|Publication number||US3141221 A|
|Publication date||Jul 21, 1964|
|Filing date||Nov 13, 1962|
|Priority date||Nov 13, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3141221 A, US 3141221A, US-A-3141221, US3141221 A, US3141221A|
|Inventors||Faulls Jr Everett S|
|Original Assignee||Amtec Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (101), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 21, 1964 E. s. FAULLS, JR 3,141,221
CLOSURE FOR FLEXIBLE BAGS Filed Nov. 13, 1962 1. INVENTOR. I 6 E/sezrr .5 Fkaaz /e .41 07% ,Zk,6 TTaz/VEYS United States Patent 3,141,221 CLOSURE FOR FLEXIBLE BAGS Everett S. Faulls, Jr., Brookfield, Wis., assignor to Amtec, Inc., Broolsfield, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Filed Nov. 13, 1962, Ser. No. 236,847 1 Claim. (Cl. 24-305) This invention relates to closure devices for closing the open end of a bag, pouch, tube, or similar containers.
Many prior art devices have heretofore been proposed for closing the end of flexible bags and have been used with some degree of success. The prior devices have certain shortcomings, however; for example, some mutilate the container, cannot be reused, are expensive to manufac ture, are incapable of securely closing the container, and are diflicult to apply or remove.
Accordingly, the present invention provides a bag closure device which overcomes the above shortcomings of the prior art.
More specifically, the present invention provides a closure device comprising two separate, interengaging, and complementary members, either one or both of which are resilient so as to firmly grip and resiliently hold the end of the bag therebetween; these members may be easily applied to the end of the bag or any intermediate portion thereof with a simple snap action; to again open the bag it is simply necessary to remove one member from the other, preferably by axially sliding one of the members off the other; the container which has been closed by these members is not damaged in any way and can be reused or closed at a different location along its length.
The closure made in accordance with the present invent is economical to produce, simple to use, and can be reused indefinitely.
These and other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter as this disclosure progresses, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a closure made in accordance with the present invention being removed from a bag that it has previously closed;
FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of two members constituting the closure as shown in FIGURE 1, but on an enlarged scale;
FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 but showing the closure members separated and the bag removed therefrom;
FIGURE 4 is a. view similar to FIGURE 3 but showing the members as they are about to be snapped together to hold a bag end captive therebetween;
FIGURES 5 and 6 are views similar to FIGURES 3 and 4 respectively, but showing a modified form of the invention; and
FIGURES 7 and 8 show another modified form of the invention.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the bag B shown for purposes of illustrating the invention is of the flexible type having a sealed or otherwise closure bottom 10 and an open top 11. Only a portion of the commodity in the bag may be used at one time, and it is often desirable to reclose the partially emptied bag for subsequent reopening and use of the remaining commodity.
The closure shown in FIGURES 1 to 4 illustrates one form of the invention and includes an inner member or core 12 of round cross-section and an outed member 13 of generally U-shape cross-section having a pair of legs 14 and 15 which each terminate in a reinforcing or stiffening bead 14a and 15a, respectively, along the outer edge thereof.
The inner surface 16 of member 13 is of complementary shape to the cross-section of core 12 and generally of the same diametrical dimension. The core thereby fits snugly 3,141,221 Patented July 21, 1964 within the outer member 13. Ribs 17 may extend along inner surface 16 in circumferentially spaced relationship and function to provide good bag gripping contact between the assembled members, and prevent rotation of the inner core member and transverse withdrawal of the bag.
The outer member 13 may be made of any suitable material, such as, for example, plastic, metal, paper, wood, or combinations and laminations thereof, providing that the legs 14 and 15 have sufficient flexibility and memory or snap back to spread apart (as shown in FIGURE 4) when the core and the bag end are forced between the legs and into the outer member; the legs then snap around and embrace the core and bag trapped therebetween, that is, they return to their normal position, as shown in FIG- URE 2. In this assembled position, the members are in general coaxial alignment.
Although the core and bag are firmly gripped by the outer member, the bag may be easily reopened without damage thereto by grasping the bag at one side and adjacent the closure, and then sliding the outer member 13 lengthwise off the core and bag, as shown in FIGURE 1.
The closure may be applied to the bag repeatedly without damage thereto and at any location along the length of the bag.
