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Publication numberUS3149447 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1964
Filing dateDec 8, 1961
Priority dateDec 8, 1961
Publication numberUS 3149447 A, US 3149447A, US-A-3149447, US3149447 A, US3149447A
InventorsDorr Robert O
Original AssigneeMayer & Co Inc O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tube feeding mechanism for packaging machine
US 3149447 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 22, 1964 R. o. DORR 3,149,447

TUBE FEEDING MECHANISM FOR PACKAGING MACHINE Filed Dec. 8, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

Sept. 22, 1964 R. o. DORR 3,149,447

4 Sheets-Sheet 2 E; INVENTOR. & fioberf 0 Don;

BY 15 4 MW WW Sept. 22, 1964 R. 0'. DORR 3,149,447

TUBE FEEDING MECHANISM FOR PACKAGING MACHINE Filed Dec. 8, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Z9 INVENTOR. Babe/"Z 050m; 44 Z7 Z6 BY 33 33 wMq/wh W Sept. 22, 1964 R. o. DORR 3,149,447

TUBE FEEDING MECHANISM FOR PACKAGING MACHINE Filed Dec. 8, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 MIHIHHH INVENTOR.

Faber? 0 170m United States Patent 3,149,447 TUBE FEEDING MECHANISM FOR PACKAGING MACHINE Robert 0. Don, Mount Prospect, 111., assignor to Oscar Mayer 8; Co., Inc, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Filed Dec. 8, 1961, Ser. No. 157,890 8 Claims. (Cl. 53-180) This invention relates to packaging machinery and is more particularly concerned with improvements in a packaging machine of the type in which a continuous tube of flexible film material is advanced beyond the end of a hollow mandrel while the tube is filled with a product which is delivered through the mandrel. Thereafter, the filled tube is constricted at intervals and transverse seals are applied to form a series of individual packages.

It is a general object of the invention to provide a packaging machine of the type described wherein a continuous tube of relatively thin pliable material is applied in telescoped relation on a hollow tubular filling mandrel and improved mechanism for feeding the tube is associated with the mandrel so as to continuously advance the tube beyond the end of the mandrel while a product is delivered through the mandrel and into the tube.

It is a more specific object of the invention to provide in a continuous tube type packaging machine an improved mechanism for advancing the tube as it is filled with a product through the mandrel which mechanism comprises pairs of driven rollers disposed on opposite sides of the path of the tube as it leaves the mandrel, with the rollers being positioned so as to grip folded portions of the wall on opposite sides of the tube and positively advance the same at a controlled rate.

It is a still further object of the invention to provide a tube feeding apparatus for a continuous tube forming and filling machine which comprises spaced pairs of feed rollers mounted adjacent the end of the forming and filling mandrel and disposed so as to grip between the rolls of the respective pairs portions of the wall of the tube which are directed into fold forming relation by 3,149,447 Patented Sept. 22, 1964 FIGURE 4 is a partial cross section taken on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3;

FIGURE 5 is a cross section taken on the line 5-5 of FIGURE 3, with portions broken away;

FIGURE 6 is a cross section taken on the line 6-6 of FIGURE 1, with portions broken away; and

FIGURE 7 is a section taken on the line 77 of FIGURE 6.

Referring first to FIGURES 1 and 2 of the drawings, there is illustrated a portion of a packaging machine 10 which is adapted to form a continuous tube 11 from a web 12 of a relatively thin, pliable, transparent plastic film material and to divide the tube 11 into a series of connected packages 13 which are of cylindrical section and which are closed at their opposite ends by metal sealing rings 14, there being two of the sealing rings 14 applied to constricted or gathered portions of the filled tube 11 between each package 13 and the next adjacent package, with space between the two closure rings or clips 14 so as to permit the gathered portion to be severed for separating the packages 11.

The film material 12 is initially folded and longitudinally sealed to provide the tube 11 which is telescoped about a hollow tubular filling mandrel 15. The mandrel 15 is supported in vertically disposed relation on a top cross member 16 extending inwardly of a vertically positioned side member 17 and a tube forming collar 18, supported on a bracket 19, surrounds the upper end of the hollow mandrel 15. A heat sealing mechanism indicated at 20 is associated with the hollow mandrel 15 which is operable to form a continuous longitudinal seam in the margins of the film material 12 which are overlapped by passage of the film over the forming collar 18.

