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Publication numberUS3152729 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 13, 1964
Filing dateJun 28, 1961
Priority dateJun 28, 1961
Publication numberUS 3152729 A, US 3152729A, US-A-3152729, US3152729 A, US3152729A
InventorsHerbert M Piker
Original AssigneeHamilton Skotch Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing spigot for containers
US 3152729 A
Images(4)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 13, 1964 H. M. PIKER 3,152,729

DISPENSING SPIGOT FOR CONTAINERS 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 m l i l z I z I ii ii 'J' l I 447 I l I I 79 l9 l E. 1

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IYQJZ.

INVENTOR; HERBERT M. Pmsn BY W 2. WM

Ana/we] Oct. 13, 1964 H. M. PlKER DISPENSING SPIGOT FOR CONTAINERS 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 28, 1961 INVENTOR. HERBERT PIAFR 1 v BY flew/7e] H. M. PlKER DISPENSING SPIGOT FOR CONTAINERS 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Oct. 13, 1964 Filed June 28, 71961 HERBERT M, PI KER Oct. 13, 1964 H. M. PIKER DISPENSING SPIGOT FOR CONTAINERS 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed June 28, 1961 Mae INVENTOR. HERBERT M. PIKER the spigot taken at right angles to FIG.

United States Patent 3,152,729 DESPENSING PIGT FQR (ZONTAENERS Herbert M. Filter, Wyoming, Ohio, assignor to The Hamilton-Elrotch Corporation, Hamilton, Ohio, 2 corporation oifUhio Filed .lune ZS, 1961, Star. N 122,666 18 Claims. ((Ql. 222-131) This invention relates to improvements in jugs, with a dispensing spigot such as are used for transporting hot and cold liquids, the invention pertaining particularly to improvements in the dispensing spigot as used with such a jug or container.

The principal object of the present invention is the provision of a dispensing spigot that is formed of individual parts capable of assembly into an operative device wihout the use of any auxiliary clamping means, such as nuts, bolts, screws, or the like.

Another object of this invention is the provision of a spigot for accomplishing the foregoing object in which the parts are formed of plastic casting or moldings to dimensions that they are readily assembled without any further machining. v

A further object of the present invention is the provision of a spigot that will accomplish the foregoing objects that is readily adaptable to jugs, containers, or the like and wherein use is made of an outer casing and an inner liner or container and which inner and outer members may or may not be materially spaced from one .another, and with insulation between the members when they are spaced from one another.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention should be readily apparent by reference to the followingspecification considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and it is to be understood that any modifications may be made in the exact structural details there shown and described, within the scope of the appended claims, without departing seen from line 33 on said FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a horizontal, sectional view through the jug as seen from line 4-4 on FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional view through the jug or container and the improved spigot of the present invention as seen from line 55 on FIG. 1.

'FIG. 6 is a vertical, sectional view through the improved spigot of the present invention as seen from line 66 on FIG. 5.

FIG. .7 is a fragmentary, horizontal, sectional view through the jug or container and the improved spigot of the present invention as seen from line 7--'7 on FIG. 5. FIG. 8 is an enlarged, sectional viewthrough a portion of the spigot as seen from line 55-55 on FIG. 6 and illustrating. the locking of the parts to one another and form- 'ing a detail of the invention.

FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of certain of the parts of 8 on line ?-9 on FIG. 6..

. FIG. 10 is a fragmentary, sectional view of a second form of jug,., container, or the lilce, illustrating the iniproved .spigot of the present: invention in connection therewith.

FIG. 11 is a fragmentary, sectional view of a portion 3,152,729 Patented Got. 13, lfifid ice of a container, again, similar to FIG. 5, showing a further modification in the invention.

FIG. 14 is a sectional view of certain parts of the device illustrated in FIG. 13 and forming a detail of the invention.

Throughout the several views of the drawings similar reference characters are employed to denote the same or similar parts.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings in connection with what is generally termed a picnic jug that is a transportable container of a capacity from approximately a quart to one or several gallons. These picnic jugs are generally of a substantially circular or substantially square plan and readily transportable through a carrying handle. The said picnic jugs are further generally insulated against loss of internal heat, when heated liquids are therein, and are insulated against the ingression of heat when the contents thereof are cold.

