|Publication number||US3147566 A|
|Publication date||Sep 8, 1964|
|Filing date||Mar 12, 1962|
|Priority date||Jul 27, 1961|
|Also published as||DE1857907U|
|Publication number||US 3147566 A, US 3147566A, US-A-3147566, US3147566 A, US3147566A|
|Inventors||Hong Ong Liu|
|Original Assignee||Hong Ong Liu|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (41), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
p 1964 uu HONG ONG MECHANICAL DOLL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 12, 1962 R m n W0 9 m w L y Z m tad/0Q A l/orneys m' ax United States Patent ce MECHANICAL BULL Liu Hong Ong, 27 Snares Ave, 2nd Floor, Kowloon, Hong Kong Filed Mar. 12, 1962, Ser. No. 179,091 Claims priority, application, Great Britain, July 27, 1961,
(Ilaims. (Cl. 46-149) This invention relates to mechanical dolls.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a mechanical doll having a head and arms which are movable by means of a novel actuating mechanism.
A further object of the invention is to provide a mechanical doll having a movable head and movable arms, in which an actuator is mounted on or in the body of the doll and mechanical means are arranged within the doll to interconnect the actuator to effect rotary movement of the head and simultaneous swinging movement of the arms.
A further object of the invention is to provide a mechanical interconnection between the various parts so that movement of the head can also be effected to cause swinging of the arms, and vice versa.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a mechanical doll which in addition to a movable head and movable arms has movable legs which are so interconnected that the actuator will simultaneously effect a rotary movement of the head, a swinging movement of the arms and a swinging movement of the legs.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a doll which may be molded from suitable plastic material and the actuating mechanism for the various elements may be formed from metal or from a suitably robust plastic material. 7
A still further object of the invention is to provide a construction of the actuating mechanism wherein strips of metal are used to bring about the oscillating motions.
With the above and other objects in view which will become apparent from the description below, some preferred forms of the invention are shown in the drawings in which: i
FIGURE 1 is a partial side elevational view with parts shown in cross section illustrating one form of the invention wherein the actuating mechanism conveys a movement to the head, the arms and the legs.
FIGURE 2 is a similar front elevational view of the construction shown in FIGURE 1 with the cross-sectional parts taken at right angles to such parts shown in FIG- URE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a side elevational view of a modification wherein only the head and arms are movable.
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of the cage supported at the upper portion of the abdomen of the doll to which the actuating rods for the head and arms are connected.
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of the cage for the actuating parts located at the center portion of the abdomen of the doll and FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of the controlling wheels used in the modification of FIGURE 3.
Referring to FIGURES 1 and 2, the head 10 is rotatably mounted in the hollow plastic body 11 and secured to the lower portion of the body 11 is the leg assembly 12 wherein the legs 14 are swingably mounted by the circular flanges 15. The arms 16 are also mounted Within the body 11 by the inwardly directed projections 17 provided with a groove 18 so as to be rotatably mounted. The leg assembly may also rotate to a slight extent relative to the body portion 11 by means of the construction shown.
The actuating mechanism for the head, arms and legs comprises a cage 19 at the upper portion of the ab- 3,147,556 Patented Sept. 8, 1964 domen shown particularly in FIGURE 4. The cage 19 is supported by a horizontal plate 20 which is seated at the front of the doll between the spaced ribs 21 and 22 and at the back of the doll between the spaced ribs 23 and 24. Extending through the plate 20 and the bottom of the cage 19 which is not shown in FIGURE 4, is a bevel gear 25. The bevel gear 25 meshes with the bevel gears 26 and 27 located rotatably within the cage 19 at the sides thereof and connected to the bevel gear 26 is a flat actuating arm 28 for rotating the left arm of the doll and connected to the bevel gear 27 is a fiat strip 29 for actuating the right arm of the doll in opposite direction. The strips 28 and 29 are seated within rectangular recesses provided within the projections 17 of the arms. A strip 30 of flat metal extends from recess 31 provided in the neck of the head of the doll and this strip 70 extends downwardly through the cage 19 between the bevel gears 26 and 27 and then through a rectangular recess provided in the bevel gear 25 to the operating assembly within the cage 32 located at approximately the center of the doll. The assembly cage 32 is mounted upon a flat strip 33 as shown in FIGURE 5. The strip 33 is seated between the projecting ribs 34 and 35 and at the rear between the ribs 36 and 37. Rotatably mounted within the cage 32 is the bevel gear 38 which meshes with the bevel gear 39 through which the strip 30 passes and then extends through the bottom thereof and through a recess provided in the plate 33 to the lower operating cage 40. The cage 40 is secured to a plate 41 which is mounted similarly to the plates 33 and 20 between projecting ribs provided at the front and rear. The lower cage 40 has mounted therein a bevel gear 42 which is secured to the operating strip 30 and meshing with such bevel gear are the bevel gears 43 and 44. Connected to the bevel gear 43 is a strip 45 whose free end is located within a recess 46 provided in the left leg 14 of the doll. Connected to the bevel gear 44 is a fiat strip 47 which has its free end located within a rectangular socket 48 provided in the right leg 14.
