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Publication numberUS3140749 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 14, 1964
Filing dateDec 3, 1959
Priority dateDec 5, 1958
Publication numberUS 3140749 A, US 3140749A, US-A-3140749, US3140749 A, US3140749A
InventorsJoseph Dionisotti
Original AssigneeJoseph Dionisotti
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wedge inserts for drill bit
US 3140749 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 14, 1964 J. DIONISOTTI WEDGE INSERTS FOR DRILL BIT 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 3-, 1959 INVENTOR Joszpx/ 0/0406 oTT/ .ATroRND' y 14, 1964 I J. olomsor'h 3,140,749

WEDGE INSERTS FOR DRILL. BIT

Filed Dec. 3, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I I lg r i I I I I I I I I I I I I I t zlvvnvron Joszm/ p/a/v/ s TT/ United States Patent 3,140,749 WEDGE INSERTS FOR DRILL BIT I Joseph Dionisotti, Monthey, Valais, Switzerland Filed Dec. 3, 1959, Ser. No. 857,178 Claims priority, appiication Switzerland Dec. 5, 1958 4 Claims. (Cl. 175410) The present invention relates to a rock drilling tool, comprising at least one cutter insert detachably disposed and housed within the tool .head.

A distinctive feature is that the housing has two converging sides corresponding to two converging sides provided on the insert. The base of the insert is inclined longitudinally from its front face to its rear face, and all of said sides converge in a direction such that, by the pressure exerted on the insert during the operation of the tool, the insert is wedged firmly in said housing. The angle of the base of the insert has for its purpose the wedging of the insert in its seat as a result of shocks and the rotation of the tool.

The accompanying drawing shows several practical embodiments of the invention, by way of example.

FIGS. 1 to 3 show the first embodiment of a bit; FIG. 1 being a side elevation; FIG. 2 a plan view of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 a cross sectional view on the line TIL-Ill of FIG. 2.

FIGS. 4 to 7 show, on a smaller scale, the detail of one of the inserts secured to the bit shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, FIG. 4 being a longitudinal view in elevation; FIG. 5 a plan view of FIG. 4; FIG. 6 a view in profile of the front face of the insert; and FIG. 7 a view in profile of its rear face.

FIGS. 8 and 9 show a second embodiment of a bit; FIG. 8 being an elevational sectional view on line VIII-VIII of FiG. 9; and FIG. 9 a plan view of FIG. 8.

FIGS. 10 to 12 show, on a smaller scale, the detail of one of the inserts secured to the bit shown in FIGS. 8 and 9; FIG. 10 being a longitudinal view in elevation; FIG. 11 a plan view of FIG. 10; and FIG. 12 a view in profile of the front face of the insert.

FIGS. 13 and 14 show a modification of the second embodiment of the bit; FIG. 13 being a sectional view in elevation on line XIIIXIII of FIG. 14, and FIG. 14 a plan view of FIG. 13.

FIGS. 15 and 16 show a third embodiment of a bit, FIG. 15 being a sectional view in elevation on line XV--XV of FIG. 16, and FIG. 16 a plan view of FIG. 15.

FIG. 17 shows a plan view of a modification of the third embodiment of the bit shown in FIGS. 15 and 16.

FIG. 18 to FIG. show a drilling tool according to a fourth embodiment.

FIG. 18 is an elevational section on line XVIII--XVIII of FIG. 19, of a detachable cutter head, provided with an insert disposed along the major axis of an ellipse.

PEG. 19 is a plan view of FIG. 18.

FIG. 20 is a side view of the same, on the side of the insertion of the insert in its housing.

FIGS. 21 to 23 show a modification of the fourth embodiment of FIGS. 18 to 20, in which the insert is fixed to the end of a cutter rod.

FIG. 21 is a section in elevation on line XXI-XXI of FIG. 22.

FIG. 22 is a plan view of FIG. 21.

FIG. 23 is a side view thereof, similar to FIG. 20.