It is to be understood, however, that the improved spigot of the present invention may be used with equal facility with containers that are of larger size than that generally employed for the so called picnic jugs and that the spigot will generally be used with a container having an inner liner enclosed or encased with an outer shell through and between which the spigot extends, nevertheless the spigot of the present invention may be employed with a single container for controlling the flow therefrom.

Specifically the container of the present invention comprises an outer casing 15 shown in the drawings as consisting of a lower portion 16 and an upper portion 17. The upper and lower portions 16 and 17, of the form shown in FIGS. 1 to 9, are formed of so called plastic material, such as poly styrene foam, wherefore the walls are quite thick and in and of themselves form an insulating wall againstthe transmission of heat and cold.

The lower portion 16 of the outer casing 15 is relatively shallow by comparison with the full height of the container and of cup-shaped form with a peripheral upstanding tongue 18 at the inner rim of the cup.

The upper portion 17 of the outer casing, constituting the major portion of the said outer casing, is illustrated, for artistic effect, with a plurality of depressed portions'19 giving the effect of ribs. The lower end of the said outer casing upper portion 17 is provided with a countersunk seat 2% complementary to the tongue 18 and adapted to receive the said tongue 18. In practice the said upper and lower portions 16 and 17 are nested or fitted to one another through the said tongue 18 and seat 20 and are permanently secured to one another through adhesive 21.

The upper portion 17 of the outer casing is provided at its upper end with an upstanding substantially circular preferably, similar to the casing 15 formed of so called plastic material, such as linear poly styrene, and circular in plan. The liner or inner container 26 is'provi'ded with a bottom 27 adapted to rest on the bottom 28 of the outer casing lower portion 16 with an upstanding wall or 3 body portion 29 at the perimeter of the bottom 27 and which wall is reduced in diameter at to be within the reduced portion or circular boss 22 of the outer casing upper portion 17. The liner or inner container 26 above the reduced diameter portion 30 is further reduced in diameter as at 31 to extend or project through the outer casing outlet aperture 24. Upwardly of the sleevelike projection 31 the liner or inner container 26 is further reduced to provide a neck 32 exteriorly of which is formed ridges, in effect, screw threads 33. The neck 32 is provided at its upper end with an inwardly projecting flange 34 forming a support for a cup 35 to depend within the neck 32 and downwardly projecting with respect thereto. The said cup 35 is suspended within the neck 32 through an outwardly projecting radial flange 36 at the upper end of its body portion and resting on the neck inwardly projecting flange 34.

A cap 37 including a body portion 38 and a downwardly projecting peripheral skirt 3% closes the upper end of the jug and cup 35. The cap is secured in operative position through ridges or screw threads 40 inwardly projecting from the cap skirt 39 cooperating with the inner container screw threads 33.

It should be noted that while the outer container lower portion 16 is free of riblike forming depressions it is provided at one point on its periphery with a pad or boss 41 having its outer surface as a plane or fiat rather than arcute as is the outer surface of the sides of the container. Substantially, centrally of the said pad or boss 41 the outer container lower portion is provided with an aperture or opening 42 which, see FIG. 6, is preferably rectangular in area. Substantially, centrally of the aperture or opening 42 the innercontainer or liner 26 is likewise provided with an aperture or opening 43 which is preferably circular in area. It is through the aligned apertures or openings 42 and 4-3 that the spigot of the present invention,

indicated in its entirety by the reference numeral 44, projects.

The spigot 44- comprises a stem 45 having for a major portion of its length a circular body portion 46 terminating at one end in a radial flange 47. The stem 46 is provided through its body portion with a central passageway 48 which connects with a reduced passageway 49 near the outer end 50 of the said stem. The said outer end 59 of the stem is flattened and has a transverse bore 51 therethrough with which the reduced passageway49 connects for establishing connection through the stern central pas sageway 418 and interior of the liner or inner container.

In practice the liner or inner container 26 has in its opening 43 a grommet 52. The grommet 52-is formed of relatively softdeformable material, such as rubber, and is provided midway of its length with a groove 53 receiving the liner or inner container material immediately around the aperture 43 and which grommet due to its groove 53 forms, in effect, on each face of the said liner or inner container around the aperture 4-3 a positioning washer 54 and 55.