Furthermore, although the closure normally extends entirely across the bag, the closure can close only a portion of the open bag end to facilitate pouring, for example, by applying the closure only partially across the width of the bag.
The closure may also be used for compartmenting or separating different sections of the bag, several closures being applied to the same bag. The closures can be repeatedly adjusted or removed as needed without damage to the bag.
Various cross-sectional shapes may be utilized for the complementary members, and either one or both of the members may be resilient. For example, FIGURES 5 and 6 show a closure having a generally rectangular crosssection, and both the outer member 20 and core 21 are tubular and both are of flexible and resilient material. When this closure is being assembled as shown in FIG- URE 6, the outer member spreads apart while the inner core contracts. When assembled, these members tend to return to their normal position to hold the bag firmly therebetween.
The FIGURES 7 and 8 closure is of generally triangular cross-section, and either or both of these members 30 and 31 may be flexible or resilient. For purposes of illustrating one form, FIGURE 8 shows the inner member only as being resilient and compressed or contracted as it is being pressed into bag holding engagement with the outer, rigid member 30. When assembled, this inner core springs apart or to the position shown in FIGURE 7 to press the bag against the inner surface of the outer, generally chan' nel or U-shaped member.
As in the device of FIGURES 1-4, the other modifications operate in the same manner in removal. from the bag, that is, one of the members, preferably the outer one, is slidable lengthwise relative to the other and in particular, relative to the bag.
Alternatively, the outer member may be lifted off the inner member by causing its resilient portion to yield. In any event, the members form a yieldable gripping engagement with the bag for their entire length.
Various modes of carrying out the invention are contemplated as being within the scope of the following claim particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which is regarded as the invention:
A bag closure device comprising, a pair of elongated members of complementary cross-sectional shape and ineluding an outer, generally U-shaped member and an inner core member, said core member interengagingly insertable together With a portion of a bag transversely into said U-shaped member for general co-axial alignment therewith and to hold said bag portion therebetween, said U-shaped member having a pair of resilient legs which flex to permit said core member to be tranversely inserted therebetween and embraced thereby, said U-shaped member having a plurality of circumferentially spaced ribs extending longitudinally along its inner surface to thereby provide gripping contact of the bag between said members, said ribs facilitating lengthwise slidable movement of said 'U-shaped member from the core member and bag when in an assembled bag gripping position to thereby release the latter said ribs preventing rotation of said inner core member and consequent transverse withdrawal of said bag.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS D. 190,787 Schneider June 27, 1961 608,909 Propper Aug. 9, 1898 777,367 Bjarnason Dec. 13, 1904 2,533,539 Vivian Dec. 12, 1950 3,086,264 Tindall Apr. 23, 1963 FOREIGN PATENTS 531,798 Italy Aug. 5, 1955 335,602 Switzerland Feb. 28, 1959
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US608909 *||Mar 14, 1898||Aug 9, 1898||peoppee|
|US777367 *||Jun 2, 1904||Dec 13, 1904||Sigurd Bjarnason||Bag-fastener.|
|US2533539 *||Jul 17, 1945||Dec 12, 1950||Satona Ltd||Resealable carton closure having metallic clip fastening means|
