Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3156272 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 10, 1964
Filing dateJan 22, 1962
Priority dateJan 22, 1962
Publication numberUS 3156272 A, US 3156272A, US-A-3156272, US3156272 A, US3156272A
InventorsIndrunas William G
Original AssigneeIndrunas William G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bottle coupling device
US 3156272 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 10, 1964 w. G. INDRUNAS BOTTLE COUPLING DEVICE Filed Jan. 22, 1962 United States Patent 3,156,272 BOTTLE COUPLING DEVICE William G. Indrunas, New York, NY. (68-19A Clover-dale Blvd., Bayside, Long Island, N.Y.) Filed Jan. 22, 1962, Ser. No. 167,563 1 Claim. (Cl. 141-286) This invention relates generally to bottle coupling devices, and more particularly to coupling devices for draining ketchup bottles or the like.

In connection with the serving of various liquid condiments and sauces, it is desirable that the bottle at the table be substantially full when first served. To this end, it is usual and customary for waitresses and waiters to take partially emptied bottles and to so transfer the contents that there remain a lesser number of substantially full bottles. Because of the high viscosity and consequent slow pouring of these substances, such as, for example, ketchup, chili sauce, cocktail sauce and the like, this can become a slow, time-consuming operation.

It is therefore among the .principal objects of the present invention to provide structure whereby the contents of one bottle may be conveniently transferred to another bottle, requiring attention only at the time the operation is commenced, and when completed.

Another object of the present invention lies in the provision of coupling devices which are easily connected and disconnected to their respective bottles, and by use of which the flow of material from one bottle to another is improved.

Another object herein is the provision of devices of the character described which may be manufactured on a large scale at low cost to have a consequent wide distribution and use.

A feature of the invention lies in the fact that the devices may be easily cleaned and maintained in a sanitary condition so that the food products are uncontaminated.

These objects, and other incidental ends and advantages, will more fully appear in the progress of this disclosure, and be pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawing, in which similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.

FIGURE 1 is an elevational view showing a first embodiment of the invention.

FIGURE 2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view as seen from the plane 2-2 on FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 is a partially exploded view corresponding generally to FIGURE 2.

FIGURE 4 is a vertical sectional view of the coupling device in accordance with the first embodiment.

FIGURE 5 is a vertical sectional view corresponding to FIGURE 4 but showing a second embodiment of the invention.

In accordance with the invention, the coupling device, generally indicated by reference character 10, comprises broadly: a first coupling element 12; a second coupling element 14; a first stop element 16; a second stop element 18; and air venting means 20.

While the device may be fabricated by integrating a plurality of separate parts, I prefer to make the same as a unitary device. An economical process for manufacturing the device 10 is that of casting, and the same may be cast of noncorroding alloys, glass, or natural or synthetic ruba.

her or resin. It made of synthetic resin, such as, for example, polystyrene, polyethylene, nylon, or the like, it is desirable that these materials be resistant to deformation when subjected to hot Water such as may beused in cleaning the same.

The first and second coupling elements are preferably generally cylindrical in shape and provided with internal threads 22 and 24. The pitch and effective internal diam- "ice eter of the threads 22 and 24 is such as to make the same detachably engageable with the threads 26 and 28 on the necks 30 and 32 of the bottles 34 and 36.

As will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which the present invention relates, where necessary, the threads 26 and 28 of the usual condiment containers may be suitably accommodated by the internal threads 22 and 24. Similarly, where the device 10 is made of resilient material, the first and second coupling elements 12 and 14 may be sutficiently expansible to be temporarily distorted so that in being coupled to the bottles 34 and 36, instead of screwing the same in by a twisting motion, it may be sufiicient to push them together along their common axes. A comparable separating motion may be used to disconnect the coupling after the transfer has been made. The resilient construction just described may be obtained, for example, by fabricating the device 10 of polyvinylchloride, natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or silicone.

The first and second stop elements are preferably integral constrictions, the internal diameter of which is sufficient to prevent the rims 38 and 40 of the necks 30 and 32, respectively, from coming into contact with each other. The purpose of this is two-fold. First, it prevents the containers, especially if they are made of glass, from becoming chipped by pressure against each other. This prevents glass chips from entering into the food substance, generally indicated by reference character 50, and also prevents the leaving of sharp edges which could be harmful to the users. The second reason for the spacing of the rims 38 and 4G is to allow entrapped air to exit through the venting means 20.

The venting means 29 preferably takes the form of at least one, or a plurality of, perforations in the second stop element 1%.