In the first embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the bit comprises a head 15, of general cylindrical shape, provided with two inserts 16, 16, disposed parallel with one another and placed head to foot on each side of a central hole 17 through which air is blown to discharge the drilling fragments.

Each of said inserts 16, 16', is directed perpendicularly to the axis of the bit and comprises, for example in the 3,140,749 Patented July 14, I954 case of the insert 16, sides 4, 4 (FIGS. 4 to 7), converg ing, on the one hand from the base 5 in the direction of the rectilinear cutting edge 6- and on the other hand; from the rear face 8 in the direction of the front face 7 of the insert. The lower face of the base 5 is inclined from the front face 7 to the rear face 8 of the insert. The front face 7 of the insert 16 is situated on the same side is located adjacent to the center of the head 15 of the bit.

The inserts 16, 16 are fitted into the corresponding and respective grooves of the head 15 of the bit, so that the front face 7 of the insert 16 is situated on the same side as the rear face 8 of the insert 16' relative to an axis P-P (FIG. 2), perpendicular to the parallel edges 6, 6 of the said inserts.

The head 15 of the bit is provided, moreover, on its periphery with angular recesses 18, 18' (FIG. 2) made in the extension of the grooves of the inserts 16, 16' respectively, and semi-cylindrical recesses 19, 19, located at the ends of a diameter passing through the axis PP defined above. The said recesses are designed to aid in the discharge of drilling waste.

In the second embodiment of the drilling tool, shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the head 20 of the bit, of a general conical shape, is provided with two inserts 21, 21 disposed head to foot and juxtaposed one to the other over a small length of their respective front parts. To this end, the insert 21 (FIGS. 10 to 12), for example, has an outer side 22 of double convergence, vertical and horizontal, the said side being similar to the side of the insert 16 (FIG. 5), and an inner side 22', vertical, the said side being perpendicular to the base 23 over the whole length of the insert. The base 23 is inclined from the front face 24 to the rear face 25 of the insert, the said front face being of larger section than the rear face, and situated on the periphery of the bit.

The head 20 of the bit is provided with a central duct 26 through which the scavenging air is subdivided into two median ducts 27, 27 issuing through orifices 2'8, 28' respectively, in front of the front faces 24, 24 respectively, of the inserts 21, 21' respectively, and into two side ducts 29, 29 respectively issuing through orifices 30, 36 respectively, adjacent to the outer sides of the said inserts. The head 20 is further provided on its periphery with longitudinal recesses 31, of a general semi-cylindrical shape. The said recesses are disposed in a similar manner to those of the first embodiment.

The orifices 28, 28, for the exit of air, are also capable of being used for the extraction of the inserts from their housings, with a view to regrinding the latter, by the insertion of a pointed rod, of the pin-punch type.

In a modification (FIGS. 13 and 14) of the second embodiment, the head 32 of the bit, having a general oval cross-section, is provided with two inserts 33, 33', disposed head to foot, in a similar manner to that of the inserts 21, 21 respectively, the front faces 34, 34' respectively being situated in the center of the said head in a prolongation one of the other and in the axis of orifices 35, 35', of the median ducts for blowing air.

Each of the front faces 34, 34 of the inserts is provided with a cut face 36, 36 respectively, terminating in the base 37, 37 respectively, the said cut face being designed to facilitate the insertion of a tool for disengaging the inserts from their housing. The periphery of the head 32 of the bit is further provided with two longitudinal recesses 38, 38, the locations of which are disposed symmetrically with respect to the axis of the bit on a diagonal line, as shown in FIG. 14, the said recesses being designed for the discharge of the drilling waste matter.

The foregoing modification is especially applicable to bits of small dimensions, for example of a diameter 1.36 inches.

In a third embodiment (FIGS. 15 and 16), the head 39 of the bit, of general cylindrical shape, is provided withfourinserts itl, similar to the insert 16 (FIGS. 4 to 7), disposed like the arms of a cross. Each insert 40 is providedwith a cutting edge 41, curved and inclined outwardly to. form together with the'plane of sides 42, 42, which converge towards the 'longit'iidinal axis of the bit, a rounded edge. In this arrangement of the inserts 4t), their front faces 43 are situated adjacent to the centrally disposed duct 44 for scavenging air. The head 39 is further provided with four longitudinal recesses 45, each of said recesses being situated between two adjacent inserts, and designed for the discharge of drilling waste matter.

