|Publication number||US3145839 A|
|Publication date||Aug 25, 1964|
|Filing date||Sep 8, 1961|
|Priority date||Sep 8, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3145839 A, US 3145839A, US-A-3145839, US3145839 A, US3145839A|
|Inventors||Lowry John C|
|Original Assignee||Nat Distillers Chem Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (19), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 25, 1964 J. c. LOWRY 3,145,839
DISPENSING HOLDERS FOR STACKS OF BAGS Filed Sept. 8, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG.|
INVENTOR 65 JOHN c. LOWRY ATTORNEY 25, 1964 J. c. LOWRY DISPENSING HOLDERS FOR STACKS OF BAGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 8, 1961 FIG ATTORNEY United States Patent Ofi ice 3,145,839 Patented Aug. 25, 1964 3,145,839 DISPENSING HOLDERS FOR STACKS F BAGS John C. Lowry, Rochester, N.Y., assignor to National Distillers and Chemical Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Virginia Filed Sept. 8, 1961, Ser. No. 136,838 Claims. (Cl. 206-57) This invention relates to novel means for improving the efficiency of operation of semi-automatic bagging machines.
In machines of the character with which we presently are concerned, a work surface generally is provided, to which articles to be packaged or bagged are delivered, and a bag supporting table is associated therewith, adjacent said work surface, for the reception and retention of a supply of bags in such manner as to be readliy accessible to the operator. It has been found advantageous to provide the supply of bags in the form of stacks from which single bags may be detached successively as required. It is with a novel bag stacking means to which the invention is directed.
The invention is particularly applicable for use in connection with bags produced from thermoplastic materials, each bag being sealed along the side edges and the rear surface thereof including a projecting lip, ready severance means, such as perforations or the like, being provided whereby the bag per se may be detached conveniently from the lip portion. However, bags formed from other materials and including varying structural differences may be utilized with equal facility.
It is an object'of the invention to provide a novel holder for a plurality of side-seal, perforated and lipped bags from which single bags may be detached successively, until the stack is exhausted, without disturbing the holder.
Further objects and advantages of the invention will be readily apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a stack of bags secured within the novel holder of the present invention;
FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the holder detached, prior to application to a stack of bags;
FIGURE 3 is a perspective view of the holder and lip remanents, the bags of the stack having been detached;
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a single side-seal, perforated and lipped bag of the character contemplated;
FIGURE 5 is a front elevational view, partly in section, of a portion of a semi-automatic bagging machine, illustrating in particular the bag supporting table and a plurality of stacks of bags positioned thereon; and
FIGURE 6 is an end elevational view of the bag sup porting table of FIGURE 1, viewed from the right hand side.
As shown in the drawings, the semi-automatic bagging machine desirably includes a suitably supported work surface lit, illustrated somewhat diagrammatically, to which is delivered a supply of articles to be bagged or packaged. Delivery may be by batch or continuous process, as is well known in this art and requires no particular discussion here. A bag supporting table, indicated generally at 11, is positioned adjacent to the work surface, preferably substantially contiguous therewith, and a supply of bags is supported upon this table in such manner as to be readily accessible to the operator who successively detaches a bag from the source of supply, inserts into the bag the item or items being packaged and then passes the bag on to suitable closing or sealing mechanism, not shown.
Where the bags employed are of polyolefin materials,
such as polyethylene, polypropylene, and the like, as are being employed in constantly increasing quantities in modern day packaging, it has been found desirable to secure a plurality of such bags into a stack and to dispense the individual bags from the stack. The bag supporting table 11 is designed to receive and securely retain thereupon a plurality of stacks of bags from which individual bags may be progressively detached from successive stacks of bags as required.
As illustrated, particular reference being had to FIG- URES 5 and 6 of the drawings, the bag supporting table structure includes a base plate 12, outer longitudinal side walls 13. and inner side wall portions 14 having inwardly directed lower extremities 15 secured to the base plate in any desired manner as by screws or the like 16.
A horizontally disposed and vertically adjustable bag supporting table 11 is supported above the base plate and means is provided for urging this table upwardly whereby the level of the uppermost bag thereon will approximate the plane of the work surface 10.
A transversely disposed saddle pin bracket or wicket itl is mounted upon the base plate 12 and a pair of ver tically disposed saddle pins 41 are attached to this bracket in any desired manner. It will be noted that these saddle pins are of a sufficient length, or height, to extend a slight distance above the top of the bag supporting table, when said table is in its uppermost position, for a purpose to be described more fully hereafter.