In practice, the base of the grommet groove 53 is made to dimension closely approximating that of the aperture or opening 43 wherefore a close fit is efiected between the grommet and the inner container or liner 26. The diameter of the grommet central passage, however, is made to a diameter somewhat smaller than the outer diameter of the stem body portion 46 requiring considerable pressure to push the said stem body portion through the'grornmet and thereby causing the grommet to be tightly pressed against the periphery of the aperture or opening 43 to provide a tight seal at said opening 43. At the same time the outer surface of the stem body portion 46'is pressed against the wall of the grommet aperture to effect a seal between the grommet and the said stern, and, whereby a complete seal is provided for the said stem and grommet.

Disposed in the outer container lower portion opening 42 is a spacing member 56 having a body portion 57 of a tioning, relative thereto, the spigot housing or body portion 61.

The spigot body portion or housing 61 is substantially rectangular in front elevation having let into its back surface a tapered seat 62 receiving the above noted spacer member tapered nose 66. The spigot housing or body portion 61 is provided inwardly of its back surface and substantially centrally thereof with an elongated opening 63 of a dimension to receive the flattened outer end 50 of the stem 45 and with said body portion 61 having an aperture at right angles, or vertically, of the said elongated aperture 63; said vertical aperture being indicated above the elongated aperture 63 by the reference numeral 64 and with said aperture below the said alongated aperture 63 being indicated by the reference numeral 65. The said housing vertical aperture 64-65 is coaxial with the vertical aperture 51 in the flattened end portion 50 of the stem 45. The housing 61 for appearance and stability after assembly, as will be readily appreciated, is provided; in line with its back surface, with an upwardly projecting flange 66 and a downwardly projecting flange 67 which seat against the face of the pad or boss 41 upwardly and downwardly of the counter-bored seat 59.

Extending through the aligned housing aperture 64-65 and stem aperture 51 is the spigot nozzle, indicated in its entirety by the reference numeral 68. The spigot nozzle 68 has'a central body portion 69 of a diameter substantially equal to the diameter of the vertical aperture 51 of the stem 45 with said parts having a fit to prevent liquid leakage but a fit permitting partial rotation or oscillation of the nozzle relative to the stem. The nozzle above and below its central portion 69 is provided with sleevelike portions 70 and 71 respectively disposed in the body portion vertical aperture portions 64- and and with said sleevelike portions and 71 each having a rib 72 to act as a seal to prevent leakage through the said housing aperture 64-65.

The nozzle 68 is provided below its stem portion 71 with a radial flange 73 that engages the lower or bottom surface of the housing or spigot body portion 61 andfrom the underside of the said flange 73 the nozzle angularly extends as at 74 with said angular portion having the final discharge opening 75 therethrough.

The nozzle central portion 6% is provided through one side thereof with a radial aperture 76 and the said nozzle 68 is adapted to be partially rotated or oscillated from the position shown in FEGS. 5 and 6 to a position degrees outwardly thereof, or as shown in FIG. 10. In this latter position the central aperture 75 of the nozzle 68 is connected, through the said radial aperture 76, with the stem c egtpal apertures 4-8 and 49.

In order to rotate or oscillate the nozzle 68 it has a projecting portion 77 above the spigot housing or body portion 61 with a radial flange 78 at the upper end of said sleeve projecting portion 77 to which is secured an operating handle '79. The operating handle 79 is provided at one end with a substantially circular body portion or hub hi9 having extendingfrom one side thereof the operating handle, per se, 81, .Upwardly. or" the lower face of the handle circular portion or hub 35% is a funnel shaped cavity 82 terminating in an undercut or recess 83; In practice the nozzle radial flange 78 is seated in the recess 83 for therehylocking the said parts to one another.

For properly centralizing the handle on the nozzle the said handle 79 has'projecting from the base of the recess 83 an integral centralizing pin 34 of a diameter somewhat less than the diameter of the passageway through the diately adjacent the said recess base to a diameter substantially equal to the diameter of said nozzle central passageway. In order to key the parts to one another the said enlarged portion 85 of the centralizing pin 84 is provided at diametrically opposite points with keyways 86 and 87 respectively receiving inwardly projecting keys or splines 88 and 89, formed to inwardly, radially, project from the said nozzle central passageway at the upper end thereof.

In practice the spigot of the present invention is assembled by arranging the outer casing and the inner casing with respect to one another whereby the openings 42 and 43 are in axial alignment with one another and with the grommet 52 mounted in operative position in the inner container or liner opening 43. The stem 45 is then inserted through the grommet and, as noted above, the grommet compressed with respect to the said inner container or liner opening 43 to establish a leak-proof joint therearound. The sleeve 45 is positioned to have the flat faces of its reduced end portion in horizontal planes.

