US 315503 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) v I ,W.H. H0 ES-& J. JAG
' No. 315,508. Patent ed Apr. 14, 1885.
mv/- Y A myz x\\ vm V/ 16 Witnesses: I e Inventors:
U ITED. STATES PATENT QFFICEO.
WILLIS H. HOVVES AND JOHN JACK, OF LOCKPORT, NEW YORK,
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 315,503, dated April 14-, 1885.
Applicaiion filed February 2, 1885. (No model.) i
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known-that we, WILLIS H. HOWES and JOHN J AOK, both of Lockport, New York,
have jointly invented certain new and useful Improvements on Carpet-Linings; and we do hereby declare that the following description of our said invention, taken in connection with the accompanying sheet of drawings, forms a full, clear, and exact specification, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
Our' present invention has general reference to an improved article of manufacturepaper for packing, lining, and other analogous purposes; and it consists, essentially, in the novel and peculiar combination of parts and details of construction, as hereinafter first fully set forth and described, and then pointed out in the claim.
In the drawings already mentioned, which serve to illustrate our said invent-ion more fully, Figuresl and 2 are planviews of our improved paper. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view of the same. i
Like parts are designated by corresponding letters of reference in all the figures.
The object of our present invention is the. production of packing and lining paper that shall be more elastic and better adapted for carpet-lining than any similar article heretofore produced.
Carpet-lining, as heretofore made, consists, principally, of the usual unsized or but slightly-sized paper, formed into corrugated sheets, said corrugations consisting either of straight undulatory lines or of zigzags, or else the paper is embossed with aseries of alternate hollow bosses or elevations and depressions arranged in oblique lines on both surfaces of the fabric. In either case, however, except where the corrugations consist of parallel undulations or raised and depressed portions, these projections, bosses, or angularly-arrangedcorrugations are so slight as to render the paper or fabric nearly flat and unfit for its designated purpose, the non-adhesive nature of the unsized fabric preventing the production of socalled embossed paper otherwise than to a very limited extent only. In paper having alternate bosses these bosses, if of a sufficient depth to produce the desired elasticity of the theory being that upon a comparatively small surface the fabric will not yield sufficiently to allow the production of such bosses. To avoid these objections and drawbacks, which is the object of our present inventi0n,we produce in y the paper a continuous seriesof concentric rings or alternate concentric undulations, as
shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the groups of annulus being either arranged as shown in Fig. 1that is to, say, in line both vertically and horizontally, 0r staggering, as illustratedin Fig. 24 the individual group of circles being separate and distinct from its adjacent groups, and the space produced at or near the intersections of the circles filled with either rectangular or triangular bosses or projections, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the transversesection of the paper, as shown in Fig. 3, being a series of undulations or waves having their apex at regular intervals,the whole being of rather pleasing design, and, owing to the peculiar configuration, more elastic than any other similar fabric, and yet not more if as difficult to producethan any other lining-paper with.
which we are acquainted.
In producing this paper,we arrange a series of embossing-rolls at a desirable station in the series of drying-cylinders, preferring, however, to placethem immediately next to and succeeding the thirteenth cylinder, when the paper is in such a moist state; as to readily conform to the embossing-rolls, and yet already sufficiently coherent to allow its passage through said rolls and then over the dryingcylinders in the usual manner. that this paper may be produced in either plain sheets or lined, at the option of the manufacturer, the configurationof the undulations being such as not in anyway to interfere with the lining, if thoughtdesirable.
It will be readily observed thatin place of concentric rings alternating as described helical, elliptical, oval, or otheranalogous scrolllike groups of undulations maybe substituted for the concentric annular alternating projec tions and depressions without changing the nature of or departing from our invention. It willbe further observed that, owing to the It is evident carpet-lining and analogous paper or fabric having a series of groups of annular concentrio undulations arranged in relation to each other, as described, and for the object specified. In testimony that we claim the foregoing as our invention we have hereto set our hands in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
"WILLIS H. HOVVES. JOHN JACK. .Attest:
Ones. G. Romans, .T. J. ARNOLD.