US 3153526 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 20, 1964 H. o. PAwsEY 3,153,526
HANGER BRACKET Filed Feb. 25, 196s Ms Armen/5v5 for buildings, partitions and the like.
United States Patent O 3,153,526 HANGER BRACKET Harold O. Pawsey, 1200 Lucretia Ave., San Jose, Calif. Filed Feb. 25, 1963, ser. No. 260,711 4`Claims. (Cl. 248-221) This invention relates to hanger brackets and more particularly to a self securing bracket removably attachable to standard uprights.
The bracket of this invention is best suited for mounting on 2" x 4 studding which forms the rough framing The invention resides in the provision of a bracket so formed as to interlock with the studding and a pair of pins or the like projecting from the studding. This entails the provision of -a bracket constructed to have bearing relation with the studding and the pins projecting therefrom.
These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from a reading of the following description and claims in the light of the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. lis a perspective view of a bracket embodying the present invention in use on a stud or structural upright.
FIG. 2 is a view similar to -that of FIG. 1 showing Ithe manner of mounting the instant bracket for use.
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of FIG. 1 at slightly larger scale with respect thereto.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of FIG. 3.
In the drawing indicates one of the upright scantling pieces of lumber otherwise known as a sc-antling and more commonly as a stud, which forms a part of the framing for a building wall or partition. These uprights 10 are usually standard Douglas lir timbers of rectangular cross section 2 x 4 in dimension. However, for purposes of the present invention it may be said that the bracket is constructed to engage parallel sides of such upright as well as the end wall therebetween.
The bracket of the present invention, designated 12 in the drawings, is constructed for mounting on an upright member such as the one 10 illustrated. Although standard studding is called a two by four this is so because it is what is left from a 2 by 4 unit of length of Wood cut from a log. With loss of material by sawing and surfacing on four sides the actual dimension of a standard two by four is /3" by 3% inches.
Accordingly the bracket 12 of the present invention is best suited for standard studding 10 although it will be appreciated that the principle of the invention is equally applicable to other sized timbers and/ or scantlings.
The bracket 12 comprises a single strand of wire or rod 13 of suitable diameter in cross section to provide the necessary rigidity. In the present disclosure the wire or rod 13 is illustrated as being approximately 1A inch diameter in relation to the standard 2 x 4" stud 10. I have found hot rolled steel rod to be the most satisfactory material.
The single strand of wire 13 is of any length suitable to provide a lateral bracket for a needed reach. For example, if brackets 12 are to support a shelving board or boards, the length of the wire 13 is determined by the width of shelving to be supported.
In accordance with the present invention the wire or rod 13 has -a medial portion 15 dimensioned to bear against the front face 5 of the upright member upon which the bracket 1t! is to be mounted. Each end of the medial portion 15 terminates in a right :angle bend 16 and 17 providing a pair of parallel legs 18 and 19, respectively, of a U-shaped member 20. The mid portion 15 thus forms a straight bight of the U-shaped member 20. The legs 18 and 19 of member 20 are so spaced as to bear ICC against the sides of the upright scantling lll and thus embrace the same within the U-shaped member 20. Thus it will be seen that the single wire or rod has a U-shaped mid section. The remaining portion 21 and 22 of each leg 18 and 19, respectively, is disposed to lie in the same plane as the latter and parallel to each other but at an angle of less than with respect to the U-shaped member 20. In the present disclosure the U-shaped member 20 is disposed at 45 relative to both remaining portions 21 and 22. The por-tions 21 and 22 are the bracket arms of the entire unit upon which shelving or other loads can be supported.
Between each leg and the remaining portion thereof is an arcuate bight or bend. Between leg 18 and its remaining portion 21, the bight is designated 23 and a like angle bend 24 is disposed between the leg 19 and its remaining portion or arm 22. The arcuate bights 23 and 24 are identical and preferably conform to a radius comparable to that of a standard nail or screw shank or stud pins for reasons now to be explained.
In the drawing I have shown a pair of nails 26 and 27 driven into the upright member 10 from each side thereof. These nails are driven into the member 10 at precise locations determined by the angularv disposition of 4the bracket arms 21 and 22 relative to the =Ushaped member Ztl and the length of the legs 18- and 19 thereof. As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 4 the nails 26 and 27 are axially aligned and adap-ted to coincide with the axis of the :arcuate bend of each bight 23 and 24. It will therefore be appreciated that the bights 23 and 24 will partially circumscribe the -respective nails 26 and 27 on the sides of the upright 10. Thus the nails 26 and 27 support the bracket 12 at the desired elevation upon the upright 1t). It should here be noted that a single rod or stud pin eX- tending through the upright 10 with each free end projecting beyond the side walls of the latter would be equivalent to the nails.
When the bracket arms 21 and 22 extend horizontally from their mounting on the nails 26 and 27 the medial portion 1S of the U-shaped member 20 bears against the front face f of the upright and thus counteracts or limits pivotal movement of the bracket 12 in a clockwise direction FIGS. 1 and 3 so that thebracket arms 21 and 22 remain in horizontal, shelf or article supporting position.
