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Publication numberUS3144866 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 18, 1964
Filing dateAug 11, 1961
Priority dateAug 11, 1961
Publication numberUS 3144866 A, US 3144866A, US-A-3144866, US3144866 A, US3144866A
InventorsAlbert L Ellis
Original AssigneeBriggs Castling & Kelly
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Disposable douche syringe and bag
US 3144866 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 18, 1964 A. ELLIS DISPOSABLE noucm: SYRINGE AND BAG Filed Aug. 11, 1961 INVENTOR. ALBERT L. ELLJS I BY Vlad/W A'T TOEN EYS United States Patent O 3,144,866 DISPOSABLE DOUCHE SYRINGE AND BAG Albert L. Ellis, Pittsburg, Califi, assignor to Briggs, Castling & Kelly, San Francisco, Calif., a firm Filed Aug. 11, 1961, Ser. No. 130,954 8 Claims. (Cl. 128232) This invention relates to syringes, particularly those employed in matters of feminine hygiene, and generally termed douches or douche bags. In the modern world, feminine hygiene has received attention at rapidly increasing rate, and this has been complicated by the mobility of the population, with travel continually on the increase. In the matter of travel, it is somewhat inconvenient, and often embarrassing to include the usual, cumbersome, domestic syringe in luggage, and this gives rise to the problem of providing an inexpensive, dispos able syringe, capable of compacting for storage in a small space. In addition to the problem mentioned, the inherent nature of certain modes of employment of a syringe render a repeated use thereof somewhat undesirable, and therefore, even in the home, a disposable type syringe is preferable. Furthermore, the conventional douche bag is usually kept out of sight when not in use, and since handling thus becomes furtive, the use of the device is less facile than could be desired.

It is, therefore, a primary object of the invention to provide a disposable, single-use syringe. Another object is to provide such a syringe which is capable of a high degree of compacting, for storage in a minimum of space. Objects related to the foregoing include the provision of a syringe which, while simple in structure, easy to manufaoture, and low in cost, is nevertheless rugged, easy to assemble, and reliable in operation. It is also a particular object to provide a composite syringe, which is readily chargeable with fluid, but which automatically locks upon assembly to positively prevent re-use.

These and other objects, which will be apparent, are attained by the present invention, a preferred form of which is described in the following specification, as illustrated in the drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the syringe, as assembled,

FIGURE 2 is a View similar to FIGURE 1, showing the bag and nozzle separated,

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 33 of FIGURE 1,

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 44 of FIGURE 3, and

FIGURE 5 is a View similar to FIGURE 4, with the nozzle removed.

Referring to the drawing by characters of reference, there is shown a fluid-holding bag or reservoir, 10, preferably of polyethylene plastic, in thin, sheet form, formed from a pair of fiat, generally rectangular, wall sections 12, 14 which may be produced from a single sheet, folded in the middle to produce one edge 16 of the bag, and being secured along the other three sides of the bag, as by heatsealing or cementing, in marginal portions, 18, 20, 22. The resulting bag is of minimum weight and volume, and due to the flexibility of the material, may be further compacted by folding. Obviously, the bag may be made in various geometric forms other than the one shown, and other materials may be employed.

The bag wall 12 has a central, circular opening 24 for reception of a filler plug or nipple 26, which also serves to mount a delivery nozzle 28. Both of these parts are also made from polyethylene. For mounting in the bag opening, plug 26 has an annular channel near one end, providing a reduced neck 30, of about the same diameter as bag opening 24. Outwardly of neck 30, plug 26 has an enlarged, end flange 32, which is forced through opening 24, and brought into engagement with the inner surface of the bag, around the periphery of opening 24.

For attachment of the nozzle 28, the plug 26 is provided with a helical groove 34, adapted to mate with threads in the nozzle. In the form shown, the pitch of groove 34 is such that the ridge, or thread 36 on the plug is relatively wide in comparison to the width of the groove. At the outer end of the plug the first convolution of thread 36 is provided with oblique, Wedge-shaped peripheral notches 38, equi-angularly spaced about the axis of the plug, the notches being inclined in the direction of advance along the thread, toward the bag. As seen in FIG- URE 5, in the absence of the nozzle the short ratchet-like edges at the outer ends of the slots 38 extend, in their normal, unstressed state, beyond the periphery of thread 36, in tips or barbs 40, which are forced inwardly to the periphery of the plug when the nozzle is mounted thereon, which tend to bite into the nozzle on reverse turning thereof, so as to resist withdrawal of the nozzle.

The nozzle 28 is tubular throughout, and has an ovate, outer head 42, and a hood-shaped inner cap 44. Interiorly of the nozzle 28, the axial passage has an outer, restricted passage 46 within head 42, opening through the end thereof, a somewhat larger intermediate portion 48 between the head and cap, a still larger passage 50 within the shoulder portion 52 of the cap, and a terminal counterbore 54 within the main body of the cap, the counterbore being threaded to mate with the threaded plug 36. When the nozzle is screwed onto plug 36, the outer edge of cap 44 is brought into engagement with bag wall 12, around opening 24, this portion of the bag being thus secured in fluid-sealing relation between the cap end and the flange 32 of the plug, and for this purpose the end of the cap is preferably rounded, as at 56.

