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Publication numberUS3159445 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1964
Filing dateSep 6, 1963
Priority dateSep 6, 1963
Publication numberUS 3159445 A, US 3159445A, US-A-3159445, US3159445 A, US3159445A
InventorsWolk Robert S
Original AssigneeWolk Robert S
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lockable male electrical plug
US 3159445 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 1, 1964 R. s. WOLK 3,159,445

I LOCKABLE MALE ELECTRICAL. PLUG Filed Sept. 6, 1963 FIG. .1. FIG. 2.

lllillllll Ii dllll EOBEET s. 40041:,

United States Patent 3,159,445 LOCKABLE MALE ELECTRICAL PLUG Robert S. Wolk, 1801 SW. 83rd Ave., Miami, Fla. Filed Sept. 6, 1963, Ser. No. 307,049 Claims. (Cl. 339-74) This invention relates to a novel lockable male electrical connector plug. a I

The primary object of the invention is the provision of a more reliable and an easily operated device of the kind indicated, which comprises an annular cap which carries at least the minimum of two connector blades, and a rotor journalled through the cap and having cam means for spreading the connector blades apart and producing holding friction between these blades and the contacts of a female current outlet receptacle into which the device has been inserted, whereby a greater pull on the device than ordinarily encountered in service becomes necessary to separate the device from the receptacle, and more the plug blades with outlet receptacle contacts can produce incorrect operation of the counters.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a simple and economical device of the character indicated above, which is composed of a minimal number of uncomplex and easily assembled parts, which can be massproduced at relatively low cost, for both industrial and domestic use.

7 Other important objects and advantageous features of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings, wherein, for purposes of illustration only, a specific form of the invention is set forth in detail.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a side elevation, partly broken away and in section of a device of the present invention, showing the blades in unspread condition; j

FIGURE'Z is a transverse vertical section taken on the line 22 of FIGURE 3, showing the blades in spread condition;

FIGURE 3 is a bottom plan view of FIGURE 2; and

FIGURE 4 is an exploded perspective view, on a reduced scale, of said device. 1

Referring in detail to the drawings, wherein like nuanerals designate like parts throughout the several views,

7 the illustrated connector plug comprises an annular dielectric material cap 10, having a reduced diameter concentric upper end portion 12, into which the exterior surf-ace of the capcurves, as indicated at 14, from the main full-diameter lower portion 16 of the cap.

The lower end 18 of the portion 16 of the cap is formed with a pendant annular peripheral skirt 20, and the lower end 18 which forms the top of the resultant socket on the lower end of the cap, is flat. In the case of a twobladed device, two similar but reversed, downwardly extending, resilient blades 22 are positioned in diametrically opposed relationship within the socket, and have horizontal radially outwardly extending flat arms 24, on their upper ends, which are secured to the lower end' 18, as by means of anchored assembling sleeves 26 extending therethrough. The sleeves 26 are molded into vertical bores 30, extending upwardly from the lower end 18 and have upper lateral anchoring flanges 31 confined in grooves 33, and lower lateral flanges 32 bearing against the undersurfaces of the blade arms 24. Binding post screws 34 are threaded upwardly in the sleeves 26 for securing the ends of the wires 36 of an insulated cord 38.

As shown in FIGURE 1, the main portions 40 of the blades 22 normally are in parallel relationship, in which they enter an outlet plug (not shown), but are resilient enough to permit of their being spreaded away from each other, as shown in FIGURE 2, sufiiciently to produce heavy electrical and friction engagements of the blades with the outlet contacts, which assure good and constant electrical contact and render withdrawal of the device from an outlet diflicult. The outer sides of the main blade portions 40 have thereon knobs 41, near their lower ends, which increase the retaining contacts of the blades with outlet cont-acts.

The desired spreading of the blades 22 is produced by rotation of a rotor 42 which is rotatably engaged in the opening or bore of the cap 10. The rotor 42 has an axial bore 46, through which the cord 38 extends, and the lower end of the rotor around the bore 46 is' rounded, as indicated at 48, for harmless engagements by the wires 36. The rotor has, at its upper end, an enlarged diameter flat collar 50, preferably of the same diameter as the upper end portion 12 of the cap, which bears rotatably upon the fiat upper end 52 of the upper end portion 12.