|US3086264 *||Apr 28, 1960||Apr 23, 1963||Tindall John M||Sliced food package and clip therefor|
|USD190787 *||Dec 1, 1960||Jun 27, 1961||Umbilical cord clamp|
|CH335602A *||Title not available|
|IT531798B *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3369277 *||Aug 22, 1966||Feb 20, 1968||Amp Inc||Closure device|
|US3481007 *||Apr 29, 1968||Dec 2, 1969||Scarritt Nathan Jr||Watertight closure for plastic bags|
|US3591940 *||Mar 19, 1969||Jul 13, 1971||Slemmons John W||Supporting frame|
|US3630381 *||Jul 1, 1969||Dec 28, 1971||Gujer Hans||Device for sealing off the filter press cavity between two filter press elements, preferably two revolving filter press bands or belts of a filter press|
|US3639952 *||Oct 27, 1969||Feb 8, 1972||Gillemot George W||Safety package assembly and divider clamp therefor|
|US3732987 *||Sep 22, 1971||May 15, 1973||Adams J||Support for clothes and the like|
|US3741381 *||Feb 24, 1971||Jun 26, 1973||Gillemont G||Safety package assembly and divides clamp therefor|
|US3777334 *||Sep 29, 1972||Dec 11, 1973||Ty Lok Assembly Systems Inc||Ribbed strapping|
|US3803671 *||Oct 26, 1972||Apr 16, 1974||Stuppy Flora Inc||Attaching assembly for sheet material|
|US3819158 *||Aug 17, 1972||Jun 25, 1974||Lever Brothers Ltd||Devices for blending materials|
|US3893212 *||Oct 16, 1973||Jul 8, 1975||Curry Walter J||Device for making lap joints for plastic film and the like|
|US3962805 *||May 22, 1975||Jun 15, 1976||Hamu Kaino J||Gripping device|
|US4009287 *||Jul 31, 1975||Feb 22, 1977||Imperial Chemical Industries Limited||Containers for packaging liquids|
|US4097169 *||Oct 7, 1976||Jun 27, 1978||Kelly Clifford G||Clamp arrangement and system for sheet material|
|US4131975 *||Feb 7, 1977||Jan 2, 1979||Herbert Niedecker||Clip|
|US4280258 *||Apr 27, 1979||Jul 28, 1981||Siemens Aktiengesellschaft||Cable sleeve having a closable, longitudinal slit|
|US4534089 *||Apr 8, 1983||Aug 13, 1985||Swan Thomas C||Fastening device for flexible sheets|
|US4698880 *||Aug 21, 1986||Oct 13, 1987||Hamm Jerry A||Device for retarding the position of bedclothing|
|US4739960 *||Sep 24, 1982||Apr 26, 1988||Adler Harold A||Book holder|
|US4804469 *||Dec 15, 1986||Feb 14, 1989||Walsh James W||Flexible jacket membrane processing apparatus|
|US4811465 *||Jul 21, 1988||Mar 14, 1989||Ice-Pack Service Ag||Closure for the fluid-tight closing of bags, thin-walled tubes and the like|
|US4871264 *||Jan 5, 1988||Oct 3, 1989||Edward S. Robbins, Iii||Bag closure device and methods of fabricating the same|
|US4970760 *||Oct 5, 1989||Nov 20, 1990||Hawkins Jr William A||Golf cart accessory clamp|
|US4997104 *||Aug 3, 1989||Mar 5, 1991||Bedford Industries, Inc.||Container reclosing apparatus and method|
|US5088162 *||Jul 16, 1990||Feb 18, 1992||Allan Robert M||Connector apparatus|
|US5097568 *||Jan 14, 1991||Mar 24, 1992||American Cyanamid Company||Divider clamp assembly|
|US5179767 *||Nov 12, 1991||Jan 19, 1993||Allan Robert M||Connector apparatus|
|US5182827 *||Oct 31, 1991||Feb 2, 1993||Carrier Odie R||Sheet-mattress retainer|
|US5203055 *||Jan 22, 1992||Apr 20, 1993||Broadwater Sr Thomas D||Snap assembly for securing flexible coverings|
|US5231739 *||Jan 10, 1992||Aug 3, 1993||Herbert Glatt||Ironing board securing clip|
|US5257985 *||Mar 4, 1991||Nov 2, 1993||Richard Puhl||Multi-chamber intravenous bag apparatus|
|US5337987 *||Apr 23, 1993||Aug 16, 1994||Sawatsky Kim R||Article storage organizer|
|US5345659 *||Jan 15, 1993||Sep 13, 1994||Allan Robert M||Connector apparatus with nesting ridges|
|US5371925 *||Apr 23, 1993||Dec 13, 1994||Sawatsky; Kim R.||Bag sealing assembly|
|US5400929 *||Mar 18, 1993||Mar 28, 1995||Lopez Gonzalez; Jose M.||Slide-on closure for containers such as beverage cartons|
|US5555608 *||Apr 19, 1994||Sep 17, 1996||Allan; Robert M.||Connector apparatus with nesting ridges|