From the foregoing it will be evident that there has been provided a syringe which is simple, and moderate of dimension, and which, further is capable of compacting, for storage. At the same time, the device is easily filled, with the plug stabilizing the bag opening, and, therefore, acting as a funnel. The parts are easily assembled, and the functions of the assembled device are easily accomplished by evacuating the contents of the bag by squeezing with the hand. Once used, the device will be thrown away, since the ratchet effect of the notches in the plug defeat efforts to remove the nozzle. It is, of course, possible to employ a device Without the locking feature, in case re-use should, for any reason be desirable.

As packed for the market, the two parts will be separate, and since the bag is foldable, the parts may be placed in a relatively small container, which can be easily carried in a pocket or purse. For certain intended uses, suitable chemicals may be supplied with the bag, for ultimate solution in the fluid when the bag is filled. The chemical in pill or powder form, may be placed within the bag at the time of packaging, and a strip of gummed tape or paper placed over the opening in the plug.

Generally speaking, whereas a certain preferred embodiment has been shown and described, various modifications will become apparent, in the light of the disclosure, and the invention should not, therefore, be deemed as limited except insofar as shall appear from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A disposable syringe comprising a flat thin-walled generally rectangular, double-faced, bag of plastic material having a folded edge on one side, and attached end edges on the other three sides, one face of said bag having a central, circular opening, a plug having an annular channel in its periphery, receiving the rim of said opening, a flange on said plug engaging the inner surface of said bag Patented Aug. 18, 1964 adjacent said opening, said plug having a helical, thread groove and a thread relatively wide in comparison to said groove, the first convolution of said thread, at the outer end of said plug, having a series of oblique, wedge-shaped slots opening in the periphery of said plug, and having sharp corners extending outwardly of said periphery, and a nozzle having an end cap portion with an internal thread mating with said groove in said plug, an ovate head on said nozzle on the end opposite said cap, said nozzle having a central passage throughout, with a portion of restricted bore within said head.

2. A disposable syringe comprising a fiat thin-Walled double-faced, bag of plastic material having a folded edge on one side, and attached end edges on the other three sides, one face of said bag having a central, circular opening, a plug having an annular channel in its periphery, receiving the rim of said opening, a flange on said plug engaging the inner surface of said bag adjacent said opening, said plug having a helical, thread groove, and a thread relatively wide in comparison to said groove, the first convolution of said thread, at the outer end of said plug having a series of oblique, wedge-shaped slots opening in the periphery of said plug, and having sharp corners extending outwardly of said periphery, and a nozzle having an end cap portion with an internal thread mating with said groove in said plug, an ovate head on said nozzle on the end opposite said cap, said nozzle having a central passage throughout, with a portion of restricted bore within said head.

3. A disposable syringe comprising a pair of sheets of plastic material, joined on a peripheral line to provide a fiat bag, one face of said bag having a central, circular opening, a plug having an annular channel in its periphery, receiving the rim of said opening, a flange on said plug engaging the inner surface of said bag adjacent said opening, said plug having a helical, thread groove, and a thread relatively wide in camparison to said groove, the first convolution of said thread, at the outer end of said plug, having a series of oblique, wedge-shaped slots opening in the periphery of said plug, and having sharp corners extending outwardly of said periphery, and a nozzle having an end cap portion with an internal thread mating with said groove in said plug, an ovate head on said nozzle on the end opposite said cap, said nozzle having a central passage throughout, with a portion of restricted bore within said head.

4. A disposable syringe comprising a pair of sheets of plastic material, joined on a peripheral line to provide a fiat bag, one face of said bag having an opening, a plug having an annular channel in its periphery, receiving the rim of said opening, said plug having a helical, thread groove, and a thread relatively wide in comparison to said groove, the first convolution of said thread, at the outer end of said plug having a series of oblique, wedgeshaped slots opening in the periphery of said plug, and having sharp corners extending outwardly of said periphery, and a nozzle having an end cap portion with an internal thread mating with said groove in said plug, an ovate head on said nozzle on the end opposite said cap, said nozzle having a central passage throughout, with a portion of restricted bore within said head.

5. A disposable syringe comprising a pair of sheets of plastic material, joined on a peripheral line to provide a flat bag, one face of said bag having an opening, a plug having an annular channel in its periphery, receiving the rim of said opening, said plug having a helical, thread groove, a series of oblique, wedge-shaped slots opening in its periphery, and having sharp corners extending outwardly of said periphery, and a nozzle having an end cap portion with an internal thread mating with said groove in said plug, an ovate head on said nozzle on the end opposite said cap, and said nozzle having a central passage throughout, with a portion of restricted bore within said head.