There has been illustrated in FIGURE 4 of the drawings a single bag of a character particularly suited for use in connection with the present invention. It will be understood that this showing is for illustrative purposes only and is in no manner to be viewed as limiting.
The bag 55, desirably produced from thin thermoplastic sheet material includes a front portion 56 and a rear portion 57. The side edges 58 have been sealed in manufacture and the bottom edge 59 is comprised by a unitary fold and may, if desired, be gusseted to provide expandable characteristics. The rear portion includes an extending lip 60 and a line of perforations, or the like, 61 is provided whereby this lip, or only a portion of the width thereof, depending upon the location of the perforations, may be detached with ease.
Material, and bags, of this character are extremely thin and present corresponding problems in connection with the convenient handling thereof. Thus it is proposed to provide packages or stacks of such bags, from which individual bags may be separated successively, with paricular ease, for more convenient use, particularly in connection with semi-automatic bagging machines.
A suitable holder is provided for securing a plurality of bags into a stack for convenient handling, as discussed hereabove. Desirably this holder is produced in the form of a fiat blank from inexpensive sheet material, such as paperboard, or the like, and may be stamped out of such material with particular economy.
In the preferred embodiment thereof illustrated in FIG- URE 2 of the drawings, the holder or saddle, indicated generally at 62, is of substantially rectangular configuration and includes a bottom portion 63 and a top portion 64 separated from the bottom portion by a transverse slit 65 which includes diverging angularly disposed end portions 65a which terminate short of the longitudinal edges of the holder. If desired, score lines 66 extending from the extremity of each angularly disposed slitted portion 65a to the adjacent longitudinal edge of the saddle may be provided, to assist in the bending of the holder at the time of attachment to a stack of bags, and the score lines together with the slitted portion provide the line of demarcation between the top and bottom portions of the holder.
A pair of aligned spaced apertures 67 are provided in the base portion, immediately adjacent the edge provided by the slit 65 and the spacing between these apertures is complementary to the spacing between the saddle pins 41, each aperture being of sufficient size to readily accommodate a saddle pin. The base portion may be provided with an aperture 68, to permit the ready grasping of the holder and, if desired, the free corners of the base portion may be cut away as indicated at 63a, to further facilitate convenience in handling.
The securing of the holder to a stack of bags is a particularly simple matter and requires neither skill nor extreme accuracy. A plurality of bags (desirably a predetermined quantity thereof) is assembled, with the lip portions in alignment, to provide a stack S and, if desired, fastening elements such as staples or the like 69, extending through the lip portions, may be utilized although these are not essential. The holder is then positioned, substantially centrally of the lip portions of the stack, with the bottom portion 63 beneath the stack S and the top portion 64, folded back along the scores lines 66, overlying the lip portions 60 in substantial alignment with the perforated edges thereof but not extending therebeyond. Staples or the like 70 may be employed to secure the holder to the stack of bags. The holder 62 thus becomes a saddle, securely attached to the lip portions 60 of the bags in the stack S, and the extremity of the base portion 63 which is defined by the slit provides a tab 71 which projects beyond the stack and includes the apertures 67 to facilitate ease of engagement with the saddle pins 41 of a bag table supporting structure as shown in FIGURES 5 and 6.
It will be understood that, if desired, the arrangement of the slitted portion may be reversed in which event the tab portions will be coextensive with the top face of the saddle rather than with the bottom portion thereof.
Manual elevation of a saddle pin cover of the bag supporting table structure exposes the upper extremities of the saddle pins and a plurality of stacks of bags may be positioned upon the bag supporting table, which can be readily depressed to receive a multiplicity of such stacks, with the saddle pins projecting through the apertures in the superimposed stack saddles. Return of the saddle pin cover to normal position will lock these stacks of bags in position and obviate any possibility of inadvertent disengagement or displacement.
With the bag supporting table loaded in this manner, and articles to be bagged delivered to the work table, the operator detaches the uppermost bag (if desired, an air stream, not shown, may be provided to facilitate the opening of the bag mouth prior to detachment) and proceeds with the required bagging operation. Successive bags are detached, and filled, until the uppermost stack is exhausted. The operator then may grasp the exposed bottom portion 63 of the saddle of the exhausted stack, the aperture or finger portion 63 making for ease of grasping, and tear the holder and lip remnants from the saddle pins. Desirably, the nature of the material from which the holder or saddle is produced is such that there is but minimum resistance to the rupturing of the saddle pin apertures as indicated at 67a, see FIGURE 3 of the drawings. The saddle and lip remnants may be discarded or, consideration being given to the polyolefin material present, put aside for salvage purposes.
