US 3148375 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
p 5, 1964 c. c. JONES 3,148,375
FOOTBALL HELMET HARNESS Filed Feb. 20, 1962 FIG. 3.
GOEDELL C. C/O/VES,
United States Patent l 3,148,375 FOGTBALL HELMET HARNESS Cordell C. Jones, 4029 Maple St., Vernon, Tex. Filed Feb. 20, 1962, Ser. No. 174,615 2 Claims. (Cl. 2-3) This invention relates to a novel body harness adapted to be connected to the football helmet of a wearer, for preventing neck and head injuries.
The primary object of the invention is the provision of an eflicient, practical, and easily used harness of the kind indicated, which includes a body-encircling member, to be worn around the body below the shoulders, and a connecting member extending upwardly from the body encircling member to the forepart of the helmet, and adapted to be connected thereto, preferably to the faceguard bars of the helmet, where so equipped, so that in body contacts during the course of a football game, the head of the player is prevented from being injuriously pushed .rearwardly, relative to his shoulders, and the helmet is prevented from being pushed rearwardly, on the head of the player, so as to prevent exposure of the face of the player to injury, and/ or prevent injurious contact of the rear edge of the helmet with the back of the head or neck of the player.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a device of the character indicated above, which is easily and quickly applicable to and removable from the body and the helmet of a player, and which, while desirably limiting rearward binding of the head of the player, does not interfere with the players normal activities, and serves to maintain the players head in line with his spine, in a position to non-injuriously resist contacts with or blows upon the top or sides of the head.
Other important objects and advantageous features of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings, wherein, for purposes of illustration only, a specific form of the invention is set forth in detail.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a schematic side elevation, showing a device of the present invention applied to the body and the helmet of a football player;
FIGURE 2 is a front perspective view of the device, per se, partly broken away and in section;
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.
Referring in detail to the drawings, wherein like numerals designate like parts throughout the several views, the illustrated device, generally designated 10, comprises a normally horizontal body-encircling strap 12, of flat flexible material of suitable character, such as woven and reinforced canvas, synthetic material, or leather, formed in an open loop having separated ends 14 and 16, the end 14 being free, and the end 16 provided with buckle means, such as a pair of buckle rings 18, suitably secured to the end 16, through which the free end 14 is adapted to be passed and secured, in a well-known manner, for securing the strap 12 around the upper part of the body B of a football player P, in the region of the armpits.
A connecting pad 20 comprises a relatively thick sheet of resilient and compressible material, such as vinyl sponge, which is folded upwardly around the strap 12, around the end 16 and protectively covers the buckle rings 18, so that front and rear plies 22 and 24, respectively, protectively enclose and are disposed at the front and rear sides thereof, and reach for a substantial distance above the strap 12. Lower fastening and anchoring means, such as a rivet 26, extends through the pad plies ice 22 and 24, and through double thicknesses 28 of the strap end 16, which are looped around the buckle rings 18, with the bight portion 30 of the pad 20, spaced below the strap thicknesses, as shown in FIGURE 3.
The device 10 further comprises a vertical connecting strap 32, formed of material similar to the body strap 12, and in the form of a normally closed loop 34. The loop 34 comprises a bight portion 36, at its upper end, a relatively long rear flight 38, and a shorter forward flight 40. As shown in FIGURE 3, the lower end portion 42 of the rear flight 38 extends downwardly along the front surface of the front ply 22 of the pad 20, and extends rearwardly and upwardly around the bight portion 30 of the pad, and upwardly along the rear surface of the rear ply 24 thereof, to the upper end of the latter. The portion 42 is traversed by the lower rivet 26 and clamped in place under its heads, and an upper rivet 44, spaced above the strap 12, is similarly secured through the lower portion 40, and the plies of the pad 20, which, above the strap 12, are clamped in contact with each other, by the upper rivet.
The free lower end 46 of the front flight 40 of the connecting strap 32 is provided with at least two vertically spaced female snap fastener elements 48, which are adapted to be adjustably and selectively engaged with pairs of vertically spaced male snap fastener elements 5% on the front side of the rear flight 38, above the pad 20.
The device 10, while devised for use with a football helmet H having forwardly extending horizontal faceguard bars 52, over which the connecting strap loop 34 is looped, contemplates other suitable methods of connecting the connecting strap 32, with the lower forepart of a helmet, as where the helmet is devoid of face-guard bars.
Where the loop 34 of the connecting strap 32 is connected to the helmet H by being looped over face-guard bars 52, the loop 34 is free to slide to either side along the bars 52, limited only by face-guard bar structure, so that movement of the players head, from side to side, is not unduly limited. Advantageously, the device 10 does not limit downward movement of the head of the player, but positively limits unnecessary and dangerous upward and rearward movements of the players head or his helmet, otherwise resulting from football game contacts.
Although there has been shown and described a pre ferred form of the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not necessarily confined thereto, and that any change or changes in the structure of and in the relative arrangements of components thereof are contemplated as being Within the scope of the invention as defined by the clains appended hereto.
What is claimed is:
l. The combination with a helmet having spaced forwardly-projecting horizontal face guard bars, the helmet being adapted to be mounted on the head of a wearer so that the guard bars extend about and are spaced from the face of the wearer, of a body-supported harness operatively connected to the guard bars of said helmet, said harness embodying a horizontal flexible strap adapted to encircle the body of said wearer below and adjacent the armpits thereof and having separated ends adapted to be disposed at the front of the body of said wearer, one of the ends of the strap being free and the other end of said strap being provided with buckle means, the free end of said strap being adapted to be inserted into and be releasably securable to said buckle means when the strap encircles said body for securing the strap in position on said body, a resilient and compressible pad carried by the portion of said strap adjacent the other end thereof and protecting said buckle means, a flexible connecting strap having one end attached to said pad, said connecting strap being adapted to be looped about one of the guard bars when said first-named strap encircles said body, and fastening means on the other end of said connecting strap and releasably securable to complemental fastening means on the connecting strap inwardly of and spaced from said first-named fastening means when the connecting strap has been looped about one of the guard bars for attaching the guard bars of the helmet to, the connecting strap.
2. Thecombination according to claim 1 wherein said first-mentioned fastening means embodies a pair of spaced female snap fastener elements, and wherein said complemental fastening means embodies pairs of spaced male snap fastener elements.
4 References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 579,964 Deming Apr. 6, 1897 1,105,569 Lacrotte July 28, 1914 1,928,238 Willson et al Sept. 26, 1933 2,735,424 Benjamin Feb. 21, 1956 2,944,263 Rayburn et a1 July 12, 1960 2,985,883 Marietta May 30, 1961 3,059,932 Smallwood Oct. 23, 1962 FOREIGN PATENTS 627,567 France Oct. 7, 1927 564,614 Great Britain Oct. 5, 1944