The bevel gear 39 located within the cage 32 is connected to a fiat strip 49 which extends rearwardly andhas connected therewith an operating knob 50. The knob 50 is preferably located within a recess provided at the back of the doll.
When the knob 50 is manually operated then the actuating strip 30 will be rotated thereby rotating the bevel gears 25, 38 and 42. A rotation of the bar or strip 30 will cause a rotation of the head and at the same time there will take place, due to the gears 26 and 27 a swinging of the arms in opposite directions and due to the gears 43 and 44 a swinging of the legs in opposite directions.
If it is not desired to have the legs also swing in unison with the arms and head then the actuating rod 30 may be terminated within the cage 32 and the lower part of the actuating mechanism may be eliminated. In other Words, if it is desired to merely bring about a motion of the head and arms alone it is only necessary to eliminate the actuating elements below the cage 32 and such a construction may be obtained.
In FIGURE 3 the modification shows a construction wherein the head and arms only are oscillated. In this construction the entire upper portion including the cage 19 is similar to the construction shown in FIGURES 1 and 2 but instead of the arm 30 extending through the actuating mechanism such as shown associated with the cage 32 the rod terminates at the mid-section of the doll and has a pointed end 131 located in a slot provided in the plate 132. Fixed to the rod 130 by a set screw 133 is a relatively large controlling wheel 134 having milled edges and such wheel at its periphery extends through a notch 135 provided at the rear of the doll. In this construction only the head and arms of the doll will be actuated and the operation thereof takes place by merely manually rota-ting to one side or the other the milled wheel 134 where it projects from the back of the doll.
It is thought that the invention and its advantages will be understood from the foregoing description and it is apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrific ing its material advantages, the forms hereinbefore described and illustrated in the drawings being merely preferred embodiments thereof.
1, A doll comprising a hollow body portion, a head rotatably mounted on said body portion, a pair of arms rotatably mounted on said body portion, an actuating strip connected to said head extending downwardly in said body portion, a housing within said body portion sup- I ported by said body portion, a first bevel gear in said housing connected to said strip, a pair of bevel gears meshing with said first bevel gear in said housing connected to said arms, a second bevel gear fixed to said strip below said first bevel gear and manually operated means including a bevel gear meshing with said second bevel gear for oscillating said strip and thereby said gears within said housing to oscillate said head and arms.
2. A doll comprising a hollow body portion, a head rotatably mounted on said body portion, a pair of arms rotatably mounted on said body portion, an actuating strip connected to said head extending downwardly in said body portion, a housing within said body portion supported by said body portion, a first bevel gear in said housing connected to said strip, a pair of bevel gears meshing with said first bevel gear in said housing connected to said arms, a second housing in said body portion located below said first housing supported by said body portion, a second bevel gear in said second housing connected to said strip, a third bevel gear in said second housing meshing with said second bevel gear and manually operated means extending to the exterior of said body portion connected to said third bevel gear for moving said head and arms.
3. A doll comprising a hollow body portion, a head rotatably mounted on said body portion, apair of arms rotatably mounted on said body portion, an actuating strip connected to said head extending downwardly in said body portion, a housing within said body portion supported by said body portion, a first bevel gear is said housing connected to said strip, a pair of bevel gears meshing with said first bevel gearin said housing connected to said arms, a second housing in said body portion located below said first housing supported by said body portion, a second bevel gear in said second housing connected to said strip, a third bevel gear in said second housing meshing with said second bevel gear, a pair of legs rotatably mounted on said body portion, a third housing mounted below said second housing, a fourth bevel gear mounted Within said third housing connected to said strip, a pair of bevel gears within said third housing meshing with said fourth bevel gear connected to said legs, manually operated means extending to the-exterior of said body portion connected to said second bevel gear for moving said head and arms and legs. a
4. A doll comprising a hollow body portion, a head rotatably mounted on said body portion, a pair of arms rotatably mounted on said body portion, an actuating strip connected to said head extending downwardly in said body portion, gear means connecting said strip to said arms and a controlling wheel connected to said strip having a portion of its periphery extending to the exterior of said body portion for manually oscillating said strip and thereby said arms and head.
5. A doll comprising a hollow body portion, a head rotatably mounted on said body portion, apair of arms rotatably mounted on said body portion, an actuating strip connected to said head extending downwardly in said body portion, gear means connecting said strip to said arms and a supporting plate supported by said body portion supporting the lower end of said actuating strip,
7 a controlling wheel connected 'to said strip having a portion of its periphery extending to the exterior of said body portion for manually oscillating said strip and thereby said arms and head.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 525,716 McElroy Sept. 11, 1894 820,843 Arnold May 15, 1906 2,859,554 Walss Nov. 11, 1958 3,038,275 Curci June 12, 1962 I FOREIGN PATENTS 363,706 Italy Oct. 11, 1938
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|U.S. Classification||446/359, 446/377|
|International Classification||A63H13/00, A63H3/00, A63H3/18, A63H7/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A63H3/18, A63H13/00, A63H7/00|
|European Classification||A63H3/18, A63H13/00, A63H7/00|