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Publication numberUS3146931 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 1, 1964
Filing dateFeb 19, 1963
Priority dateFeb 19, 1963
Publication numberUS 3146931 A, US 3146931A, US-A-3146931, US3146931 A, US3146931A
InventorsEells Jr Samuel, Neff Ralph W
Original AssigneeSt Regis Paper Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bulk containers
US 3146931 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

SePfl, 1964 R. w. NEFF ETAL 3,146,931

' BULK CONTAINERS Filed Feb. 19, 1965 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATTORNEK.

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Sept. 1, 1964 R. w. NEFF ETAL 3,146,931

BULK CONTAINERS Filed Feb. 19, 1963 3 Sheets--Sheel 2 Sept- 1, 1964 R. W. NEFF ETAL 3,146,931

BULK CONTAINERS Filed Feb. 19, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS.

27a IPA/ PH WA/EF'F:

By SAMUELEEL/ sgg/.

United States Patent O 3,146,931 BULK CGNTAWERS Ralph W. Neil, Parma, and Samuel Eelis, Er., Shaker Heights, (litio, assignors, by mesne assignments, to 'St Regis laper Company, New York, NX., a corporation of New York Filed Feb. 19, 1963, Ser. No. 259,591 14 claims. (ci. 229-7) This invention relates to containers for bulk materials and, more particularly, to bulk containers formed of semirigid sheet material such as paperboard or the like.

Containers embodying the invention are particularly adapted, among other possible uses, for shipping, handling, and storing comminuted, pulverulent or granular material. Such containers are particularly adapted for the shipment of large volumes of granular material.

The invention provides a collapsible container or carton such as may be supplied by manufacturers of cartons who make it a practice to ship large quantities thereof in collapsed condition to manufacturers or distributors of the commodities, the cartons being of such form that the distributors or manufacturers may readily set them up and ll them by the use of available machinery with little or no change. Heretofore, considerable difficulty has been encountered due to the inter-relationship of cost, size, convenience and structural strength of bulk packaging containers. The present invention is intended to overcome these diiculties and to provide a container which is economical to produce as well as being large, light and structurally strong.

The invention provides a container which permits gravity discharge of the contained bulk materials through its bottom and having an actual bottom and an inclined false bottom, the latter for directing the flow of material towards a discharge opening through both the false and actual bottoms. In the preferred embodiment, two bottom openings are provided such that the material discharges at either side of the bottom or at both sides thereof simultaneously. Discharge of the material is thereby completed without the necessity of vibrating or shaking the entire container, a factor which might prove inconvenient due to the weight thereof. Structural reinforcing members are disposed within the space between the false and actual bottoms to support the former with respect to the latter, and so that the container is provided with additional vertical structural strength. The false bottom and actual bottom have reclosable closure means for dispensing material from the container, as desired.

In its preferred embodiment, the container has a vertical middle partition to provide additional structural strength especially when a filled container is stacked vertically upon another one. That is, a central partition is provided which cooperates with the side walls to provide vertical strength in the container to support the material contained therein, which may be relatively heavy, as would be cement, for example.

It is to be pointed out that there is also another advantage of providing a middle partition. Such partition may be utilized for separating and selectively discharging two grades of a material, i.e. two different types of feed or grain, or two types of cement containing different mixes, etc.

Briefly describing a preferred embodiment thereof, the invention provides a bulk container formed of semi-rigid sheet material such as paperboard or the like and having a body which is preferably polygonal in configuration. Closure means of a suitable nature are provided for the top thereof. The other end or bottom is provided with an internal false bottom and a spaced apart actual bottom. Within the space and interposed between the false bottom and actual bottom is a criss-cross or grid-like arrangement 3,146,931 Patented Sept. l., 1964 of vertical reinforcement members, of similar paperboard or the like, which define a plurality of vertical passages.