The hollow mandrel 15 is connected at its upper end to a product feeding mechanism (not shown) which delivers a product through the mandrel 15 and fills the tube 11 as it advances beyond the lower end 21 (FIGURE 3) of the mandrel 15. A tube feeding mechanism 22 is mounted at the lower end 21 of the mandrel 15 which advances the tube beyond the mandrel 15 to a tube constricting and sealing head, indicated at 23, which is mounted for vertical reciprocation on the main frame of the packaging machine 10 and which constricts the downwardly advancing filled tube at intervals and places thereon the sealing members 14 to complete the packaging operation and form the packages 13. The tube constrictfeed rollers oppositely disposed, folded portions of the walls of the tube which apparatus includes roller supporting frames pivotally mounted in coaxial relation on shafts supporting the tube feeding rollers and carrying pressure rollers for engaging the unfolded wall portions of the tube so as to maintain pressure on the product delivered through the hollow mandrel whereby to exclude air from the tube and insure uniform filling thereof.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from a consideration of the apparatus which is shown by way of illustration in the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a front elevation of a portion of a tube forming and filling machine having incorporated therein tube feeding or advancing mechanism which embodies the invention, portions of the machine being omitted or broken away;

FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view, taken on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1 and with portions broken away;

FIGURE 3 is a front elevation, to an enlarged scale, of the tube feeding mechanism shown in FIGURE 1;

ing and sealing head 23 is not described in detail since it does not form a part of the present invention. Reference may be had to Jensen and Eberman Patent No. 2,831,302, granted April 22, 8, for details of this and other mechanisms which are incorpoarted in the packaging machine and which are referred to herein.

A tube sizing ring 24 (FIGURES 1, 2 and 3) is supported on the mandrel 15 and carries a pair of fold forming blades 25 and 25 which are in depending relation on opposite sides of the mandrel 15 and which form outwardly directed folds 25 and 26 (FIGURE 4) in the tube 11 as the tube approaches and enters the tube feeding mechanism 22.

The'tube feeding mechanism 22 comprises two pairs of cooperating tube feeding wheels or drive rollers 27, 27' and 28, 28'. The tube feeding wheels 27, 28 and 27', 28' are adjustably mounted on sleeve members 29 and 29' which are in turn keyed or otherwise fixed on drive shafts 30 and 30' so as to rotate with the drive shafts, the latter being disposed in parallel relation on opposite sides of the mandrel 15 adjacent the end 21. The shafts 30 and 30' extend forwardly of the bearing forming members 31 and 31 which are mounted on a cross frame member 32. The feed wheels 27, 27' and 28, 28' are each provided with a tube engaging tread member 33 which maybe of rubber or like material and the respective wheels of each pair thereof 27, 28 and 27', 28 are axially spaced on the supporting shafts 30 and 30' so as to cooperate in gripping between the treads thereon portions 26 and 26' of the tube wall which are guided into fold forming relation by the blades 25 and 25. The shafts 30 and 30 form pivotal supports for depending frame members 34 and 34' on the lower ends of which are supported tube engaging and pressure applying rollers 35 and 35'. These rollers 35 and 35' are mounted on driven shafts 36 and 36' which are journaled in frame members 34 and 34' and which carry at their forward ends pinions 37 and 37. The pinions 37 and 37' engage with idler gears 38 and 38 which are mounted on stub shafts 40 and 40 and driven by pinions 41 and 41 secured on the shafts 30 and 30' so that the pressure applying rollers 35 and 35 are driven by the pinion gear arrangement from the shafts 30 and 30' and travel in the same direction as the feed wheels 27, 27' and 28, 28', that is, in the downward direction of the tube 11. The two supporting frame members 34 and 34' are connected so as to pivot simultaneously about the shafts 30 and 30' by means of a pair of gear segments 42 and 42' which are secured to the sleeve members 43 and 43'. The sleeve members 43 and 43' are rotatably mounted on the shafts 30 and 30' and form part of the respective frame members 34 and 34'. The frame members 34 and 34' are provided with guard plates 44 and 44 which cover the train of gears for driving the squeeze rollers 35 and 35.

