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Publication numberUS3149899 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1964
Filing dateApr 16, 1962
Priority dateApr 16, 1962
Publication numberUS 3149899 A, US 3149899A, US-A-3149899, US3149899 A, US3149899A
InventorsBengt J Johanson
Original AssigneeUnited Carr Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrical contact element
US 3149899 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

" 5eP't22,-1964 BI.--J.JOHANSON' 3,149,899-

ELEC'IfRICALCONTACT ELEMENT Filed April 16, 1962 ru-mnh mws I Inventor fffileawoz )5! Gal 3,149,899 ELECTRICAL CONTACT ELEMENT Bengt J. Johanson, Des Plaines, .Ill., assignor to United- Carr Incorporated, a corporation.- of Delaware Filed Apr. 16, 1962, Ser. No.-187,527 1 Claim." Cl..339-258) The present invention relates to an improved electrical connector and an improved electrical contact elemen therefor. v

The connector and contact elements of the present invention are particularly adapted for use with the wire wrap method of connection of electrical leads to contacts. The wire wrap method ofconnection'is commonly employed in the art today in view of the efficiency with which the electrical interconnection can be made and of the eflicient physical electrical contact defined between the electrical leads and the contact elements with said method of interconnection.

. The wire wrap method of interconnection of electrical leads and contact elements-involves the insertion of a suitable wire'wrap tool having a bore which bore is adapted to carry the electrical lead to be fastened. Of essence the tool is of substantial size in comparison to the post of the contactelement to which the lead must be aflixed. Considerable relative leverage is developed in placing of the wire wrap tool upon the postof the contact element and on occasion the post to which the tool is temporarily aifixed may become -bent. It would 1 be desirable to have a post associated with the contact element. that is of- -substantial physical proportions so that the post would not become bent or otherwise damaged during the wire wrap operation. Such physical construction for the wire wrap post of the contact element has heretofore been considered impractical. In order to make the manufacture of the contact elements of the type illustrated herein economically feasible it is necessary to turn them out in large volume; The electrical contact elements of the typeutiliz'ed in conjunction with connectors illustrated herein are {manufactured by stamping a blank shaped portion from a.thin=, 'electrically conductive, sheet of material. The blanked portion is then formed into the shape of the finished element in a continuous process- 'ing operation. The contact eiements of the type employed hereinare manufactured from relatively thin sheets of material, normally on the order of .010" in thickness. It is readily apparent that with material of this magnitude in' thickness it is unreasonable to expect that the post provided at one portion of the element will be very sturdy. In order to provide afgreater degree of structural stability for the wire wrap post of said elements it has sometimes been necessary in the manufacture of said elements to fold the post portion of the terminal, or'to form said post portion in the shape of a box channel. This presents an unsatisfactory situation in that an additional and expensive forming step is required in'the manufacture of said' elements andthe resultant post formed thereby is devoid of the relatively sharp corners desired to provide gripping portions for the wire to be fastened thereto. An additional drawback of integral element construction resides in the fact that whenashort is encountered or the terminal has been defectivcly wired, or some other electrical or mechanical defect is encountered it is necessary to removethe entire'electrical contact element toreplace the 1 same and to restore the electrical circuit to normal. In

view of the fact thatjthe major usage of such elements re- United States Patent tact element is provided wherein the electrical contact is provided of thin, easily formed and manufactured materials and the wire wrap post is provided of a relatively sturdy and rigid construction. An additional desirable feature of the present invention resides in the provision of a separable wire wrappost in the contact element.

It is accordingly a general object of the present invention to provide an improved electrical contact element receive a separable wire wrap post therein in electrically sides in conjunction with relatively miniaturized connector 1 components the removal of a contact element or elements from-said. connectors becomes a time consuming and necessarily expensive operation. It, thus, is desirable to provide a construction to obviate this undesirable feature. In accord with the present invention animproved conconductive relation therewith.

Still a further object of the present invention resides in the provision of an improved electrical contact assembly having a relatively thin contact element adapted to be afiixed within an insulating body and a relatively rigid, sturdy, electrical lead receiving terminal member rernovably received at one terminal of the thin portion of the contact element.

The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the present invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claim. The invention itself, however, together with further objects and advantages thereof, will best be understood by reference to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which: I FIGURE 1 is a top plan view of an electrical confnector employing .the improved contact elements;

FIGURE 2 is a cross-section view of the connector of Patented Sept. 22, 1964 FIGURE 1 taken through lines 2 2 of FIGURE l,with

the wire wrap posts schematically represented;

FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of the improved contact element of the present invention, partly broken away to show details, with the sturdy lead receiving terminal schematically represented in cooperative relation therewith;

FIGURE 4 is a side elevation of the relatively thin portion of the improved contact element of the present invention; and i t FIGURES is an enlarged fragmentary view of the improved contact element of the present invention illus-l trating the contact assembly.