The spacer member 56 is then inserted in the opening 42 in the outer casing lower portion 16 with the positioning tapered nose 58 thereof projecting outwardly of the outer face of the boss or pad 41 whereupon the spigot body portion or housingis mounted on the flattened end 50 of the stem and with its tapered seat or socket 62 positioned on the nose 58 of the spacer. With the parts in this position the aperture 51 in the stem end 50 and the apertures 64 and 65 are in axial alignment whereupon the nozzle 68 is inserted upwardly of said aligned apertures until the flange 73 thereof engages the lower face of the said spigot body portion or housing 61.

In this position of the parts the nozzle sleeve projecting portion 77 is upwardly of the spigot housing or body portion 61 whereupon the handle is positioned on the spigot by first inserting the centering pin 84 in the spigot nozzle sleeve aperture and then aligning the handle keyways 86 and 87 with the spigot nozzle sleeve keys or splines 88 and 89. At this time the said nozzle radial flange 78 is within the funnel shaped cavity 82 and upon pressure being applied between the nozzle and handle the parts are pressed to operative position, namely, with the nozzle radial flange 78 within the handle undercut or recess $3 and the keys or splines 88 and 89 within the keyways 86 and 87 for thereby locking the parts in their operative positions. This connection of the parts with one another is such as to substantially defy disassembly of the spigot except with the use of considerable pressure of tools and force and which in all probability would render the parts, if disassembled, incapable of reassembly.

As noted above, the normal shut-off position of the nozzle is with its handle portion, per se, extending to the right as seen in FIG. 1 and the nozzle is rendered operative by rotation or oscillation through an arc of 90 degrees outwardly of the jug or container, to the position illustrated, again as above pointed out, in FIG. 10.

The shut-off or closing position of the nozzle is conveniently determined by an upstanding lug or boss 90 upstanding from the top face of the spigot housing or body portion 61; this shut-off being determined by the forward face 91 of the said boss or lug engaging with the rear or inner side of the handle till. It is desired that the said handle 81, and therefore the nozzle, beretained against inadvertent movement in its shut-off or closed position. and

for this purpose the handle 81 may be provided with an.

accurately aligning the recesses and apertures 42 and 43 thereof through outwardly projecting bosses 94 and 95 from the reduced diameter portion 38* of the said liner or inner container 26 which are disposed in recesses 96 and 97 formed inwardly in the outer casing reduced portion or boss 22.

In order to transport the jug the said outer casing upper portion 1'7 outwardly of the reduced portion or circular boss 22 is provided un'th sockets 93 and 99 respectively receiving inserts 190 and 1131 each provided downwardly of its upper end with an aperture respectively receiving a trunnion 1432 and 1193 at lower ends of arms 104 and 105 of a bale handle and the upper ends of which arms 104 and 185 are joined by the bale handle body portion 1116.

In FIG. 10 the spigot of the present invention is illustrated in connection with a jug of spaced inner and outer members or containers.

Specifically the said jug inFIG. 10 comprises an outer member 197 closed by a bottom member 103 which is pressed and frictionally held into the said'bottom end of the outer member 1117. The upper end of the said outer member 1137 is similarly closed by a top member 109 which to all intents and purposes may be described as a ring since it is substantially centrally apertured as at 110.

Disposed within the outer member 107 is the inner member 111 which to all intents and purposes is similar to the above described inner member or liner 26. The said inner member 111, therefore, includes a bottom 112 from the periphery of which upstands the body portion 113 with its upper end reduced in diameter to provide a neck 114 including threads, or outwardly projecting ribs, 115 through which the usual closure member or cap may be attached thereto.

The said inner member 111 instead of being supported on the outer member bottom 108 is provided with an outwardly extending protuberance 116 which may engage the top 1&9 immediately outwardly of its cenrtal aperture and whereby said inner member 111 is suspended within the outer member.

The inner member 111 is provided in its wall or body portion 113 with an aperture 117 which is similar in all respects to the aperture 43 in the liner or inner container 26 above. The outer member 107 is provided in axial alignment with the inner member aperture 117 with an aperture 118 which corresponds with the opening or aperture 42 in the outer casing lower portion 16, above.

