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Publication numberUS3154797 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 3, 1964
Filing dateOct 10, 1962
Priority dateOct 10, 1962
Publication numberUS 3154797 A, US 3154797A, US-A-3154797, US3154797 A, US3154797A
InventorsLovette Henry H
Original AssigneeLovette Henry H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination mattress and bed bottom
US 3154797 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 3, 1964 H. H. LOVETTE 3,154,797

COMBINATION MATTRESS AND BED BOTTOM Filed Oct. 10, 1962 INVENTOR HENRY H. LOVETTE Y 32 wk W 5,

TTOR NE '3.

United States Patent 3,154,797 CQMBINA'HQN MATTRESS AND BED BGTTOM Henry H.-Lovette, 2431 English Road, High Point, 'N.C. Filed 9st. 19, 1962, er. No. 229,612 flaunts. (61. 32()) This invention relates to a unitary supporting structure. More particulari y this invention relates to a uni tary bed structure and an enclosure therefor whereby bedrails and slats of a conventional bed structure maybe eliminated.

Bed structures of the prior art usually comprise a frame having rails and slats, a box spring positioned upon the frame and a mattress positioned, in turn, upon the box spring. This arrangement is subject to many inherent disadvanatges.

Firstly, there is the problem of breakage of the slats resulting in sagging of the box spring and therefore the mattress. This, in turn, results in uneven support for an occupant of the'bed structure and can even be harmful.

Furthermore, conventional bed structures havea tendency to collect dust in places inaccessible for cleaning and other similar purposes. Bed clothes come in direct contact with the frame and -box spring of conventional bed structures whereby such bedclothes tend to accumulate dust. To eliminate this defect, some bed structures of the prior art provide covers. However, these covers are so constructed that t ey must be removed from the bed structure and then cleaned. This necessitates the purchase of at least two such covers so that when one is being cleaned another is available for use. If only one such cover is purchased, then, while it is being cleaned, the bed structure accumulates the very dirt and dust the cover is intended to prevent.

Moreover, conventional bed structures fail .to provide some means for retaining hedclothes in restrained position with respect to other articles of bedclotliing and with respect to the bed structure. Additionally, there is provided no means for maintaining .the mattress in aligned relationship to the box spring and frame .of a conventional "bed structure resuldng in inconvenient movement of the mattress with respect .to ,the box spring during occupancy.

it is, therefore, an object of this invention to provide a unitary supporting structure and an enclosure therefor which will 0 TFCOI11 all of the above objections.

It is a further object of this invention to provide a unitary bed structure and a cover therefor precluding direct contact between the bedclothes and the bed structure.

it is a still further object of this invention "to provide a unitary bed structure and enclosure therefor t-hatis substantially dustproof.

Still further, an object of this invention is ;to provide a casing .for a bed structure comprising a frame vand combined vmattress and spring assembly that can easily be cleaned without removing the casing from the bed structure.

A still further object .of the present invention is to provide a casing for a unitary structure that will maintain the frame and the mattress assembly in perfect alignment.

Still further, it is an object of this invention to provide a casing for a unitary bed structure having means for restraining movement of articles of bedolothing with respect to other such ar icles and with respect to the bed structure.

it is a still further object of this invention to provide a unitary bed structure and an enclosure therefor that eliminates the need for conventional bedrails and slats,

thereby providing a structure that is extremely inexpensive and simple to manufacture, and provides a stronger and more rigid bed assembly.

The foregoing objects and others ancillary thereto are preferably accomplished in the following manner:

According to a preferred embodiment of this invention, a unitary bed structure is provided comprising, in combination, a rectangularly shaped frame having dimensions equal to the normal dimensions of the side rails of .a bed when in position, means for mounting said frame on the head and footboa-rds of a bedstead in lieu of the usual rails, a mattress assembly of normal dimensions and of less dimension than and positioned upon said frame, an enclosure means for comp etely enclosing the mattress assembly and the frame.

