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Publication numberUS3140365 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 7, 1964
Filing dateNov 8, 1960
Priority dateNov 8, 1960
Publication numberUS 3140365 A, US 3140365A, US-A-3140365, US3140365 A, US3140365A
InventorsVoland Elmo W
Original AssigneeMallory Timers Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plunger switch having integral plunger and spring
US 3140365 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. W. VOLAND July 7. 1964 PLUNGER SWITCH HAVING INTEGRAL PLUNGER AND SPRING Filed Nov. 8. 1960 y m 4 T D 0 MN r V T m A V W W a E United States Patent 3,140,365 PLUNGER SWITCH HAVING INTEGRAL PLUNGER AND SPRING Elmo W. Voland, Warsaw, N.Y., assignor to Mallory Timers Company, a division of P. R. Mallory & C0., Inc., Indianapolis, Ind., a corporation of Delaware Filed Nov. 8, 1960, Ser. No. 68,123 Claims. (Cl. 20016) This invention relates to electrical switches and has particular pertinency to such switches and devices known as plunger switches.

Broadly stated the invention contemplates the provision of a plunger switch which will operate in an improved manner and at the same time be efiicient and economical to manufacture. This is accomplished by providing an improved overall construction for the switch including assembly features which allow the base cap, contact bar and plunger assembly to be snap fastened into place in the housing.

3,140,365 Patented July 7, 1964 a section 16 between two parts 17, 18 of the spring. The

shorting bar may either be added by the molder as an insert in the mold or is added at assembly by pressing it into place utilizing a slot in the molded spring part. The plunger, springs and base cap may be unitarily molded as one unit. The switch, as constructed, allows a The switch utilizes a folded accordion ribbon type spring which is molded as an integral part of the plunger and the base cap. A rectangular metal shorting bar is sandwiched between two sections of the spring and may be pressed into place utilizing a slot in the molded spring part. The plunger, springs and base cap are molded as one unit.

The primary object of the invention, therefore, is to provide a plunger switch construction having improved operating characteristics.

Another important object of thepresent invention is to provide a plunger switch construction which lends itself to an efficient and economical manner of manufacture.

A further important object of the invention is to provide a plunger switch construction which is strong and durable and capable of reliable performance over a long period of time.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a plunger switch which utilizes a novel plunger incorporating a bridging contact mechanism of extreme simplicity.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a switch mechanism having a snap-in interrelationship of parts which allows for lower assembly and fabrication costs.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numbers designate corresponding parts in all the views.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the plunger switch embodying the invention useful in showing the ease of assembly of the switch and the fewness of parts, and

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 1.

Generally speaking, the invention comprises a plunger switch having a molded casing comprising an external wall. A bore having sections of varying diameters longitudinally passes therethrough to create openings at each end. A plurality of slots are cut through the wall extending into said bore. The slots have electrical terminals therein. One end of the bore is closed by means of the plunger. A snap-in cap at the other end of the bore closes the same. A coiled spring is integrally joined to the cap and the plunger with a metal shorting bar being held by the coiled spring. The plunger is slidably moved in the bore of the switch so that the shorting bar engages the terminals in the slots.

Having reference now to the drawings which illustrate maximum number of two molded parts plus the addition of a shorting bar and connector contact 20. Only three parts would thus be handled at final assembly allowing for considerable cost and labor reduction.

The switch casing 21 is of a molded construction having a head section 38 to which an integrally joined side wall is connected. The side wall has a multiplicity of slots 22formed therein whereby spade terminals 23 may be inserted and retained by molded lugs or protuberances 24. The casing has a central bore 25 of varying cross sectional diameters 26, 29 formed therein to accommodate the plunger mechanism which includes the molded spring having a portion slotted to hold the shorting bar 14. One end of the spring is attached to the plunger head 27 which is contained by a shoulder 30 formed at the top of the casing. The other end of the spring is integrally formed to the bottom cap or closure 28 of the switch which is snap fitted into molded prongs or extensions 40 formed at the end of the casing. These prongs have a molded lip 41 configuration such that the cap is retained therein against the molded lip 41. It is apparent that the switch by the addition of spring connectors 20 may be adapted to varying type of switch adjustments and purposes. The entire arrangement utilizes a snap in locking construction which make the assembly of exceeding simplicity.

