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Publication numberUS3160930 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1964
Filing dateMay 23, 1961
Priority dateMay 23, 1961
Publication numberUS 3160930 A, US 3160930A, US-A-3160930, US3160930 A, US3160930A
InventorsFisher William F
Original AssigneeFisher Gauge Works Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Circuit casting apparatus
US 3160930 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15, 1964 w. F. FISHER CIRCUIT CASTING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 25. 1961 INVENTOR WILLIAM E FISHER /Mx W, LL-46W )7 ATTORNEY Dec. 15, 1964 w. F. FISHER CIRCUIT CASTING APPARATUS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 23. 1961 l/zmfv/g/g4/ J INVENTOR WILL/AM I". F/S'HER ATTORNEY 3,15%,930 CIRCUIT CASTING AFPARATUS William F. Fisher, Peterhorough, {)ntario, Canada,

assignor to Fisher Gauge Works, Limited, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, a corporation of Canada Filed May 23, 1%1, Ser. No. 111,999 4 Claims. (Ci. 22-71) This invention relates to the casting of electrical circuits on suitable boards and more particularly to apparatus for casting electrical circuits directly onto a suitable base.

In recent years, there has been a tremendous development in the field of printed circuits. Many methods and much apparatus have been devised for producing these circuit arrangements. Even so, there are many problems encountered in this work. This invention eliminates a number of problems encountered in the field of cast circuitry. Forexample, the use of feed runners to feed the molten metal from the reservoir to the circuit board has been eliminated, the molten metal being fed directly from a chamber beneath the die plate up through the die plate into the circuit formation contained therein. In other Words, the job turns out to be a single operation which obviously is quite advantageous.

In view of the above, it is an object of this invention to provide die-casting apparatus which will cast a circuit directly upon a suitable base.

It is another object of this invention to provide a diecasting arrangement in which the necessity of using gates and associated feeders to carry the molten metal to the die plate and therethrough is eliminated.

It is a still further object to provide a die plate for the die-casting machine of the above objects which has feed passages closely spaced along the circuit forming channel throughout its entire lc'ngth,thus affording rapid delivery of molten metal to the desired area.

The above and other objects and advantages will become apparent in view of the following detailed description and drawings, showing by way of example, preferred embodiments of this invention and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view partly in action show ing the over-all arrangement of the apparatus of this invention;

FIGURE 2 is a verticalcross-sectional view somewhat similar to FIGURE 1 and showing the same type of die plate in cross-section; and

FIGURE 3 is an elevation View showing two examples of securing electric elements to the cast circuit unit.

- United States Patent Referring to FIGURE 1, which. illustrates a machine employing a hot chamber, die-casting system modified to produce the cast circuit of this invention, the die-casting machine 10 comprises a supporting frame 12 having an upper aperture which receives the stationary base 14 of the machine It). An insulating shell 16 fits over the bottom portion of the base to reduce heat loss. The base 14 is a casting having a large molten metal reservoir 18 and a somewhat smaller molten metal reservoir 24). Disposed between these two reservoirs is a pressure cylinder 22 connected to reservoir 18 by channel 24 and to reservoir 29 by passageway 26. A plunger 28 is reciprocably carried in the cylinder and through plunger rod 30 which is reciprocated to pump-molten metal from reservoir 18.

into and through the'reservoir 20. The plunger ZSmay be operated by any conventional means. A hydraulic arrangement for actuating such a plunger is disclosed in US. Patent No. 2,072,864.

The base 14 is heated by means of electric resistance metal may be forced therethrough to form the cast circuit on a suitable circuit board. A platen 36 is hingcdly mounted on the frame 12 by means of hinge pin 38 and supports all, only one of which is shown. The platen 36 carries the circuit board 42 onto which the circuit is to be cast. This board may be held on the platen by means of side'clamps 44 which position the-board for proper registering contact with the upper face of the die plate when the platen is brought down thereon.