|US5603417 *||Mar 13, 1995||Feb 18, 1997||Blair; Norman T.||Bag sealing apparatus|
|US5613282 *||Sep 22, 1995||Mar 25, 1997||Deddens, Sr.; John A.||Sealing apparatus|
|US5640744 *||Sep 14, 1995||Jun 24, 1997||Allan; Robert M.||Nested ridge strap connector apparatus|
|US5697139 *||Feb 16, 1996||Dec 16, 1997||Gaetke; Hubert J.||Method for retaining partially rolled-up collapsible containers|
|US5722723 *||Feb 1, 1996||Mar 3, 1998||Presicent Partners, Lp||Stabilizing device for slipcovers|
|US5752297 *||Feb 13, 1997||May 19, 1998||Ramey; Willard J.||Method and apparatus for securing flexible sheeting to a cylindrical structure|
|US5862850 *||Jul 9, 1996||Jan 26, 1999||Yang; Nelson T. G.||Shade lift apparatus|
|US5931189 *||May 5, 1997||Aug 3, 1999||New West Products, Inc.||One way valve for use with vacuum cleaner attachment|
|US5941450 *||Jun 10, 1997||Aug 24, 1999||De Safey; Frank F.||Apparatus for connected file folders|
|US5983460 *||Feb 11, 1997||Nov 16, 1999||Hyde; Allen L.||Bag closure|
|US6061950 *||Jul 2, 1998||May 16, 2000||S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Burnable coil holder|
|US6085941 *||Feb 5, 1997||Jul 11, 2000||Thera Patent Gmbh & Co. Kg||Film tube for flowable substances|
|US6168312||Jun 9, 1999||Jan 2, 2001||Arthur D. Little Enterprises, Inc.||Closure system for pliable container|
|US6393675||Dec 15, 1997||May 28, 2002||Hubert J. Gaetke||Method and device for retaining partially rolled-up collapsible containers|
|US6408872||May 12, 1999||Jun 25, 2002||New West Products, Inc.||Evacuable container having one-way valve with filter element|
|US6575191||Apr 30, 2002||Jun 10, 2003||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Evacuable container having one-way valve with filter element|
|US6678922||Jul 6, 2002||Jan 20, 2004||Alan Elbert Comer||Bag closure or clamp made from pliable, resilient hose|
|US6837268||Feb 24, 2003||Jan 4, 2005||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Evacuable container having one-way valve with filter element|
|US6994470||Aug 15, 2002||Feb 7, 2006||Fres-Co System Usa, Inc.||Aesthetically pleasing snap closure for flexible packages with means for facilitating automated application to flexible packages, flexible packages including the same, and apparatus for applying snap closures to flexible packages|
|US7022058||Feb 21, 2002||Apr 4, 2006||Tilia International, Inc.||Method for preparing air channel-equipped film for use in vacuum package|
|US7087130||Mar 4, 2004||Aug 8, 2006||Tilia International, Inc.||Method for manufacturing a sealable bag having an integrated zipper for use in vacuum packaging|
|US7138025||Mar 4, 2004||Nov 21, 2006||Tilia International, Inc.||Method for manufacturing a sealable bag having an integrated tray for use in vacuum packaging|
|US7162836 *||Jan 15, 2003||Jan 16, 2007||Greenhouse International,Llc||Temporary structure|
|US7220053||Dec 14, 2004||May 22, 2007||Sunbeam Products, Inc.||Flexible composite bag for vacuum sealing|
|US7503696 *||Nov 5, 2003||Mar 17, 2009||Sehyang Industrial Co., Ltd.||Pack sealing method and device|
|US7517484||Mar 15, 2004||Apr 14, 2009||Sunbeam Products, Inc.||Forming evacuation channels during single and multi-layer extrusion process|
|US7534039||Jul 19, 2005||May 19, 2009||Sunbeam Products, Inc.||Vacuum packaging films patterned with protruding cavernous structures|
|US7625459||Jun 30, 2006||Dec 1, 2009||Sunbeam Products, Inc.||Method for manufacturing liquid-trapping bag for use in vacuum packaging|
|US7648276 *||Nov 20, 2001||Jan 19, 2010||Source Vagabond Systems Ltd.||Sealing device for flexible liquor container|
|US7784160||Jun 15, 2007||Aug 31, 2010||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Pouch and airtight resealable closure mechanism therefor|
|US7857515||Jun 15, 2007||Dec 28, 2010||S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc.||Airtight closure mechanism for a reclosable pouch|