In the construction exemplified the ends 44 of the male spade flag terminals 23 are used as switch contacting members. The use of the molded casing con struction allows the switch assembly to be snapped into an associated mounting panel. The snap in feature is utilized in the molded construction of the slots so that external spade terminals of associated equipment can be easily inserted into the switch housing and held therein by the protuberances 24 making it universal in application and reducing the need for additional hardware. The entire assembly incorporates the facility of having the unitary base cap, contact bar and plunger snap fastened into place in the housing. By the usage of the spring connector contact 20, the switch serves as a basic unit. For example, a single pole-single throw (SPST) normally closed; single pole-single throw normally (SPST) open or a single pole-double throw (SPDT) switch may be obtained since the casing of the switch has slots which allow for the placement of two or three spade terminals which are necessary to fulfill the needed switch requirements.

The above constructed switch provides an extremely flexible and inexpensive construction which may be altered or embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The embodiment disclosed is therefor to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated bythe appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A plunger switch having a casing comprising an external wall, a bore longitudinally passing therethrough to create openings at each end, a plurality of slots cut through said wall extending into said bore, said slots having electrical terminals therein, one end of said bore being closed by means of a plunger, a cap at said other end for closing the same, a molded coiled spring integrally joined to said cap and said plunger, said plunger having a head portion contained by a shoulder, and Ya metal shorting bar held by said coiled spring, said plunger rnoveable in said bore of said switch so that said shorting bar engages said terminals in, said slots. i

2. A plunger switch having a molded casing comprising an external wall, a bore longitudinally passing therethrough to create openings at eachtend, a plurality of slots cut through said wall extending into said bore, said slots having electrical terminals therein, one end of said bore being closed by means of a plunger, a molded-snapfitted cap at said other end for closing the same, a molded coiled spring integrally joined to said cap and said plunger, said plunger having a head portion contained by a shoulder, a metal shorting bar held by said coiled spring, said plunger slidable in said bore of said switch so that said shorting bar engages said terminals in said slots.

3. A plunger switch having a molded casing comprising an external wall, a bore of varying cross-sectional diameter longitudinally passing therethrough to create openings at each end, a plurality of slots cut through said wall extending into said bore, said slots having electrical terminals therein, one end of said bore being closed by means of a plunger, said plunger having a head portion contained by a shoulder, a molded-snap fitted cap at said other end for closing the same, a molded resilient spring integrally molded to said cap and said plunger head, a metal shorting bar held in a section of said resilient spring, said plunger rnoveable in said bore of said switch so that said shorting bar engages said terminals in said slots.

4. A plunger switch having a molded casing compris- 3 ing an external wall, a bore of varying cross-sectional diameter longitudinally passing therethrough to create openings at each end, a plurality of slots 'cut through said wall extending into said bore, said slots having electrical spade terminals locked into place by protuberances in said slots, one end of said bore being closed by means of a plunger, said plunger having a head portion contained by a shoulder, a molded, snap fitted cap at said other end for closing the same, a molded resilient coiled spring integrally molded to said cap and said plunger head, a metal shorting bar held by said coiled spring, said plunger rnoveable in said bore of said switch so that said shorting bar engages said spade terminals in said slots.

