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Publication numberUS3161347 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1964
Filing dateAug 20, 1962
Priority dateAug 20, 1962
Publication numberUS 3161347 A, US 3161347A, US-A-3161347, US3161347 A, US3161347A
InventorsGilbert H Hannon
Original AssigneeGilbert H Hannon
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bag package
US 3161347 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15, 1964 G. H. HANNON 3,161,347

BAG PACKAGE Filed Aug. 20, 1962 INVENTOR. GILBERT H. HANNON BYWM ATTORNEY I United States Patent Ofiice 3,161,347 Patented Dec. 15, 1964 3,161,347 BAG PACKAGE Gilbert H. Hannah, 551 Nicolet Road, Rte. 1, Green Bay, Wis. Filed Aug. Ztl, 1952, Ser. No. 217,860 7 Claims. (0. 229-69) This invention relates to packaging and more particularly to a new and improved arrangement of open ended bags and a method of filling said bags.

One of the problems existing under the mass merchandising system of our present day trade practice is the difficulty of packaging cornmerical products by hand and by machine. Complicated electrical mechanical automatic packaging machines have been provided but these machines usually have been designed for a particular prodnot or group of products. Each time a new product or line of products had to be packaged, new packaging equipment was designed at great cost and loss of time.

Therefore a need exists for a simple and inexpensive sanitary arrangement of bags that can be used for hand and machine packaging. These packages must be so arranged that even the most flimsy bag material can be readily opened and packed with the least amount of time and eifort. 7

Consumers purchasing merchandise under our present system must not only be satisfied with the appearance of the product but must be sold in addition by the package within which it is contained. In the competitive battle for sales, the product must be formed and packaged so that it will sell itself, be easily handled by sales people and consumer, and stimulate impulse sales.

In accordance with the invention claimed a new and improved package or strip of open ended bags and meth od of packaging is provided. The package comprises a supporting member extending longitudinally or laterally of the package. A plurality of bags are arranged along the member in an overlying arrangement with a portion of each bag being in contact with the supporting member. Each of the bags may have its opening at the same end of the package with each preceding bag in a given direction along the strip in one embodiment of the invention overlying the opening of the following bag. An adhesive means is arranged between one side of each of the bags adjacent its opening and the supporting member for temporarily holding the bags to the supporting member. 7

The new and improved method of filling open ended bags detachably secured to a strip in an overlying arrangement comprises the steps of moving the strip in a given direction, spreading the opening of the first bag on the strip in the direction of movement of the strip, filling the bag with a given product, removing the bag from the strip and moving the strip to position the opening of a second bag adjacent the opening means.

It is, therefore, one object of this invention to provide a new and improved package of wrapping material useable for both hand and machine wrapping of given prodnew and improved package of open endedbags in which the bags are positioned in an overlying arrangement with each preceding bag in a given direction along the package overlyingthe opening of a following bag. 7 I

A still" further "o'ojexzt of this invention is to provide a new and improved package of bags which are arranged along a supporting strip in such a manner that one portion of each bag is detachably held.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved package of open ended bags in which one side only of the bag opening is temporarily held to a bag supporting strip.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved strip of overlying bags in which each bag is detachably held to a supporting strip by one bag side of its opening.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved package of open ended bags which may be used for both firm and flimsy bag materials.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved method of packaging articles in bags.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved strip of overlying bags which are sanitarily mranged for both hand and machine packaging.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a new and improved strip of overlying bags in which the openings of the bags are positioned laterally of the length of the supporting strip.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following discription when read in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 is a front view of a diagrammatical illustration of a plurality of bags mounted in an overlaying arrangement on a supporting strip and embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is an end view of the structure shown in FIG. 1 illustrating the bag supporting arrangement;

FIG. 3 is a partial view of a modification of the structure shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrating a continuous arrangement of the backing strip;

FIG. 4 is a partial illustration of a modification of the structure shown in FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIG. 5 isa diagrammatical illustration of a vertical automatic bag filling arrangement illustrating the use of a continuous strip of overlying bags embodying the article and method of the invention;

FIG. 6 is a diagrammatical illustration of a modification of the structure shown in FIG. 5 wherein the bags are opened and loaded in a horizontal direction; and

FIG. 7 is a modification of the structure shown in FIGS. 14 wherein the bag openings are arranged laterally of the length of the supporting strip.