|US7874731||Jun 15, 2007||Jan 25, 2011||S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc.||Valve for a recloseable container|
|US7886412||Mar 16, 2007||Feb 15, 2011||S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc.||Pouch and airtight resealable closure mechanism therefor|
|US7887238||Jun 15, 2007||Feb 15, 2011||S.C. Johnson Home Storage, Inc.||Flow channels for a pouch|
|US7946766||Jun 15, 2007||May 24, 2011||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Offset closure mechanism for a reclosable pouch|
|US7967509||Jun 15, 2007||Jun 28, 2011||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Pouch with a valve|
|US8176604||Jul 23, 2010||May 15, 2012||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Pouch and airtight resealable closure mechanism therefor|
|US8231273||Dec 17, 2010||Jul 31, 2012||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Flow channel profile and a complementary groove for a pouch|
|US8348582 *||May 18, 2009||Jan 8, 2013||Joy Mm Delaware, Inc.||Clip for pin retention|
|US8443494 *||Oct 6, 2010||May 21, 2013||T&B Industries||System for magnetically cinching clothing to a user|
|US8764097||Jul 18, 2011||Jul 1, 2014||Bombardier Recreational Products Inc.||Cover for a vehicle|
|US8827556||Dec 16, 2010||Sep 9, 2014||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Pouch and airtight resealable closure mechanism therefor|
|US9078502 *||Jun 17, 2011||Jul 14, 2015||Bayer Consumer Care Ag||Closure for pouches|
|US20040231111 *||May 23, 2003||Nov 25, 2004||Martinez Michael A.||Sealing clasp|
|US20050050853 *||Sep 4, 2003||Mar 10, 2005||Barry Byron||Apparatus and method for sealing a bag|
|US20050081471 *||Jan 15, 2003||Apr 21, 2005||Van Straaten Willem J.||Temporary structure|
|US20060053753 *||Nov 5, 2003||Mar 16, 2006||Jae-Ho Ha||Pack sealing method and device|
|US20060225845 *||Feb 6, 2006||Oct 12, 2006||Marusak Thomas J||Segmented Roman window shade|
|US20070000100 *||Apr 26, 2006||Jan 4, 2007||Smith Clay D||Clamp device|
|US20090293242 *||Dec 3, 2009||Joy Mm Delaware, Inc.||Clip for pin retention|
|US20110083303 *||Apr 14, 2011||T&B Industries||Method and apparatus for a magnetic clip to cinch clothing to a user|
|US20120023709 *||Feb 2, 2012||Hsu Wei K||Reusable, autoclaveable closure device for a flexible bag|
|US20120102890 *||Jun 17, 2011||May 3, 2012||Fily Sebastien Lucien||Closure for pouches|
|DE3313004A1 *||Apr 12, 1983||Oct 18, 1984||Kronenberg Kurt||Closure for flexible containers|
|EP0098973A2 *||Jun 8, 1983||Jan 25, 1984||Kurt Dipl.-Ing. Kronenberg||Closure device for flexible containers|
|EP1033430A2 *||Mar 6, 2000||Sep 6, 2000||Thomas Seward Holland||Bracket for a clothes line cover|
|EP1095597A2 *||Jul 3, 1995||May 2, 2001||Prescient Partners, L.P.||Stabilizing device for use with covers and cushions on seating and upholstered furniture|
|EP1389586A1 *||Aug 12, 2003||Feb 18, 2004||Fres-Co System Usa, Inc.||Snap closure for flexible packages|
|WO1988004634A1 *||Dec 17, 1987||Jun 30, 1988||Kcl Corp||Reclosable flexible container|
|WO1992003353A1 *||Oct 12, 1990||Mar 5, 1992||Earl W Weaver||Bag sealer|
|WO1993014953A1 *||Jan 22, 1993||Aug 5, 1993||Thomas D Broadwater Sr||Snap assembly for securing flexible coverings|
|WO1993016750A1 *||Feb 25, 1993||Sep 2, 1993||Innovative Medical Design||Naso-gastric tube holder|
|WO2009029223A1 *||Aug 22, 2008||Mar 5, 2009||Illinois Tool Works||Resealable and evacuable hanging bag with removable hanging device|
|WO2010042977A1 *||Oct 13, 2009||Apr 22, 2010||Gerard Kiely||A clip arrangement for securing sheet material to a support or framework structure|
|WO2011114233A1 *||Mar 16, 2011||Sep 22, 2011||Richell Corporation||Bag closure device|
|U.S. Classification||24/30.50R, 383/69, 383/90, 24/462, 206/527, 206/1.5|