The actual bottom of the container is provided with a pair of oppositely disposed tearable flaps which when opened, allow for the passage of material therethrough from the container compartment with which either of the respective tiaps are associated. The false bottom is provided with a corresponding pair of tearable closures which are aligned with the respective tearable ilaps of the actual bottom and which, when opened, form respective spouts for directing the ow of material from the container downwardly through the false and actual bottoms to discharge beneath the container.

The carton may be completely emptied and all of the contents removed therefrom without leaving or wasting material between the actual bottom and the false bottom. This is of considerable importance particularly when the contents are relatively valuable.

These and other objects, features, and advantages of the invention will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description thereof, when taken with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view, partially broken away, to show a bulk container constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a sectional elevation of the container of FIG. l, the section being taken as indicated at lines 2 2 of FIG. l;

FIG. 3 is a sectional plan View of the container of FIG. 1, the section being taken as indicated at lines 3 3 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional View to show in detail the construction and operation of the bottom closure means in the container as seen in FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary and perspective View showing the bottom closure means in its normally closed position; and

FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary and perspective view similar to FIG. 5, but showing the bottom closure means in its open position for dispensing the bulk material contents ofthe container.

Referring now to the drawings in further detail, FIG- URE 1 shows a container designated generally by reference numeral lilwhich is constructed in accordance with the invention. The container 10 has a body 1i, a top cover l2, and an actual bottom 13. A false bottom 14 is located interiorly of the body 11 and in substantially leave a flexible sheet portion lie of the outer ply 11d,

of several inches in height, projecting above the doubleply principal construction of the body il. Referring to the cutaway portion of FIGURE l, it will be understood that the flexible sheet portion lle, which is only scored by vertical extensions of the score lines 15, will pleat and partially overlie itself at the indicated locations when the cover 12 is placed on the container. However, referring to FIGURE 2, it will also be understood that the exible sheet portion 11e will stand upright to facilitate the loading of bulk materials into the container from its top end. The two end sections 16a of the side wall section 16 are attached together in overlying relationship one to the other, as by either adhesive or staples 16h. l The top cover 12 is formed from a single sheet of material which is appropriately notched in radial direction e3 about its periphery to provide radially extending closure tab portions 12a which are foldable along score lines 12b, so that when the cover 12 is applied to the contamer 10 in the manner shown by FIGURE l, the downwardly folded tab portions 12a lie substantially adjacent and together surround the body 11. A steel band 18 disposed about the tab portions 12a secures the top cover 12 to the body 11, and it will be understood that each of the tab portions 12a may be notched at either side thereof as indicated at 19, to better receive the steel band 18. As shown in FIGURE 2, a sealing or stiffening sheet 2@ may be interposed between all of the top cover tab portions 12a and the body 11 when the cover 12 is secured to the container, the sheet 20 being continuous.

Similarly, the actual bottom 13 is formed from a single blank of material which is suitably notched in radial direction about the periphery to provide radially extending tab portions 21 thereof which are foldable, along respective score lines 22, so that when the actual bottom is applied to the container the upwardly folded tab portions 21 lie substantially adjacent and together surround the body 11, as perhaps best understood by reference to FIGURE l. In a manner similar to the securing of the top cover 12, the actual bottom 13 is secured to the container by disposition of a steel band 23 about the actual bottom tab portions 21, the tab portions being notched to receive the same, as at 24. Further, as indicated in FIGURE 4, a sealing or stiffening sheet 25 may be interposed between the body 11 and the folded tab portions 21, the sheet 25 being continuous.

Referring now to the construction at the interior of the container, FIGURE 2 shows that the container 10 is provided with a false bottom 14 which is formed from a single blank of material and which is disposed in substantially spaced relation with respect to the actual bottom 13. In the preferred embodiment, the false bottom 14 provides opposite and downwardly sloping flat surfaces 14a and 14h at either side of the straight, transversely extending line of juncture 26 therebetween. The false bottom blank has foldable tab portions such as are indicated by reference numeral 14C for attachment, as by staples or the like (not shown), to the respectively adjacent side wall sections 16 in the finished container.