In a modification of the third embodiment, shown in FIG. 17, the head 45 of the bit, of general cylindrical shape, comprises three inserts 47, similar to the inserts 49. The inserts are disposed star-wise with three arms the center of which is situated on the axis of the bit. The front face 48 of each of the inserts 47 is situated adjacent to a central hole 49 for scavenging air.

In each of the three sectors defined by two of the inserts 47, the periphery of the head 46 of the bit has a longitudinal recess 50 for the discharge of drilling waste matter.

In the fourth embodiment shown in FIGS. 18 to 20, the rock drilling tool is constituted by a detachable cutter head 51, the upper part 52 of which has a cross-section of elliptical shape and the lower part 53 of which, of cylindrical shape, is provided with a central recess 54, of conical shape, the said cutter head being adapted to be fixed by forced fitting on a cutter rod, not shown in the drawing.

The upper part52 has a groove 55, directed according to the long axis of the ellipse, the said groove forming the housing for an insert 56. The insert 56 is provided with a cutting edge 57, curved and inclined symmetrically towards its two ends 58 and 59 to form together with the sides 6%, 60', a rounded edge. The sides 60, 60 converge, on the one hand, from the end 58 in the direction of the end 59 and on the other hand, converge to- Wards the working part of the insert, to form said rounded edge, the end 58 being larger and not as high as the opposite end 59. The face of the base 61 of the insert 56 is also inclined from the end 58 to the end 59, the walls and thebottom of the groove 55 have the same angles as the sides and the base of the insert.

The cutter head 51 is moreover provided with at least one duct, but preferably two ducts 62, 62 for scavenging air. The ducts are directed along the smaller axis of the ellipse, issuing at the periphery of the upper part 52 and communicating with the central recess 54.

The insert 56 is fixed on the head of the cutter in known manner, for example by driving it in with hammer blows, in the direction of the arrow 1" (FIG. 18), into the groove 55 having the same angle, without the necessity of soldering.

It will also be understood that the detachable head of the cutter could be fixed to the cutter head by a screw.

In the modification shown in FIGS. 21 to 23, the insert 56 described above, is fixed directly to the cutter rod 63, the end 64 of which is similar to the upper part of the detachable cutter head 51 shown in FIGS. 18 to 20. The lower part 65 of the rod 63 is of cylindrical shape, and has a central cylindrical recess 66, for scavenging air, and at least one duct, but preferably two ducts 67, 67, similar to the ducts 62, 62' of FIGS. 18-20, issuing on the periphery of the end 64 of the cutter rod 63.

The bits of the embodiments and modifications which have just been described are adapted to operate by rotation and precussion simultaneously. As a result of the slant given to the bases of the inserts, the percussion of the bit causes the insert to slide downwardly, that is to say in the direction of the axis of the bit.

Moreover, theinserts do not run the risk of dropping out of their housing since, their outer face rubs against to be reground several times.

rock at the center of the drilling hole.

play produced by the shrinking of the inserts after grind- The cutting edge of the inserts, instead of being rectilinear, could be slightly curved, so as to attack the i In fact, when the edge is rectilinear, the insert has a tendency to leave its groove at the beginning of the drilling by attacking the rock by means of the outer end of its edge.