Referring more particularly now to FIGURE 1, the

electrical connector assembly is indicated generally at .10. The connector is comprised of an insulating body,

indicated generally at 12, having a main body portion 13 and a pair of mounting dogs 14 and 16, respectievly, integral therewith extending from either side of the main body portion 13. Each of the mounting dogs 14 and 16 are provided with fastener receiving openings 18 and 20, respectively, extending therethrough. The insulating body 12 of the connector 10 is provided with a plurality of channels 22 extending therethrough at spaced intervals therealong, said channels adapted to receive the contact elements of the present invention as described below. As shown in FIGURE 2, each of the channels 22 are provided with a main opening 24 at one end thereof, said main opening 24 extending from one face 26 of said insulating body 12 into said insulating body for substantially one half the distance thereof. The main opening 24 of the insulating body 12 merges into a pair of spaced, channels 28 and 30, which channels extend from the inner terminal of the main opening. 24 through the re- -tion 42 side of said wall portions.

mainder of the insulating'b ody 12 to the opposite face 32. of said body. A projection 34 extends outwardly from the inner terminal of the main opening 24 a predeter- The improved contact element 36 of the present invention is cotnl'rrisctl of a thin portion indicated generally at .19 untl it relatively rigid, sturdy portion indicated at 40.

The thin contact element portion'38 ol' the .contact element 3.6 includes a main body portion 42. Themain mined distance toward the face-26 of the insulating body body portion 42 extends integrally outwardly into a narrower portion 44 the main body portion 42 being folded in the area of width reduction defined between the integral interconnection between the portions 42 and 44 of the contact element. The narrower portion 44 of the main body portion 42 is folded back over the main body portion 42 and in spaced relation thereto to define an open loop. The free end 46 of the narrower portion 44 is againfolded, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 4, inwardly- .spring loop and to prevent resistance to the fiexure action of the, spring-like loop.

The niain body portion 42 of the contact element 36 extends continuously into the U-shaped channel-portion 50 and is angularly related thereto, as indicated in FIG- URES 2 and 4. A lug 52 extends upwardly and away from thebottorn face of the U-shaped'channel portion 50 and defines the inner terminal of said channel portion.

A pair of upstanding walls 54 and 56 define the side walls of the channel'portion 50, in combination with the static wall portions 58 and 60 of the spring clip area of the channel. A pair of inwardly biased spring clip members 62-and 64 extend slightly into the channel defined by the side walls, said clips being integral with the static wall portions 58 and 60 and positioned on the main body por- The other end of the walls 58 and 60 are integrally joined to spring clip members 66 and 68. As indicated in FIGURE 3, the members 66 and 68, in their rest position, extend into the channel defined by the wall portions and are substantially in touching engagement at their innermost terminals. The free ends o'f'each of the clips 68 and 66 extend outwardly and away from said channel and form a gradually inwardly. sloping female-type receptacle 70 adapted to facilitate insertion of the rigid portion 40 within the channel.

The rigid portion 40 is formedfrom electrically conductive stock approximately .05" in thickness. thickness of the member 40,, thus, is four to five times "as thick as the thin material employed in the forming of the thin contact portion 38 of the Contact element 36.

The additiorialthickness lends rigidly to the member 40 that would not otherwise be obtained if said member 40 joined to the main 'body portion 74 of said element, the

region of interconnection between the head portion 72 and body portion 74 being defined by a gradually'sloping area 76. Thesloping area 76 is definedqabout each of the-surfaces of the element 40 said .sloped wall portions The extending inwardly from the body portion 74 to the head portion 72.

'. respectively. the spring clip portions 66 and 68 of the channel member 50 extending substantially into the plane of the face 32 of the insulating body 12. The element 38 may be affixed in the insulating body 12 by any of the conventional means, such as, for example, a cleat .(not shown) integral withthe element 38 and adapted either to bite into the relatively soft insulating body or to rest upon a ledge provided therein and adapted to prevent withdrawal of the element 38 from the insulating body 12.

The narrower portion 44 of the element 38 is adapted to rest against the projection 34 in the main body opening 24. The projection 34 orients the spring-like loop within the opening 24 and prevents initial contact of the mating elements 38 within the opening. As shown in FIGURE 2, the mating elements 38 are in slightly spaced relation within the opening 24 of the insulating body.

A printed circuit board (not shown) is adapted to be receiving within the opening 24 of the body 12. The printed circuit board, as is well known in the art, is provided with an electrically conductive ribbon along the surfaces thereof which ribbons are adapted to be received in electrically conductive relation with the narrower portion 44 of the element 38. In. the embodiment illustrated in FIGURE 2, the printed circuit board would be provided with .electrically conductive ribbons along the top and bottom faces thereof said ribbons being electrically conductively engaged by the top and bottom banks of element 38 to complete a dual circuittherebetween.

The relatively rigid element may then be inserted into the U-shaped channel portion of the element 38 to be locked therein by'the inwardly biased clips 62 and 64 which clips engage the rear portion of the head and prevent withdrawal of the member 40 under normal circumstances. Spring clip members 66 and 68 further define retaining means for the element 40 and assist in confining the element 40 within the U-shaped channel. The clips 66 and 68 are urged outwardly upon urging of the element 40 therepast and assume the positions illustrated by the dashed lines '66 and 68' of FIGURE 2 when said element is disposed within said channel portion 50. When the element 40 is inserted fully within the channel portion 50 the head portion 72 will abut the upwardly extending lug which defines the inner terminal of said channel and prevent insertion of the element 40 beyond a pre-determined distance.