A vertical partition 27 extends transversely of 'the container and upwardly from coincidence with the line of juncture 26 between the oppositely sloping fiat surfaces 14a and 14b of the false bottom 14, and divides the container into two adjacent compartments 28 and 29 for receiving bulk material. The upper edge of the partition 27 extends upwardly to the plane of cover 12 when the cover 12 is in its closed position, and it will be seen that the partition 27 provides support at the cover of the container against any weight placed thereon, even though the compartments 28 or 29 may be partially emptied. The partition 27 may be formed integral with the false bottom 14 in a manner as indicated at the right hand side of FIG- fURE 2, or it may be separately formed from a single blank of folded material and attached to the false bottom 14, as by staples 30, as indicated at the left hand side of FIG. 2. The partition 27 has foldable tab portions such as are indicated by reference numerals 27a and 27b for attachment, as by staples or the like (not shown) to the respectively adjacent side wall sections 16 in the nished container.

The false bottom 14 is supported by an arrangement of criss-cross or grid-like vertical reinforcement members 31, as will be understood from a comparison of FIG- URES 2 and 3. Members 31a are positioned transversely with respect to the partition 27 and are triangularly shaped, while members 31b are parallel to the partition 27 and are rectangularly shaped. The members 31 are interlocked, respectively, by means of interiitting slots (not shown) thereby defining a plurality of vertical passages 41. Moreover, due to the interlocking and selfsupporting construction and arrangement of members 31,

CII

stapling or other attachment to other elements of the container is not necessary. Normally, adequate strength is provided when the supporting members are formed from one or two sheets of double-faced corrugated paperboard material having the described interlocking construction, when the same is merely placed within the container against the actual bottom 13.

The false bottom 14 is provided with a pair of oppositely disposed tearable closures adjacent the outer edges thereof as indicated in FIGURE 2, each of the tearable closures being designated by reference numeral 32. Each tearable closure 32 includes a pair of spout panels 33 which are formed by foldable portions of the false bottom, each being foldable towards actual bottom 13 along score lines 34. In their initial condition, the respective spout panels 33 of each tearable closure 32 are connected with each other along a centrally disposed and interrupted line of slit 35 of the closure, and each of the spout panels 33 has a fold line 36 providing a bendable portion 3'7 thereof. In addition, each tearable closure 32 has a spout guide 38 which is foldable downwardly, towards actual bottom 13, and which in its initial condition is connected to its associated pair of spout panels 33 along an interrupted line of slit 39.

The actual bottom 13 is provided with a pair of oppositely disposed tearable liaps 4t), each of which is in vertical alignment with both its respective, associated tearable closure 32 of the false bottom, and one of the vertical passages 41a provided by the bottom reinforcing members 31 with which the tearable closure 32 is also aligned, as indicated by the drawings. The tearable iiap 40 is defined by a score line 42 at one end thereof and a pair of spaced apart interrupted lines of slit 43 extending parallel and outward from the ends of score line 42 to the peripheral side edge of the container at tab portion 21a of the actual bottom. By a pair of interrupted slits (not numbered) extending through only the inner ply 11b and corrugated ply 11C, a tear strip 44 is formed integrally with, and is disposed transversely with respect to the tab portion 21a. The tear strip 44 is located below the steel band 23 which secures the actual bottom 13 as aforementioned so that, upon severance of its tear strip 44 and its respective lines of slit 43, each tearable iiap 40 is opened without the necessity of removing the steel band 23. Each tear strip 44 is provided with a pull tab 45 so that it may be easily grasped by the operators hand for tearing.