The spigot includes the identical parts above setforth except that the spacer member 56, above, instead of mere- I 1y spacing the spigot body portion or housing 61 from the inner container or liner, in addition, effects a positive spacing of the said outer member or container 1117 and inner member or container 111 from one another. In order to effect this construction the spacer 56 has its flange 58 within the space between the inner and outer members 167 and 111 and against the inner surface of the said outer member 107 immediately adjacent and outwardly of the aperture 18 therein. .In practice the tapered nose 6b of the spacer 56' projects through the outer container opening 11% to receiver the correspondingly shaped seat 62 in the spigot housing or body member 61.

In practice, and in assemblying and attaching the spigot to the jug including spaced inner and outer members, the spacer member 56' is placed in operative position before, either, the bottom 10% or the top 169 is mounted in the outer container; the said spacer 56' being held after positioning while the stem 55 is pushed through the grommet 52. The spigot may then be fully assembled, as above set forth, before the usual insulation 119 and 121'), disposed within the space between the said inner and outer container and whereupon the top or bottom member, depending upon if one of the members had been previously positioned, inserted into the outer container. If the spigot had not been completely assembled prior tothis time the said spigot may now be completely assembled and whereupon the jug is ready for use.

so called plastic material as above set forth and wherefore the suspending protuberance 116 may be temporarily dis placed when the ring-top M59 is forced down thereover and positioned, but it is to be understood that this inner container 111 may be formed of other material such as glass or metal and in which case the said inner container maybe suspended as illustrated in issued Patent No. 2,881,936 of Herbert M. Piker.

In the modification of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 11 and 12, the rubber grommet 52, above, is dispensed with and the seal between the parts is effected by the discharge sleeve 45 itself.

In this instance, use is made, as above, of an inner container 2d formed of linear polystyrene having in its wall 29 the opening 4-3: through which extends the discharge sleeve, indicated by the reference numeral 45'. The discharge sleeve 45' similar to the discharge sleeve 45, above, is formed of linear polystyrene and is, therefore, similar to the inner container 26, somewhat compressible under some pressure.

As illustrated in said FIGS. 11 and 12 the discharge sleeve 45' just inwardly of its end radial flange 47 is provided with a slightly enlarged portion 12% which, while not absolutely necessary, is preferably formed to have a flat portion 121 preceded by an upwardly extending angular portion 122 from the periphery of the body portion 46. In practice the opening 43 in the inner container wall 29 is formed to a diameter substantially equal to the discharge sleeve body portion 46 while the enlarged portion 12% of the said discharge sleeve is formed to a diameter somewhat in excess of the diameter of the sleeve body portion 46 and opening 43.

In practice, the parts are assembled, as above set forth, namely, by inserting the discharge sleeve 45 through the opening 43 from the interior of the inner container 213. No appreciable resistance is oilered to this insertion of the discharge sleeve until the upwardly inclined portion 122 starts through the opening 43 whereupon some pressure is required to seat the discharge sleeve with its flange 47 adjacent the inner wall of the container. This final seating or positioning of the discharge sleeve 45' effects a compression in both the enlargement or shoulder 12% of the sleeve as well as a compression of the material of the inner container wall 29 immediately adjacent and around the opening 43. The compression of the parts is such as to establish a positive seal between the discharge sleeve 4-5 and the inner container.

The modification illustrated in'FlGS. 13 and 14 contemplates the use of spaced apart inner member or container and outer member or enclosing casing, imilar to the disclosure in MG. 10. Specifically, in this instance, it is contemplated to utilize an inner container 123 drawn of metal and including an upstanding wall 124 through which is formed the opening 125, corresponding to the opening 43 in the modifications above described. In the present instance, it is contemplated that the material normally within the opening 125 is outwardly bent or formed to provide an outwardly projecting circular flange 126for the said opening 125.

With the modified construction in FIGS. 13 and 14 the discharge sleeve 45', above, is employed and which sleeve includes a body portion 4-6 including an enlarged portion 120 that includes a relatively flat shoulder 121 and an upward inclined lead portion 122. In this modification, similar to that in FIGS. 11 and 12, the discharge sleeve body portion 46 is formed to a diameter substantially equal to the diameter of the opening 125 in the inner container wall 124 and outwardly projecting sleevelike flange 126 with the enlarged shoulder portion 120 of the sleeve to a diameter in excess of the said open opening 125 from the interior of the container 123 and,

again, substantial resistance to this assembly of the parts is only encountered when the enlarged shoulder 12% is being forcefully pushed into the opening 125. In' the modification in FIGS. 13 and 14 the sealing compression is effected only in the shoulder 12d of the sleeve 45' since, as noted above, the inner container 123 is formed of relatively non-compressible material, such as metal.