The inclined base of the inserts has, moreover, the advantage that, in withdrawing the insert from its housing, it rises in the direction of the head of the bit, thus allowing the cutting edge and the flanks of the insert The reduction of the material due to repeated regrindings is tolerated until the insert is very greatly shortened. In this way, the sharpness of the edges is preserved intact for a longer time and the periphery of the head of the bit has practically no wear, provided that the inserts are removed from their respective housings, for regrinding at the required time.

i In principle, the inserts are merely driven into their groove without it being necessary to solder them, but it is obvious that they could also be soldered in the usual manner. 7

I claim:

1. A rock drilling tool comprising a head, having a pair of grooves therein, said grooves having a pair of converging sides and an inclined base, a detachable insert disposed in each of said grooves, said inserts having a cutting edge, a rear face, a front face, a pair of sides converging from said rear face to said front face and a flat base inclined longitudinally from said front face to said rear face, said inserts disposed in said grooves with their longitudinal axes parallel to each other and the front face of one of said inserts disposed in a direction opposite to the front face of the other of inserts, all of said sides and bases converging in a direction so that following installation of said inserts in said grooves the pressure exerted on the inserts during operation of the tool causes said inserts to be wedged firmly in said head, said head having a central opening through which scavenging air for discharging the waste of the drilling operation passes, each of said inserts directed perpendicularly to the center axis of the tool, the front faces of said inserts being of greater height than the rear'faces thereof and situated adjacent the center axis of the head, the rear faces of said inserts being of greater width than said front faces thereof, said head having at least two diametrically opposite arcuate peripheral recesses to facilitate discharge of drilling waste matter.

2. A rock drilling tool comprising a head, having a pair'of grooves therein, said grooves having a pair of converging sides and an inclined base, a detachable insert disposed in each of said grooves, said inserts having a cutting edge, a rear face, a front face, a pair of sides converging from said rear face to said front face and a base inclined longitudinally from said front face to said rear face, said inserts disposed in said grooves with their longitudinal axes pa'rallelto each other and the front face of one of said inserts disposed in a direction opposite to the front face of the other of said inserts, all of said sides and bases converging in a direction so that following installation of said inserts in said grooves the pressure exerted on the inserts during operation of the tool causes said inserts to be wedged firmly in said head, said head having a central opening between said inserts through which scavenging air for discharging the waste of the drilling operation passes, each of said inserts directed perpendicularly to the center axis of the tool, the front faces of said inserts being of larger cross-section than the rear faces thereof and situated adjacent the center axis of the head, said head having on its periphery two angular recesses formed in the prolongation of the grooves of the two inserts respectively, and also having two sen1i-cylindrical recesses, respectively situated at the ends of a diametrical axis perpendicular to the orientation of the two parallel inserts, said recesses being designed for the discharge of drilling waste matter.

3. A rock drilling tool comprising a head, having a pair of grooves therein, said grooves having a pair of converging sides and an inclined base, a detachable insert disposed in each of said grooves, said inserts having a cutting edge, a rear face, a front face, a pair of sides converging from said rear face to said front face and a base inclined longitudinally from said front face to said rear face, said inserts disposed in said grooves with their longitudinal axes parallel to each other and the front face of one of said inserts disposed in a direction opposite to the front face of the other of said inserts, all of said sides and bases converging in a direction so that following installation of said inserts in said grooves the pressure exerted on the inserts during operation of the tool causes said inserts to be wedged firmly in said head, said inserts juxtaposed one to the other over a short length of their respective sides, each of the juxtaposed inserts having an outer side of double convergency, both vertically and horizontally, and a vertical inner side perpendicular to the base over the whole length of the insert, said base inclined from the front face to the rear face of the insert, said front face having a larger cross-section than the rear face situated on the periphery of the head, the head of the tool having a central duct for blowing air, said duct subdivided into two median ducts issuing respectively between the front faces of said inserts and the periphery of said head, and side ducts connected to said central duct and issuing between the outer sides of the inserts and the periphery of said head, and the periphery of the head of the tool having semicylindrical longitudinal recesses for the discharge of the drilling waste matter.