T he arrangement shown in FIGURE 2 is quite similar to that of FIGURE 1 except that the platen 50 in this case is raised and lowered bysuitable reciprocating powered means, which is not shown as it is of conventional nature. It will also be observed that the cross-section of FIGURE 2 is at right angle to that of FIGURE 1 so that additional details of this type of die plate will be shown. V 7

As illustrated in FIGURE 2, the base 76 has apassageway 72. leading to molten metal reservoir 74. The die plate '76 fits down on and over the reservoirs upper opening. Flaten 56 carries circuit board 78 on its lower face 51 when it is held in position by a plurality of. clamp assemblies 53. Eachclamp assembly 53 comprises a clamp 55' pivotally mounted by pin 57 supported in the platen 56. The clamp is pivoted about pin 57 by means of rod 59 secured to the outer extremity of the clamp. This rod 59 is actuated. by suitable means in timed sequence with the other mechanisms of the die-casting machine. The platen has a hollow portion 8%? in which is reciprocably positioned a' rod and head assembly 52. The head member $4 of this assembly is secured to a core cairier 86 mounting a plurality of rod-like cores 3% which extend down through openings 9% in the platen to cooperate with the circuit board to form various projections of cast material as desired. Reciprocation of the rod and head assembly 52 serves to insert the cores into proper position with respect to the circuit board 78. As illustrated in FIGURE 1, the rod and head assembly 52 is reciprocated by a hydraulically operated piston 61 actuated by fluid alternately introduced through ports 63 and 65 of cylinder 67. J

By referring to the die plates shown in FIGURES 1 and 2 and numbered 34 and 76, respectively, the important features thereof will become more apparent. The upper'face of each die plate contains the specific configuration of the circuit to be formed thereby in the form of channels 91 adapted to receive the molten metal. Cone shaped feed passages 92 are cut in the die plate in closely spaced relation along the circuit outline provided on the upper face thereof. The feed passages 97. are formed so that they converge toward the upper face of the die plate and terminate as openings 93 in the channel configuration on the upper face of the die plate. The opening 53 at the top of the cone-shaped passages is quite small, yet sufficient to allow the molten metal to proceed therethrough rapidly into the channels 91.

In'addition, it may be desirable to cast projections or protrusions on the circuit board in order to provide means for securing electronic components to the circuit board. Projection $6 is formed bya hole in the circuit board 76 and a hole in the die plate registering with the hole in the board. A core member 98 having a reduced end portion face of the circuit bo-ard78, thus allowing the portion of reduced diameter to extend down through the hole in the circuit board and into the hole in the die plate where it rests against the bottom Wall of said hole. Thus, when molten metal is introduced into the die plate openings, a protrusion or projection such as as is formed such that'a portion will extend beyond the surface of the circuit board .76 with a hole therethrough.

It should be noted that in this arrangement the samet'ype of core is used, however, it is raised so that the lower end of the reduced portion will rest on the die plate recessed portion and thus, the portion that is reduced will extend upwardly into the hole in the platen 50, thereby allowing molten metal to proceed upwardly therein until it hits the lower face of the larger core portion. The hole in the platen in which the core fits may have a slight draft, thereby producing a projection converging upwardly to a slight degree. 1

'It is also possible to cast a circuit on both sides of the circuit board 76 as indicated by numeral 110 by merely recessing the lower face of the platen 50 and cutting a-f hole in the circuit board to connect a recessed, portion in the die plate with the recess in the platen face.

The advantages of the above features will be readily apparent to one skilled in this art. These advantages are further illustrated in FIGURE 3 showing electronic elements being fastened to the circuit board. Electronic elementllZ with leads 113, 114 positioned within projections 115 is held in place andheat applying members 118 are brought against the free end of the projections to cause same to melt and form'a solid joint securing the leads 113 and 114 to the cast circuit. The same arrangev a of molten metal in the respective reservoir so that the ment is shown in the other half of FIGURE 3 wherein the projections face upwardly and the electronic member is secured to the underside of the circuit board.

it is believed that the operation of this apparatus is cool. ture, if necessary, to assist the flow of metal when casting a circuit on both sides of the board. The die plate 34 having the desired circuit configurationisplacedin position on the base 14 and the circuit board '42 is clamped maintained at sucha level that the level of molten metal in reservoir 20 will touch or come very close to'the bottom of the die plate 34. With everything in position, as

r above, the platen is brought down in position causing the circuit board 42 to fit down flush against the die plate, then the core pins are inserted, whereupon plunger= 28 starts its downward stroke,firstshutting off flow of,

molten metal from reservoir 18 through channel 24 and then forcing the molten metal up into the reservoir 20v and through the, die plate feed passages a2 into the channels 91 which form the desired cast circuit." Themolten metal sets instantaneously upon being inonto the platen 36. Molten metal in reservoir 18 is 4 and method superior in speed and simplicity to other apparatus used for this work. The speed of such a casting operation is quite impressive when the matter of economies of operational equipment is considered.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is: v