FIG. 2 illustra-tes the mounting and/ or demounting of the bracket 12 of the present invention relative to an upright such as the one 10. With the angle between the legs of the U-shaped member 20 known along with the distance between the medial portion 15 and the axis of the arcuate bights 23-24, the location at which the nails 26 `and 27 are to be driven into upright 10 can be predetermined. This is done by instructions to the user or by means of a template sold along with the bracket 12. Once the nails 26 and 27 are driven into the upright with their heads h properly spaced therefrom to receive the wire or rod 13, the bracket 12 can be mounted.
In mounting the bracket 12 the latter is inverted with the bracket arms 21-22 disposed open side up as in position A in FIG. 2. The spaced arms 21-22 straddle the upright 10 and are forced upwardly so that their extreme ends 28-29 engage the pins or nails 26-27 from behind (position B FIG. 2). The entire unit is thus moved upwardly, the extreme ends of the arms following a path simulated by the arrows in FIG. 2. Once the arcuate bights 23-24 engage the nails 26-27 the arms 21-22 are swung (clockwise FIG. 2), the entire bracket pivoting about theraxes of the nails 26 and 27. As soon as the medial portion 15 of the U-shaped member 20 engages the fore face f of the upright 16 further pivotal movement of the unit is limited (position C, FIG. 2). The
bracket arms 21-22 are now disposed horizontally i.e. at right angles to the upright and are ready to receive and supporta load.
The bracket arms 21 and 22 are suited to receiveone end of a board or shelving (not shown) and it will be appreciated that several brackets may be set at variously spaced studs or uprights to support such shelving.
t should be noted that a single bracket having spaced arms 21 and 2.2, it is suitable for supporting garden tools such as rakes, shovels, hoes and the like. The head of such implements can be hung on the spaced bracket arms and the shank, pole or handle of the tool suspended therefrom between the arms 21 and 22.
It Will `also be appreciated that the angular disposition of the arms 21 and 22 relative to the U-shaped medial member may be varied if desired. For example, the arms 21 and Z2 may be at less than 45 D relative to the member 20* and even parallel thereto for supporting boards on a slant to provide a display rack for mechandise and/ or the like. It should here be noted that each of the bracket arms 21 and 22 have extreme ends 28 and 29 which are at right angles to the axes of the arms and extending upwardly therefrom so as to prevent removal of shelving or articles therefrom other than by intentionally lifting of articles up from the arms.
While I have described my hanger bracket in specific detail it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the same may be susceptible to variations, modifications and/ or alterations without departing from the spirit of my invention. I therefore desire to avail myself of all variations, modications and/ or alterations as may fairly come within the purview of the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. A hanger bracket adapted to be mounted on a standard upright having stud pins extending co-axially from its side Walls and comprising a single strand of wire having a U-shaped medial section providing a medial bight for engaging the front face of such standard upright below such pins and a pair of legs for embracing the side walls of such standard upright, the remaining portions of said wire being disposed at an angle of less than 90 relative to the portions of the legs of said U-shaped medial section to partially circinnscribe such stud pins and to extend in parallel relation from either side of such standard upright for supporting a load.
2. A hanger bracket removably mountable on a standard stud having a pair of axially aligned pins projecting t engage the front face of such stud and a pair of parallel legs spaced from each other to engage the side Walls of such stud and having a less than angular bend in each of said legs providing arcuate bights in spaced relation to said medial bight portion for partially circurnscribing such pins whereby the remaining portions of said legs adapted to extend from such pins and beyond the front face of such stud for supporting a load.
3. A hanger bracket removably mounted on a standard stud having a pair of axially aligned pins projecting from its side Walls comprising a single strand of Wire having a U-shaped medial portion with a bight adapted to engage the front face of such stud and a pair of parallel legs spaced from each other to engage the respective side walls of such stud, the remaining portions of the legs of said U-shaped medial portion being disposed at 45 degrees with respect to the portions of the legs adjacent said bight of the medial portion providing arcuate bights for partially circumscribing such pins and at a distance from said bight of the medial portion whereby the latter engages the front face of said stud and the remaining portions of said legs extend beyond the front face of such stud for supporting a load.
4. For use on a standard upright having a pin projecting from at least one of its side Walls and rearwardly from the front face of such upright; a hanger bracket comprising a single strand of wire having -a 1U-shaped portion providing a bight for engaging the vfront face of such upright and a pair of legs for embracing the side walls of such upright, one of said legs of said U-shaped portion being adapted to engage such pin and having a terminal portion disposed at an angle of less than 90 relative to said one of said legs and in the same plane as said one of said legs for partially circumscribing such pin and to cooperate with the bight of said U-shaped portion for supporting the said terminal portion of said one of said legs in load bea-ring extended position forwardly of and beyond the front face of such upright.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,236,254 Bioomberg Aug. 7, 1917 1,575,963 Bispham Mar. 9, 1926 1,797,381 Trimble Mar. 24, 1931 2,658,116 Skantze Nov. 3, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 107,823 Switzerland Nov. 17, 1924 174,807 Great Britain Feb. 9, 1922 272,723 Switzerland Apr. 2, 1951