The enclosure comprises a top portion enclosing the top and sides of the mattress assembly having an undersurface extending inwardly of the sides of said assembly between said assembly and said frame. The en closure further comprises a bottom portion enclosing the sides of the frame having an upper surface extending inwardly of said sides between said frame and said assembly and connected to said undersurface. The said undersurface up er surface together comprise a V-shaped inwardly extendin fold whereby bedclothes may be restrained from movement with respect to each other and with respect to said bed structure. The bottom portion of the enclosure is extended around the lower edge of the sides of the frame and then upwardly along said sides and connected thereto. A cover encloses the open undersurface of said frame.

The novel features considered characteristic of the present invention are set forth with particularity in the ppended claims, said claims only being determinative of the scope of this invention. -iowever, as to the invention itself, especially with regard to its organization, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, the same will best be understood from the following description of a specific embodiment when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is an exploded perspective view of the unitary bed structure of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a plan view of said bed structure;

FIGURE 3 is elevational view or" said structure;

FIGURE 4 is a detailed cross-sectional view, in elevation, on an enlarged scale, taken along line 44 of FIGURE 3 and FIGURE '5 :is a detailed elevational yiev, drawn to an enlarged scale, of the bracket for mounting the unitary bed tructure of the present invention on a bedstead. Referr -g now to the drawing, there is iHustrated a unitary bed structure and enclosure therefor generally indicated by the reference n neral lb. Said bed structure it? comprises a rectangular frame igccnstructed of two longitudinal members 14 and ,two transverse members lb. The frame 12 may be constructed of any suitable material such as metal or wood. The frame 12 is provided with conventional brackets T48, clearly illustrated FZGUR E 5, whereby said frame maybe positioned between and removably attached to corner posts 17, having the usual bracket receiving slots 13', of head and foot boards l9, 19' of a conventional bedstead, the longitudinal members 14- substituting for the usual side rails of a bed.

The frame 12 may comprise a conventional spring assembly and the specific structure thereof forms no part of the present invention other than the rigid rectangular frame tha substitutes for and replaces the usual side rails and slats that usually are employed for supporting a spring. A conventional mattress assembly 2%) is positioned upon the frame member 12. Details of the assembly 2% form no part of the present invention and further description' thereof is therefore not deemed necessary. The assembly 20 is of a normal mattress size and is smaller than frame 12. Any suitable means for supporting said assembly 20 is provided on the frame 12. I

An enclosure or casing 22 is provided for completely enclosing the unitary bed structure of the present invention. Said enclosure 22 may be fabricated of linen or other suitable cloth. The enclosure 22 comprises a top portion 24 which completely encloses the top 26 and the sides 28 of the assembly 20. An undersurface 30 extends inwardly from the sides 28 of the assembly 20 to a point disposed between the assembly 20 and the frame 12.

The enclosure 22 further comprises a bottom portion 32 enclosing the sides 14 and 16 of the frame 12. An upper surface 34 extends inwardly from the sides 14 and 16 of the frame 12 and is connected to the inner edge 36 of the undersurface 30, which edge .36 is conventionally perimetrically stitched. The undersurface 30 and the upper surface 34 together comprise a V-shaped inwardly extending fold 37 whereby articles of bedclothing may be tucked between the assembly 20 and the frame 12.

The bottom portion 32 is extended around and then upwardly along the inner surface of the sides 14 and 16 of the frame 12 and connected thereto as by any suitable fastening means. A cover 40, fabricated of any suitable cloth, extends between and is connected to the sides 14 and 16 of the frame 12. In this manner, dust is precluded from collecting underneath the frame 12. Provision is made in the enclosure 22 whereby the brackets 18 that mount the bed structure 10 of the present invention on a conventional bedstead may protrude therethrough. As indicated above, the enclosure 22 may be fabricated of the usual ticking or other'suitable material. It is noted, however, that the material used preferably is substantially non-stretchable. In this manner, when the enclosure 22 is pulled taut over the bed structure 10, the assembly 20 will be maintained in perfect alignment with the frame 12. It should be further noted that the space shown in the drawing between the assembly 20 and the frame 12 has been greatly exaggerated to clearly illustrate the inwardly extending fold 37. In actual practice, the undersurface 30 of the fold 37 is in direct contact with the upper surface 34 thereof, the assembly 20 resting directly upon the frame 12.