5. A plunger switch having a molded casing comprising an external wall, a bore of varying cross-sectional diameter longitudinally passing therethrough to create openings at each end, a plurality of molded slots having protuberances cut through said wall extending into said bore, said slots having electrical terminals held by the protuberances therein, one end of said bore being closed by meanstof a plunger, said plunger having a head portion contained by a shoulder, a cap at said other end for closing the same, molded lip extension on said external wall allowing said cap to be snap fitted and con tained therein, a molded coiled spring integrally joined to said cap and said plunger, said spring, said cap and said plunger head being of a unitary construction, a metal shorting bar held by said coiled spring, said plunger moveable in said bore of said switch by compressing said spring so that said shorting bar engages said terminals in said slots.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,079,003 Dick May 4, 1937 2,310,080 Hill Feb. 2, 1943 2,562,420 Furnas July 31, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2079003 *Jul 8, 1936May 4, 1937Dewar Mfg CompanyElectric switch device
US2310080 *Jan 8, 1940Feb 2, 1943Gen Motors CorpNonoverfill device
US2562420 *Oct 21, 1949Jul 31, 1951Furnas Electric CoInterchangeable electric switch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3166645 *Mar 27, 1963Jan 19, 1965Shlesinger Jr Bernard EdwardMultiple contact switch with elastic operator
US3229062 *Mar 11, 1964Jan 11, 1966Lucas Industries LtdElectric switches
US3244831 *Apr 8, 1964Apr 5, 1966Robertshaw Controls CoWater level pressure switch with positive spring reset means
US3624330 *May 1, 1970Nov 30, 1971Trw IncTelescoping switch
US3676626 *Jun 15, 1970Jul 11, 1972Trw IncPushbutton switch with liquid drainage facilitating cage body, and diaphragm sealing and actuating means
US3944766 *Jul 3, 1974Mar 16, 1976Essex International, Inc.Seat belt buckle having pushbutton type switch with elastomeric conductor bridging contact
US4273290 *Nov 9, 1979Jun 16, 1981The Afa CorporationUnitary valve and spring assembly
US4383453 *Nov 10, 1980May 17, 1983Contraves AgStepping mechanism
US4443668 *Mar 23, 1981Apr 17, 1984Warren James CEarplug mounting device with audio passageway
US4815663 *Aug 11, 1980Mar 28, 1989Tetsuya TadaTrigger type sprayer
US4878269 *Jul 1, 1988Nov 7, 1989National Molding Corp.Cord fastener
US5358344 *Jul 15, 1993Oct 25, 1994Key Tronic CorporationKeyboard with full-travel, self-leveling keyswitches
US5422447 *Apr 14, 1994Jun 6, 1995Key Tronic CorporationKeyboard with full-travel, self-leveling keyswitches and return mechanism keyswitch
US7191798Dec 19, 2002Mar 20, 2007Vital Wear, Inc.Fluid circuit connector system
US7658205Feb 20, 2007Feb 9, 2010Vitalwear, Inc.Systems for a fluid circuit coupler
US7694693Nov 30, 2005Apr 13, 2010Vitalwear, Inc.Mixing valve for a contrast therapy system
US8052628Sep 1, 2006Nov 8, 2011Vitalwear, Inc.Spinal column brace for a contrast therapy system
US8425579Oct 3, 2006Apr 23, 2013Vitalwear, Inc.Therapeutic knee brace for a contrast therapy system
DE1301384B *Sep 21, 1967Aug 21, 1969Standard Elektrik Lorenz AgDrucktasteneinheit, insbesondere fuer die Nachrichtentechnik
EP0006967A1 *Mar 15, 1979Jan 23, 1980Contraves AgStep switching mechanism
EP0163782A1 *May 15, 1984Dec 11, 1985Wico CorporationPushbutton actuator assembly
EP0345161A1 *Jun 1, 1989Dec 6, 1989JaegerSwitch with a hand lever provided with a switch with lash adjustment
WO1988002077A1 *Sep 10, 1987Mar 24, 1988Nat Molding CorpCord fastener
WO2001035430A1 *Oct 20, 2000May 17, 2001Siemens AgPushbutton with a changeover function
WO2005098883A1 *Mar 29, 2005Oct 20, 2005Itt Mfg Enterprises IncElectrical switch of the normally closed type
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/16.00A, 267/165, 200/520
International ClassificationH01H13/10, H01H13/02, H01H13/52
Cooperative ClassificationH01H13/52, H01H13/10
European ClassificationH01H13/52, H01H13/10