|Publication number||US3157447 A|
|Publication date||Nov 17, 1964|
|Filing date||Aug 29, 1962|
|Priority date||Aug 29, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3157447 A, US 3157447A, US-A-3157447, US3157447 A, US3157447A|
|Inventors||Cross Jr John W, Devery Michael H|
|Original Assignee||Philco Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (4), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 17, 1964 M. H. DEVERY ETAL 3,157,447
REFRIGERATOR CABINET WITH INNER DOOR AND HINGE ASSEMBLY Filed Aug. 29, 1962 I IILQ United States Patent 3 157,447 ranrnronnaron cairn-arr m a nnsnn noon AND HINGE AEMBLY Michael H. Bevel-y, Amhler, wd John W. Cross, :3, Southampton, 1 2., assignors to ihilco Corporation, Philadelphia, Fa, a corporation of Delaware Filed Aug. 29, 1962, Ser. No. 220,230 4 Claims. (til. 312-329) The present invention relates to cabinet structures and more particularly to cabinets for domestic refrigerators of the kind constructed with two adjacent compartments one of which is maintained at predetermined temperature and humidity conditions, for example within a freezing temperature range for storage of frozen food.
In a refrigerator of the above mentioned variety, it is customary to provide an inner door for closing the access opening to the freezer compartment in order to prevent spillage of cold air therefrom. Generally such a door is hinged for outward swinging movement, and the provision of a hin e structure for that purpose has given rise to complications and difficulties in mounting the door in proper relation to the access opening to the freezer compaitment. These complications and difficulties become especially acute when the door is made of plastic material and is configured to sit within a low conductivity plastic framing member which serves to outline the access opening as well as to frame the door.
For example, it has been customary to afiix hinges on the plastic door and surrounding portions of the plastic framing member by means of screws, bolts and like fastoning elements, or to mount the plastic door by means of metal pins secured to metal brackets attached to the plastic framing member and projecting from the latter for engagement with metal bearing elements carried by the plastic door. These customary arrangements are subject to objections in that they involve the use of a multiplicity of parts which complicate the mounting of the door and, since such parts are normally exposed to moisture, they are likely to corrode and become defective thus requiring premature repair or replacement. Because of the nature of these known hinging arrangements, the dismounting and remounting of the door necessitates the use of special tools and techniques often involving disassembly of major portions of the cabinet structure to make the puts accessible to effect the required repair or replacement.
It is a primary objective of this invention to overcome the above complications and difiiculties by providing a hinge arrangement which facilitates attachment of a plastic inner door to a plastic frame incorporated in the refrigerator cabinet to define the access opening for one compartment thereof.
It is also an object of the invention to simplify the association of the hinge structure with the framing member of a refrigerator compartment and with the door for closing the latter by providing a door mounting hinge arrangement employing few and simple parts capable of being readily associated with the framing member and door without the use of special tools.
Other and more specific objects and characteristic features of the invention reside in the provision of a refrigerator inner door hinge arrangement which is inexpensive to construct and to assemble, which employs no metallic parts thus eliminating rust problems, and whichis resistant to wear and tear due to repeated opening and closing of the door.
To attain these general objectives and features, the invention utilizes a framing member of the so-called heat breaker strip type adapted to outline the access opening to a food storage compartment within a refrigerator cabinet and to frame the door for closing the access 3,157,447 Ce Patented Nov..17, 1964 opening. The framing member and door are made of plastic material having low heat conductivity, and means integral with and projecting from portions of the door serve as pivot-s rotatably receivable in mounting means engageable with the framing member and preferably made of plastic material adapted to provide noiseless bearings without requiring lubrication. In order to provide for centering of the door within the framing member, the door mounting and keeper arrangements are constructed and disposed to effect uniform spacing between the perimeter of the door and surrounding frame portions.
The nature of the invention, as well as the objectives and advantages thereof, will be more fully understood from the following description based on the accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary front View of a refrigerator cabinet embodying the invention, the customary outer door of the cabinet being removed;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged cross sectional view taken substantially along line 2-2 of FIGURE 1; and
FIGURE 3 is an exploded view showing on an enlarged scale and in perspective one of the two doormounting bearings and a portion of the frame associated therewith, and
FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a modified form of the bearing structure.