1. Apparatus for direct casting of metal onto a board to form a cast circuit unit, said apparatus comprising a pair of spaced molten metal containing reservoirs, a

pressure cylinder interposed between said reservoirs, passage means connecting each reservoir to the pressure cylinder, a plunger reciprocably carried in said cylinder to pump molten metal from one reservoir to and out the other, one of said reservoirs having an open face, a die plate positioned onthe reservoir havingthe open face so as to seal same, the effective area of the died plate being generally'co-extensive with open face of said reservoir, heating means formaintaining the reservoirs, the pressure cylinder, the passage means connecting each reservoir. with the pressure cylinder and'die plate at a temperature to retain the molten metal in said molten condition, the die plate having channels on its upper face defining the circuit to be cast therein and feed passages in the lower face extending upwardly into the channels in the upper face of ,said die plate, the lower face of said die plate being positioned. immediately adjacent the level molten metal flows directly from the reservoir through the die plate, and a platen assemblymounted for movement to and away from the upper'face of the die plate, said platen being adapted to carry a. boardon its lower face so that when'the platen is moved toward the upper face of the die plate the board will engage and register with the die plate. i

2. The'invention as described in claim 1 and including core members passing through the platen and into engagement with the. die plate so that projections will be produced around these cores to provide means for receivingthe leads of components adapted to be attached to the cast circuit.

3. The invention as described in claim 1 and wherein the feed passages are cone-shaped and converge upwardly toward the channels in -the upper face of the die plate.

jected. The platen is thenlifted, taking with it the circuit board which is held against the platen by virtue ofthe fact thatthe cast metal hasj shrunk on the core"pins. With the platen lifted, the core pins are retracted, thus releasing the circuit board. 'The 'fingers44 which are used to hold the board to the platen prior to casting, are i also withdrawn after injection of the metal. After this" thecast circuit board unit 'is removed from the platen 60. There are many advantages in the above apparatus" and the cycle is complete.

and method of producing cast circuits. One of the main features or advantages is the casting of the circuit in a* single rapid operation without employing gates and feed runners.

In this invention, the molten metal is introduced directly. from the reservoir 20 up through f eed,

passages 92 into circuit forming channels .91'in the upper face of the die plate. In other words, there is no flow. 7 through gates or long feeders, which makes this apparatus Y 4. The invention as described in claim a and wherein "the feed passages are closely spaced to assure rapid,

the die plate.

- References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS I 1/23 'Sanford 22-58 1,962,843- 6/34 'Rudolph 2270 1,993,942; 3/35' Novotny. a

2,058,378 10/36 Freund 2270 2,119,242] 5/38 Flamman'g 22-:69 1 2,578,719 -12/51 Mayer et al.f 22-68 2,612,666 10/52' McGarigal 2268 2,808,627 10/57 Venus] 2 268 XR 2,848,770 8/58 Schuchardt a. 22 6 8 2,904,861 9/5'9 Morgenstern 2273 3,056,178 10/62 .Jagielski 22--70 t I FOREIGN PATENTS 515,354 J12/39 GreatBritain.

MI HAEL- ummer, Primary Exaininer *MARCUS U. LYONS, wmsron \A'.VDOUGLAS,


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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3233292 *Jun 22, 1962Feb 8, 1966Klosterman Lawrence NApparatus for applying castable material to a sheet
US3874440 *Dec 17, 1973Apr 1, 1975Voisin Ets AMoulds for producing light alloy and other castings
US4478882 *Jun 3, 1982Oct 23, 1984Italtel Societa Italiana Telecomunicazioni S.P.A.Method for conductively interconnecting circuit components on opposite surfaces of a dielectric layer
US5525188 *Oct 17, 1994Jun 11, 1996Molex IncorporatedApparatus for taping multiple electrical cables
US5732457 *May 23, 1996Mar 31, 1998Molex IncorporatedElectrical wire harness binding apparatus
US5755912 *Jun 10, 1996May 26, 1998Molex IncorporatedApparatus and method for taping multiple electrical cables
US5807450 *Apr 19, 1996Sep 15, 1998Molex IncorporatedApparatus for binding wires of a wire harness
U.S. Classification164/316, 29/825
International ClassificationB22D17/22, B22D17/00
Cooperative ClassificationB22D17/22, B22D17/00
European ClassificationB22D17/00, B22D17/22