With the removal of the saddle and lip remnants of the exhausted stack, the bags of the next successive stack are exposed and are immediately available for continuing bagging operations, the bag supporting table having moved upwardly to its upper limit of movement, simultaneously with the removal of the saddle of the exhausted stack.
There has thus been described a novel holder or saddle for stacked bags. Since this holder or saddle has separate utility, apart from bagging machines of the character illustrated and described, and since various changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of applicants inventive teachings, the invention is not considered limited to that which is shown in the drawings and described in the specification, and reference therefor is had to the claims for summaries of the novel features of construction, novel combinations of parts and novel method of operation, for all of which protection is desired.
What is claimed is:
1. A holder for a plurality of bags arranged in aligned superimposed relationship to provide a stack thereof, each of said bags including a detachable lip portion, said holder being substantially U-shaped and including a bottom portion which underlies said stack of bags and a top portion which overlies said lip portions, bottom portion being provided with a centrally located aperture for the convenient grasping thereof, fastening means extending through the top and bottom portions of said holder and through the bag lip portions embraced therebetween, and means coextensive with one face of said holder providing supporting means for the holder and stack of bags.
2. A dispensing saddle for a stack of side-seal, perforated and lipped bags manufactured from thermoplastic sheet material, said saddle comprising a pre-formed paperboard blank folded so as to provide a bottom portion which underlies the stack of bags and a top portion which overlies the lip portion thereof, fastening means extending through the top and bottom portions of said saddle and through the bag lip portions embraced therebetween, a supporting tab formed integrally with the bottom portion of said saddle and extending in a direction beyond the bag lip portions, said tab being provided with a pair of spaced apertures adjacent the free edge thereof, and the bottom portion of said saddle being provided with a finger engaging aperture.
3. In combination, a stack of side-seal bags produced from thermoplastic sheet material, each of said bags having an open mouth and an extending lip portion formed on one face of said bag and readily detachable therefrom, a dispensing saddle secured to said stack of bags, said saddle comprising a pre-formed substantially rectangular paperboard blank folded so as to provide a bottom portion underlying the stack of bags and a top portion overlying the lip portions thereof, fastening means extending through the top and bottom portions of said saddle and through the bag lip portions embraced therebetween, a supporting tab formed integrally with the bottom portion of said saddle and extending in a direction beyond the bag lip portions, said tab being provided with a pair of spaced apertures adjacent the free edge thereof, and the bottom portion of said dispensing saddle being provided with a finger-engaging aperture.
4. A dispensing saddle for a stack of perforated and lipped bags manufactured from thermoplastic sheet material, said saddle comprising a pre-forrned paperboard blank folded so as to provide a bottom portion which underlies the stack of bags and a top portion which overlies the lip portion thereof, fastening means extending through the top and bottom portions of said saddle and through the bag lip portions embraced therebetween, a supporting tab formed integrally with one portion of said saddle and extending in a direction beyond the bag lip portions, said tab being provided with a pair of spaced apertures adjacent the free edge thereof, and the bottom portion of said saddle being provided with a finger engaging aperture.
5. In combination, a stack of bags produced from thermoplastic sheet material, each of said bags having an open mouth and an extending lip portion formed on one face of said bag and readily detachable therefrom, a dispensing saddle secured to said stack of bags, said saddle comprising a preformed substantially rectangular paperboard blank folded so as to provide a bottom portion underlying the stack of bags and a top portion overlying the lip portions thereof, fastening means extending through the top and bottom portions of said saddle and through the bag lip portions embraced therebetween, a 5 supporting tab formed integrally with one portion of said saddle and extending in a direction beyond the bag lip portions, said tab being provided with a pair of spaced apertures adjacent the free edge thereof, and the bottom portion of said dispensing saddle being provided with a 10 finger-engaging aperture.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Elsas Sept. 19, Beardsley Apr. 20, Shelley Apr. 4, Krongold et a1 Sept. 17, Simpson July 12, Westfall Aug. 22, Sylvester et a1. Feb. 20,
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|U.S. Classification||206/493, 206/526, 211/59.2, 211/12, 53/571, 402/4, 206/554|
|International Classification||B65B67/00, A47F13/08, A47F13/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A47F13/085, B65B67/00|
|European Classification||A47F13/08B, B65B67/00|