From the foregoing, it will now beunderstood that the improved spigot of the present invention is adapted for use with containers including an inner liner or container and an outer container or casing and whether said inner member and outer member are spaced from one another or substantially adjacent one another, and that the objects above have been otherwise attained.

What is claimed is:

1. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, an outer casing, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apenturcd compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between the-said sleeve external diameter and inner container opening wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner end of the grommet and posi tioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof exteriorly of the outer casing, and means carried by said discharge sleeve portion exteriorly of the outer casing to control flow through the sleeve.

2. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, an enclosing outer casing, an opening in each of said inner cotainer and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and casing opening with said sleeve projecting outwardly of the outer casing, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet. aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet etween said sleeve external diameter and inner container opening wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof projecting outwardly of the outer casing, and means including a nozzle carried by the projecting portion of the sleeve for controlling flow through the sleeve.

3. Ina spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, an enclosing outer casing, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening with said sleeve projecting outwardly of the outer casing, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grominner container aperture wall and eifecting aleakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof projecting outwardly of the outer casing, means including a nozzle carried by the projecting portion of the sleeve for controlling flow through the sleeve, and means on said sleeve spacing the flow control means from the inner container.

4. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, an enclosing outer casing formedof poly styrene foam, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion aligningthe inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening with said sleeve projecting outwardly of the outer casing, said sleeve have an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between said sleeve external diameter and inner container aperture wall and etfecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof projecting outwardly of the outer casing, a spacer in said outer container opening extending inwardly toward the inner container, and a spigot on the projecting end of the discharge sleeve spaced from the inner container by said spacer.

5. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, an enclosing outer casing formed of poly styrene foam, an opening in each --of saidinner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening with said sleeve projecting outwardly of the outer casing, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between said sleeve external diameter and inner container aperture wall and effecting a leakproo'f joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof projecting outwardly of the outer casing, a spacer in said outer container opening extending inwardly toward the inner container, and a spigot on the projecting end of the discharge sleeve spaced from the inner container by saidtspacer, said spigot including a housing on said outwardly projecting portion of said sleeve, and a nozzle extending through said housing and discharge sleeve oscillatable between an operative and an inoperative position for controlling flow through the discharge sleeve.

container opening with. said grommet aperture in axial alignment with theouter casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a dischargesleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and the outer casing openingwith said sleeve projectingoutwardly of the outer casing,

. saidlsleeve having an external diameter greater'than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between said sleeve external diameter and inner container aperture wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a'radial fiange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof projecting outwardly. of the outer casing, a spacer in said outer container opening extending inwardly toward the inner container, a spigot on the projecting end of the discharge sleeve spaced from the inner container by said spacer, said spigot including a nozzle having a sleeve oscillatable in the projecting end of the discharge sleeve between an operative and inoperative position to control flow through the discharge sleeve, and a handie at the upper end of the nozzle sleeve for oscillating the nozzle sleeve.

7. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, an enclosing outer casing, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container aperture with said grommet aperture being in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening, said sleeve having an external diameter greaterthan the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between the said sleeve external diameter and inner container aperture wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof exteriorly of the outer casing, and means carried by said discharge sleeve portion exteriorly of the outer casing to control flow through the sleeve, including a spigot housing on the projecting end of the sleeve with said spigot housing having an opening therethrough at right angles to the discharge sleeve, means carried by said sleeve spacing the spigot housing from the inner container, said projecting end of the discharge sleeve having a trans verse aperture therein in axial alignment with opening through the housing, a nozzle including a sleeve in said aligned spigot housing opening and discharge sleeve aperture, and means carried by said nozzle sleeve for actuating it from an operative to an inoperative position to control flow through the discharge sleeve and nozzle sleeve.

8. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, a spaced enclosing outer casing, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between the said sleeve external diameter and inner container opening wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof exteriorly of the outer casing, a spacer member on said sleeve spanning the space between the inner container and outer casing for spacing said parts from one another, and a spigot carried by the discharge sleeve exteriorly of theouter casing. V g

9. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, a spaced enclosing outer casing, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally aperturedcompressible grommetcarried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in-axial alignment with the outer casing opening and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening and with said sleeve projecting beyond the outer casing, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between the said sleeve external diameter and inner container opening wall and elfecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof projecting beyond the outer casing, a spacer member on said sleeve spanning the space between the inner container and outer casing for spacing said parts from one another, said spacer member projecting outwardly of the outer casing and including a spigot positioning and centralizing means, and a spigot carried by the discharge sleeve portion projecting beyond the outer casing, said spacer including a radial flange engaging the inner surface of the outer casing around and radially outwardly of its opening, and said spigot including a housing on the projecting portion of the discharge sleeve and the positioning and centralizing means of the spacer member.

10. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container, a spaced enclosing outer casing, an opening in each of said inner container and outer casing in axial alignment with one another, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said inner container opening with said grommet aperture in axial alignment with the outer casing openings and with said grommet including a portion lining the inner container opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the axially aligned grommet aperture and outer casing opening and with said sleeve projecting beyond the outer casing, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lin ing portion of the grommet between the said sleeve external diameter and inner container opening wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof project-ing beyond the outer casing, a spacer member on said sleeve spanning the space between the inner container and outer casing for spacing said parts from one another, said spacer member projecting outwardly of the outer casing and including a spigot positioning and centralizing means, and a spigot carried by the discharge sleeve portion projecting beyond the outer casing, said spacer included a radial flange engaging the inner surface 'of the outer casing around and radially outwardly of its opening, said spigot including a housing on the projecting portion of the discharge sleeve and the positioning and centralizing means of the spacer member, and a discharge nozzle including a sleeve in said spigot housing and discharge sleeve projecting portion oscillatable between operative and inoperative positions to control flow through the discharge sleeve.

11. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising a container including a wall with an opening through said wall, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said container wall opening with said grommet having a portion lining the said container wall opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the grommet aperture, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing 'a'compression of the lining portion of the grommet between the sleeve external diameter and container opening wall and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of'said sleeve engaging the inner face of container comprising a container including a wall with an opening through said wall, the combination of a centrally apertured compressible grommet carried by said container wall opening with said grommet having a portion lining the said container wall opening, a discharge sleeve extending through the grommet aperture, said sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the grommet aperture causing a compression of the lining portion of the grommet between the sleeve external diameter and container opening wall and efiectin a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the grommet and positioning the sleeve to have a portion thereof exteriorly of the exterior of the container, and means carried by said discharge sleeve controlling flow through the sleeve comprising said discharge sleeve having an opening transversely thereof, and anozzle including a sleeve in said discharge sleeve transverse opening, said nozzle sleeve being oscillatable in said discharge sleeve transverse opening from an operative to an inoperative position and with said nozzle sleeve having an aperture therethrough for connecting the discharge sleeve and nozzle sleeve with one another when the nozzle is in its operative position.

13. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising a container including a wall having an opening through the wall, the combination of a discharge sleeve extending through the container wall opening, said discharge sleeve having an external diameter, at least, at the portion thereof within the container wall opening, greater than the internal diameter of said container wall opening, at least one of said container and sleeve being formed of relatively compressible material whereby a comprisison of said part is effected when the sleeve is within the saidcontainer wall opening and a leakproof joint is effected between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the container wall positioning the sleeve with respect to and exteriorly of the exterior of the container and means carried by said discharge sleeve exteriorly of the container controlling flow through the sleeve.

14. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising a container including a wall having an opening through the wall, the combination of a discharge sleeve extending through the container wall opening, said discharge sleeve having an external diameter, at least, at the portion thereof within the container wall opening, greater than the internal diameter of said container wall opening, at least one of said container and sleeve being formed of relatively compressible material whereby a compression of said part is efiected when the sleeve is within the said container wall opening and a leakproof joint is effected between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the container wall positioning the sleeve with respect to and exteriorly of the exterior of the container and means carried by said discharge sleeve exteriorly of the container controlling flow through the sleeve comprising said sleeve having an opening transversely thereof, and a nozzle including a sleeve in said discharge sleeve transverse opening, said nozzle sleeve being oscillatable in said discharge sleeve transverse opening from an operative to an inoperative position and with said nozzle sleeve having an aperture therethrough for connecting the discharge sleeve and nozzle sleeve with one another when the nozzle is in its operative position.