Referring more particularly to the drawing by characters of reference, FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate a package 10 of open ended pouches or bags 11. The bags may be of any size varying over a considerable range and formed of any suitable paper or plastic including the modern filmsy thin transparent wrapping materials such as regenerated cellulose of the moisture proof type or any similar moisture proof transparent or semi-transparent material hereinafter referred to as packaging material. The forming of the pouches or bags may be accomplished in any suitable manner and the sealing shut of the bags" open ends may be effected after packaging of the given articles in any suitable manner which may be, for example by heat sealing, stapling, clamping or by the application I of an adhesive depending on the article packed. It will be:'

understood that the invention is not limitedto any particular bag or size or manner of sealing it. It is feasible in some uses of the invention to feed the articles into the I bags by either hand or by hand controlled mechanism,

but it is also readily adapted to packaging automatically in timed relationship.

Bags 11 are positioned in a staggered overlying arrange-v ment along a strip 12 serving as a mounting support for the bags. Each bag is arranged with its open end at a common end of package It) in such'an arrangement that each preceding bag in a givendirection along the longitudinal axis of 'strip l2voverlies the opening of the fol- The backing strip 12 may lowing bag. 'This is an important sanitary feature of this packaging arrangement since it covers" and keeps closedall bags along the strip other than the first bag in the sequence by the preceding bags.

Each of the bags are detachably secured to the supporting strip 12 by a suitable adhesive which may be applied to either the strip or bags in any suitable manner. -As

medium of the adhesive. It is intended to be within the scope of this invention to apply adhesive to the side'of the open ends of the bags adjacent the strip which adhesive on the bags could-later be used in sealing or holding the bags closed if so desired. Although a pair of adhesive strips 14 and15 are shown inFIG. 1 011cm more strips maybe used.

of package 10 as shownin FIGS. 1 and 2 with the closed sides and ends of the bags extending therebeyond or the strip could extend out any greater length along the lon'gif f tudinal axis of package 10. 7

The top part of the hacking strip maybe used for advertising material and an aperture 15 may be formed therein for suitably mounting the strip forhand filling in home or factory. By adhering only the back side of each bag to the backing'strips 12 thebag is. held to the strip while the front side of the opening may be readily grasped by-the .1 it may be removed'fromuthe stripby merely pulling. the

back side'ofthe bag opening from the, supporting strip 12. '1

Thus, the packaging arrangement of bags shown in- FIGS. 1 and 2"may beeasily mounted and readily used user and held open while the bag' is loaded after which while at thesame time keeping the openings of the stack of bags, below :the top bag s'anita'rily covered Since many of the modern day flimsy bag materials are difficult to handle. and'fill, the disclosed package makes possible the storing, filling anduse of such bags easily, efii'ciently 7 and with the minimumtamonntofdifiiculty. p t I FIG. 3 illustrates a modification of the package shown int FIGS. l and '2 wherein the supporting strip 16 coma} prises a plurality of mounting strips 12*each intercon- 'neetedwith theothersby perforation lines 17. Thus, the

supporting strip16 comprises apluraiity of packages 10,. arranged in anextended 'strip'and containing any number 'ofbags depending on the number ofrnounting strips 12 contained in strips 16. A plurality of notches or aperturesq 29 are arranged along the; edges of strip 16 for automaticfl indexing. InFIG. 3 the view shows the bagsremoved atj the top 'of strip 16, namely-from the top mounting strip 1 3 12, and the bags from the centerv portionof stripifi are shown as overlying and covering the bags on the lower] '7 mountings trip- 12, Thus; theg top opening'of thebags on the lower mounting strip 12 of strip 16 are 'notshown;

FIG. 4 illustrates a modification of the structuresshown hand orautomatic bag loading;

i (FIGS); 5 audfd illustrate schematically sh'nplefmachine 1 j; tructureSaI Or.vertically and 'hori'zonta1ly loading the i bag's usiug n'xtendedior continuous strip of bags mount t e'don suitable mounting and supporting strips of thet y pe" 'shown l -4 ;.Th'eimachines shownl in l lGisii-f and-6 wouldbeffoirhand'btautomatic.loading. ;Th

extend'along only a portion Oneend of strip 20'is strung around idleroller 22','pin whee/1'23 and supporting tape, board or :paper rewound roller 24. A suitable opening means maybe arranged adjacent idle roller 22 such as a vacuum'cup 25. The

5 vacuum cup 215 draws the unattached side of the bag opening away from the attached side of the bag opening ceive its storage and packaging charge.

