|Publication number||US3157421 A|
|Publication date||Nov 17, 1964|
|Filing date||May 22, 1961|
|Priority date||May 22, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3157421 A, US 3157421A, US-A-3157421, US3157421 A, US3157421A|
|Original Assignee||Stoffel Seals Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (13), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 17, 1964 H. NIERHAUS HASP SEAL 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 22, 1961 FIG.)
INVENTOR HENRY N/ERHAUS ATTORNEY Nov. 17, 1964 H. NIERHAUS 3,157,421
HASP SEAL Filed May 22, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 n al a!!! INVENT OR HEN Y NIERHA U8 ATTORNEY United States Patent Ofiice 3,157,421 Patented Nov. 17, 1964 3,157,421 HASP SEAL Henry Nierhaus, Scarsdale, N.Y., assignor to Stofiel Seals (Iorporation, Tuckahoe, N.Y. Filed May 22, 1961, Ser. No. 111,7? 1 Claim. (Cl. 292-322) This invention relates to security and more particularly to the sealing of hasps and locks of various types against surreptitious opening and closing.
In the handling of mail a large number of mail bags are transported by various means and are handled by or accessible to many persons. In order to protect the contents it has been the custom to secure the mouth of the bag with a strap which is retained by a hasp type lock.
Conventional key and combination locks for securing the hasp have been undesirable because of the weight thereof and the inconvenience of locking and unlocking. Then, too, ordinary locks may be surreptitiously opened and closed without detection.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a locking seal for hasps of various types.
A further object of the invention is to provide a lightweight, inexpensive, tamper-proof easily openable seal adapted for use on various types of hasps and which affords a maximum of security.
These and other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:
FIG. 1 is an illustration of the use of a seal in accordance wth the present invention on the hasp of a strap on a mail bag;
FIG. 2, an enlarged perspective illustrating the engagement of a seal with the hasp;
FIG. 3, an enlarged section on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4, a section on the line 4-4 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5, a section on the line 5-5 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 6, a perspective partly in section of the seal ready for use;
FIG. 7, an enlarged fragmentary perspective of the free end of the seal;
FIG. 8, an enlarged fragmentary of a modified locking member;
FIG. 9, a section on the line 99 of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10, a perspective of a modification;
FIG. 11, an end view of the device of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12, a section through the seal and the hasp of the modification of FIG. 10;
FIG. 13 a perspective of a further modification;
FIG. 14, a section on the line 1414 of FIG. 12;
FIG. 15, an enlarged fragmentary of the locking member of a further modification; and
FIG. 16, a section on the line 16-16 of FIG. 15.
Briefly stated, the invention includes a seal having an enclosed locking member at one end from which a hasp engaging strap portion extends, the latter having an aperture or notch in its end portion engageable with a locking element in the locking member and having a weakened portion adjacent to the end portion in order that the same may rupture upon the attempt to forcibly remove the locking end portion from the locking member. The strap portion is of relatively small thickness so that it may pass through and engage a relatively small hasp.
With reference to the drawing, the sealing member has a head or locking member 10 and a strap portion 11.
' The locking member is illustrated as a cylindrical or disc-shaped body although other shapes may be used. Various materials may be used, polyethylene having been found particularly satisfactory. In one form of the inveution the locking member has a disc insert 12 of springlike material such as metal having an inclined, upstanding finger 13 struck therefrom and projecting upwardly from the bottom of recess 14, the spring finger extending substantially to the top of the recess.
The strap 11 is integral with and projects from one side of the locking member and is relatively stiif so that in normal unclosed position it tends to remain straight. The strap has a locking aperture 16 or notch at its free end and adjacent thereto a reduced, weakened portion 17 and a projection 18 to assist in pushing the end of the strap into the locking member. Approximately midway of the strap is a reduced portion 20 of substantial length which facilitates bending of the strap during closing of the seal and permits the adjacent parts of the strap to remain in substantially parallel relation when the seal is closed. A third reduced portion 21 is provided adjacent to the locking member which may be relatively easily ruptured when the seal is removed by authorized personnel.
In the useof the device the end portion is inserted through the hasp and then into the opening of the recess 14. Due to the stifiness of the strap 11, the application of force to the projection 18 facilitates closing of the device in which the finger 13 enters the aperture 16. In effecting such engagement the strap rides over the finger 13, slightly depressing the same, until released by entering the aperture.
In its closed position the seal is neat appearing with the facing parts \of the strap substantially parallel and has no exposed parts which invite tampering or attempts to open the same. In the event that theend of the strap is attempted to be forcibly withdrawn from the recess 14, the strap will rupture at the reduced portion 17 instead of at the aperture 16, thereby preventing surreptitious opening and simulated closing. The reduced portion 21 facilitates rupture of the seal by authorized personnel.
In the modification of FIGS. 8 and 9 the metal insert is omitted and the locking finger 23 is formed integrally from the material of the locking member.