When it is desired to electrically interconnect the connector element 10 with the remainder of the circuit within which it is to be utilized, the wire wrap gun is placed over each of the posts or elements 40, in succession, and

- the electrical leads wrapped thereabout as schematically represented at 80 in FIGURE 1. The likelihood of damage occurring during the wire wrapping operation is considerably reduced in view of the fact that the connector element of the present invention is provided with a substantially stronger post 40 than heretofore had been conveniently employed. Even if one or more of the posts 40 should become damaged during the wrapping operation it is only necessary to withdraw the post from the U-shaped channel portion 50 of the element 38 and replace it with another undamaged post. It can readily be seen that it is not necessary to remove the entire contact element 36 in the event the post 40 becomes damaged.

While there is shown and described a specific embodiment of the present invention it will, of course, be understood that other modifications and alternative constructions may be used without departing from the true spirit by resilient engagement of-said clip elements behind and scope of this invention; It is, therefore, intended by' said shoulder portion, said deflectable portions being the appended claim to cover all such modifications and urged outwardly upon insertion of said second conalternative constructions as fall within their true spirit ductive member into said channel to contact said and scope. v I I 5. body of second member in resilientelectrical engage- What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by ment when said second member is in assembly'with ,Letters Patent of the United States is: said first conductive member within said channel.

An improved electrical contact comprising: f a first electrically conductive member having a main References Cited in'the file of this Patent body portion, said body portionv having a yieldablc 10 UNITED STATES PATENTS Contact portion at one end, the other end of said 1963 061 Bickneu et June 19 1934 main body portionhaving-a U-shaped channel com- 2329497 Washbum Se t 1943 prising a pair .of opposed upstanding wall portions 427182 Bergan f 1947 extending along a portion of the length of said other sown i 1955 end, each of said wall portions having at its end away 15 2825883 i g 7' l 1958 from said contact portion a defiectable portion ex 2959762 S Schlee 1960 tending inwardly to intersect a continuation of the 3O15083 Juris '2 1961 plane of said channel, each of said wall portions hav- 3028575 LaZ 1962 ing a clip element spaced from said defiectable por- 47/831 -g 1962 tion in the direction ofsaid contact portion, said clip 3O66'275 Harinmeu N y 1962 elements being in opposed relation and extending 3079'582 Lazar ,'T'T.'-T"' 1963 inwardly to intersect said channel, said defiectable e portions and said clip elements being resiliently out- FOREIGN PATENTS wardly defiectable under pressure, the inner terminal 657 83 Great Britain Sept 26 1951 of said channel being defined by a lug extending out- 94 5 Great Britain y 1953 w y o said'main vp and 1,219,360 France D 2 1 5 a second electrically conductive member having a rigid body portion and a head element at th'e forward end i OTHER REFERENCES of said body' portion, said head element having a DejuraAmsco Corp, publication Printed CircuitConrearwardly facing shoulder portion, said second connectors, received June 28,' 1955, Series ,PXW 22 wire ductive member beingretained Within said channel wrap connectors, page 42.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3274532 *Mar 17, 1964Sep 20, 1966United Carr IncConnector for printed wire board
US3283291 *Apr 8, 1964Nov 1, 1966United Carr IncElectrical means and method of making at least a portion of the same
US3289146 *Apr 29, 1964Nov 29, 1966Tuchel UlrichContact arrangement
US3335398 *Feb 4, 1965Aug 8, 1967United Carr IncElectrical connector
US3376543 *Oct 18, 1965Apr 2, 1968Amp IncAlignment of connector blocks in a panel
US3907392 *May 24, 1974Sep 23, 1975IttMulti-terminal connector strip
US3955868 *Jul 18, 1974May 11, 1976Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedConnector for telephone main distributing frame
US4270836 *May 31, 1979Jun 2, 1981Wickmann-Werke AgHolder for electrical component
US4306761 *Apr 11, 1980Dec 22, 1981General Motors CorporationTerminal with resiliently supported contact bow
US4354729 *Dec 22, 1980Oct 19, 1982Amp IncorporatedPreloaded electrical contact terminal
US4685886 *Jun 27, 1986Aug 11, 1987Amp IncorporatedElectrical plug header
US5401185 *Nov 22, 1993Mar 28, 1995Wang; Kuo-LongEdge connector
US5611715 *Dec 27, 1994Mar 18, 1997Yazaki CorporationElectric connecting device
US6004172 *Apr 1, 1998Dec 21, 1999Tri-Star Electronics International, Inc.Two piece pin/socket contact
DE3313193A1 *Apr 12, 1983Oct 18, 1984Bbc Brown Boveri & CieKontaktapparat zur kontaktierung elektrischer kabelleiter mit stromsammelschienen
U.S. Classification439/848, 439/786, 439/891, 439/888, 439/637
International ClassificationH01H1/42, H01R13/432, H01R4/10
Cooperative ClassificationH01R4/10, H01R13/432, H01R12/721
European ClassificationH01R23/70B, H01R4/10