After bag 10 is loaded it either f 'llsjaway from the supportingstriplfl due to, the weight'of the packaged material or is removed from strip in any suitable manner Where it falls or is placed 'on the horizontally movable V conveyor 27. v I

FIG. 6 illustratesa modification of the structure shown 20 in FIG. '5 wherein the rewind roller 24 is moved from r the position shown in FIG. 5 to provide space for hori- 'zontal productloading table 28. Air jet 26 is relocated idle roller 22. The vacuum cup 25 is not shown herein 25 but may be used if so desired: 'Idle roller 22 shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 may be eliminated and pin wheel 23 serve its function to save costs, and suitable stripping fingers (not shown) can be added to pull the filled bags off ofthe strip after'being loaded if positive automatic action is desired. Hand loading may occur .with'the structures of FIGS.

5 and 6 after-the air jets 26; have opened the bags at the loading positiong The operator pushes or drops the prodnot into the open bag. The bag is'then pulled from the backing or supporting stripr 20 and dropped on conveyor 27 and moved on to a sealing position (not shown). The t operator'of the machine then closes a switch (notshown) in a known manner'which indexes pin wheel 23 just far enough to supply another bag. As stated before strip 20 is properly notched'or apertured so that it suitably en- I gages 'pin wheel 23. p

be provided with suitable notches or apertures 29 for auto- .jmatic indexing or anyother known indexing method may 3]: also be used. Rewind roller. 24 is driven through a slip drive to get rid of the backing or supportingstrip 29. Pin wheel. 23 can be either motor driven or manually H advanced through suitable linkage (notshown to a foot pedal.v Such action could also besupplied-to rewind roller24. y 1* I p Automatic loading wouldfoccurl-in the same sequence as above described for" the hand operation except a motor drive would probably tie all of. the. operations together timers. I

of'bags shown in FIGS. 1-4 wherein thepackageorstrip of bags 30 comprises a supporting stripfil extending along the lengthof strip airbags-'30 having a plurality of open 7 ended bags32- detach'ably secured. to strip Siby an adhejuxtapositionedsurfaces. vBag's'32fiare' so 'arrangedthat @their. openings extend laterally of the longitudiualaxis'of the'paekage' or'strip elf-bags 39;; 'Although zthe openings:

i bags 3 2f-are shown at one cornmon'side of ,the'package or strip: they could "open "t'f'either 'side'or some of as shown'to open the bags as they pass over the crest of a As noted from FIGJS strip 16 may in one continuoussequence of operations with'program I FIG. '7 illustrates' amodification of the package or 's'trip 'sive "33. applied either to th'efbags or strip along their modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A package of open ended bags comprising a supporting strip extending longitudinally of the package, a plurality of open ended bags arranged along said strip in an overlying arrangement with a portion of each of said bags being in contact with said strip, means for securing at least a portion of each of said bags to said strip with the opening of each of said bags being arranged at the same end of the package with each preceding bag in a given direction along said strip overlying and closing the opening of the following bag.

2. A package of open ended bags comprising a supporting strip extending longitudinally of the package, an adhesive arranged on one side of said strip along its length, and a plurality of open ended bags arranged along said strip in an overlying arrangement with a portion of each of said bags being in contact with said adhesive, each of said bags having its opening at the same end of the package with each preceding bag in a given direction along said strip overlying and closing the opening of the following bag.

3. A package of open ended bags comprising a supporting member extending longitudinally of the package, a plurality of open-ended bags arranged along said member in an overlying arrangement with a portion of each of said bags being in contact with said member, each of said bags having its opening at the same end of the package with each preceding bag in a given direction along said member overlying and closing the opening of the following bag, and adhesive means arranged between one side of each of said bags adjacent its opening and said member for temporarily holding said bags to said member.

4. A strip of open ended bags comprising a flexible supporting member, a plurality of open ended bags arranged longitudinally along said member in an overlying arrangement with one side of the opening of each of said bags being in contact with said member, each of said bags having its opening facing toward the same end of said member with each preceding bag in a given direction along said strip overlying and closing the opening of the following bag, adhesive means arranged between said one side of said opening of each of said bags and said member for detachably holding said bags to said member, and perforations arranged at spaced intervals along said member for removing portions of said strip and said bags from said member.