In the initially assembled condition of the container 10, its tearable closures 32, its tearable flaps 40 and the respective tear strips 44 are in their respective attached conditions as shown by the solid lines in FIGURE 4 and also seen in FIGURE 5. When it is desired to open the container 10 to discharge the material from within either of the compartments 28 or 29, the appropriate tear strip 44 is severed and the tab portion 21a of the actual bottom 13 is pulled downwardly, whereupon the tearable tiap 40 is torn from the actual bottom 13 along the interrupted lines of slit 43. The tearable liap 40 is then in a position as shown in FIGURE 6 and as illustrated by the broken lines in FIGURE 4. The corresponding tearable closure 32 in the false bottom 14 is thereupon exposed so that it may be opened by severing its interrupted lines of slit 35 and 39. Either manually or by the weight of the material within the relevant compartment thereabove, the pair of spout panels 33 are folded downwardly towards the actual bottom 13 along score lines 34. Contemporaneously, the associated spout guide 38 is folded downwardly towards the actual bottom 13 along score line 34a. The bendable portions 37 of the spout panels 33 are folded inwardly towards one another both to assist in forming the desired spout configuration and to facilitate closing of the bottom opening, as will be described. As shown in FIGURE 6 and as shown by the broken lines in FIGURE 4, when the tearable closure 32 is opened, the spout panels 33 extend across the space between the false bottom 14 and the actual bottom 13 to direct the ow of bulk material discharging from the container 10.

After a desired quantity of material has been discharged from the container 10, the tearable llap 40 may be closed or returned to its original position by lifting upwardly on the tab portion 21a. The tearable flap 40 first engages the bendable portions 37 of the spout panels 33, and it will be understood that, by reason of the relatively opposite directions of fold thereof, the engagement Will cause the spout panels 33 to initiate their closing movement in the proper inward direction. Movement of the tearable flap 4i) to its closed position Within the plane of actual bottom 13 causes only partial closing of its associated tearable closure 32, but will cause adequate restriction and stoppage of the flow of material therethrough. The tearable flap 4t) is maintained in such closed position either by external means or by attachment of the tab portion 21 to the side wall of the container. Of course, subsequently, the container 1t) may be reopened as desired.

Thus has been described a container for bulk materials which achieves all of the objects of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A container for bulk material comprising a hollow body, an actual bottom at one end of said body, and a false bottom disposed interiorly of said body and in substantially spaced relation with respect to said actual bottom, said actual bottom having a tearable flap for providing an opening therethrough, and said false bottom having a tearable closure for providing an opening therethrough, said tearable closure of the false bottom being substantially in alignment with said tearable flap of the actual bottom, and said tearable closure of the false bottom having a central line of tear to provide oppositely disposed spout panels at either side thereof, each of said spout panels being foldable towards said actual bottom and having dimension such that, when said tearable closure is opened, the spout panel extends substantially across the space between said false and actual bottoms to direct the flow of bulk material discharging from said body through said false and actual bottom openings.

2. A container for bulk material according to claim 1 wherein said tearable flap of the actual bottom extends inwardly from the peripheral edge of said actual bottom at one side of the container, and said tearable iiap of the actual bottom includes a tab portion providing a free end which is substantially attached to said body at said one side of the container.

3. A container for bulk material according to claim 2 wherein said tab portion has a tear strip disposed substantially parallel to the plane of said actual bottom and substantially across said tab portion at a location thereon spaced away from said attached free end thereof.

4. A container for bulk material according to claim 1 wherein said spout panels have dimension such that, when said false bottom tearable closure and said actual bottom tearable flap are opened, at least a portion of each spout panel projects through the said opening provided by said tearable hap of the actual bottom.

5. A container for bulk material according to claim 1 wherein said tearable iiap of the actual bottom is foldable along one end thereof when opened, and said spout panels have dimension such that, when said false bottom tearable closure and said actual bottom tearable flap are opened, at least a portion of each spout panel projects through the said opening provided by said tearable flap of the actual bottom, said portions of the spout panels being bendable in direction towards each other along respective lines of fold extending diagonally across said spout panels.

6. A container for bulk material according to claim 1 wherein said tearable closure of the false bottom further has a plurality of additional lines of tear emanating outwardly from said central line of tear to provide a spout guide at an end of said tearable closure, said spout guide being disposed transversely with respect to said spout panels and being foldable towards said actual bottom when said tearable closure is opened.

