasably retaining same against complete withdrawal from the cabinet.
Another object is to provide a bin in accordance with the foregoing objects which, even when fully loaded or substantially so, may be expeditiously opened and closed with a minimum of eifort.
Other objects of the present invention are to provide an improved bin of the character set forth which is comparatively simple in construction, strong, durable, compact, of light weight and which may be manufactured and installed at low cost.
These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a bin constructed in accordance with the present invention, showing same closed;
FIGURE 2 is a vertical sectional view on an enlarged scale, taken substantially on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view, taken substantially on the line 3 3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a horizontal sectional view, taken substantially on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view substantially similar to FIGURE 1 but showing the receptacle or drawer in open position;
FIGURE 6 is a vertical sectional view on an enlarged scale, taken substantially on the line 6-6 of FIGURE 5 FIGURE 7 is a view in horizontal section, taken substantially on the line 7--7 of FIGURE 6; and
FIGURE 8 is a detail view in side elevation, showing the means for limiting the opening movement of the receptacle or drawer.
Referring now to the drawing in detail, it will be seen that the embodiment of the invention which has been illustrated comprises a cabinet of suitable dimensions which is designated generally by reference numeral 9. The cabinet 9, which is preferably but not necessarily of wood, includes an open front 10. The cabinet 9 further includes a top 11, a bottom 12, a back wall 13 and opposed side walls 14. It will be noted that the cabinet 9 is vertically elongated.
The cabinet 9 is for the reception of a vertically elongated, substantially segmental receptacle or drawer 15 of suitable wood. The receptacle 15 comprises a relatively thick front 16 having mounted on its upper portion a suitable handle 17. The receptacle 15, which is open at its top, further comprises a bottom 18, a back 19 and opposed side walls 20, the latter including arcuate upper ends 21. As shown to advantage in FIGURE 6 of the drawing, the front and back walls 16 and 19, respectively, of the receptacle 15 are upwardly divergent.
The receptacle 15 is mounted for horizontal sliding and vertical swinging movement in the cabinet 9. Toward this end, blocks 22 are afxed to the side walls 14 in the lower front poition of the cabinet 9. Mounted on the blocks 22 are balancing rollers 23 for the receptacle 15. The lower ends of the side walls 20 of the receptacle 15 travel on the rollers 23. Also mounted on the side walls 14 of the cabinet 9, above and rearwardly of the rollers 23, are relatively large supporting rollers 24 for the receptacle 15. Rearwardly and downwardly inclined angle bars 25 on the side walls 20 of the receptacle 15 travel on the rollers 24.
In the embodiment shown, a cleat or bar 26 is mounted transversely on the upper portion of the back wall 19 of the receptacle 15. Pivotally mounted on the end portions of the bar 26 and adapted to project beyond the sides of the receptacle 15 is a pair of stop buttons or the like 27. The buttons 27 are engageable with furring strips or cleats 28 in the upper, front portion of the cabinet 9 for limiting the outward or opening movement of the receptacle 15. The cleats 28 are secured vertically on the side walls 14 of the cabinet 9.
It is thought that the use or operation of the bin will be readily apparent from a consideration of the foregoing. Briefly, to open the bin the receptacle 15, through the medium of the handle 17, is pulled forwardly out of the cabinet 9, the rails or bars 25 riding on the rollers 24 and supporting the receptacle thereon, the relatively small lower rollers 23 balancing said receptacle, the lower ends of the side walls 20 riding on said lower rollers. The construction and arrangement is such that the receptacle 15 slides and swings simultaneously in a compound movement and rests by gravity in open position as shown in FIGURE 6 of the drawing. As hereinbefore set forth, opening movement of the receptacle is limited or arrested by the engagement of the buttons 27 with the members 28. Of course, to close the bin the foregoing procedure is substantially reversed, the rearwardly and downwardly inclined bars 25 again travelling on the rollers 24, the closed receptacle again gravitating to its closed position. It will be observed that the side walls 20 and bottom 18 of the receptacle 15 are spaced inwardly from the edges of the front 16. Thus, the front 16 is provided with free or projecting marginal portions which, when the receptacle 15 is in closed position as shown in FIG- URES l and 2 of the drawing, are adapted to abut the front of the cabinet for completely closing the receptacle and providing a neat, attractive appearance. Access is had to the buttons 27 over the upper end of the back 19 from the upper portion of the open or partially open receptacle 15. Reference numeral 29 designates the front of the cabinet structure. In operation, the members 28 and 22 also function as guides for the receptacle or drawer 15.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.
For example, the balancing rollers 23 may, if desired, be mounted on the bottom 12 rather than on the side walls 14 of the cabinet 9. Also, the bin may be wider Patented July 7, 1.9645` than it is deep or of any other suitable proportions or shapes.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A bin comprising a cabinet including opposed side Walls and having an open front, lower rollers mounted on the side walls adjacent the front of the cabinet, upper rollers mounted on said side walls in rearwardly spaced relation to said front of said cabinet, a drawer in the cabinet mounted for compound sliding and swinging movement on the lower and upper rollers, means for limiting the opening movement of the drawer, said drawer having an open top and including side walls, a bottom and upwardly divergent front and back walls, said front wall extending beyond the bottom and the drawer side walls and comprising free marginal portions abutting the cabinet front when said drawer is in closed position, and rearwardly and downwardly inclined supporting bars on the drawer side walls operable on the upper rollers, the lower ends of said drawer side walls being operable on the lower rollers.
2. A bin in accordance with claim l, said limiting means including guides for the drawer on the upper portions of the cabinet side walls, and turnbuttons on the drawer back wall engageable with said guides.
3. A bin comprising a cabinet including opposed side walls and having an open front, lower rollers mounted in the cabinet adjacent the front thereof, upper rollers mounted on said side walls in rearwardly spaced relation to said front of said cabinet, a drawer in the cabinet mounted for compound sliding and swinging movement on the lower and upper rollers, means for limiting the opening movement of the drawer, means for limiting the closing movement of the drawer, said drawer including side walls, a bottom and front and back walls, and rearwardly and downwardly inclined supporting bars on the drawer side walls operable on the upper rollers, the bottom of the drawer being operable on the lower rollers.
4. A bin comprising a cabinet including opposed side walls and having an open front, lower rollers mounted in the cabinet adjacent the front thereof, upper rollers mounted on said side walls in rearwardly spaced relation to said front of said cabinet, a drawer in the cabinet mounted for compound sliding and swinging movement on the lower and upper rollers, means for limiting the opening movement of the drawer, and rearwardly and downwardly inclined supporting bars on each side of the drawer operable on the upper rollers, the lower surface of the drawer being operable on the lower rollers.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 334,652 Gailor Jan. 19, 1886 803,070 Schmidt Oct. 31, 1905 1,090,890 Smith Mar. 24, 1914 1,170,631 Gloekler et al. Feb. 8, 1916 1,816,213 Duke July 28, 1931