5. A strip of open ended bags comprising a supporting member, a plurality of open ended bags arranged longitudinally along said member in an overlying arrangement with a portion of each of said bags being in contact with said member, each of said bags having its opening facing toward the same end of said strip with each preceding bag in a given direction along said strip overlying and closing the opening of the following bag, and adhesive means arranged between one side of each of said bags adjacent its opening and said member for temporarily holding said bags to said member, said supporting'means being provided with a plurality of indexing means arranged along its length for automatic machine use of said strip.

6. A strip of open ended bags comprising a flexible supporting member, a plurality of open ended bags arranged longitudinally along said member in an overlying arrangement with one side of the opening of each of said bags being in contact with said member, each preceding bag in a given direction along said strip overlying and closing the opening of the following bag, adhesive means arranged between said one side of said opening of each of said bags and said member for detachably holding said bags to said member, and perforations arranged at spaced intervals along said member for removing portions of said strip and said bags from said member, said supporting means being provided with a plurality of indexing means arranged along its length for automatic machine use of said strip.

7. A strip of open ended bags comprising a flexible supporting member, a plurality of open ended bags arranged longitudinally along said member in an overlying arrangement with one side of the opening of each of said bags being in contact with said member, each of said bags having its opening facing toward the same end of said member with each preceding bag in a given direction along said strip overlying and closing the opening of the following bag, adhesive means arranged between said one side of said opening of each of said bags and said member for detachably holding said bags to said member, and perforations arranged at spaced intervals along said member for removing portions of said strip and said bags from said member, said supporting means being provided with a plurality of indexing means arranged along its length for automatic machine use of said strip.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 929,516 Toliver July 27, 1909 1,402,635 Meyer Jan. 3, 1922 1,453,616 Benenato May 1, 1923 1,710,603 Benenato Apr. 23, 1929 1,858,159 Laymon May 10, 1932 1,894,086 Keller Jan. 3, 1933 2,028,341 Masterson Ian. 21, 1936 2,030,996 Lustig Feb. 18, 1936 2,042,672 Maclean June 2, 1936 2,272,623 Runner Feb. 10, 1942 2,476,774 Sears July 19, 1949 2,612,738 Salfisberg Oct. 7, 1952 2,671,602 Vogt Mar. 9, 1954 2,723,077 Whitman Nov. 8, 1955 2,779,144 Nail Ian. 29, 1957 2,790,593 Renter Apr. 30, 1957 2,824,686 Hamilton Feb. 25, 1958 2,915,177 Flood Dec. 1, 1959 2,920,759 Carnes Jan. 12, 1960 3,029,939 Feldman Apr. 17, 1962 FOREIGN PATENTS 23,124 Finland Apr. 21, 1949 103,578 Australia Mar. 25, 1938 1,045,476 France June 24, 1953

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3474593 *Dec 8, 1967Oct 28, 1969Crown Zellerbach CorpMethod and apparatus for securing a relatively rigid header to a stack of flexible sheets
US3595139 *Jul 18, 1969Jul 27, 1971Schjeldahl Co G TApparatus for nesting bags
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US3910413 *Mar 11, 1974Oct 7, 1975Gao Ges Automation OrgTransparent package
US4493684 *Jul 7, 1983Jan 15, 1985W. R. Grace & Co., Cryovac Div.Method for making partially separated multibags
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US4849090 *May 11, 1988Jul 18, 1989Sonoco Products CompanyBag roll
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US7607467Jan 17, 2006Oct 27, 2009Cryovac, Inc.Web dispenser
US8157141 *Jun 14, 2006Apr 17, 2012Cryovac, Inc.System and method for detecting and registering serrated bags
US8186896Sep 19, 2007May 29, 2012Cryovac, Inc.Apparatus and method for printing and dispensing a web
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WO1999054213A1Oct 23, 1998Oct 28, 1999Cryovac, Inc.Method and apparatus for opening and transporting bags
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Classifications
U.S. Classification229/69, 206/493, 206/460, 206/554, 206/820
International ClassificationB65D33/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10S206/82, B65D33/001
European ClassificationB65D33/00B