7. A container for bulk material comprising a hollow body, an actual bottom at one end of said body, a false bottom disposed interiorly of said body and in substantially spaced relation with respect to said actual bottom, said actual bottom having a tearable flap for providing an opening therethrough, and said false bottom having a tearable closure for providing an opening therethrough, said tearable closure of the false bottom being substantially in alignment with said tearable ap of the actual bottom, and said tearable closure of the false bottom having a central line of tear to provide oppositely disposed spout panels at either side thereof, each of said spout panels being foldable towards said actual bottom and having dimension such that, when said tearable closure is opened, the spout panel extends substantially across the space between said false and actual bottoms to direct the flow of bulk material discharging from said body through said false and actual bottom openings, and reinforcing means disposed within said space between said false and actual bottoms and supporting the former with respect to the latter, said reinforcing means comprising a grid-like pattern of interlocked and spaced apart vertical members providing a plurality of vertical passages therethrough, said actual bottom tearable ilap and said false bottom tearable closure being disposed in alignment with one of said vertical passages.

8. A container for bulk material according to claim 7 wherein said one of the vertical passages is adjacent one side of the container, and said tearable flap of the actual bottom extends inwardly from the peripheral edge of said actual bottom at said side of the container, said tearable flap of the actual bottom being foldable along one end thereof which is spaced inwardly from, and substantially parallels said side of the container.

9. A container for bulk material comprising a hollow body having a top end and a bottom end, an actual bottom at said bottom end of the body, and a false bottom disposed interiorly of said body, said false bottom having opposite inclined surface portions extending from respective locations substantially within the plane of said actual bottom adjacent opposite sides of the container to intersection with each other at a location which is spaced from said actual bottom towards said top end of the body, said actual bottom having a tearable ilap extending inwardly from the peripheral edge of said actual bottom at each of said opposite sides of the container for providing respective openings through said aotual bottom, and said false bottom having a tearable closure in substantial alignment with each of said tearable flaps of the actual bottom for providing respective openings through said false bottom, and each of said tearable closures of the false bottom having a central line of tear to provide oppositely disposed spout panels at either side thereof, each of said spout panels being foldable towards said actual bottom and having dimension such that, when its associated tearable closure is opened, the spout panel extends substantially across the space between said false and actual bottoms to direct the flow of bulk material discharging from said body through said false and actual bottom openings with which the spout panel is associated.

10. A container for bulk material according to claim 9 wherein each of said opposite inclined surface pontions of the false bottom comprises a plane surface extending substantially across said body.

11. A multi-compartment container for bulk material comprising a hollow body having a top end 'and a bottom end, an actual bottom at said bottom end of the body, a false bottom disposed interiorly of said body and in substantially spaced relation with respect to said actual bottom, reinforcing means of said false bottom, and partition means extending from said false bottom to substantially within the plane of said top end of the body to provide a plurality of container compartments for receiving bulk material, each of said container compartments at its lower end being defined by a portion of said false bottom, each said pontion of the false bottom having a tearable closure for providing an opening therethrough, and said actual bottom having a plurality of tearable iiaps corresponding in number to the number of, and being respectively aligned with said tearable closures of the false bottom for providing respective openings through said actual bottom, and each of said tearable closures of the false bottom having a central line of tear to provide oppositely disposed spout panels at either side thereof, each of said spout panels being foldable towards said actual bottom and having dimension such that, when its associated tearable closure is opened, the spout panel extends substantially across the space between said false and actual bottoms to direct the iiow of bulk material discharging from one of said container compartments through said false and actual bottom openings with which the spout panel is associated.