As is apparent in FIGURES 1 and 2, the rotor 42 is longer than the main or lower portion of the cap 10, so that it extends below the lower end 18 thereof. From a point substantially level With the lower end 18 down to a point on a level spaced below the lower end 18, the rotor 42 is formed with a continuous annular groove 54 which has a downwardly tapering side wall 56, and a horizontal bottom wall 58. In effect, the presence of the groove 54 defines, at the lower end 'of the rotor 42, an annular cam collar 60. The main blade portions 40 have, adjacent to their upper ends, triangular cam lugs 61, which have horizontal base surfaces 63, which bear upon the bottom of the groove 54, and inwardly and downwardly angled hypotenuse cam faces 65.

The peripheral edge 62 of the collar 60 bears against the inward sides of the main portions 40 of the blades 22, in the parallel, unspread condition of the blades, as shown in FIGURE 1, and has no camming or spreading effect on the blades. For camming the blades away from each other, as the rotor 42 is rotated relative to the cap 16, the peripheral edge 62 is formed, at diametrically opposed points, with cam lobes 64, which have centered detent notches 66. The notches 66 receive the blade portions after the blade portions have been spread, as indicated'in FIGURE 2, whereby the rotor 42 is releasably locked in blade spreading position.

Since the cam lobes 64 extend out from the peripheral edge of the cam collar 60, and hence span a diameter larger than the cap bore 44, insertion of the rotor 42 in the cap 10 requires clearances for the cam lobes, in the form of diametrically opposed vertical grooves 68 formed inthe wall of the bore 44. As the rotor 42 is passed downwardly through the cap bore 44, the cam collar 60 engages the cam surfaces 65 of the cam lugs 61-on the blades 22, and spreads the blades 22 away from each other, so that, on further descent of the rotor, the cam lugs 61 can pass upwardly over the cam collar 60- and snap into the groove 54, whereby upward withdrawal of the rotor 42 out of the cap 10 is precluded.

For indicating visually the rotary position of the rotor 42 relatively to the cap 10, the upper rotor collar 56 is provided, on its peripheral edge, with outstanding diametrically opposed lugs 70, which arevertically aligned with the cam lobes 64.

In operation, the blades 22 of the device having been inserted in an outlet plug, in the ordinary way, with the blades unspread, the rotor 42 is rotated relative to the cap it), by means of the collar 50, only far enough to align its lugs 70 with any suitable indicating means (not shown), on the exterior of the cap, so as to cause the notches 66 in the cam lobes 64 to receive the main portions 40 of the blades, wherein these main portions are spread away from each other and forcibly against the outlet contacts, so as to lock the device to the outlet. Reverse rotation of the rotor 42 unspreads the blades for easy removal of the device from the outlet.

It will be understood that the above described construction can be readily varied to accommodate three or more blades, as is the case of a ground plug.

Although there has been shown and described a preferred form of the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not necessarily confined thereto, and that any change or changes in the structure of and in the relative arrangements of components thereof are contemplated as being within the scope of the invention as defined by the claims appended hereto.

What is claimed is:

1. A lockable electric maleplug comprising an annular cap having upper and lower ends and an axial vertical bore extending therethrough, a rotor engaged through said bore, rotor rotating means on the upper end of the rotor bearing upon the upper end of the cap, a pair of opposed pendant contact blades secured to the lower end of the cap, said blades being normally parallel and being resilient so as to be capable of being spread away from each other and return to parallel relationship, and cam lobes on the rotor below the lower end of the cap there being notches in said cam lobes receiving the main portions of said blades, for spreading the blades when the rotor is rotated to engage the cam lobes with the blades.

2. A lockable electric male plug comprising an annular 7 cap having upper and lower ends and an axial vertical bore extending therethrough, a rotor engaged through said bore, rotor rotating means on the upper end of the rotor bearing upon the upper end of the cap, a pair of opposed pendant contact blades secured to the lower end of the cap, said blades being normally parallel and being resilient so as to be capable of being spread away from each other and return to parallel relationship, and cam lobes on the rotor below the lower end of the cap for spreading the blades when the rotor is rotated to engage the cam lobes with the blades, said rotor having a peripheral groove extending therearound on a level below the lower end of the cap, said blades having radially inwardly extending cam lugs normally engaged in the groove and retaining the rotor against upward withdrawal out of the bore of the cap, contact of the lower end of the rotor with said cam lugs on insertion of the rotor in the cap bore serving to spread the blades to enable the cam lugs to snap into the groove.