15. In a spigot of the class described for use .with a container comprising a containerincludinga wall having an opening through the Wall, the combination of a discharge sleeve extending. through the container wall opening, said discharge sleeve being formed of relatively compressible material and said discharge sleeve having an external diameter, at least, at the portion thereof 13 fore said sleeve is compressed by the container wall Within its opening to effect a lealrproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at'the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the container wall positioning thesleeve with respect to and exteriorly of the exterior of the container and means carried by said discharge valve exteriorly of the container controlling flow through the sleeve.

16. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising a container including a wall having an opening through the wall, the combination of a discharge sleeve extending through the container wall opening, said discharge sleeve being formed of relatively compressible material and said discharge sleeve having an external diameter, at least, at the portion thereof within the container wall opening, greater than theinternal diameter of the container wall opening wherefore said sleeve is compressed by the container Wall within its opening to efiFect a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the container wall positioning the sleeve with respect to and exteriorly of the exterior of the container and means carried by said discharge sleeve exteriorly of the container controlling flow through the sleeve comprising said sleeve having an opening transversely thereof, and a nozzle including a sleeve in said discharge sleeve transverse opening, said nozzle sleeve being oscillatable in said discharge sleeve transverse opening from an operative to an inoperative position and with said nozzle sleeve having an aperture therethrough for connecting the discharge sleeve and nozzle sleeve with one another when the nozzle is in its operative position.

17. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container having a wall and formed of normally non-compressible material, said container wall having an opening therethrough with an outwardly projecting flange at the opening periphery, a spaced enclosing outer casing including an upstanding wall having an opening therethrough in axial alignment with the inner container wall opening, the combination of a discharge sleeve formed of relatively compressible material extending through the axially aligned inner container and enclosing outer casing openings, said discharge sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the inner container opening and flange causing a compression of the sleeve external diameter by the opening wall and flange of the inner container and effecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radialflange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the container wall positioning the sleeve with respect to and exteriorly of the outer casing, a spacer l4 member onsaid discharge sleeve spanning the space between the inner container and outer enclosing casing for spacing said members from one another, and means carried by said discharge sleeve exteriorly of the ,outer casing controlling flow through the discharge sleeve.

18. In a spigot of the class described for use with a container comprising an inner container having a wall and formed of normally non-compressible material, said container Wall having an opening therethrough with an outwardly projecting flange at the opening periphery, a spaced enclosing outer casing including an upstanding wall having an opening therethrough in axial alignment with the inner container wall opening, the combination of a discharge sleeve formed of relatively compressible material extending through the axially aligned inner container and enclosing outer casing openings, said discharge sleeve having an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of the inner container opening and flange causing a compression of the sleeve external diameter by the opening wall and flange of the inner container and eifecting a leakproof joint between said parts, a radial flange at the inner end of said sleeve engaging the inner face of the container wall positioning the sleeve with respect to and exteriorly of the outer casing, a spacer member on said discharge sleeve spanning the space between the inner container and outer enclosing casing for spacing said members from one another, and means carried by said discharge sleeve exteriorly of the outer casing controlling flow through the discharge sleeve comprising said sleeve having an opening transversely thereof, and a nozzle including a sleeve in said discharge sleeve transverse opening, said nozzle sleeve being oscillatable in said discharge sleeve transverse opening from an operative to an inoperative position and With said nozzle sleeve havingan aperture therethrough for connecting the discharge sleeve and nozzle sleeve with one another when the nozzle is in its operative position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 152,729 October 13, 1964 Herbert M. Piker It is hereby certified that error appears in the above numbered patent requiring correction and that the said Letters Patent should read as corrected below.

Column 9, line 13, for "aligning" read lining line 17, for "have" read having column 12 line 34, for "comprisison" read compression column 13, line 7, for "valve" read sleeve Signed and sealed this 16th day of March 1965.

Agtee t:

ERNEST W. SWIDER EDWARD J. BRENNER Altcsting Officer I Commissioner of Patents

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Classifications
U.S. Classification222/131, 220/915.2, 222/185.1, 222/570, 222/542, 215/15, 222/573, 220/918, 220/776, 222/533, 222/545, 222/569, 220/775
International ClassificationB65D8/02, A47J41/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47J41/0055, B65D11/08, Y10S220/918
European ClassificationB65D11/08, A47J41/00G