Pivotal movement of the frame members 34 and 34' about the pivot shafts 30 and 30' is controlled by a link mechanism 45 (FIGURES 1 to 3) which comprises a threaded pin 46 pivotally connected at one end to a cross rod 47 mounted on the one frame 34 and engaging in threaded relation within an axial bore 48 in the link member 49. The link member 49 extends through an aperture 50 in a bracket arm 51 and has a knob 52 on its outer end for rotating the same. The link member 49 has a shoulder forming peripheral flange 53 at its inner end which provides an abutment seat for one end of a compression spring 54, with a collar member 55 slidably mounted on the member 49 and seated against the bracket arm 51. The bracket arm 51 is mounted at its other end on the cross frame member 32 and extends forwardly thereof. Rotation of the knob 52 adjusts the position of the pressure or squeeze rollers 35 and 35' while the compression spring 54 permits separation of these rollers against the force of the spring 54 and determines the pressure on the filled tube 11 as it leaves the end 21 of the mandrel 15.

The one shaft hearing or housing member 31 is mounted in fixed position on the frame member 32 while the other shaft bearing or housing member 31 has depending cars 56 and 56 at opposite ends thereof which have aligned bearing apertures for receiving the pivot forming pin 57. The pin 57 is mounted in the frame member 32 in parallel relation to the shafts 31 and 31' so. that shaft housing 31 may be rocked or pivoted away from the shaft housing 31' to release the tube 11 or to open the tube gripping wheels 27, 27' and 28, 28 for initial threading of the tube. The two shaft housing members 31 and 31' are normally urged toward each other so as to hold the tube feeding wheels in gripping engagement with the tube by a connecting linkage, which comprises the rod 58 pivotaHy connected at 60 to an upstanding bracket member 61 on the housing 31 and extending in sliding relation through an aperture in an upstanding bracket member 62 on the shaft housing 31' with a compression spring 63 mounted thereon between the bracket member 62 and stop nuts 64 on the threaded end of the rod 58. A cam type release member is mounted on the rod 58 which consists of an upstanding handle forming bar portion 65 with a bifurcated lower end portion 66 which straddles the bar 58 and is pivotally connected to the same at 67 and which has a cam surface 68 on the tail end bearing against the face of the bracket member 62 so that when the handle bar 65 is swung about the pivot 67 in the direction of the housing 31 to the position indicated in dotted line in FIGURE 7, the rod 58 is moved axially in the same direction against the force of the spring 63 and the tube gripping wheels 27, 27' and 28, 28' are opened and held in the open position until the handle 65 is returned to normal'position in which the wheels are closed upon each other.

The two drive shafts 30 and 30' carry gears 70 and 71 which are connected in driving relation when the shaft housings 31 and 31' are in normal position as shown in FIGURE 6. The gear 71 is driven by a pinion 72 on a drive shaft 73 extending from a speed changing gear box 74 of a motor drive unit 75. When the drive wheels 27, 27 and 28, 28' are opened by movement of the cam release handle 65 the gears 70 and 71 are not separated entirely so that the drive is not wholly disconnected. The speed of operation may be controlled by controlling the operation of the motor gear unit 74.

In operating the apparatus the web 12 is guided over the forming collar 18 and down over the filling mandrel 15. The sealing mechanism 20 forms a longitudinally extending seal in overlapping marginal edges of the film 12 and the tube 11 is advanced over the sizing ring 24 with the side guide plates 25 and 25' forming outwardly extending fin-like folds 26 and 26' in the side walls of the tube 11 for engagement thereof between the feed wheels 27, 27' and 28, 28' which are disposed on opposite sides of the lower end of the mandrel 15 and which are opened by operation of the cam release handle 65 to receive the tube folds. The product is fed into the mandrel 15 under pressure and discharged into the tube 11 at the lower end 21 of the mandrel. The frame members 34 and 34 are adjusted by the mechanism 45 to engage the squeeze rollers 35 and 35' with the filled tube as it advances beyond the lower end 21 of the mandrel 15 with sufficient resilient pressure to compact the product in the tube and maintain the fill level above the end 21 of the mandrel whereby to exclude air as much as possible from the product as it fills the tube. The speed of rollers 27, 27' and 28, 28' is adjusted to permit the pressure fed product to be discharged in the proper quantity or density in the tube as it leaves the end 21 of the mandrel and the pressure rollers 35 and 35' are driven at the same speed through the connecting gear trains.