3. A lockable electric male plug comprising an annular cap having upper and lower ends and an axial vertical bore extending therethrough, a rotor engaged through said bore, rotor rotating means on the upper end of the rotor bearing upon the upper end of the cap, a pair of opposed pendant contact blades secured to the lower end of the cap, said blades being normally parallel and being resilient so as to be capable of being spread away from each other and return to parallel relationship, and cam lobes on the rotor below the lower end of the cap for spreading the blades when the rotor is rotated to engage the cam lobes with the blades, said rotor having a peripheral groove extending therearound on a level below the lower end of the cap, said blades having radially inwardly extending cam lugs normally engaged in the groove and retaining the rotor against upward withdrawal out of the bore of the cap, contact of the lower end of the rotor with said cam lugs on insertion of the rotor in the cap bore serving to spread the blades to enable the cam lugs to snap into the groove, said cam lobes having centered dete'nt notches adapted to receive the blades as the blades are spread by the cam lobes.

4. A lockable electric male plug comprising an annular cap having upper and lower ends and an axial vertical bore extending therethrough, a rotor engaged through said bore, rotor rotating means on the upper end of the rotor bearing upon the upper end of the cap, a pair of opposed pendant contact blades secured to the lower end of the cap, said blades being normally parallel and being resilient so as to be capable of being spread away from each other and return to parallel relationship, and cam lobes on the rotor below the lower end of the cap for spreading the blades when the rotor is rotated to engage the cam lobes with the blades, said rotor having a peripheral groove extending therearound on a level below the lower end of the cap, said blades having radially inwardly extending cam lugs normally engaged in the groove and retaining the rotor against upward withdrawal out of the bore of the cap, contact of the lower end of the rotor with said cam lugs on insertion of the rotor in the cap bore serving to spread the blades to enable the cam lugs to snap into the groove, said cam lobes extending beyond the sides of the rotor, said cap bore having vertical grooves which provide clearance for the cam lobes as the rotor is inserted through the cap bore.

5. A lockable electric male plug comprising an annular cap having upper and lower ends and an axial vertical bore extending therethrough, a rotor engaged through said bore, rotor rotating means on the upper end of the rotor bearing upon the upper end of the cap, a pair of opposed pendant contact blades secured to the lower end of the cap, said blades being normally parallel and being resilient so as to be capable of being spread away from each other and return to parallel relationship, and camlobes on the rotor below the lower end of the cap for spreading the blades when the rotor is rotated to engage the cam lobes with the blades, said rotor having a peripheral groove extending therearound on a level below the lower end of the cap, said blades having radially inwardly extending cam lugs normally engaged in the groove and retaining the rotor against upward withdrawal out of the bore of the cap, contact of the lower end of the rotor with said cam lugs on insertion of the rotor in the cap bore serving to spread the blades to enable the cam lugs to snap into the groove, said groove having a horizontal bottom wall and an inwardly and downwardly angled side wall, said cam lugs being triangular and having horizontal base surfacesbearing upon the bottom wall of the groove, and inwardly and downwardly angled hypotenuse walls.

References Cited in the file of this patent ,UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,909,648 Austin May 16, 1933 2,033,960 Tiffany Mar. 17, 1936 2,274,798 Kostal Mar. 3, 1942 2,435,341 Crumrine Feb. 3, 1948 2,476,510 Rosner July 19, 1949 2,750,570 Bates June 12, 1956

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1909648 *Sep 25, 1931May 16, 1933Austin Leonard EElectric cord plug-in connection
US2033960 *May 21, 1931Mar 17, 1936Hubbell Inc HarveyAttachment plug cap
US2274798 *Feb 24, 1940Mar 3, 1942Rudolph KostalElectrical fixture
US2435341 *Nov 27, 1946Feb 3, 1948Product Technicians IncElectrical cord plug
US2476510 *Apr 17, 1948Jul 19, 1949William Rosner MichaelElectric plug
US2750570 *Mar 31, 1954Jun 12, 1956Bates Norman HLocking electric plug
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6126462 *Apr 26, 1999Oct 3, 2000Lam; Siu LingUniversal adapter
US6896537 *Nov 12, 2003May 24, 2005Burton Technologies LlcSecuring device for electrical connectors
US7179110 *Jun 7, 2006Feb 20, 2007Chia-Hung HuangStably fastened safety plug
US7396250 *Jul 13, 2007Jul 8, 2008Kui-Hsien HuangPlugging device for network cable
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/269.2
International ClassificationH01R13/02, H01R13/20
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/20
European ClassificationH01R13/20