4. A rock drilling tool comprising a head, having a pair of grooves therein, said grooves having a pair of converging sides and an inclined base, a detachable insert disposed in each of said grooves, said inserts having a cutting edge, a rear face, a front face, a pair of sides converging from said rear face to said front face and a base inclined longitudinally from said front face to said rear face, said inserts disposed in said grooves with their longitudinal axes parallel to each other and the front face of one of said inserts disposed in a direction opposite to the front face of the other of said inserts, all of said sides and bases converging in a direction so that following installation of said. inserts in said grooves the pressure exerted on the inserts during operation of the tool causes said inserts to be wedged firmly in said head, the front faces of said inserts situated adjacent the central axis of the head, a central bore in said head and a pair of median ducts in communication therewith having orifices adjacent said front faces, each of said front faces having a cut face terminating in the base of the insert adjacent said ducts, the said cut face being designed to facilitate the insertion of a tool for disengaging the insert from its housing, the periphery of the head of the tool being of oval shape and having two longitudinal recesses for discharging of the drilling Waste matter, said recesses disposed symmetrically relative to the central bore of the head on a diagonal line relative to the longitudinal axis of said inserts.

References Cited in the file of this: patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,422,265 Hawkesworth July 11, 1922 1,423,849 Hawkesworth July 25, 1922 2,022,194 Galvin Nov. 26, 1935 2,030,576 Erickson Feb. 11, 1936 2,252,745 Williams Jan. 10, 1939 2,614,813 Shepherd July 8, 1949 2,756,967 Meutsch July 31, 1956 2,777,672 Haglund et al. Jan. 15, 1957 3,006,424 Dahlin et a1 Oct. 31, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 311,119 Switzerland Jan. 31, 1956 324,562 Switzerland Nov. 15, 1957

Patent Citations
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US1423849 *Nov 21, 1921Jul 25, 1922Hawkesworth Arthur LDrill
US2022194 *Oct 28, 1933Nov 26, 1935Joseph Galvin MichaelMiner's drill bit and other tools
US2030576 *Jul 28, 1932Feb 11, 1936Charles EricksonReplaceable bit rock drill
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US2614813 *Jul 8, 1949Oct 21, 1952Ingersoll Rand CoRock drilling tool
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CH311119A * Title not available
CH324562A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3388757 *Mar 23, 1967Jun 18, 1968Smith Ind International IncHardened inserts for drill bits
US3519092 *Sep 16, 1968Jul 7, 1970Kennametal IncPercussion bit
US4185708 *Jul 3, 1977Jan 29, 1980Akademia Gorniczo-Hunicza im, Stanislawa StaszicaBit for drilling holes in rocks
US4445580 *Jun 30, 1982May 1, 1984Syndrill Carbide Diamond CompanyDeep hole rock drill bit
US4603751 *Feb 16, 1984Aug 5, 1986Kennametal Inc.Mechanically fastened center vacuum roof drill bit
US4729603 *Aug 14, 1986Mar 8, 1988Gerd ElfgenRound cutting tool for cutters
US5996714 *Jul 15, 1997Dec 7, 1999Kennametal Inc.Rotatable cutting bit assembly with wedge-lock retention assembly
US6044920 *Jul 1, 1998Apr 4, 2000Kennametal Inc.Rotatable cutting bit assembly with cutting inserts
US6109377 *Jul 15, 1997Aug 29, 2000Kennametal Inc.Rotatable cutting bit assembly with cutting inserts
US6176332Dec 31, 1998Jan 23, 2001Kennametal Inc.Rotatable cutting bit assembly with cutting inserts
US6260638Aug 17, 1999Jul 17, 2001Kennametal Pc Inc.Rotatable cutting bit assembly with wedge-lock retention assembly
US6595305Jun 9, 2000Jul 22, 2003Kennametal Inc.Drill bit, hard member, and bit body
US6860344Jun 25, 2001Mar 1, 2005Kennametal Inc.Monolithic roof cutting bit insert
US8960336Sep 3, 2009Feb 24, 2015Heller Tools GmbhRock drill bit
US20110168453 *Sep 3, 2009Jul 14, 2011Illinois Tool Works Inc.Rock drill bit
DE102008048599A1 *Sep 23, 2008Mar 25, 2010Illinois Tool Works Inc., GlenviewGesteinsbohrer
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/420.1, 175/418
International ClassificationE21B10/46, E21B10/58
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/58
European ClassificationE21B10/58