The feeding apparatus may be employed with different size mandrels since the feed wheels 27, 28 and 27', 28' may be adjusted on their respective mounting sleeves 29 and 29' in the axial direction of the shafts 30 and 30 to vary the spacing between the same.

I claim:

1. A packaging machine having a tube forming mandrel, a forming device at one end of the mandrel for progressively guiding a web of pliable heat sealable film material into tube formation around the mandrel with marginal portions thereof in superimposed seam forming relation, a heat sealing mechanism adjacent the mandrel for sealing said marginal web portions and forming therein a continuous seam, means for feeding a product through the hollow mandrel and into the tube formed thereon, and mechanism for continuously advancing said tube in the axial direction of the mandrel, said tube advancing mechanism comprising pairs of relatively narrow drive wheels disposed in laterally spaced relation on opposite sides of the discharge end of the hollow mandrel for engaging in tube advancing relation between the wheels of each pair thereof folded side edge portions on opposite sides of the formed tube, means for driving the feed wheels, depending support members mounted for pivotal movement on the axis of rotation of the feed wheels, tube engaging, pressure applying rollers mounted on said depending members, means for driving said pressure applying rollers in the same direction as the advance of the filled tube,

and resilient means for holding the supporting members in spaced relation so as to cause the applying rollers to continuously engage the filled tube and apply uniform pressure to said filled tube.

2. A packaging machine having a tube forming mandrel, a forming device at one end of the mandrel for progressively guiding a web of relatively thin, pliable film material into tube formation around the mandrel with marginal portions thereof in superimposed seam forming relation, a sealing mechanism adjacent the mandrel for sealing said marginal web portions and forming therein a continuous seam, means for delivering a fiowable product through the hollow mandrel and into the tube formed thereon, and mechanism for advancing the tube in the axial direction of the mandrel, said tube advancing mechanism comprising pairs of relatively narrow drive Wheels disposed in laterally spaced relation on opposite sides of the discharge end of the hollow mandrel for engaging in tube advancing relation side edge portions of the tube between the wheels of each pair thereof, means for driving the feed wheels, depending frame members mounted for pivotal movement on the axis of rotation of the feed wheels, means connecting the frame members for simultaneous swinging movement toward and from each other, tube engaging, pressure applying rollers mounted at the lower ends of said frame members, means for driving said pressure applying rollers in the same direction as the advance of the filled tube, an adjustable linkage extending etween one of the frame members and a fired portion f the machine for holding the frame members in spaced relation so as to cause the rollers to continuously engage with and apply pressure to the filled tube which advances between the same.

3. In a packaging machine having a tube supporting mandrel, a forming device at one end of the mandrel for progressively guiding a web of relatively thin, pliable plastic film material into tube formation around the mandrel with marginal portions thereof in seam forming relation, a heat sealing mechanism adjacent the mandrel for sealing said marginal web portions and forming therehi a continuous seam, and means for feeding a product through the hollow mandrel and into the tube formed thereon, a tube feeding mechanism for continuously advancing the tube in the axial direction of the mandrel, said tube feeding mechanism comprising pairs of relatively narrow drive wheels disposed in spaced relation on opposite sides of the discharge end of the hollow mandrel for engaging in tube advancing relation between the wheels of each pair thereof the folded side edge portions on opposite sides of the tube, means for driving the feed wheels, depending frame members mounted for pivotal movement on the axis of rotation of the feed wheels, tube engaging, pressure applying rollers mounted on the lower ends of said frame members, connecting gear trains for driving said pressure applying rollers from said feed Wheels and in the direction of advance of the filled tube, means including gear segments connecting the frame members for movement toward and from each other and means for holding the frame members in spaced relation and for causing said rollers to continuously engage with and apply uniform pressure to the fil ed tube advancing between the same.