The manner of use of the unitary bed structure of the present invention is readily manifestfrom the foregoing description. There is therefore provided a unitary bed structure and an enclosure therefor which eliminates the need for bedrails and slats of conventional bed structures, and provides a stronger and more rigid bed assembly. Additionally, the mattress assembly of the present invention is maintain'edin perfect alignment with the frame thereof. Moreover, bedclothes will be restrained from movement with respect to each other and with respect to the bed structure. Furthermore, as the mattress is of normal size and shape, it can accommodate standard contour sheets.

I claim:

l. A unitary mattress and spring structure for assembly to head and foot boards to complete a bed without side rails .and spring supporting slats, comprising in combination, a rectangularly shapedspring, a rectangularly shaped mattress supported on said spring, a unitary fabric casing enclosing said spring and mattress permanently holding them in fixed relation, said casing having a fold extending inwardly about the complete periphery of said mattress and between the mattress and spring for retaining articles of bed clothing in position with respect to one another and with respect to said mattress and spring, and brackets fixed to the corners of said spring outside said fabric casing and projecting outwardly for attachment to head and foot boards.

2. A unitary mattress and spring structure according to claim 1 wherein said fold is V-shaped,.said V-shaped fold having an apex defining a continuous rectangular locus positioned completely within the border of said mattress and serving to maintain the spring and mattress in fixed alignment with one another and as a pocket for the lower edges of contour sheets and other articles of bed clothing.

3. A unitary mattress and spring structure according to claim 2 wherein said mattress is of a standard size and said spring is of substantially larger area and of a width approximately equal to the space between conventional side rails which they replace.

4. A unitary mattress and spring structure according to claim 2 wherein said fabric casing comprises a top panel covering said mattress, side panels enclosing said mattress, a V-shaped fold extending inwardly completely about the border of the mattress and connected to said side panels, further side panels surrounding said spring and a bottom panel covering the underside of the spring, said top and side panels and V-shaped fold being formed as one piece of fabric aflixed along its lower edge to said spring. 5. In a bed without side rails and spring supporting slats the combination of a pair of conventional head and foot boards each having corner posts with a unitary mattress and spring structure, said unitary structure including a rectangularly shaped spring, a rectangularly shaped mattress supported on said spring, a unitary fabric casing enclosing said spring and mattress permanently holding them in fixed relation, said casing having a fold extending inwardly about the complete periphery of said mattress and between the mattress and spring for retaining articles of bed clothing in position with respect to one another and with respect to said mattress and spring, and brackets fixed to the corners of said spring outside said fabric casing and projecting outwardly for attachment to the corner parts of said head and foot boards.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 6,728 French Aug. 25, 1831 1,389,930 Bayer Sept. 6, 1921 2,119,706 Drexler et a1 June 7, 1938 2,417,333 Waetzman Mar. 11, 194.7 2,942,279 Von Oanon June 28, 1960 3,049,729 Broyles Aug. 21, 1962 FRANK B. SHERRY, Primary Examiner. CHANCELLOR E. HARRIS, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6728 *Sep 18, 1849 Coupling fob cabs
US1389930 *Mar 31, 1919Sep 6, 1921Simmons CoBed-spring frame
US2119706 *Mar 18, 1935Jun 7, 1938George BarnesCombination sectional box spring and mattress
US2417333 *May 8, 1944Mar 11, 1947Harry WaetzmanDetachable mattress and spring cover
US2942279 *Mar 6, 1957Jun 28, 1960Canon Jr John B VonBed spring connector
US3049729 *Jun 17, 1959Aug 21, 1962Dream Flex IncBed construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4068332 *Nov 15, 1976Jan 17, 1978Armstrong Cork CompanyBed locking insert plates
US4784437 *Sep 29, 1987Nov 15, 1988Tachi-S., Ltd.Automotive seat
US5754995 *Oct 23, 1996May 26, 1998Behrendt; RogerModular transformable furniture
US9538854 *Mar 31, 2016Jan 10, 2017Stephani M. JacksonNotched mattress assembly
US20080078026 *Sep 28, 2006Apr 3, 2008Grand Packaging LlcIntegrated Mattress and Foundation
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/401, 5/296, 5/692
International ClassificationA47C23/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47C23/00
European ClassificationA47C23/00