In the modification of FIGS. 10 and 11 the locking member 30 is formed at substantially right angles to the strap portion 31 and the opening 32 to the locking recess is formed on the opposite side of the locking member. The locking end 33 is similarly formed at substantially right angles to the strap portion in order to facilitate its insertion into the recess.
In order to make the seal more secure against tampering the outer portion 34 of the locking recess is enlarged to receive the shoulders 35 on the locking end adajcent to the tip. When the seal is closed with the finger 13 entering the aperture 36 in the tip the shoulders seat in the outer portion 34 and block the inner recess from possible entry by a tool, thus increasing the seals security. Ears 37 may be provided at each side adjacent to the tip by means of which the locking end may more easily be pushed into the locking recess. Opening 38 is provided to rupture the strap if attempt is made to forcibly withdraw the locking end from the recess.
In the modification of FIGS. 13-16 a locking member 40 is employed, preferably of the plastic described, having a metal strap member 41 embedded in the locking member 40 at one end. The attachment of the two is made secure by having a struck-up element 42 as in FIG. 13 or an aperture 44 as in FIG. 15, through which the plastic material extends. The embedded end portion of the metal member has a spring finger or locking element 46 struck up therefrom similar to that of the finger 13 previously described. The opposite or free end of the metal strap has an aperture 48 engageable with the finger 46 when the device is closed.
The strap is of spring-like metal which tends to remain relatively straight and has a protuberance 49 for facilitating closing of the same.
Accordingly, it will be understood that the invention includes'a locking member having a smooth exterior and a recessed lockingelement therein, and a flexible springlike strap member extending therefrom with an aperture or notch adjacent to its free end in order that when the end of the strap member is inserted into the locking member and the aperture or notch engaged with the element the seal can not be surreptitiously opened. In a modification the locking member has an enlarged outer opening for receiving shoulders on the strap as an additional safeguard against entry.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes may bemade in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof and therefore the invention is not limited .by that which is illustrated in the drawing and described in the specification, but only as indicated in the accompanying claim.
What is claimed is:
Q A unitary seal comprising a locking member having enclosed sides and bottom and an opening in its top, said locking member having a relatively thin recess therewithin communicating with said opening, a spring finger projecting across said recess and inclined from its base to its tip away from the opening, said opening being larger in section than the reeess and providing a countersunk area, said member having a relatively thin, stilt, flexible strap with a main portion extending from the bottom of the member remote from said opening, the other end of the strap having a locking portion at substantially right angles to the main portion ofthe strap, said locking portion having an end portion adapted to be snugly received in said recess, said end portion having a slot for receiving said spring finger'when the end por tion is received in said recess, said locking portion 'hav- 7 ing shoulders adapted to be snugly received within the countersunk portion of said locking member, whereby when said end portion .is inserted into the recess said finger will initially be depressed and then received in said aperture and said shoulders will seat in said countersunk portionto prevent insertion of a tool into said recess.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Ashworth Dec. 12, 1961
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3278214 *||Jul 16, 1964||Oct 11, 1966||Brooks Co E J||Self-locking shackle seal|
|US3408699 *||Aug 7, 1967||Nov 5, 1968||Thomas & Betts Corp||Bundling strap|
|US3744105 *||Mar 10, 1972||Jul 10, 1973||Rifkin A Co||Drawstring construction|
|US3779589 *||Mar 24, 1972||Dec 18, 1973||United Seal Co||Flexible strap-type seal having enclosed locking means|
|US4514882 *||Oct 26, 1983||May 7, 1985||Christian Lavielle||Device for retaining in side-by-side relationship flexible tying means such as shoelaces|
|US4968075 *||May 24, 1990||Nov 6, 1990||Ipl, Inc.||Tamper-proof tag|
|US5020191 *||Jan 12, 1990||Jun 4, 1991||Uke Alan K||Snorkel strap|
|US5118148 *||Sep 27, 1990||Jun 2, 1992||Elc Produtos De Seguranca Industria E Comercio Ltda||Label holder for closing and sealing bags and the like, and security seal suitable for use therewith|
|US6976719||Oct 24, 2003||Dec 20, 2005||Tama Plastic Industry||Adjustable plastic carry strap having laterally projecting foldable handles|
|US20050146149 *||Oct 24, 2003||Jul 7, 2005||Jacobv Agayof||Adjustable plastic carry strap having laterally projecting foldable handles|
|US20080087063 *||Jun 4, 2007||Apr 17, 2008||Hsu Tzu-Shun||Key ring assembly|
|US20090051176 *||May 16, 2008||Feb 26, 2009||Stoffel Seals Corporation||Security seal for latch and hasp closure|
|US20120068481 *||Aug 16, 2011||Mar 22, 2012||Mallozzi Ralph J||Security seal for latch and hasp closure|
|U.S. Classification||292/322, 24/16.0PB, 292/319|