12. A multi-compartment container for bulk material comprising a hollow body having a top end and a bottom end, an actual bottom at said bottom end of the body, a false bottom disposed interiorly of said body, said false bottom having opposite inclined surface portions extending from respective locations substantially within the plane of said actual bottom adjacent opposite sides of the container to intersection with each other at a location which is spaced from said actual bottom towards said top end of the body, and partition means extending from said false bottom to substantially within the plane of said top end of the body to provide a plurality of container compartments for receiving bulk material, each said containcr compartment at its lower end being defined by a portion of said false bottom, each said portion of the false bottom having a tearable closure for providing an opening therethrough, and said actual bottom having a plurality of tearable iiaps corresponding in number to the number of, and being respectively aligned with said tearable closures of the false bottom for providing respective openings through said actual bottom, and each of said tearable closures of the false bottom having a central line of tear to provide oppositely disposed spout panels at either side thereof, each of said spout panels being foldable towards said actual bottom and having dimension such that, when `its associated tearable closure is opened, the spout panel extends substantially across the space between said false and actual bottoms to direct the flow of bulk material discharging from one of said container compartments through said false and actual bottom openings with which the spout panel is associated.

13. A bottom-forming blank for providing a false bottom in a container for storing and discharging bulk material, said blank comprising a sheet of paperboard material having at least one score line for folding of the blank to provide corresponding opposite side portions thereof, the peripheral edge of said blank having shape such that, when so folded, said peripheral edge contiguously conforms to the peripheral shape of the actual bottom of said container, and said blank further having means defining a tearable closure adjacent and centrally of said peripheral edge of the blank on each side of said score line, each said tearable closure means comprising rupturable lines of weakness including a first line of weakness and a pair of additional lines of Weakness, said first line of weakness being disposed substantially perpendicular to, and extending substantially from said peripheral edge of the blank towards said score line, and said pair of additional lines of weakness respectively extending on opposite sides of said iirst line of weakness, each of said additional lines of weakness projecting outwardly from conjunction with that end terminus of said iirst line of weakness which is nearest said score line and having an end terminus spaced away from said first line of weakness.

14. A bottom-forming blank according to claim 13 wherein said tearable closure means further comprises a pair of parallel score lines extending parallel to said rst line of weakness on respectively opposite sides thereof, each said parallel score line extending between said end terminus of one of said additional lines of weakness and said peripheral edge of the blank, and respective diagonally disposed score lines extending from substantially the midpoint of said first line of weakness on opposite sides thereof to the respective of said parallel score lines, each said diagonal score line extending to that end terminus of its said associated parallel score line which is adjacent said peripheral edge of the blank.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,756,150 Ganz Apr. 29, 1930 1,987,771 Bueschel `lan. l5, 1935 1,988,064 Wiemann Jan. 15, 1935 2,556,707 Rendall et al June 12, 1951 3,000,496 Larson Sept. 19, 1961 3,066,842 Crosbey Dec. 4, 1962 3,076,590 Petryk et al Feb. 5, 1963

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1756150 *Nov 14, 1928Apr 29, 1930Ganz Albert JReady-opening and self-sealing carton
US1987771 *Oct 27, 1932Jan 15, 1935Bueschel Andrew LCarton
US1988064 *Oct 27, 1931Jan 15, 1935Wiemann George FReceptacle
US2556707 *Dec 31, 1948Jun 12, 1951Gaylord Container CorpConvertible shipping carton and self-feeder
US3000496 *Oct 29, 1958Sep 19, 1961Crown Zellerbach CorpRecessed bottom container
US3066842 *Jun 23, 1961Dec 4, 1962Kaiser Aluminium Chem CorpShipping and dispensing container
US3076590 *Dec 11, 1959Feb 5, 1963Minnesota Mining & MfgCarton
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3563448 *Oct 7, 1969Feb 16, 1971Corco IncContainer end structure
US4042164 *Dec 10, 1976Aug 16, 1977Corco, Inc.Container end structure
US4119263 *Jul 29, 1977Oct 10, 1978Olinkraft, Inc.Bottom unloading bulk container
US4767035 *Oct 16, 1986Aug 30, 1988Monsanto CompanyContainer with discharge tube
Classifications
U.S. Classification229/221, 229/122.2, 229/121
International ClassificationB65D5/72, B65D85/64
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2585/649, B65D85/64, B65D5/726
European ClassificationB65D85/64, B65D5/72E