In use, the device may be arranged in a number of ways. Thus, for example, it is feasible to connect the second coupling element 14 upon the neck 32 of a container or bottle 36 until the neck 32 takes the position shown in FIGURES 1 to 3, inclusive. It will be noted that in this position the venting means 20 lies above the rim 40 but below the converging stop element 16 so that the inner ends of the perforations lie vertically below the inner wall 52 (FIGURE 3), and also below the inwardly converging wall 54. This arrangement of the parts prevents the food material from falling onto or clogging the perforations of the means 20. From a perusal of FIGURE 2 it will be seen that the juncture of the Walls 52 and 54 is circular and inwardly spaced from the inner openings of the perforations of the means 20.

It is then desirable to temporarily place the bottle 36 at an angle of approximately 45 and to connect the bottle 34 with the first coupling element 12. Because of the relatively high viscosity of the food substance 50 and its slow travel, this connection can be made before any of the substance 50 is spilled. In fact, because of the angle of the containers during this period, connection can be made before any of the food substance reaches the coupling device It The coupled bottles 34 and 36 may now be placed upon a horizontal surface, as a unit, and allowed to remain until substantially all of the food substance 50 originally disposed in the upper container (in this case, the bottle 34) flows into the lower container (the bottle 36). Be-

cause of the relatively elevated center of gravity in the While the food substance 50, such as, for example, ketchup, is draining from the upper container to the lower one, the arrangement needs no personal attention. Thus, where a number of bottles are being worked on, by the time the last of them are being connected, the first are already sufiiciently drained to permit this connection.

While the air venting means 20 have been described as forming an exit for entrapped air, whether or not they perform this function will depend upon the constituency, the consistency, and the amount of food substance being transferred, because under many conditions air will be entering through the means 20 to travel up into the upper container to take the place of the food substance as the same moves downwardly.

Turning now to the second embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGURE 5, for the purpose of avoiding needless repetition certain of the parts corresponding to the first embodiment are given the same reference characters with the addition of the prefix 2.

It will be noted that the second embodiment omits the venting means 20 with a loss of the function thereof.

The second embodiment is suited for those materials of lower viscosity where the entrapped air in the lower container may easily pass through the constricted area of the coupling device into the upper container, so that a sufiiciently rapid flow of food substance takes place.

I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described, for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art to which the present invention relates.

I claim:

A bottle coupling device for draining ketchup bottles and the like from one bottle into another, comprising: a first annular coupling element having threaded means for engaging the neck of one of said bottles, a first converging stop element at an inner end of said first coupling element to limit the ingress of said neck of said bottle relative to said first coupling element, said stop element including a first upwardly flaring inner wall; a second coupling element similarly detachably engageable with the neck of the other of said bottles; a second converging stop element at an inner end of said second coupling element, said second stop element including a downwardly flaring inner wall, said last-mentioned wall having a perforation extending through the plane thereof forming air venting means; said upwardly and downwardly flaring walls meeting and forming a juncture which is inwardly spaced from the inner end of said perforation, whereby fluid material is prevented from falling into said perforation as said material flows from an uppermost bottle to a lowermost bottle.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,083,183 Bednarowicz Dec. 30, 1913 1,728,965 Hein Sept. 24, 1929 1,881,929 Pottenger Oct. 11, 1932 2,773,521 Peroson Dec. 11, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1083183 *Dec 12, 1912Dec 30, 1913Theopihl BednarowiczBottle-filler.
US1728965 *Nov 17, 1924Sep 24, 1929Neutype Instr CompanyApparatus for enabling the withdrawing of the contents of ampules
US1881929 *Dec 9, 1930Oct 11, 1932Pottenger Jr Francis MCombined valve and air-tight cushion for bottled water dispensers
US2773521 *Mar 2, 1954Dec 11, 1956Leonard Persson NelsCoupling for squeeze bottles
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3261380 *Apr 20, 1964Jul 19, 1966Leendert HollemanBottle draining apparatus
US3266533 *Apr 10, 1964Aug 16, 1966Mchale Michael JDrainage assembly
US3620267 *Mar 7, 1969Nov 16, 1971Wendell SeablomBottle transfer coupling device
US3877499 *May 14, 1973Apr 15, 1975Fluster AlfredFluid coupling device
US3941171 *Jul 5, 1973Mar 2, 1976Ims LimitedFluid transfer device
US3963063 *Aug 28, 1974Jun 15, 1976Pascarella Robert SViscous liquid transfer device
US4010860 *Nov 3, 1975Mar 8, 1977Bernard GarberShaped container
US4049144 *Mar 17, 1976Sep 20, 1977Schimke Lloyd JLiquid dispensing apparatus
US4162129 *Aug 29, 1977Jul 24, 1979Wine Breather, Inc.Wine aerator
US4265374 *Apr 2, 1979May 5, 1981Adam SebalosPressure liquid dispenser
US4308347 *Oct 10, 1980Dec 29, 1981Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.Device for detecting microorganisms
US4336891 *Jun 9, 1980Jun 29, 1982Smithy, Inc.Adapter closure
US4525276 *Nov 26, 1980Jun 25, 1985Tokyo Ohka Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaApparatus for separation of immiscible liquids
US4925327 *Sep 28, 1988May 15, 1990Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyLiquid applicator with metering insert
US5115842 *Aug 30, 1990May 26, 1992Intel CorporationApparatus for delivery of a liquid
US5220949 *Jun 25, 1991Jun 22, 1993Chesebrough-Pond's Usa Co.Bottle reflling apparatus
US5422129 *Apr 11, 1994Jun 6, 1995Draddy; John G.Dispensing display container and particulate coffee therein
US5642763 *Sep 6, 1995Jul 1, 1997Kurtz; LloydLiquid draining device having upper funnel and lower drip guide features
US5762120 *Jan 16, 1996Jun 9, 1998Smith; AlanThreaded jar funnel
US5884678 *Dec 27, 1996Mar 23, 1999Chudy; Dennis J.Connector device for holding two necks in an abutting relationship
US5964260 *Mar 18, 1999Oct 12, 1999Chudy; Dennis J.For allowing the transfer of fluids from one container to another
US5992662 *Jul 24, 1996Nov 30, 1999Dakota Enterprises, LlcContainer stand adapter
US5998570 *May 6, 1998Dec 7, 1999Union Camp CorporationEster-terminated polyamides of polymerized fatty acids useful in formulating transparent gels in low polarity liquids
US6065649 *Oct 23, 1997May 23, 2000Scoggins; Lester E.Dispensing container with top and bottom access ports and a dispensing manifold therefore
US6276853 *Apr 14, 1999Aug 21, 2001Fragrance Systems International Inc.Axially aligned, commonly joined dual dispensers
US6488427Feb 29, 2000Dec 3, 2002Diane C. BreidenbachCosmetic applicator
US6745802Jul 11, 2002Jun 8, 2004Carole VargaBottle drainage coupler
US6779566Jan 14, 2003Aug 24, 2004Access Business Group International LlcConnector device for sealing and dispensing freeze-dried preparations
US6910720Aug 9, 2002Jun 28, 2005Gen-Probe IncorporatedConnector for use in combining the contents of a pair of containers
US7377707Feb 11, 2004May 27, 2008Breidenbach Diane CLip product applicator
US8251110 *May 27, 2008Aug 28, 2012Mbhd, LlcFilling adapter
US8545120Jul 12, 2012Oct 1, 2013Diane C. BreidenbachDual cosmetic container
US8684208 *Sep 16, 2009Apr 1, 2014Chris HotellReusable containers for storing foodstuffs or liquids
US20080223479 *May 27, 2008Sep 18, 2008Mbhd, LlcLiquid dispenser adapter
US20100236662 *Jun 27, 2008Sep 23, 2010Ji Seong YIDevice for gauging dosage
US20100288759 *Sep 16, 2009Nov 18, 2010Chris HotellReusable Containers with Clean-Seam Interface
US20110042389 *Feb 2, 2009Feb 24, 2011Aisapack Holdings S.A.Tube head and production method
US20110120999 *Nov 17, 2010May 26, 2011Michael TesslerDouble open ended screw cap
DE3817101A1 *May 19, 1988Nov 30, 1989Axel Von BrandDevice for transferring liquid from one container to another
DE3817101C2 *May 19, 1988May 20, 1998Axel Von BrandVorrichtung zum Überleiten von Flüssigkeit von einem Behältnis zu einem anderen Behältnis
DE4212434A1 *Apr 14, 1992Oct 21, 1993Henkel KgaaAnordnung zum Nachfüllen eines Behälters
DE4306821A1 *Mar 4, 1993Oct 7, 1993Doryokuro KakunenryoVorrichtung zum Umfüllen einer Lösung zwischen abgedichteten Behältern
WO2014063378A1 *Oct 30, 2012May 1, 2014Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.Material flask docking device
Classifications
U.S. Classification141/286, 285/235, 141/310, 215/382, 215/44, D09/447, 141/319, 141/309, D07/619.1
International ClassificationB65D81/32
Cooperative ClassificationB65D81/3205
European ClassificationB65D81/32B