4. In a continuous tube type packaging machine wherein a hollow mandrel is supported on a main frame and means is provided for applying a tube of relatively thin, pliable package forming material around the mandrel, for advancing the tube along the mandrel and for feeding the roduct to be packaged through the mandrel and into the tube to substantially fill the same as it leaves the mandrel, said tube advancing means comprising two pairs of aligned cooperating tube gripping wheels mounted on parallel driven shafts disposed on opposite sides of the lower end of the hollow mandrel, the pairs of wheels being spaced so that the wheels of each pair engage in gripping relation between their peripheries outwardly directed edge folds in the opposite side walls of the tube, supporting frames mounted in pivotal relation on said parallel shafts and carrying at their lower ends a pair of cooperating, tube squeezing rollers which are disposed on opposite sides of the path of the tube for engaging the filled tube and applying continuous pressure thereto, means for rotating the tube squeezing rollers so that their peripheral speed corresponds to the speed of advance of the tube, means for connecting the supporting frames so that they swing toward and from each other in response to swinging movement of either supporting frame, and means to adjust one of the supporting frames relative to its pivot shaft so that the tube squeezing rollers maintain a predetermined spacing and apply a predetermined pressure on the tube.

5. In a machine as recited in claim 4, and the means for connecting the supporting frames comprising interengaging gear segments rotatably mounted on the driven shafts and connected to the respective supporting frames.

6. In a machine as recited in claim 4, and the means to adjust one of the supporting frames relative to its pivot shaft comprising a link forming rod member pivotally connected at one end to the lower end of said supporting frame and having its other end adjustably connected to a fixed portion of the main frame of the machine.

7. In a machine as recited in claim 6, and the other end of said link forming rod member having a threaded connection in an axial bore in the end of a second rod member, said second rod member extending through an aperture in a fixed bracket and having a resilient connection with said bracket.

8. In a machine as recited in claim 7, and the resilient connection between said second rod member and said fixed bracket comprising a turning knob on the outer free end of said second rod member and a compression spring between the inner end of said second rod member and said fired bracket.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,831,302 Jensen et al Apr. 22, 1958 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent N0 3 ll9 d47 September 22,, 1964 Robert O, Dorr It is hereby certified, that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected belo' Column S line 2 before "applying" insert pressure Signed and sealed this 19th day of January 19650 (SEAL) Attest:

ERNEST w. SWIDER- EDWARD J. BRENNER Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2831302 *Oct 6, 1954Apr 22, 1958Mayer & Co Inc OPackaging machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3410051 *Jul 28, 1966Nov 12, 1968Leslie A HumphreyMachine for making tube of elasto-meric material, progressively filling the same with fluid and dividing the filled tube into vendable containers
US3526079 *Nov 7, 1967Sep 1, 1970Brigitte MaxeinerApparatus for the continuous production of tubular packages
US4211051 *Jan 19, 1978Jul 8, 1980The Kartridg Pak Co.Cut-off device for chub machines
US4506494 *Apr 18, 1983Mar 26, 1985Mamoru ShimoyamaPacked bag cutter
US4656818 *Jan 4, 1985Apr 14, 1987Orihiro Kabushiki KaishaPackaging machine
US4829746 *Jul 24, 1987May 16, 1989Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc.Apparatus for placing a web of film under tension
US5465558 *May 23, 1995Nov 14, 1995Hayssen Manufacturing CompanyAn apparatus for forming, fitting and sealing packages
DE19519591C2 *May 29, 1995Nov 13, 2003Guenther KnieriemVorrichtung zum Herstellen von gefüllten verschlossenen Schlauchbeutelpackungen
EP0685397A1May 29, 1995Dec 6, 1995Günther Dipl.-Ing. KnieriemApparatus for making filled, closed bag-like tubular packages
Classifications
U.S. Classification53/551, 65/292
International ClassificationB65B41/16, B65B41/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65B41/16
European ClassificationB65B41/16