With more particular reference to the drawing, there is illustrated in FIGURES 1 and 2, a domestic refrigerator cabinet 10 provided with an outer wall structure 11 which has an open front adapted to be closed by the customary outer door (not shown). The cabinet includesa non-freezing compartment 12 and a freezing compartment 14, the latter being provided by a horizontally disposed evaporator shell 15 which is spaced from the inner wall structure. The shell 15 can and preferably is arranged in heat exchange relation with refrigerant circulating coil means 16, and has an open front defining an access opening 17 to the interior of the freezing compartment 14. As shown, the freezing compartment shell 15 is located above the non-freezing compartrnent 12 and is insulated from the cabinet outer wall structure 11 by means of suitable insulation 18 and also by means of a breaker strip frame 20 of plastic material characterized by its low thermal conductivity.
The breaker frame 253 is generally rectangular in shape and, as viewed in FIGURE 2, has an upper part of generally angular cross-sectional configuration to provide an outer marginal edge portion 21 and an inner marginal edge portion 22 with an intermediate portion 23' disposed between said marginal portions and constructed to' define a door-receiving recess 24 within which an inner door 25 is mounted for opening and closing the access opening .to the freezing compartment 14. As shown at 26 in FIGURE 2 of the drawing, the outer marginal edge portion 21 of the frame overlays the cabinet outer wall structure 11, and as shown at 28 in said FIGURE 2, the inner marginal edge portion 22 of the frame overlaps and snugly engages the freezer compartment shell 15 at the access opening 17 thereof.
As illustrated, the inner door is made of plastic material and with a hollow interior for insulating purposes. Also as illustrated, the door is of generally rectangular configuration having vertical side edge portions 29 and 30, and horizontal side edge portions 31 and 32. The horizontal side edge portions 31 and 32 are provided with cylindrical projections constituting upper and lower pintles or trunnions 33 and 34, respectively. These projections or trunnions are preferably formed integrally with the aforesaid respective horizontal side edge portions of the inner door 25 and are disposed in vertical alignment adjacent one of the mentioned vertical edge p to retain the bearing on the frame.
a g 7 portions which, as viewed in FIGURE 1, is the right vertical side portion 39.
The upper and lower pintles or trunnions 33 and 34 are rotatably received in upper arid lower bearings 35 and 36, respectively, which bearings are preferably made of molded plastic material and are mounted in fixed position in the intermediate portion 23 of the frame 26 to support the inner door for swinging motion about a g 7 vertical axis defined by said trunnions. The bearings and 36 are disposed in vertical alingment and as can be seen in FIGUREl are located in a position to center the door within the aforesaid 'door receiving recess 24 provided by the frame 29. The bearings include an internally bored collar 37 and generally spearheaded portion 38 provided with a receding section 39.
As best seen in FIGURE 3, the spearheaded portion 7 38 and its receding section 39 are multi-sided for insertion through a correspondingly shaped multi-sided aperture 40 in the intermediate portion 23 of the frame. For that purpose the spearheaded portion 38 which at its :base is slightly larger than the aperture 40, is formed V with longitudinal slots 41' for allowing lateral deforma- 'tion of the spearheaded portion when forced into the aperture 49 to effect seating of the receding portion 39 within the confines of the aperture after the wider base of said spearheaded portion passes beyond said aperture. Because of this construction, the bearings become afiixed on the frame 20 to support and locate the inner door 25 in the manner described above and clearly shown in FIGURES 1 and 2. The two bearings 35 and Snare of identical construction with the exception that the col-.
lar of the lowering bearing 36 on which the inner door rests is taller than the collar of the upper bearing and a spacer 42 is placed between said lower bearing and the inner door 25 in order to raise the latter for centering within the frame recess. The vertical side 29 of the door ing 36 are inserted and fixedly seated within their respec-.
tive apertures 41) in the frame 2%), and the spacer 42 is slipped'down the lower trunnion 34 of the'inner door 25. The inner door is then held in tilted p'osition and the'upper side edge portion 31 thereof is placed within the frame recess 24 to effect insertion of the upper trunnion 33 into the upper bearing 35. Thereafter the door .is manipulated to bring the lower side edge portion 32 thereof in position to align the lower trunnion 34 with the lower bearing 36 whereupon the inner door is brought to its operative position by insertion of said lower trun- V nion into said lower bearing and seating the spacer'42 onto the latter;
In FIGURE 4 there is'illustrated a'rnodified form of bearing structure wherein a multi-sided upright, portion 38a with lateral projections 39areplacesthe spearheaded portion with the receding section of the form of bearing more clearly shown in FIGURE 3. 'As seen in FIG -URE 4, the lateral projections 39a are located on the; outside surfaces of thelupright portions 33a and, as re;-
. resented at D,"are spacedfrom collar portion 37a. spacing D corresponds to'the thickness of the frame por-f tion 23 (FIGURE 3) so that when the upright portion The:
upon the lower trunnion of the door 25 without the spacer shown in FIGURE 2. The door is then tilted to effect insertion of the upper trunnion into the upper beara ing and thereafter manipulated to bring the lower bearing in aligned position with respect to the lower aperture of the frame.