6. A disposable syringe comprising a pair of sheets of plastic material, joined on a peripheral line to provide a fiat bag, one face of said bag having an opening, a plug having an annular channel in its periphery, receiving the rim of said opening, said plug having a helical, thread groove, and a series of integral, wedges extending beyond its periphery, and arranged, in their normal, unstressed state, oblique to radial planes through the plug axis and a tubular nozzle having a headed, outer end, and a cap at the inner end, with an internal thread mating with said groove.

7. A disposable syringe comprising a flexible bag, a threaded nipple secured to said bag and communicating with the interior thereof, said nipple having a helical thread groove, and obliquely-slanted barbs extending beyond its periphery, and arranged, in their normal, unstressed state, oblique to radial planes through the nipple axis. and a tubular nozzle having internal threads at one end, mating with said groove.

8. A disposable syringe comprising a pair of sheets of plastic material, joined on a peripheral line to provide a flat bag, a threaded nipple secured to said bag and communicating with the interior thereof, said nipple having a helical thread groove, and obliquely-slanted barbs extending beyond its periphery, and arranged, in their normal, unstressed state, oblique to radial planes through the nipple axis and a tubular nozzle having internal threads at one end, mating with said groove.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 757,654 Guild Apr. 19, 1904 2,653,735 Brinkman Sept. 29, 1953 2,850,015 Baxter Sept. 2, 1958 2,886,089 Schlage May 12, 1959 FOREIGN PATENTS 109,231 Austria Apr. 10, 1928 190,846 Switzerland July 16, 1937 615,234 Canada Feb. 28, 1961

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US757654 *Dec 8, 1903Apr 19, 1904Charles A TyrrellSyringe.
US2653735 *Nov 14, 1950Sep 29, 1953Elwood G BrinkmanDispensing container with nondetachable threaded cap and neck, and with registrable dispensing apertures
US2850015 *Mar 4, 1957Sep 2, 1958Thomas R BaxterSingle-use disposable vaginal syringe
US2886089 *Oct 1, 1954May 12, 1959Schlage Lock CoThreaded member with plastic ring having flexible locking fins
AT109231B * Title not available
CA615234A *Feb 28, 1961Herbert BruneScrew closure with safety ring
CH190846A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3310051 *Dec 10, 1963Mar 21, 1967Schulte Rudolf RSurgical reservoir for implantation beneath the skin
US3343542 *Jul 30, 1964Sep 26, 1967Kendall & CoUrine collection bag
US3398745 *Oct 4, 1965Aug 27, 1968Stille Werner AbDevice for the tapping of urine and similar purposes
US3454007 *Jul 15, 1966Jul 8, 1969Salis TheodoreNon-reusable vaginal cleansing apparatus
US3474788 *Jun 5, 1967Oct 28, 1969Corbin Barney GDisposable douche device
US3726276 *Mar 22, 1971Apr 10, 1973Trionics IncDisposable syringe
US3844284 *Aug 9, 1973Oct 29, 1974Richardson Merrell IncDisposable douche
US4057060 *Nov 10, 1975Nov 8, 1977Block Drug Company, Inc.Disposable medicinal application apparatus
US4137918 *May 26, 1977Feb 6, 1979Clayton BogertMedical by-pass device for use after ostomy surgery
US4159718 *Jul 19, 1977Jul 3, 1979Bower Earle SDisposable douche
US4179042 *Aug 29, 1977Dec 18, 1979Schuck William HSealed dispenser spout assembly
US4785858 *Jul 20, 1987Nov 22, 1988Farmitalia Carlo Erba S.P.A.Device for firmly locking a syringe on a body which may be coupled thereto
US5607081 *Sep 21, 1994Mar 4, 1997Levy; DavidDispensing liquid container
US6251098Jun 23, 1997Jun 26, 2001I-Flow, Corp.Fluid container for use with platen pump
US6358239Dec 9, 1997Mar 19, 2002I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US6447490May 17, 2000Sep 10, 2002James Zhou LiuVaginal opener; compressible spray bottle with unidirectional air flow for dispensing cleaning solution and health-promoting bacteria; kits; contraceptives, antifertility agents
US6871759Sep 30, 2003Mar 29, 2005I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US7083068Mar 24, 2005Aug 1, 2006I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US7337922Jun 26, 2001Mar 4, 2008I-Flow CorporationPlaten pump
US8568365 *May 8, 2007Oct 29, 2013Alan ReidMethods and apparatus for syringe adapter
US20080281264 *May 8, 2007Nov 13, 2008Alan ReidMethods and apparatus for syringe adapter
US20130331797 *Aug 14, 2013Dec 12, 2013Alan ReidMethods and apparatus for syringe adapter
CN101601876BJul 1, 2009Feb 2, 2011苏州宇度医疗器械有限责任公司Dispensable gynecological syringe nozzle
WO2007068032A1 *Dec 11, 2006Jun 21, 2007Anderson MarkAn apparatus for holding and dispensing flowable preparations
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/212, 128/DIG.240, 285/92, 604/275, 604/911, 122/406.4
International ClassificationA61M3/02
Cooperative ClassificationA61M3/0262, Y10S128/24
European ClassificationA61M3/02D8C