said lower hearing which collar portion as hereinbefore indicated is taller than the collarportion of the upper From the foregoing description it will be appreciated that the invention provides a simplified mounting arrangement for an inner door employed to close the ac-' cess opening to a freezer compartment within a refrigerator cabinet. The arrangement utilizing only simple moldable parts makes it possible to effect mounting of the inner door quickly and without special skill. While apreferred embodiment of the invention has been illus-' trated and described, it is to be understood that the details of such embodiment are not to'be construed as limiting of the invention except as is' consistent with the scope of the subjoined claims. 7
We claim: V
1. In a refrigerator cabinet including a refrigerated inner shell defining a freezing compartment With'a generally rectangular openfront, an inner door and hinge assembly comprising a frame having a generally rectangular recessed portion surrounding the compartment 7 V J open front and. provided; with confronting apertured v upper and lower corner areas, an upper bearing snugly fitted in the aperture of the mentioned upper corner area 7 and having a pintle-receiving collar underlying the recessed portion at said upper corner. area, a lower bearing snugly fitted in the aperture of the mentioned lower corner area and having a pintle-receiving collar overlying the recessed portion at said, lower corner area, a gen orally rectangular door mounted withinthe recessed por tion, and a pair of axially aligned pintles formed in-;
tegrally with the door, one ofsaid pintles extending upwardly and being slidably received in theupper hearing collar, the other pintle. extending downwardly and being slidably received in the lower bearing collar, the. 'lower bearing collar being extended upwardly in the recessed portion to support the door therein in align ment with the open front of the freezing compartment shell, and the upper bearing terminating at a-levelproviding for movement of the door within the recessed portion and with respect to the'bearings, whereby the pintles can be brought into and outofengagement with the bearing collars for mounting and 'dis'mounting of they door within the recessed portion.
2. Ina refrigerator cabinet including a refrigerated inner shell defining a freezing compartment with a gen-.
erally rectangular open front, an 'inneridoor and hinge assembly as set forth in claim. 1, in which the mentioned frame, bearings, door and pintles are'formed of plastic 7 material;
3. In a'refrigerator cabinet including a refrigerated inner shell defining a freezing compartment with a gen;
. erally rectangular open front, an inner door and-hinge When using bearings ofvthe above described modified 7 i 3 form, the upper bearing'is, inserted "within the upper aperture of the frame Zizand the lower bushing is slipped assembly as set forth in claim' l,'in whicheach of the,
rst and second bearings includes a generally spearheaded a portion passing through the aperture in the correspond- .mg corner area of the recessed portion of thefr'amaand the receding section being seated within the said'aperture. I
4. In a refriger'ator cabinet including a r efrigeratedj inner shell defining a freezing compartment with a gen-r erally rectangular open front, an inn er door and hinge assembly as set forth in claim 1, in which each arms 'nientioned bearings includes a generally upright portion, the latterhaving outer lateral projections which are spaced 7 with respect to the bearing collar, said upright portion a passing through the aperture in the corresponding corner,
While in this latter position, the lower bearing is forced into engagement with the frame whereupon the door is seated upon the collar portion of 5 area of the recessed portion of the frame, and the aforesaid projections overlapping the frame adjacent said aperture.
References Cited inthe file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Wewetzer Feb. 15, 1949 Mann Jan. 24, 1956 6 Crowe et a1. June 13, 1961 Horvay Aug. 22, 1961 Klurnpp et a1 Sept. 19, 1961 Biesecker Nov. 20, 1962 FOREIGN PATENTS Germany Nov. 1, 1927
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|U.S. Classification||312/329, 16/229, 384/416|
|International Classification||F25D23/02, F25D23/08|
|Cooperative Classification||F25D23/025, F25D23/085|